Fractures

1,297 views

Published on

Unit 2'

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,297
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Fractures

  1. 1. Impacted Fractures A Fracture that consists of bone fragments pushed into each other. These fractures are also known as buckle fractures and are most common in children, mainly in the arms Impacted fractures happen more when a person falls and or have other impact-type accidents. An intense collision with something harder than the bone is necessary to cause this type of fracture.
  2. 2. Comminuted Fracture A fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into small pieces Comminuted fractures are caused by an extremely hard sudden impact or a heavy crushing weight; splintering the bone into several pieces.
  3. 3. Most Common Fractures
  4. 4. Compound Fracture1. A fracture where the skin has been broken through to the fracture.2. Also called an open fracture  Compound fractures are generally treated with surgery to clean the site of injury and stabilize the fracture.  In order for an injury to be classified as a compound fracture, the outside air (and dirt and bacteria) must be able to get to the fracture site without a barrier of skin or soft-tissue
  5. 5. Fracture Facts Bones break when they cannot withstand a force or trauma applied to them. Sometimes the bones are so weak that force may be just gravity, like compression fractures of the back in the elderly. Fractures may be complicated by damage to nearby blood vessels, nerves and muscles and joints. Childrens fractures may be more difficult to diagnose because their bones lack enough calcium to be seen on X-ray and because growth plates in the bones may disguise or hide the fracture. Diagnosis of a fracture includes a history and physical examination. X-rays are often taken. Occasionally, CT or MRI is used to a hidden fracture or provide more information regarding the damage to the bone and adjacent tissues. Fractures of the skull, spine and ribs have their own unique diagnosis and treatment issues.
  6. 6. Treatments Nonsurgical treatment of  Surgical treatment of fractures fractures Metal plates may be screwed into the bone, to • Many fractures can be prevent it from moving . treated without surgery. Metal rod may be placed inside the center of a • Treatment for these long bone to help reattach two ends of a fractures includes casts or fracture and to maintain alignment. splints that fit around the Pins and rods may be placed in your bones limb after the fracture . and continue outside your skin, where they • Casts are very commonly can be attached to a metal cage. This allows used for mild or for slight adjustments to be made to the moderately severe fractures position of a bone as it heals of the extremities

×