Impacted Fractures A Fracture that consists of bone fragments pushed into each other. These fractures are also known as buckle fractures and are most common in children, mainly in the arms Impacted fractures happen more when a person falls and or have other impact-type accidents. An intense collision with something harder than the bone is necessary to cause this type of fracture.
Comminuted Fracture A fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into small pieces Comminuted fractures are caused by an extremely hard sudden impact or a heavy crushing weight; splintering the bone into several pieces.
Compound Fracture1. A fracture where the skin has been broken through to the fracture.2. Also called an open fracture Compound fractures are generally treated with surgery to clean the site of injury and stabilize the fracture. In order for an injury to be classified as a compound fracture, the outside air (and dirt and bacteria) must be able to get to the fracture site without a barrier of skin or soft-tissue
Fracture Facts Bones break when they cannot withstand a force or trauma applied to them. Sometimes the bones are so weak that force may be just gravity, like compression fractures of the back in the elderly. Fractures may be complicated by damage to nearby blood vessels, nerves and muscles and joints. Childrens fractures may be more difficult to diagnose because their bones lack enough calcium to be seen on X-ray and because growth plates in the bones may disguise or hide the fracture. Diagnosis of a fracture includes a history and physical examination. X-rays are often taken. Occasionally, CT or MRI is used to a hidden fracture or provide more information regarding the damage to the bone and adjacent tissues. Fractures of the skull, spine and ribs have their own unique diagnosis and treatment issues.
Treatments Nonsurgical treatment of Surgical treatment of fractures fractures Metal plates may be screwed into the bone, to • Many fractures can be prevent it from moving . treated without surgery. Metal rod may be placed inside the center of a • Treatment for these long bone to help reattach two ends of a fractures includes casts or fracture and to maintain alignment. splints that fit around the Pins and rods may be placed in your bones limb after the fracture . and continue outside your skin, where they • Casts are very commonly can be attached to a metal cage. This allows used for mild or for slight adjustments to be made to the moderately severe fractures position of a bone as it heals of the extremities