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  • 1. Reactions to the War
    • Anti-War Movement
    • Free Speech Movement
    • Buddhist Monks
  • 2. October 21, 1967 March on the Pentagon
  • 3. Free Speech Movement October 21, 1964 UCAL Berkeley
  • 4. Buddhist Protest
  • 5. Goals of the War
    • Robert S. McNamara (Secretary of Defense)
    • Limit war to Vietnam
    • Stop Vietcong
    • Separate civilians from combatants
    • Convince south of U.S. goals
  • 6. Pentagon Rationale
    • 70% to avoid a humiliating defeat, especially to our reputation and credibility as a guarantor
    • 20% to keep SVN and area out of Chinese hands
    • 10% to permit the people of SVN to enjoy better life
          • Department of Defense Report, 1965
  • 7.
    • Largest military in world history
    • Using herbicides & defoliants
    • Napalm
    • Agent Orange
    • $2 billion per month
    U.S.A.
    • 1967, 97,000 worked daily to repair roads, bridges
    • 500,000 civilian workers
    • 30,000 miles of tunnel
    • VC initiated battles, guerilla warfare
    • Integrated into civilian population
    • Total war
    Vietcong
  • 8. Tet Offensive
    • January 31, 1968
    • NVN launch massive attack on all provinces and Cities
    • Nearly 100,000 NVA/NLF
    • Entered American Embassy
    • Massive Attack that stunned America
    • Caused LBJ to de-escalate and refused to run for election
  • 9. Tet Offensive 1968 Da Nang, South Vietnam
  • 10. My Lai Massacre
    • Lt. William Calley, platoon of soldiers
    • “ Clearing out” a small village
    • Killed over 300 Vietnamese civilians
    • U.S. helicopter forced them to stop, evacuated the Vietnamese survivors
    • U.S. government cover-up
    • Shocked America, helped anti-war movement
  • 11. My Lai Massacre
  • 12. Reactions to the War
    • Kent State, 1970
    • Draft Resistance
    • Fleeing to Canada
    • Conscientious Objector status
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Anti-War Sentiments 1969
    • March polls indicate that 19% of Americans want the war to end as soon as possible, 26% want South Vietnam to take over responsibility for the war from the U.S., 19% favor the current policy and 33% want total military victory.
    • On May 22, 1969, Ottawa announced that immigration officials would not and could not ask about immigration applicants’ military status if they showed up at the border seeking permanent residence in Canada.
    • July 1969: A Gallup poll indicates that 53% of the respondents approve of Nixon's handling of the war; 30% disapprove; the balance have no opinion.
    • November 15, 1969 crowds estimated up to half a million people participated in an anti-war demonstration in Washington, D.C. and a similar demonstration was held in San Francisco. These protests were organized by the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (New Mobe) and the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (SMC).
    • In October, 58% of Gallup respondents said U.S. entry into the war was a mistake