Herbicides China News Sample - Published by CCM International Ltd
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Herbicides China News is a monthly report with 12 issues per annum published by CCM International Limited. It's your gateway to know what is happening in China Market. Key columns include company ...

Herbicides China News is a monthly report with 12 issues per annum published by CCM International Limited. It's your gateway to know what is happening in China Market. Key columns include company dynamics,market analysis, supply & demand, pricing, registration, etc. If you are interested in this newsletter or ask for the latest sample, please contact emarket6@cnchemicals.com or 86-20-38767072.

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Herbicides China News Sample - Published by CCM International Ltd Document Transcript

  • 1. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 Publications date: 15 Oct. 2009 Copyright © CCM International Limited
  • 2. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 Content ■ Company Dynamics .................................................................................. 1 Nantong Jiangshan to finish relocation by Q4 2009 ....................................................................................... 1 Redsun Biochemical to enlarge paraquat effluent treatment capacity ........................................................... 1 Shandong: herbicides export down 50.76% in H1 2009 .................................................................................2 Guangxi sees low quality of glyphosate SL formulations ................................................................................3 ■ Market Analysis ....................................................................................... 4 Herbicide performance to decrease .................................................................................................................4 Herbicide producers resume production .........................................................................................................5 Herbicides used in cornfields ...........................................................................................................................5 Benazolin-ethyl: small herbicide mainly applied in rape ................................................................................6 Picloram: export-oriented herbicide ................................................................................................................7 2, 4-D export in H1 2009..................................................................................................................................8 ■ Supply & Demand ...................................................................................10 Anhui Futian building 7,000t/a amide herbicide production lines ..............................................................10 Anhui Xinglong trial runs 5,000t/a 2,4-D production line ...........................................................................10 ■ Pricing .................................................................................................... 11 Monthly market price of main crops in China in Oct. 2009 ......................................................................... 11 Monthly ex-work price of key raw materials in Oct. 2009 ............................................................................ 11 Monthly ex-work price of main herbicides in Oct. 2009...............................................................................12 Monthly Shanghai port price and FOB(Shanghai) of main herbicides in Oct. 2009 ...................................12 Most herbicide prices keep downturn in Oct. 2009 ......................................................................................13 ■ Registration ............................................................................................ 13 China herbicide registration structure improving .........................................................................................13 Five herbicides newly registered in Sep. 2009 ..............................................................................................14 ■ News in Brief .......................................................................................... 15 Hubei Sanonda sells equity of Zhengzhou Sanonda ......................................................................................15 Sinochem Corporation to acquire Nufarm ....................................................................................................15 China strengthens cooperation with US on Pesticide Risk Assessment ....................................................... 15 - China Crop Protection Summit 2010 - The Survey of 2,4-D in China 2008-Jun 2009 - will be launched in Shanghai China during - IDAN Survey in China 18 March and 19 March of 2010. - Production and Market of Metazachlor in Coming Reports: China - Crop Protection China Report (update, Ready Market Reports: 2nd edition): Oct 2009 - Production and Market of Paraquat in China Ready Trade Reports: - Future of Green Biotechnology in China: – Edition (2) - Tebuthiuron Production and Export in Oct 16, 2009 - Outlook for China Glyphosate Industry China 2008-Jun 2009 2009-2014 - Captan Production and Export in China Jan- CCM newsletters related to Herbicides: - Production & Market of Ethanolamines in Apr 2009 - Crop Protection China News China - Edition (3) - Oxyfluorfen Production and Export in China - Insecticides China News - World Outlook of Glyphosate 2009-2014 2008-Jun 2009 - Fungicides China News - Survey of Glufosinate in China - Diuron Production and Export in China - Glyphosate China Monthly Report CCM International Limited www.cnchemicals.com
  • 3. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 Welcome to the October issue Headlines of Herbicides China News 0910 of Herbicides China News ■ Nantong Jiangshan will complete a and mainly applied in rape filed in published by CCM International, a its relocation by the end of 2009. China. professional consulting company who has been extensively and ■ Redsun Biochemical is to build ■ Picloram, a post-emergence intently focusing on dynamics of a new spare thermal oxidation herbicide used to control unwanted China’s herbicide industry. incinerator for paraquat effluent broadleaf weeds in forest, is an treatment. export-oriented product in China. As the second peak season for herbicide demand this year is ■ Herbicides export volume of ■ China exported 8,492 tonnes of coming, many herbicide producers Shandong in H1 2009 decreased 2,4-D technical (96%) with average resume production of herbicides by 50.76% year on year, due to price of USD1.81/kg to about 30 used in winter crops such as the gloomy global economy and countries in H1 2009. wheat and rape in September and structural adjustment of herbicide October. Besides, the producers industry. ■ Anhui Futian is building will also resume production for the 7,000t/a amide herbicide herbicides used next spring. ■ Qualified rate of glyphosate SL production lines in Chizhou City, formulations in Guangxi market is which are expected to be launched However, the herbicide price lower than 60%. in early 2010. downtrend hasn’t been changed in light with the increasing demand, ■ Performance of China’s herbicide ■ Anhui Xinglong started the trial indicating that China’s herbicide business will decrease in 2009 run of its 5,000t/a 2,4-D technical business still face great challenge without doubt, due to decreased production line. under the uncertain global product price and stagnant demand economy. for herbicides. ■ Most herbicide prices keep downturn in Oct. 2009. Chinese herbicide producers will ■ Some herbicide producers have see great decrease in performance resumed production in September ■ Structure of herbicides registered in 2009. And the integration or October. in China has been greatly improved, of China’s herbicide industry becomes quite urgent. How with increasing proportion for ■ Pre-emergence herbicides may formal registrations and eco-friendly herbicide producers grasp the see less consumption in corn fields, formulations. chance or deal with challenge? while nicosulfuron will enjoy brisk market in the future 5 years. ■ Though herbicide registration kept stagnant in Sep. 2009, many ■ Benazolin-ethyl is a kind of products were formally registered herbicide with output less than 50t/ for the first time. CCM International Limited www.cnchemicals.com
  • 4. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 ■ Company Dynamics Nantong Jiangshan to finish relocation by Q4 2009 N antong Jiangshan Agrochemical & Chemicals Company (Nantong Jiangshan) is now busy with the China News 0805: Nantong Jiangshan: Relocation brings chances for further development). method for caustic soda, calcium carbide based method for PVC. Abandonment of these production dismantlement of production lines in lines or technologies greatly reduces the old location, and the relocation Nantong Jiangshan’s relocation greatly energy consumption and pollution. will be accomplished by the end of benefits the company for further 2009. development. New technologies and facilities are employed to reduce pollutants or Ms. Huang, representative of the bond Firstly, Nantong Jiangshan can improve production technology. department of Nantong Jiangshan, enjoy larger production space and For instance, Nantong Jiangshan expressed that all the relocation work take advantage of comprehensive developed the air oxidation technology is underway smoothly for the moment. facilities in the new location. Nantong for glyphosate production, which ‘Most production lines are dismantled Economic and Technological is more environmentally friendly now, and the relocation will be finished Development Zone, where Nantong than traditional hydrogen peroxide in time. That is, Nantong Jiangshan Jiangshan is located, is one of China’s oxidation technology. It also invested will accomplish the relocation by the first national industrial zones and USD5.86 million (RMB40 million) in end of 2009 and transfer the land has completed infrastructure and construction of the 25,000t/d sewage use right of the old location to local supporting facilities. biochemical treatment facility. government.’ The new location of Nantong Mr. Xue, vice general manager from According to Ms. Huang, the 12,000t/ Jiangshan covers 113 hectare, 4 Nantong Jiangshan said that over a glyphosate technical production lines times larger than the old one. The USD293 million (RMB2,000 million) haven’t been dismantled yet, but have larger space can help the company in had been put into the new factory, over been suspended since May 2009, as production expansion and technology USD43.9 million (RMB300 million) many new glyphosate production lines, innovation. of which was cost for environmental including 25,000t/a IDAN route and protection. 30,000t/a AEA route, were launched Secondly, Nantong Jiangshan in H1 2009. can grasp the chance to carry Nantong Jiangshan has acquired out comprehensive upgrade of advanced amide herbicide production Ms. Huang said that the 12,000t/ the company. Some outdated technologies, which were developed a production lines had produced products, backward and high energy by Monsanto, from Sinochem 3,000~4,000 tonnes of glyphosate consumption technologies are International. And amide production technical this year. abandoned, and promising products, lines which are to use these advanced new equipments, new technologies, technologies will be built in the new In 2006, Nantong Jiangshan started new production processes, etc. will be location. its relocation from Nantong Yaogang employed in the new factory. Chemical Zone to Nantong Economic Now the major herbicide produced in and Technological Development Zone. Some production lines or technologies the new location of Nantong Jiangshan The relocation is mainly because of the with high energy consumption or is glyphosate. In terms of capacity of urbanization of the old location and high pollution were abandoned, such 70,000t/a, these production lines rank the further development of Nantong as monocrotophos production line, the second in China, next to Wynca’s Jiangshan (please refer to Herbicides diketene production line, diaphragm total 80,000t/a. Redsun Biochemical to enlarge paraquat effluent treatment capacity N anjing Redsun Biochemical Company (Redsun Biochemical), the largest paraquat technical Mr. Chen from Redsun Biochemical, who is charge of construction of end of October. According to EIA report of this project, producer in China, is to build a new this thermal oxidation incinerator, total investment for the project will spare thermal oxidation incinerator, says that the project had passed EIA amount to USD2.93 million (RMB20 in order to reduce risk in paraquat (environmental impact assessment), million). wastewater treatment. and is to initiate construction by the CCM International Limited 1 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 5. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 Redsun Biochemical claimed in the pyrimidine, paraquat ion, etc. About subsidiary Sanonda Tianmen EIA report that the project is aiming to 4~5 tonnes of waste water will be Agrochemical Company, partly reduce risk of waste water pollution in generated when produce one tonne due to the heightened standard for paraquat production. The new thermal paraquat technical. The common waste water discharge in paraquat oxidation incinerator is to be used as technology for paraquat waste water production. spare facility for the existing thermal treatment is incineration. oxidation incinerator. Redsun Biochemical is a subsidiary of China is currently heightening Redsun Corporation Company who In fact, Redsun Biochemical has environmental production threshold is the largest stockholder of listed already had two incinerators for for pesticide industry, and many Nanjing Redsun Company. Now paraquat waste water treatment at new national standards for special Redsun Biochemical has paraquat present: one is thermal oxidation pesticides were enacted and technical production capacity of incinerator and the other is implemented. 15,000t/a (42% mother liquor), granulation incinerator. The thermal ranking the first among domestic oxidation incinerator is formally On 2 April 2008, Ministry of manufacturers. Its paraquat technical running and the granulation Environmental Protection of China output is over 10,000t/a annually. incinerator is for spare. However, it is issued Standards of Effluent Pollutants found that the granulation incinerator for Heterocyclic Pesticide Industry TABLE 1: Indices for paraquat can’t achieve the expected effect, as (GB21523-2008) (TABLE 1), which pollutant emission the waste water after treatment still involved six heterocyclic pesticides can’t meet the national standard. including paraquat. This is the first Indices Limit national standard for waste water ‘If there is fault for the thermal emission specializing in pesticide pH 6~9 oxidation incinerator, the current industry, and the former General Chroma 30 spare granulation incinerator can’t Standard of Effluent Pollutants Suspension 50 mg/L treat paraquat waste water effectively. (GB8978-1996) was abolished in Redsun Biochemical plans to build a paraquat on 1 July 2009. COD 100 mg/L new thermal oxidation incinerator to Ammonia nitrogen 10 mg/L reduce risk of waste water pollution Some paraquat manufacturers are Cyanide compounds 0.4 mg/L and ensure paraquat production. ’ influenced by the new discharging standard for paraquat effluent Pyrimidine 2 mg/L Waste water of paraquat technical pollutants. For instance, Hubei Paraquat ion 0.03 mg/L contains lots of toxic compounds or Sanonda had to close its paraquat 2,2':6',2"-Terpyridine 0.08 mg/L ions such as cyanide compounds, technical production lines in its Source: CCM International Shandong: herbicides export down 50.76% in H1 2009 H erbicides export volume in Shandong province saw sharp decrease in H1 2009, down 70%. Both the external and internal factors is far more serious than domestic manufacturers’ expectation. 50.76% year on year, mainly due contribute to the decreased export The internal factor contributing to the to the gloomy global economy and volume and value. slumped export volume is structural structural adjustment in Shandong’s adjustment of Shandong’s herbicide herbicide industry. External factor responsible for the industry. slumped exported volume is the According to statistical data from slowly increasing demand in overseas Statistical data from Shandong Shandong Pesticide Industry countries caused by global economic Pesticide Industry Association Association, Shandong province crisis. The global economic crisis showed that Shandong province exported 17,414 tones of herbicides in that occurred in mid 2008 and the saw great increase in export volume H1 2009, down by 50.76% compared whole stagnant economic situation of insecticides, fungicides and to the same period of 2008 (about in H1 2009 decreased peasants’ rodenticides but decrease in that of 35,365 tonnes). There were about 28 application volume of herbicides and herbicide, resulting from the structural herbicides exported. foreign traders’ purchasing power for adjustment. herbicides. Mr. Li, director of China As all herbicides had experienced price Crop Protection Industry Association ‘The structural adjustment in decline in H1 2009 compared to H1 said that impact of global financial Shandong’s herbicides industry is 2008, total herbicides export value of crisis on China’s pesticide industry inevitable after 10 years’ high-speed Shandong province decreased by over CCM International Limited 2 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 6. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 development.’ Mr. Luo suggested. paraquat, glyphosate, etc. Output of data, though the export value slumped, amide herbicides such as acetochlor, total herbicide export volume from After 10 years’ fast development in butachlor, etc in Shandong province China hasn’t saw sharp decrease in herbicide business, Shandong province takes up about 40% of total domestic H1 2009, indicating decrease rate of has become the top production base of output; paraquat output in Shandong herbicide export volume in national herbicides in China. In 2008, herbicide province accounts for 30% of domestic average is not as sharp as in Shandong technical output in Shandong province output (excluding Syngenta Nantong province. reached 132,200 tonnes, accounting Crop Protection Company’s paraquat for more than 20% of China’s total. output). Mr. Luo suggests that manufacturers Total production capacity of herbicide in Shandong province should come technical in Shandong province is However, on the whole, most herbicide up with effective measure to curb estimated to be over 200,000t/a in production in Shandong province is of the decrease of herbicide export 2009. Currently over 25 companies small scale and scattered distribution, volume and value, such as improving engaged in the production of herbicide and most products are of low added R&D capability, changing herbicide technical and over 35 herbicides are value, making Shandong province’s structure, conducting company produced in Shandong province. herbicide industry vulnerable to the integration, etc. economic crisis. Competitive herbicides in Shandong province are amide herbicides, According to China Customs statistical carry out so many steps, thus leading Guangxi sees low quality of glyphosate SL formulations to the low product quality. The low quality of glyphosate 10% I n mid September 2009, Administrative Bureau for Industry and Commerce of Guangxi (GXABIC) glyphosate 10% SL was GB20684- 2006 enacted in 2006, which covers 6 indices as shown below (TABLE SL, the most popular formulation in China, also exists in many other announced the result of pesticide provinces as many small producers 2). It’s estimated that the inspection quality inspection conducted in adopt the similar method as those indices of Guangxi’s pesticide July and August, showing that only in Guangxi and local administrative inspection are mainly A.I. content and 52.63% of the inspected glyphosate departments have no effective formaldehyde content. 10% SL are qualified. measures to prevent the production and sales of unqualified glyphosate In fact, most of China’s glyphosate According to GXABIC’s 10% SL at present. 10% SL are produced from glyphosate announcement, 19 batches of mother liquor, but this process glyphosate 10% SL formulations were Currently, the penalty on selling needs some intermediate links such selected in random inspection and unqualified pesticides in China is very as concentrating mother liquor, only 10 batches are qualified. small, causing many producers risk removing some formaldehyde, adding producing and selling unqualified glyphosate technical to meet A.I. GXABIC hasn’t disclosed on which pesticide. content requirement, etc. Actually, indices those unqualified glyphosate many small-scale glyphosate 10% SL 10% SL failed to meet the standard, Besides, most Chinese peasants producers are unable and unwilling to but it claimed many glyphosate 10% SL producers purchased mother TABLE 2: National standard on glyphosate 10% SL (GB20684-2006) liquor of glyphosate technical from other provinces to produce glyphosate 10% SL and sells them in Guangxi Item Index market. Glyphosate content (mass fraction) 9.5~11% Guangxi is a large consumer of Formaldehyde content (mass fraction) ≤1% glyphosate formulations in China, but there are few local glyphosate pH 4.0~8.5 technical producers, so many Dilution stability (20 times) Qualified glyphosate 10% SL producers have to purchase glyphosate technical or Low temperature stability Qualified mother liquor from other provinces such as Jiangsu, Anhui, etc. Thermal stability Qualified Source: China Standardization Administration The current national standard for CCM International Limited 3 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 7. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 cannot identify unqualified glyphosate of glyphosate SL formulation with A. glyphosate 10% SL currently. 10% SL and are reluctant to report the I. content lower than 30% in 2010, unqualified product to local quality which partially aims to prevent usage It’s predicted that glyphosate SL inspection department. Besides, the of mother liquor to produce glyphosate formulations quality will be much unqualified glyphosate 10% SL causes SL formulations. better in the future years, as the no damage to crops but have lower deepening implementation of the activity, so most peasants pay less Some top glyphosate technical ban on low content glyphosate SL attention to it. producers such as Zhejiang Wynca, formulations will greatly reduce Nantong Jiangshan, etc. respond the volume of glyphosate products However, as the use of glyphosate quickly and invest a lot pf fund in produced from mother liquor. 10% SL produced from mother glyphosate mother liquor treatment. liquor brings much damage and Mr. Dao, director of technology risk to the environment, Chinese department of Nantong Jiangshan, government has issued regulation to reveals that the company has stopped ban the registration and production using mother liquor to produce ■ Market Analysis Herbicide performance to decrease resulted from the global financial crisis and stagnant economic situation in the P erformance of China’s herbicide business will decrease in 2009 without doubt, due to decreased Shanghai during 27-29 September 2009 had shown that visitors were much less than the previous exhibition, whole 2009. The gloomy economy had reduced product price and stagnant demand indicating that customers’ willingness peasants’ initiatives of herbicides for herbicides. Currently, many for pesticide purchase had dropped. application, thus shrinking the herbicide manufacturers are not demand increase of herbicide globally. optimistic about their performance in It’s predicted that gloomy situation for Foreign traders’ purchasing power and 2009. herbicide market will not significantly willingness also declined under the change in Q4 2009, so general gloomy economic situation. • Facts performance of China’s herbicide business in 2009 will be poorer that Another reason leading to sharply All herbicides in China saw 2008, though the output and sales decreased prices of Chinese herbicides tremendous price decrease in the past volume will slightly increase. is its weak competitiveness in 9 months of 2009 (TABLE 3). Take Q2 global market. With weak R&D 2009 as an example, herbicide export • Reasons for the decrease capability within China’s herbicide volume in China had increased by industry, most herbicides produced 19.5% over the same period of 2008, Without doubt, the decreased and exported in China are of low but the total value had decreased performance of herbicide business is added value. Coupled with intense by 45.3%, mainly attributed to the mainly caused by slumped price which competition among domestic slumping herbicide price. Semi-annual financial performance TABLE 3: Price change of top five herbicides in the first report 2009 of most listed herbicide 9 months of 2008 and 2009 manufacturers had shown sharp decrease in gross profit and net Average price in the profit margin in H1 2009. China first 9 months, USD/t Herbicide Change Crop Protection Industry Association 2008 2009 disclosed that about 80% of its 470 pesticide manufacturer members Glyphosate (95% TC) 11,985 3,319 -72.31% had witnessed great profit decrease even profit loss in H1 2009. Now Paraquat (42% TC) 3,908 2,632 -32.64% most herbicide manufacturers are Acetochlor (95% TC) 3,542 3,044 -14.06% not optimistic about their general performance in 2009. Atrazine (95% TC) 4,900 2,657 -45.78% The Ninth China Agrochemical Butachlor (95% TC) 4,148 3,019 -27.22% Symposium and Exhibition held in Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 4 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 8. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 producers, fierce price war is globally. For instance, implementation in 2008, cotton planting areas in inevitable. of policy ‘Returning Cultivated Land Hubei, Anhui, Henan, etc. decrease to Forests’ in Jiangsu has decreased this year, which reduce herbicide Besides, changes on planting structure rice planting area by 20,000 hectares, demand from these regions. in China and favorable weather in the thus decreasing herbicide demand world also reduce herbicide demand from rice fields; with low cotton price Herbicide producers resume production S ome herbicide producers have resumed production in September or October after suspension in the Chemical Company started trifluralin production in early October. is propitious to pesticide production and store, as high temperature will lead to higher energy consumption or slack season. There will be more There will be more herbicide faster chemicals volatilization of some producers resuming herbicide producers resuming production in the products such as 2,4-D during the production in the coming months, coming months, especially those pre- production. and herbicide supply will be more emergence herbicide producers. For sufficient instance, Jiangsu Lvlilai Company Most selective herbicides, especially and Jiangsu Tenglong Biological those mainly used in domestic As the peak season for herbicide market, will have slack season and Pharmaceutical Company will start consumption in winter crops such peak season for market demand, acetochlor production in late October as wheat and rape is coming, thus leading to suspension of some and November respectively. many companies resume herbicide production lines in summer. Those production in September or October. export-oriented herbicides, such as Most herbicide prices touch the bottom in the past 3 years in glyphosate, won’t have peak season, For instance, Jiangsu Repont Pesticide as they are exported to different October, though herbicide demand Factory resumed tribenuron- countries where consumption seasons is increasing due to the second peak methyl technical production in are different from each other. season for herbicide consumption. early September, and Hangzhou With the stagnant global economy, Udragon Chemical Company resumed In China, there are two peak seasons most herbicide producers are not fenoxaprop-P-ethyl production in late for herbicide demand each year. The optimistic about herbicide price in Q4 September. first one is from March to June and 2009. the second is from October to mid Some companies resumed production December. The consumed volume The period between late autumn and of herbicides used in next spring. For in the first peak season will be much next spring is the peak season for instance, Jiangsu Lvlilai Company larger than that in the second one. pesticide production in China. On restarted butachlor technical Herbicide producers mainly produce one hand, most pesticide producers production in late September; Xinyi herbicides for winter crops and for the are endeavoring to store products to Zhongkai Agrochemical Company store of next year. meet the peak season of herbicide resumed butachlor production consumption next year. On the other in October; Zhejiang Kangfeng hand, the low temperature this period Herbicides used in cornfields A s one of the major grain crops, corn is the second largest herbicide consumer in China, just sanguinalis, Portulaca oleracea, Eleusine indica, Chenopodium album, Acalypha australis, Amaranthus dominant species in many regions of China. next to rice. With popularity of retroflexus, Echinochloa crusgalli, • Pre-emergence herbicides chemical weeding and development Setaria viridis, Cyperus rotundus, Herbicides used in pre-seeding stage of herbicide industry in China, Siberian Cocklebur, Abutilon of corn are usually non-selective chemical weeding has become more theophrasti, Convolvulus arvensis, herbicides including glyphosate and popular and herbicides used in corn Calystegia hederacea Wall, Eclipta paraquat. Herbicide application fields are more diversified. prostrate, Commelina communis, etc. before sowing is not popular in China, only existing in some corn fields in • Major weeds in corn fields However, weeds in different spring and seed production regions. Major weeds in corn fields can regions vary according to different be classified into over 10 families climate. Calystegia hederacea Wall, Herbicides’ major application period including 40 species, and those most Convolvulus arvensis, Cyperus in corn fields is pre-emergent stage commonly seen in China are Digitaria rotundus and Eleusine indica are now (after sowing) in China, with annual CCM International Limited 5 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 9. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 estimated volume of over 20,000 tonnes, to register and produce nicosulfuron • Prospect most of which are selective pre-emergent technical and formulations. As of It’s predicted that chemical weeding herbicides including triazine herbicides, Sep. 2009, over 25 companies had will become more popular in China, amide herbicides and their mixed registered nicosulfuron technical, thanks to rapid urbanization in formulations. and over 100 kinds of nicosulfuron China and release of man power. formulations, mostly mixed OF However, structure of herbicides Triazine herbicides used in corn fields formulation of nicosulfuron and used in corn fields will change. are mainly atrazine and cyanazine, atrazine, had been registered. while amide herbicides mainly include The proportion of pre-emergence acetochlor and metachlor. Currently, It’s estimated that China’s total herbicides used in cornfield is mixed formulations containing triazine nicosulfuron technical capacity will diminishing, as post-emergent herbicide and amide herbicide have reach 25,000t/a in 2009. The total control of weeds becomes more and become more and more popular in consumption volume in domestic more popular. Nicosulfuron will China, as they have advantages of better market was 500~600 tonnes in enjoy a brisk market in the future 5 safety to succeeding crops over atrazine 2008. years, thanks to good promotion and herbicides and wider spectrum than decreased price. amide herbicides. Mesotrione and rimsulfuron are also used in corn fields, but have much Besides, if high production cost and • Post-emergence herbicides smaller consumption volume than weed resistance problem are solved Herbicides used for post-emergent nicosulfuron, due to promotion and (to mix with other herbicides), control of weeds in corn fields include production cost problems. These mesotrione will expect a promising non-selective herbicide paraquat and three post emergence herbicides market in the future, as it is safer some post-emergence herbicides. have their advantages and and more convenient in application. disadvantages, shown as TABLE 4. Paraquat is used to control unwanted weeds in the interval of corn plants through orientational spraying. In recent TABLE 4: Comparison of three post-emergence herbicides in corn fields years, paraquat consumed in this way in corn fields has been increasing, reaching Effects affected Weed Requirement 5,0000 tonnes in 2008. Herbicide Safety Dosage by weather resistance on weed stage As to selective post-emergence herbicides, Nicosulfuron Low* Low Low Large High nicosulfuron is the hottest one used in corn fields. Some domestic companies Rimsulfuron Low Low Low Small High even produced nicosulfuron and added Mesotrione High High High** Small Low it to other herbicides for weed control in corn fields before its patent expired in * Nicosulfuron may cause phytotoxicity to some corn varieties such as sweat corn and 2007. With nicosulfuron patent expiration pop corn. in January 2007, many companies began ** Some weeds will re-grow. Source: CCM International Benazolin-ethyl: small herbicide mainly applied in rape B enazolin-ethyl is a herbicide with output less than 50t/a and mainly applied in rape filed in China. Nanjing Pesticide Factory of Jiangsu Pesticide Research Institute (now it is renamed as Nanjing Suyan Kechuang for technical, 14 for single formulation and 57 for mixed formulation in China. Agrochemical Company) registered Grade of registered technical are 95% Benazolin-ethyl, which is mainly benazolin-ethyl 95% technical and or 96%. 30% SC is most popular single used to control broad leaf weeds in 30% SC formulation in 1998. More and formulation, taking up 42.86% of the rape fields or used to mix with other more companies registered benazolin- active registration volume. As to mixed post-emergence herbicides to control ethyl products in China. formulations, mixed EC formulations weeds in other crops, was introduced of benazolin-ethyl and quizalofop-p- into China as early as 1990. In 1990, As of 28 September 2009, 67 domestic ethyl are the popular ones, with A. I. Germany AgrEvo Limited (now Bayer companies had registered benazolin- content of 14% or 17.5%. Cropscience) registered 500g/L ethyl or its related products, and benazolin-ethyl SC with brand name 55 of them hold active registration. Though there are over 50 active of “Galtak®” in China. There are 82 active registrations of registrations of benazolin-ethyl in benazolin-ethyl in China, including 11 China, total output of benazolin- Since first domestic company CCM International Limited 6 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 10. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 ethyl technical are relatively small. There are only 3~4 active manufacturers of FIGURE 1: Annual registration number of benazolin-ethyl in benazolin-ethyl technical in China, with China, 19990-2009 total annual output less than 50 tonnes. Mr. Nie, sales manager from Nanjing 40 Suyan Kechuang Agrochemical Company 35 said: ‘There are about 3 companies producing benazolin-ethyl technical in 30 China at present, and benazolin-ethyl 25 is mainly sold in domestic market, as 20 its output in China is not very large and overseas demand is small.’ 15 10 Nie said that the company’s benazolin- 5 ethyl technical output is about 10 tonnes per year, and all technical is consumed by 0 1990 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 the company itself to produce benazolin- ethyl formulations.’ Technical Single Formulation Mixed formulation Source: CCM International’s statistical data from ICAMA Mr. Ge from Tianjin Sipule Pesticide Technology Development Company said that the company’s output of benazolin- Some companies stopped benazolin- its application volume has kept ethyl technical is about 10 tonnes per year, ethyl technical production. Jihua stable in recent years.’ said Mr. and the production is run by order. He Group Pesticide Chemical Industry Nie form Nanjing Suyan Kechuang expressed all the company’s benazolin- Company stopped production Agrochemical Company. ethyl technical has been sold in domestic because of sales problem. Jiangsu market. Changqing Chemical Company ‘Benazolin-ethyl is a small herbicide stopped production because of in China, since its application is Ms. Yin also from sales department relocation and sales problem. mainly in domestic rape field, the of Jiangsu Changqing Agrochemical capacity expansion or superfluous Company also disclosed that output of Almost all benazolin-ethyl is used in output will face great risk.’ Mr. Nie benazolin-ethyl technical is about 1 tonne rape field in China. ‘The demand for concluded. per month. ‘The market demand for benazolin-ethyl in China depends benazolin-ethyl had kept stable.’ on the planting area of rape, and Picloram: export-oriented herbicide P icloram, a post emergence herbicide used to control unwanted broadleaf weeds in forest, is an export-oriented (TABLE 5). Grade of registered picloram technical are all 95%, and the two registered formulations are 240g/L SL. product in China. FIGURE 2: Accumulative volume of companies having Picloram was firstly introduced into China registered picloram in China, 2001-2009 by Lier Chemical Company in 2001, and more and more companies have been 8 engaged in its production and registration 7 in the past few years (FIGURE 2). As picloram is rarely used in domestic market 6 due to the small demand, high price as 5 well as inefficient promotion, over 90% Volume 4 of the homemade products are exported, 3 mainly to South America. 2 As of 12 October 2009, there have 1 been 9 active registrations of picloram, 0 including 7 registrations of technical and 2 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 registrations of single formulation, which Source: CCM International are applied by 7 domestic companies CCM International Limited 7 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 11. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 Now all these 7 companies claimed that TABLE 5: Active registrations of picloram in China by Oct. 2009 they could produce picloram technical, but most of them arranged production in light with overseas orders. Certification Expiration Product Company No. date Some of the 7 companies also registered other chloropyridine herbicides such LS20071449 240g/L SL 2010.05.21 Lier Chemical Company as clopyralid and fluroxypyr, as major LS20080474 95% TC 2010.02.20 Sinochem Ningbo Chemicals Company production processes of the three LS20083275 240g/L SL 2009.12.16 Hebei Wanquan Lihua Chemicals Company herbicides, namely picloram, clopyralid PD20050010 95% TC 2010.04.05 Lier Chemical Company and fluroxypyr, are the same. Ms. Bai PD20070107 95% TC 2012.04.26 Zhejiang Shenghua Biok Chemical Company from Chongqing Shuangfeng Chemical Company (Chongqing Shuangfeng) said: PD20080650 95% TC 2013.05.27 Hebei Wanquan Lihua Chemicals Company ’There are only some small differences PD20080931 95% TC 2013.07.17 Zhejiang Yongnong Chemical Company among production technologies of the Hunan Yuangjiang Chifeng Agrochemical PD20095560 95% TC 2014.05.12 three herbicides.’ Company PD20096514 95% TC 2014.08.19 Chongqing Shuangfeng Chemical Company According to Ms. Bai, the three herbicides Source: CCM International share the same production line in Note: Both temporary and formal registration for clopyralid can be extended, but the temporary Chongqing Shuangfeng. ‘Chongqing registration can be extended with accumulative valid period of less than 3 years. Shuangfeng had produced smaller volume of picloram two years before, but it has trade department of Lier Chemical, global economic situation in H1 focused on clopyralid and fluroxypyr in picloram doesn’t share the same 2009, Lier Chemical had achieved recent two years with their larger profit production line with the other net profit growth rate of 58.13%, margins.’ Registration data from ICAMA herbicides in the company. far better than most of the other showed that Chongqing Shuangfeng herbicides manufacturers with large acquired formal registration of picloram Mr. Wang said: ‘Almost all the profit loss. two months before (August 2009). picloram is exported, with South America being its major destination. Compared to Lier Chemical, the Lier Chemical Company (Lier Chemical), The actual grade of picloram other producers’ comprehensive China’s largest chloropyridine herbicides technical produced in Lier Chemical competitiveness in picloram manufacturer, dominates China’s picloram is 94%, and the ex-work price is technical are much weaker with production with over 80% output share USD30,000/t (RMB205,000/t) in smaller capacity and output, and that of the total. Now it has picloram technical Oct. 2009. is why some domestic manufacturers capacity of 1,000t/a, which was expanded possessing certificates of producing from 550t/a in H2 2008. Chloropyridine herbicides including picloram haven’t focused on picloram are the core products in picloram production. According to Mr. Wang from the foreign Lier chemical. Under the stagnant 2, 4-D export in H1 2009 C hina exported 8,492 tonnes of 2,4- D technical (96%) with average price of USD1.81/kg to about 30 FIGURE 3: Export volume and price of 2,4-D technical in China, H1 2009 countries in H1 2009. According to CCM International’s 2,500 2.00 Import/ Export analysis, monthly export volume of 2,4-D technical from 2,000 1.90 China kept generally stable except in Price, USD/kg Volume, tonne March (FIGURE 3). 1,500 1.80 1,000 1.70 China’s 2,4-D technical had been exported to about 30 countries in H1 500 1.60 2009, with South American and Southeast Asian countries as 0 1.50 the major destinations. Brazil, Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Venezuela,Guatemala, Indonesia Volume Price and Dominican Rep are the top 5 countries where China’s 2,4-D technical Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 8 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 12. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 FIGURE 4: Regional distribution of China’s 2,4-D technical export by is exported to, which had taken up volume in H1 2009 50.48% of China’s total 2,4-D technical export volume in H1 2009. Others Brazil 19.76% 12.29% China has more than eight 2,4-D technical producers who had exported Costa Rica Venezuela 3.08% 11.66% their products, either by themselves or traders. 2,4-D technical export Australia volume from 4 companies, including 3.18% Changzhou Wintafone Chemical Ecuador Company (Changzhou Wintafone), 3.53% Guatemala Shandong Weifang Rainbow Chemical Malaysia 10.07% Company (Shandong Weifang), Jiaxing 4.59% Indonesia Jiuyisheng Chemical Company (Jiaxing Turkey Nicaragua New Zealand Dominican Rep 9.39% Jiuyisheng ) and Jiamusi Heilong 5.16% 5.18% 7.07% 5.04% Agricultural &Industrial Chemical Company (Jiamusi Agricultural), had Source: CCM International taken up 88.18% of China’s 2,4-D technical export volume in H1 2009. FIGURE 5: Source of China’s exported 2,4-D technical by volume in H1 2009 2,4-D acid, the first kind of herbicide in the world, has kept robust market 7.94% 3.88% at present, thanks to its low price and 9.30% wide acceptance. 2,4-D formulations 41.69% are registered for post-emergent control of broadleaf weeds in wheat fields or used to mix with other herbicides for pre-emergent control of annual weeds 11.50% in fields of corn and soybean. China has been engaged in production 25.69% of 2,4-D technical and its related products since 1980s, and it has become one of the major suppliers of Changzhou Wintafone Weifang Rainbow Jiaxing Jiuyisheng 2,4-D acid in the world, with capacity of Jiamusi Agricultural Shandong Qiaochang Others over 60,000t/a. Source: CCM International TABLE 6: Major 2,4-D technical producers in China Company Capacity Changzhou Wintafone Chemical Company 15,000t/a Jiamusi Heilong Agricultural &Industrial Chemical Company 15,000t/a Shandong Weifang Rainbow Chemical Company 10,000t/a Liyang Hefeng Chemistry Company 10,000t/a Dalian Songliao Chemical Company 10,000t/a Lianyungang Baierte Chemicals Company 6,000t/a Jiaxing Jiuyisheng Chemical Company 5,000t/a Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 9 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 13. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 ■ Supply & Demand Anhui Futian building 7,000t/a amide herbicide production lines A uhui Futian Agrochemical Company (Anhui Futian), a newly registered company located is a provincial chemical industrial zone in Anhui province, having comprehensive infrastructure and According to the pesticide registration data from ICAMA, Anhui Futian and Hangzhou Futian haven’t registered in Chizhou City, Anhui province, convenient transportation. any pesticides yet. is building the 7,000t/a amide herbicide production lines, which According to Mr. Zhao, who is in Mr. Zhao claimed that Anhui Futian is are expected to be launched in early charge of construction of these amide preparing for the pesticide production 2010. herbicide production lines in Anhui license and pesticide registration. Futian, construction of workshops has The EIA (environmental impact According to two EIA public reports of been completed and now it is under assessment) report shows that the Anhui Futian’s new projects to be built equipment installation. 70,000t/a amide herbicide production announced in July 2009, production ‘These production lines is expected to includes 3,000t/a of pretilachlor and lines of other herbicides or herbicide be completed by the end of 2009 and 4,000t/a of other amide herbicides safener such as 200t/a clodinafop- launched by January 2010.’ covering alachlor, acetochlor and propargyl, 50t/a cloquintocet-mexyl, butochlor. Of course, alachlor, etc. are also to be built. Mr. Zhao disclosed that Anhui acetochlor and butochlor can share the Futian is a new company invested production lines and their production Mr. Zhao said that the company will by the owner of Hangzhou Futian can be adjusted in light with the focus on overseas market to sell its Agrochemical Company (Hangzhou market demand. amide herbicides. ‘More than 90% Futian), and Hangzhou Futian will stop all the pesticide production when will be exported, and Southeast Asia The production lines are built in and North America will be the major Anhui Futian’s production lines are Xiangyu Chemical Industrial Zone in destinations.’ launched. Chizhou County, Chizhou City, which Anhui Xinglong trial runs 5,000t/a 2,4-D production line A nhui Xinglong Chemical Company (Anhui Xinlong) has completed construction of its 5,000t/ domestic sales department of Anhui Xinglong disclosed that Anhui Xinglong has been producing MCPA production and convenient transport of the location for sales of 2,4-D. a 2,4-D technical production line in ((4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)-Acetic According to EIA (environmental Dongzhi Xiangyu Chemical Industrial acid) for many years. impact assessment) report of this Zone, and started the trial run in 5,000t/a 2,4-D technical project in September. Both 2,4-D and MCPA belong to Anhui Xinglong, a 1,000t/a MCPA penoxyacid herbicides, and part of technical production line and a 100t/ Mr. Wu, sales manager in charge of their production technology are the a diflufenican technical production foreign business in Anhui Xinlong same. line are also being built. These three said that the 5,000t/a 2,4-D technical production lines cover an area of 1.33 production line is under trial run at According to Mr. Wang, the company hectare and cost investment of USD3.37 present, and formal launch will be in will focus on overseas market. Mr. million (RMB23 million). late October or November 2009. Wu expressed that Anhui Xinglong is seeking for overseas partners for the According to registration data from ‘Though Anhui Xinglong is a new sales of 2,4-D series products. Anhui in ICAMA (Institute for the comer in 2,4-D production, its Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of products are not inferior to those The 2,4-D production line is built in Agriculture), Anhui Xinglong hasn’t produced by old 2,4-D manufactures. Dongzhi Xiangyu Chemical Industrial registered any pesticides. However, Now Anhui Xinglong can produce Zone, one of the provincial industrial a related company, Anhui Anqing almost all series products of 2,4-D.’ zone in Anhui province. Anhui Xinglong Chemical Company, whose Xinglong can take advantage of the boss is also Anhui Xinglong’s, has Mr. Wang, a salesman from the comprehensive infrastructure for registered MCPA. CCM International Limited 10 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 14. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 ■ Pricing Monthly market price of main crops in China in Oct. 2009 Oct. 09 Sep. 09 Sep. 08 2008 Chinese Crops Planting area USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t output(103 (103 ha.) tonnes) Indica rice 498 3,400 402 2,748 393 2,682 29,295 182,570 Japonica rice 402 2,745 497 3,395 439 3,000 Wheat 281 1,916 276 1,885 247 1,690 34,421 104,460 Rapeseed 542 3,700 542 3,700 584 3,990 6,888 12,650 Corn 261 1,783 264 1,800 238 1,624 26,971 145,480 Soybean(oil) 540 3,688 532 3,633 548 3,742 12,434 21,040 Soybean(food) 820 5,600 791 5,400 805 5,500 Peanut 1,040 7,100 947 6,467 1,156 7,900 45,701 14,670 Broomcorn 281 1,920 258 1,760 296 2,020 1,016 3,640 Source: CCM International Monthly ex-work price of key raw materials in Oct. 2009 Oct. 09 Sep. 09 Sep. 08 Raw material/intermediates USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t Phosphorus trichloride (99%) 674 4,600 674 4,600 1,171 8,000 Glycine (98%) 1,465 10,000 1,464 10,000 2,928 20,000 Iminodiacetonitrile (92%) 1,392 9,500 1,391 9,500 2,196 15,000 chloroacetic chloride (99%) 1,201 8,200 1,303 8,900 2,386 16,300 Pyridine (99.9%) 4,541 31,000 4,540 31,000 6,880 47,000 Cyanuric chloride (> 99.3%) 1,831 12,500 1,611 11,000 3,147 21,500 3,4-Dimethylbenzenamine (99.9%) 6,738 46,000 6,809 46,500 9,881 67,500 2-Amino-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine (99%) 18,163 124,000 18,305 125,000 26,348 180,000 L-(+)-Lactic acid (80%) 1,318 9,000 1,318 9,000 1,464 10,000 2-aminophenol (99%) 4,248 29,000 4,247 29,000 7,465 51,000 2-Methy1-6-Ethylaniline (99%) 2,197 15,000 2,050 14,000 1,976 13,500 Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 11 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 15. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 Monthly ex-work price of main herbicides in Oct. 2009 Oct. 09 Sep. 09 Oct. 08 Oct. 09 Herbicides Formulation USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t Glyphosate (95%) 2,886 19,700 2,885 19,700 6,023 41,150 41% SL 1,465 10,000 Paraquat (42%) 2,080 14,200 2,079 14,200 3,389 23,150 200g/L SL 1,714 11,700 Acetochlor (92%) 2,739 18,700 2,885 19,700 3,315 22,650 50% EC 1,860 12,700 Atrazine (97%) 2,446 16,700 2,446 16,700 4,633 31,650 38% SC 1,392 9,500 Tribenuron -methyl (95%) 18,266 124,700 19,725 134,700 35,080 239,650 Metolachlor (97%) 3,618 24,700 3,837 26,200 4,589 31,350 72% EC 3,325 22,700 Butachlor (92%) 2,739 18,700 2,885 19,700 4,267 29,150 Pendimethalin (95%) 7,280 49,700 7,424 50,700 10,049 68,650 33% EC 3,032 20,700 Trifluralin (95%) 3,545 24,200 3,617 24,700 5,511 37,650 Quizalofop- P-ethyl (95%) 22,221 151,700 22,361 152,700 27,483 187,750 5% EC 2,739 18,700 Fenoxaprop- P-ethy (95%) 29,252 199,700 29,244 199,700 33,616 229,650 6.9% EC 4,863 33,200 Oxyfluorfen (97%) 19,730 134,700 21,190 144,700 34,018 232,400 Source: CCM International Monthly Shanghai port price and FOB(Shanghai) of main herbicides in Oct. 2009 Shanghai Port Price FOB (Shanghai) Shanghai Port Price Formu- Technical Oct. 09 Sep. 09 Oct. 08 Oct. 09 Sep. 09 laiton Oct. 09 Sep. 09 USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t USD/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t Glyphosate (95%) 2,930 20,000 2,929 20,000 6,075 41,500 2,857 2,856 41% SL 1,509 10,300 1,508 10,300 Paraquat (42%) 2,124 14,500 2,123 14,500 3,440 23,500 2,086 2,085 200g/L SL 1,758 12,000 1,757 12,000 Acetochlor (92%) 2,783 19,000 2,929 20,000 3,367 23,000 2,717 2,856 50% EC 1,904 13,000 1,904 13,000 Atrazine (97%) 2,490 17,000 2,489 17,000 4,684 32,000 2,436 2,436 38% SC 1,435 9,800 1,435 9,800 Tribenuron-methyl 18,310 125,000 19,769 135,000 35,131 240,000 17,575 18,972 (95%) Metolachlor (97%) 3,662 25,000 3,881 26,500 4,640 31,700 3,558 3,767 72% EC 3,369 23,000 3,368 23,000 Butachlor (92%) 2,783 19,000 2,929 20,000 4,318 29,500 2,717 2,856 Pendimethalin 7,324 50,000 7,468 51,000 10,100 69,000 7,062 7,200 33% EC 3,076 21,000 3,075 21,000 (95%) Trifluralin (95%) 3,589 24,500 3,661 25,000 5,562 38,000 3,488 3,557 Quizalofop- P-ethyl 22,265 152,000 22,405 153,000 27,534 188,100 21,360 21,495 5% EC 2,783 19,000 2,782 19,000 (95%) Fenoxaprop- P-ethy 29,295 200,000 29,288 200,000 33,667 230,000 28,089 28,081 6.9% EC 4,907 33,500 4,906 33,500 (95%) Oxyfluorfen (97%) 19,774 135,000 21,234 145,000 34,070 232,750 18,977 20,374 Note: Shanghai port price= ex-factory price plus transport fee from production plant to Shanghai port Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 12 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 16. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 As to the three post-emergence Most herbicide prices keep downturn in Oct. 2009 herbicides monitored, prices of quizalofop-P-ethyl and fenoxaprop-P- ethyl kept stable in Oct. 2009, while P rice of most herbicides keeps the downtrend in Oct. 2009. Compared with the situation last It is predicted that glyphosate market will also keep stagnant in Q4 2009, as the serious overcapacity won’t be that of tribenuron-methyl technical has decreased from USD19,760/t in mid Sep. to USD18,300/t in mid Oct, month, 7 of the 12 major herbicides alleviated and overseas demand won’t down 7.41%. monitored by CCM International significantly rise in the last quarter of have witnessed slight price decrease 2009 under the uncertain economic As the peak season for herbicide in Oct. 2009, with the remaining five situation. However, slight price consumption in winter crops, such maintaining the September level. rebound, or price readjustment, is as wheat and rape is coming, many possible. manufacturers of tribenuron-methyl Both of the two non-selective herbicides (glyphosate and paraquat) have resumed production in Sep. or As the second peak season of herbicide Oct. 2009. kept stagnant price after 6 months’ demand in China is coming, many continuous decrease, mainly due to domestic herbicide manufacturers All the herbicide prices have hit the the following two factors: will resume production of selective lowest point currently. Many herbicide herbicides in October. However, most manufacturers expressed that current Firstly, there is no room for further of these herbicides have undergone prices of herbicides are very close decrease, as their prices are so low to price decline. to the cost, and there is no room touch the production costs; secondly, as the demand for China’s non- for further decline any more. Most Quotations of the six pre-emergence manufacturers are not optimistic to selective herbicides hasn’t significantly herbicides monitored by CCM the expected price rise boosted by the increased in Oct.2009, there is no International, namely acetochlor, second peak season this year. impetus to heighten the prices with metachlor, pendimethailin, butachlor, the global financial crisis and China’s trifluralin and oxyfluorfen have serious overcapacity. slightly decreased in Oct. 2009, down by 2~7%. ■ Registration China herbicide registration structure improving S tructure of herbicides registered in China has been greatly improved, with increasing proportion for In 2008 and 2009, new formal registrations accounted for 67.98% and 82.39% of the total new As of September 2009, active formal registrations for herbicide have amounted to 4,170, taking up 67.84% formal registrations and eco-friendly registrations respectively, compared of total active herbicide registrations formulations, mainly thanks to with 23.31% in 2007. in China. implementation of the new regulations issued at the end of 2007. TABLE 7: New formal registration in past three years ‘Structure of pesticides registered has seen great improvement since China issued a series of new registration regulations Formal Total new at the end of 2007,’ claimed Yanqiu Year registration Proportion registration Zhang, Director of ICAMA (Institute for volume the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture), on the 2nd ‘Summit of 2007 196 841 23.31% China’s Pesticide Industry’ held in Suzhou 2008 1,603 2,358 67.98% City of Jiangsu Province during 13~15 September 2009. 2009 1,960 2,379 82.93% The most obvious fact showing the Note: data in 2009 is as of 28 September 2009 improved structure is the increasing Source: CCM International proportion of formal registrations. CCM International Limited 13 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 17. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 As of September 2009, active Tips: formal registrations for herbicide In December 2007, Chinese Agricul- ■ Formal registration should sup- have amounted to 4,170, taking up ture Ministry amended “Regulations plement experiment data or com- 67.84% of total active herbicide for Pesticide Registration” and is- prehensive report in light with new registrations in China. sued a series of new regulations for regulations when applying for ex- pesticide registration, which can be tended registration. Before 2008, many domestic classified into the following points: pesticide manufacturers ■ Regulate formulations’ A.I. con- preferred to apply for temporary ■ Shorten accumulative valid time tents: the number of A.I. gradient registrations, due to the low of temporary registration from 4 should be no more than 5. cost and low requirement on years to 3 years. experiment data. However, ■ Standardize pesticide label: re- with implementation of new ■ Ban pesticide trade name since 1 quired items such as general name, regulations for pesticide July 2008. A.I. content, formulation type, registration in 2007, the gap manufacturer, trademark, use direc- between temporary registration ■ Heighten pesticide registration tion, license, etc should be printed and formal registration is threshold and shorten the gap be- in specific format, and those pro- shortened, and many companies tween temporary registration and hibited items such as trade name turn to formal registration, as formal registration, and application should not be printed.license, etc formal registration needs to be of temporary registration should should be printed in specific format, extended every 5 years, while also hand in experimental data on and those prohibited items such as temporary registration should pesticide residue. trade name should not be printed. be extended every year with accumulative valid time of no more than 3 years. With deepening implementation TABLE 8: Registration volume of eco-friendly herbicide formulations of the regulations, proportion in 2008 and 2009 of temporary registration is predicted to continue decrease in Registration volume Proportion in the future. Year total registration 2008 2009 Total volume Besides increasing proportion for formal registrations, registration WDG 63 55 242 48.76% volume of eco-friendly formulations, such as WDG, CS EW 44 45 167 53.29% (micro-capsule suspension) and ME 11 12 49 46.94% EW, also increased. Registration volume of these formulations in CS 1 2 7 42.86% 2008 and 2009 has accounted Note: Data in 2009 is as of 28 September 2009 for large proportion in total Source: CCM International registration volume (TABLE 8). Care Ltd. achieves in China, and 97% Five herbicides newly registered in Sep. 2009 is the highest grade for glyphosate technical registered in China. 1 68 herbicide registrations, including 22 for technical, 112 for single formulation and 34 for mixed registrations, including 3 temporary and 19 formal, were registered by 19 producers mainly located in Jiangsu The first formal registration of clodinafop-propargyl technical is formulations, were achieved by Province. I4 kinds of herbicides were registered by Syngenta in Sep. 2009. 120 companies in Sep. 2009. Five involved (TABLE 9). Syngenta also firstly registered herbicides technical were formally mesotrione 94% technical formally in registered for the first time in China. Five herbicides technical were formally China. registered for the first time. According to the registration data from Institute for the Control Dalian Razer Pesticides Company Excel Crop Care Ltd. (India) formally formally registered ethachlor 95% of Agrochemicals, Ministry of registered 97% glyphosate technical Agriculture technical, becoming the only company in China in Sep. 2009. This is the first holding the active registration of (ICAMA), 22 herbicide technical herbicide registration that Excel Crop CCM International Limited 14 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 18. Herbicides China News Vol.2 Issue 10 2009 ethachlor product in China. TABLE 9: Herbicide technical registered in Sep. 2009 Bayer Cropscience Company achieved formal registration of 95% glufosinate-ammonium Registration Product technical, which is the first formal registration of volume glufosinate-ammonium in China. Glyphosate, nicosulfuron 3 As for single formulation, 112 registrations were achieved by 87 companies, including 21 temporary, 90 formal and 1 repacking. Glyphosate 41% IPA Glufosinate-ammonium, Imazethapyr, 2 and 40g/L nicosulfuron OF are the most popular mesotrione, bispyribac-sodium single formulations registered in Sep. 2009. 7 formal registrations of 41% IPA and 8 registration of 40g/L Haloxyfop-R-methyl, clethodim, nicosulfuron OF were approved in Sep. 2009. sulcotrione, metsulfuron-methyl, 1 fluazifop-P-butyl, ethachlor, Formal registration of clodinafop-propargyl 15% WP linuron, clodinafop-propargyl was firstly achieved by Syngenta in September, while that of ethachlor 47% EC was achieved by Dalian Source: ICAMA Razer Pesticides Company. 30 companies. Bensulfuron-methyl and acetochlor remain the The 34 mixed formulations, including 16 temporary, most popular herbicides used to mix with others, but mixed 17 formal and 1 repacking, were registered by formulations are registered dispersedly. TABLE 10: General situation of herbicide registrations in Aug. 2009 Temporary Formal Registration Registration Repacking Popular Producer Registration Category Registration Herbicides Number Volume New New Subtotal Subtotal Registration Registration Technical 19 22 3 1 19 18 0 Glyphosate nicosulfruon Single 41% Glyphosate IPA, 87 112 21 1 90 87 1 formulation 40g/L nicosulfuron OF Mixed 30 34 16 5 17 17 1 Clomazone•acetochlor formulation Source: CCM International ■ News in Brief Hubei Sanonda declared that it sells Zhengzhou Sanonda’s equity mainly Nufarm based in Australia is a top pesticide supplier in the world and Sinochem to avoid environmental protection Corporation is endeavoring to improve its Hubei Sanonda sells equity problem of Zhengzhou Sanonda who worldwide business in pesticide production is now surrounded by residential and sales. The transaction, if successful, will of Zhengzhou Sanonda districts. Hubei Sanonda closed greatly heighten Sinochem Corporation’s down its paraquat production base position in global agrochemicals business. Hubei Sanonda Company (Hubei in Hubei Tianmen, namely Hubei Sanonda) signed an equity transfer agreement with Zhengzhou Xintiandi Sanonda Tianmen Agrochemical China strengthens cooperation Company, in August 2009, also due with US on Pesticide Risk As- Agricultural & Chemicals Company to environmental protection issue. (Zhengzhou Xintiandi) on 23 September sessment 2009, selling its 70% equity of Sanonda Zhengzhou Pesticides Company Sinochem Corporation to Sino-America Pesticide Risk Assessment (Zhengzhou Sanonda) at a price of acquire Nufarm Symposium was held in Beijing during 21~25 USD3.81 million (RMB26 million). September 2009. Experts from ICAMA, Zhengzhou Xintiandi, a wholly-owned Nufarm announced on 28 September EPA (USA) and Chinese Center for Disease subsidiary of Zhengzhou State-Owned 2009 that Sinochem Corporation Control and Prevention, etc. have attended the Asset Management Bureau, was another may acquire its equities with USD2.4 symposium. stakeholder of Zhengzhou Sanonda billion, but the transaction is still before, holding 30% share. uncertain at present. CCM International Limited 15 www.cnchemicals.com
  • 19. CCM International Limited 17th Floor, Huihua Commercial & Trade Building, No.80 Xianlie Zhong Road Guangzhou, 510070, P.R.China Tel: +86-20-37616606 Fax: +86-20-37616968 E-mail: econtact@cnchemicals.com Website: www.cnchemicals.com