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CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
CCMData & Primary Intelligence
Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com
Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 F...
II Seeds, crops and grains situation in China
Table II-1 Challenges in China’s seeds, crops and grains in the next five ye...
Table II-2.2.1.1 Rice supply and demand, 2004-2009
Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 est.
Planted area ('000 ha.) xxxxxx ...
Exports (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxx
Total use (million tonnes) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx
...
III Diseases, pests and weeds situation in China
III-1.1 Introduction to major diseases
Table III-1.1.1 Total stricken are...
8 xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
9 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
III -2 Serious pest, disease and malignant weed
Table III-2.1 Serious insect pests, diseases and weeds threatening traditi...
IV Crop protection in China
IV-2.1.1 3S technology (Remote Sensing, Geography Information System and Global
Positioning Sy...
5 xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
6 xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
16 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx
17 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx...
1997 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
1998 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx...
Table V-1.13 Application area of pesticides by category, 2006-2009 (million hectares)
Pesticide category 2006 2007 2008 20...
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Crop protection china market opportunities and challenges 2009

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China is a traditional agricultural country, with a total area of 5,000 billion square meters stricken by plant diseases and insect pests each year. With only 7% of the world’s arable land, China has fed 22% of the world’s population, which is a great marvel in history. How do Chinese people achieve this? One answer is making good use of crop protection.

Crop protection is widely applied across the world and plays important roles in guaranteeing the safety of agricultural production and the quality of products, minimizing environmental pollution, safeguarding public health and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture in China. In recent years, crop protection has drawn more and more attention from the government and its status has been improved, due to the frequent outbreak of diseases, insect pests and weeds, and the stricter requirement on ecological environment, food quality and natural resources.

The total CP market value was USD11,499.39 million in 2008. With USD6,191.50 million which accounts for 53.84% of total market value in 2008, seed plays the most important role in Chinese CP market. Chemical control has ranked the second largest market value of USD15,738.10 million in 2008, taking up 68.13%. CP machine, with USD827.93 million in 2008, also plays an important role. Though China is promoting environmentally friendly methods, such as physical control and biological control, these methods’ value is still not very high. Their market value is only USD343.17 million, consisting of only 3.00%. But these methods will have very bright future.

As the largest agricultural and most populous country, China’s plant structure of crops and grain situation have played important role in national strategic security. However, owing to frequent natural disasters, increasing entering of alien species and serious pesticide resistance, the occurrence of crop diseases, insect pests and weeds is becoming more and more serious, which contributes to great challenges in crop protection, such as development and promotion of lowly toxic pesticides, the R&D of GM seeds. At the same time, it also bring many investment opportunities in the fields of seed trade, seed R&D, pesticide trade and pesticide R&D, etc. In this report, CCM will give a detailed introduction and summary about the trade and treatment of seeds, grain supply and demand, production and consumption of pesticides, control measures for crop diseases, insect pests and weeds and opportunities and challenges of CP market, etc.

MNCs, with their endeavors, captures 20% pesticide market, 50% vegetable seeds market and 4% corn seed market in 2008 in China.

Compared with the former edition in 2008, this edition enhances the following parts:
-- Supply and demand of grains
-- Seeds situation
-- Serious pest & malignant weed
-- Crop protection value in China
-- Biological control, includes Predatory mite and Parasitoid
-- Physical control, includes pest-killing lamps, sex attractant, insect screening and yellow board
-- Seed treatment and seed treatment agents
-- Crop protection machinery
-- MNCs’ involvement in China’s crop protection industry
-- Roles and market strategies of MNCs and their competition with local companies
-- Opportunities and Challenges of crop protection in China
-- How to enter China’s pesticides market


The key findings in this report include:
-- The total CP market value is USD11,499.39 million in 2008. Seed plays the most important role in Chinese CP market.
-- Chemical control is still the main control method in China which will not be changed in the foreseeable future.
-- Physical control and Biological control will have a bright future in China.
-- With the promotion of Chinese government, seed treatment has developed quickly. Now, about 80% seed is treated and most of them are treated by peasants themselves with fungicide and insecticide, though some peasants choose seed coating age

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Transcript of "Crop protection china market opportunities and challenges 2009"

  1. 1. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 Crop Protection China Market: Opportunities and Challenges - The Second Edition Researched & Prepared by: Guangzhou CCM Information Science and Technology Co., Ltd Guangzhou, P. R. China November 2009 Copyright by Guangzhou CCM Information Science and Technology Co., Ltd (P. R. China) Any publication, distribution or copying of the content in this report is prohibited. Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968
  2. 2. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 Description: China is a traditional agricultural country, with a total area of 5,000 billion square meters stricken by plant diseases and insect pests each year. With only 7% of the world’s arable land, China has fed 22% of the world’s population, which is a great marvel in history. How do Chinese people achieve this? One answer is making good use of crop protection. Crop protection is widely applied across the world and plays important roles in guaranteeing the safety of agricultural production and the quality of products, minimizing environmental pollution, safeguarding public health and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture in China. In recent years, crop protection has drawn more and more attention from the government and its status has been improved, due to the frequent outbreak of diseases, insect pests and weeds, and the stricter requirement on ecological environment, food quality and natural resources. The total CP market value was USD11,499.39 million in 2008. With USD6,191.50 million which accounts for 53.84% of total market value in 2008, seed plays the most important role in Chinese CP market. Chemical control has ranked the second largest market value of USD15,738.10 million in 2008, taking up 68.13%. CP machine, with USD827.93 million in 2008, also plays an important role. Though China is promoting environmentally friendly methods, such as physical control and biological control, these methods’ value is still not very high. Their market value is only USD343.17 million, consisting of only 3.00%. But these methods will have very bright future. As the largest agricultural and most populous country, China’s plant structure of crops and grain situation have played important role in national strategic security. However, owing to frequent natural disasters, increasing entering of alien species and serious pesticide resistance, the occurrence of crop diseases, insect pests and weeds is becoming more and more serious, which contributes to great challenges in crop protection, such as development and promotion of lowly toxic pesticides, the R&D of GM seeds. At the same time, it also bring many investment opportunities in the fields of seed trade, seed R&D, pesticide trade and pesticide R&D, etc. In this report, CCM will give a detailed introduction and summary about the trade and treatment of seeds, grain supply and demand, production and consumption of pesticides, control measures for crop diseases, insect pests and weeds and opportunities and challenges of CP market, etc. MNCs, with their endeavors, captures 20% pesticide market, 50% vegetable seeds market and 4% corn seed market in 2008 in China. Compared with the former edition in 2008, this edition enhances the following parts: -- Supply and demand of grains -- Seeds situation -- Serious pest & malignant weed -- Crop protection value in China -- Biological control, includes Predatory mite and Parasitoid -- Physical control, includes pest-killing lamps, sex attractant, insect screening and yellow board
  3. 3. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 -- Seed treatment and seed treatment agents -- Crop protection machinery -- MNCs’ involvement in China’s crop protection industry -- Roles and market strategies of MNCs and their competition with local companies -- Opportunities and Challenges of crop protection in China -- How to enter China’s pesticides market The key findings in this report include: -- The total CP market value is USD11,499.39 million in 2008. Seed plays the most important role in Chinese CP market. -- Chemical control is still the main control method in China which will not be changed in the foreseeable future. -- Physical control and Biological control will have a bright future in China. -- With the promotion of Chinese government, seed treatment has developed quickly. Now, about 80% seed is treated and most of them are treated by peasants themselves with fungicide and insecticide, though some peasants choose seed coating agent. -- Above 350 CP machine manufacturers produce about 14 million CP machines in 2008 with 12 million sold in China. Now, China totally has about 80 million CP machines. Mechanical CP machines will be more popular in the future. -- Chinese peasants pay more attention to products quality MNCs, with their endeavors, captures 20% pesticide market, 50% vegetable seeds market and 4% corn seed market in 2008 in China. -- Glyphosate-resistance corn and GM rice are possibly to be approved in the next five years From this report, you will get the following knowledge about Chinese CP market: -- Opportunity and challenge of CP market -- Current situation and forecast of crops and grain -- Current situation and forecast of pesticide industry -- Current situation and forecast of crop protection technologies -- Current situation and forecast of plant diseases, insect pests and weeds -- Current situation and forecast of seed and seed treatment -- Current situation and forecast of CP machines -- The regulations and policies and their influence on crop protection -- Relationship between pesticides and environment protection -- The purchase and use habit on CP products by peasants This report is helpful to: -- Producers pay close attention to Chinese CP market, embracing pesticide, seed, natural enemy and machine producers etc. -- Traders pay close attention to Chinese CP market -- Analysts and consultants trying to gain insight into the Chinese CP market -- CP associations pay attention to Chinese CP market -- Governments pay attention to Chinese CP market
  4. 4. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 Main content: No. Content Page Executive summary 9 Methodology 17 I Overview of crop protection in China 19 I-1 Concept and components of crop protection 19 I-2 Roles of crop protection 19 I-3 Government attitudes and behavior on crop protection 21 II Seeds, crops and grains situation in China 23 II-1 Plant structure of crops 23 II-1.1 Traditional crops 24 II-1.1.1 Cereal crops 24 II-1.1.2 Soybean and oil-bearing crops 28 II-1.1.3 Sugar crops 28 II-1.1.4 Cotton 30 II-1.2 GM crops 31 II-1.2.1 Overview 31 II-1.2.2 Main GM crops in China 32 II-2 Supply and demand of grains 35 II-2.1 Overview of grains production and consumption 36 II-2.1.1 Production 36 II-2.1.2 Consumption 37 II-2.2 Grain supply and demand 38 II-2.2.1 Rice supply and demand 39 II-2.2.2 Corn supply and demand 39 II-2.2.3 Wheat supply and demand 40 II-2.2.4 Soybean supply and demand 41 II-3 Seeds situation 41 II-3.1 Seed market scale and benefit 42 II-3.2 Seed market structure and trade 42 II-3.3 Seed companies 45 II-3.4 Transgenic seeds 46 II-3.5 Seed management 47 II-3.6 Seed market prospect 47 II-4 Regulations and policies related to crops and grains 47 II-4.1 Crop protection 48 II-4.2 Crop quarantine 51 II-4.3 Forecast and control of crop diseases and insect pests 51 II-4.4 Safety of GM crops 52 II-4.5 Grain security 54 III Diseases, pests and weeds situation in China 56 III -1 Major Diseases, pests and weeds 57
  5. 5. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 III -1.1 Introduction to major diseases 57 III -1. 2 Introduction to major insect pests 61 III -1. 3 Introduction to major weeds 67 III -2 Serious pest, disease and malignant weed 68 IV Crop protection in China 70 IV-1 Crop protection value in China 70 IV-2 Means of crop protection in China 71 IV-2.1 Monitor and forecast of crop diseases and pests 71 IV-2.2 Treatment of diseases, pests & weeds 74 IV-2.2.1 Chemical control 74 - Traditional pesticide control 74 - Pesticide-resistance management 74 IV-2.2.2 Biological control 78 IV-2.2.3 Physical control 78 IV-2.2.4 Ecological regulation 82 IV-2.2.5 Crop quarantine 83 IV-2.2.6 Integrated control 84 IV-2.3 Seed treatment 84 IV-2.3.1 Introduction to seed treatment technologies 85 - Physical treatment 85 - Chemical treatment 86 IV-2.3.2 Seed treatment agents in China 86 - Fungicides 87 - Insecticides 88 - Plant growth regulators 88 IV-2.3 Genetic modification and breeding 88 IV-3 Crop protection machinery 89 IV-4 MNCs’ involvement in China crop protection industry 90 IV-5 Roles and market strategy of MNCs and their competition from local companies 92 IV-6 Opportunities and Challenges of crop protection in China 95 V Production and market of pesticides in China 96 V-1 Historical data about pesticides 96 - Producers 96 - Product structure 102 - Capacity & output 105 - Production distribution 105 - Import & export 107 - Demand 111 V-2 Current situation of pesticides 114 - Production and producers 115 - Market size by volume & value 117 - Potential products 118 - Competitiveness 118
  6. 6. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 - Bottleneck 120 V-3 Distribution channels of pesticides in China 120 - Changes in recent years 120 - Channels nowadays 122 - Trends in next 10 years 126 V-4 Challenges and opportunities of pesticides 127 V-5 How to enter Chinese pesticides market 129 VI End user behaviors in China 131 VI-1 Crop growers’ habits and attitudes to crop protection 132 VI-2 Approaches to choose crop protection products 134 VI-3 Knowledge & educational level of crop growers 135 VI-4 Purchasing power and cost analysis 137 VII Outlook of crop protection China market 139 VII-1 Crops and grains 139 VII-1.1 Crops 139 VII-1.1.1 Driven forces and key issues 139 VII-1.1.2 Forecast on crops in China to 2014 142 VII-1.1.2.1 Grain crops 142 VII-1.1.2.2 Oil-bearing crops 143 VII-1.1.2.3 Cotton 144 VII-1.2 Grains 146 VII-1.2.1 Rice 146 VII-1.2.2 Wheat 147 VII-1.2.3 Corn 148 VII-1.2.4 Soybean 149 VII-2 Crop diseases, insect pests and weeds 150 VII-2.1 Key factors influencing outbreak of diseases, insect pests and weeds 150 VII-2.2 Outlook of crop diseases, insect pests and weeds 150 VII-2.2.1 Crop diseases 151 VII-2.2.2 Crop insect pests 152 VII-2.2.3 Crop weeds 153 VII-3 Crop protection technology 153 VII-4 R & D 155 VII-5 Pesticides 155 Executive summary: China’s crop protection started fairly late compared with developed countries, and it kept operating at a low level for a long time because of insufficient investment. Chinese government pays great attention to crop protection, and increases the input year by year. Therefore, crop protection in China has witnessed significant improvement, and many infrastructures have been established. Now China leads the world in researches on control of insect pest and disease by biodiversity.
  7. 7. CCMData & Primary Intelligence Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Email: econtact@cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3761 6606 Fax: +86-20-3761 6968 Agriculture is of vital importance to the nation’s economy and the people’s livelihood. With GDP fast growth and population explosion, China’s crop structure has great changed in the past decade. The total crop protection market value is USDXXX million in 2008. Seed plays the most important role in Chinese crop protection market, with total value accounting for 53.84% of the total market value in 2008. Chemical control has the second largest market value of USDXXX million in 2008, taking up XXX% of Chinese CP market due to the high price and high output of pesticides. In 2009, the share is expected to reduce to XXX% as the price plummeted from the end of 2008. Nearly all international top pesticide players have business in China as it is a key market for pesticides. Global players like Bayer, Syngenta, Basf, Monsanto, Dow, DuPont, Makhteshim Agan, etc, capture about XX% of the Chinese pesticide market. In seed market, MNCs take up about XX% of the Chinese vegetable seed market. Besides, they capture XX% of Chinese corn market. In order to compete with domestic companies and capture more market share, MNCs use many market strategies such as up-down strategy, 4C’s of marketing, etc, in China. China has become one of top pesticide production centers in the world, with over XXX pesticide manufacturers and XXX of whom actually produce technical, while the rest are formulation producers. Almost all mainstream pesticides including over XXX kinds of technical and about XXX kinds of formulation can be produced in China. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s total output of pesticides was XXX million tonnes in 2008, up XX% over the previous year. How to choose crop protection products is a most important question for peasants in China. Aspects considered by Chinese peasants when choosing crop protection products are price, quality, recommendation, advertisement, efficiency of crop protection products and use experience. Character of CCM' Report: The aim of this report is to provide powerful assistance to the strategy group and the management team in making correct decision as how to penetrate the ever-increasing China market and how to catch the maximum commercial opportunities. The report is formulated independently by CCM’s professional market researchers, based on the first-hand and primary data which are analyzed by scientific methodology, confirmed with both manufacturers/end users/traders and legal authorities, and presented in a logic way. Sample pages:
  8. 8. II Seeds, crops and grains situation in China Table II-1 Challenges in China’s seeds, crops and grains in the next five years N o. Challenges Reason 1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Table II-2 Opportunities of China’s seeds, crops and grains in the next five years No. Opportunities Reason 1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 5 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx II-1 Plant structure of crops Table II-1.1 Planting area of different crops in China, 2004-2009 (103 hectares) Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 est. grain crops xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx vegetable xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx oil-bearing crops xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Cotton 5,693 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx melon 2,147 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx sugar crops 1,568 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx tobacco leaf xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx medicinal herbs xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Other crops xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Total xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx II-2.2 Grain supply and demand II-2.2.1 Rice supply and demand China's rice supply is witnessing slight oversupply, while the gap between domestic and international prices is not big enough to stimulate large export rises that could cause shortages.
  9. 9. Table II-2.2.1.1 Rice supply and demand, 2004-2009 Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 est. Planted area ('000 ha.) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Yield (tonne/ha.) xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Beginning stocks (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Production (million tonnes) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Imports (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxx Total supply (million tonnes) xxxxxx 165.87 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Domestic use (million tonnes) xxxxxx 127.31 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Exports (million tonnes) xxxx 0.69 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Total use (million tonnes) xxxxxx 128.00 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Ending stocks (million tonnes) xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Stocks/Total use (%) xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx II-2.2.2 Corn supply and demand …… Table II-2.2.2.1 Corn supply and demand, 2004-2009 Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 est. Planted area ('000 ha.) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Yield (tonne/ha.) xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Beginning stocks (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxx Production (million tonnes) xxxxx 139.4 xxxxx xxx xxx xxx Imports (million tonnes) xxxx 0.00 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Total supply (million tonnes) xxxxx 176 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx Domestic use (million tonnes) xxx 137 xxx xxx xxx xxx Exports (million tonnes) xxxx 8.64 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Total use (million tonnes) xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Ending stocks (million tonnes) xxxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Stocks/Total use (%) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx II-2.2.3 Wheat supply and demand Table II-2.2.3.1 Wheat supply and demand, 2004-2009 Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 est. Planted area ('000 ha.) xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx Yield (tonne/ha.) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx Beginning stocks (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xx xxxx Production (million tonnes) xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx Imports (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Total supply (million tonnes) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Domestic use (million tonnes) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx
  10. 10. Exports (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxx Total use (million tonnes) xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx Ending stocks (million tonnes) xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxx Stocks/total use (%) xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx II-3.2 Seed market structure and trade  Seed market structure …… Table II-3.2.1 China’s market structure of seed products in 2008 Crop Species number Sales revenue (million USD) Market share Annual output (000' tonnes) Commercialized output Commercialization rate Corn xx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx Rice xx xxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx Rapeseed xx xx xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxx Wheat xx xxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx Cotton 98 xxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx Soybean 32 xx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx Vegetable xx xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx Melons xx xx xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx Floriculture xx xxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx Others xxx xxx xxxx xxx xxx xxx Table II-3.2.2 China’s import and export situation of vegetable seeds, 2004-2008 Year Import value (million USD) Import volume (tonne) Export value (million USD) Export volume (tonne) 2004 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2005 xxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2006 xxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2007 xxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2008 xxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx
  11. 11. III Diseases, pests and weeds situation in China III-1.1 Introduction to major diseases Table III-1.1.1 Total stricken area of major diseases in traditional crops, 2004-2009, million hectares Year Rice Corn Wheat Cotton 2004 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2005 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2006 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2007 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2008 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2009 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx Table III-1.1.2 Total stricken area of major diseases in rice in 2004-2009, million hectares Year Rice blast Sheath blight Rice stripe Rice false smut Total 2004 xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2005 xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2006 xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2007 xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2008 xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2009 xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx Table III-1.1.3 Total stricken area of major diseases in wheat in 2004-2009, million hectares Year Stripe rust Powdery mildew Sharp eyespot Fusarium head blight Total 2004 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2005 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2006 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2007 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2008 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2009 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx III -1. 2 Introduction to major insect pests Table III-1.2.1 Major insect pests that seriously threaten crops in China No. Insect pests Item 1 xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2 xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 3 xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 4 xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 5 Mole crickets xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 6 xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 7 xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  12. 12. 8 xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 9 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 10 xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 11 xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 12 xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 13 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 14 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Table III-1.2.2 Total stricken area of omnivorous insect pests in 2004-2009, million hectares Grasshopper Year East Asia grasshopper Asian grasshopper Tibet grasshopper Haplotropis brunneriana Sauss Armyworm Meadow Moth 2004 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2005 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2006 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2007 xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx 2008 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx 2009 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Table III-1.2.3 Total stricken area of major insect pests in traditional crops, 2004-2009, million hectares Year Rice Wheat Cotton Corn 2004 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2005 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2006 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2007 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2008 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx 2009 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx III -1. 3 Introduction to major weeds Table III-1.3.1 Major weeds that seriously threaten traditional crops in China Crop Weed Crop Weed xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Rice Alternanthera philoxeroides griseb Cotton xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Wheat xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Corn xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  13. 13. III -2 Serious pest, disease and malignant weed Table III-2.1 Serious insect pests, diseases and weeds threatening traditional crops in China Crop Serious insect pests, diseases and weeds Crop Serious insect pests, diseases and weeds xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx Rice xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Wheat xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx Cotton red mite xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Cotton xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Corn xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Table III-2.2 Alien species of insect pests, diseases and weeds in China Insect pests Source Diseases Source Weeds Source xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx North Korea xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx US xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx North America xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Japan xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Brazil xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Japan xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx South America xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx US xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx North America xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx US xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Mexico xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Japan xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Central America xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Japan xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Central America xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx US xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Brazil xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Japan xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Brazil xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx US xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Europe
  14. 14. IV Crop protection in China IV-2.1.1 3S technology (Remote Sensing, Geography Information System and Global Positioning System) Table IV-2.1.1.1 Institutes which developed radars used to monitor insects Year Radar Institute 1986 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 1998 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2004 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2006 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2006 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx IV-2.2.2 Biological control Table IV-2.2.2.1 Key parasittoids and their target in China Parasitoids Pests Trichogrammatid. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Table IV-2.2.2.2 Imported natural enemies for the prevention and control of insect pests Natural enemy Insect pests Source of natural enemy Comments Rodolia cardinalis xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx IV-6 Opportunities and Challenges of crop protection in China Table IV-6.2 Opportunity of Chinese CP market in next five years No. Title Reason Opportunity 1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  15. 15. 5 xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 6 xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Table IV-6.3 Challenge of Chinese CP market in next five years No. Title Reason Challenge 1 xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 5 xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx V Production and market of pesticides in China V-1 Historical data about pesticides Table V-1.1 Number of pesticide producers with three certificates in China, 2003-Sep. 2009 Year Pesticide Biological pesticide 2003 xxx xx 2004 xxx xx 2005 xxx xxx 2006 xxx xxx 2007 xxx xxx 2008 xxx xxx 2009 xxx xxx Table V-1.2 Top 50 pesticide companies in China in 2006, by sales income (million USD) No. Company Abbreviation Sales income Profit Profit ranking 1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx x 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx x 3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx x 5 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx x 6 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxx 7 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xx 8 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx x 9 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xx 10 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx x 11 Shandong Binnong Technology Co., Ltd. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xx 12 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx x 13 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 14 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 15 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx
  16. 16. 16 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 17 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 18 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 19 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 20 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 21 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx x 22 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 23 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 24 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 25 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 26 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 27 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 28 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 29 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 30 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 31 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 32 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 33 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 34 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 35 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 36 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 37 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 38 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 39 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 40 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 41 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 42 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 43 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 44 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 45 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 46 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 47 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx 48 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 49 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx 50 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx Total x xxxxxxxx x x Table V-1.7 Capacity and output of pesticides in China, 1994-2008 (tonne) Insecticides Herbicides Fungicides Others Total Year Cap. Output Cap. Output Cap. Output Cap. Output Cap. Output 1994 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 1995 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 1996 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
  17. 17. 1997 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 1998 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 1999 632,900 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2000 652,600 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2001 685,900 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2002 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2003 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2004 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2005 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx 2006 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx 2007 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx 2008 xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx 2009 est. xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx Table V-1.8 Registration volume of water-based formulations in China Item 1998 2002 2006 2007 Suspension concentrate (SC) xx xxx xxx xxx Flowable concentrate xx xx xxx xxx Micro emulsion (ME) x xx xx xxx Emulsion in water (EW) xx xx xx xx Water dispersible granule (WG) x xx xx xx Suspension emulsion (SE) xx x xx xx Capsule suspension (CS) x x x x Table V-1.12 Pesticides import & export, break down by category (converted to 100% technical, tonne) Export Import Year Insecticide Herbicide Fungicide Total Insecticide Herbicide Fungicide Total 1998 33,795 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx 1999 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2000 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2001 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2002 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2003 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2004 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 2005 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx 2006 xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx 2007 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx 2008 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx 2009 est. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx
  18. 18. Table V-1.13 Application area of pesticides by category, 2006-2009 (million hectares) Pesticide category 2006 2007 2008 2009 Insecticide xxx xxx xxx xxx Herbicide xxx xxx xxx xxx Fungicide xx xxx xxx xxx Total xxx xxx xxx xxx Table V-2.1 New registration of pesticide formulations in China, 2006-2008 2006 2007 2008 Specification Number Rate (%) Number Rate (%) Number Rate (%) EC xxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx SP xxxx xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx SL xxxx xxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx SC xxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx EW xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx WDG xxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx GR xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx Seed treatment xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx Others xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx Total xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx Table V-2.3 Potential pesticides in China, 2009 -1 Category Product Inventor Patient xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxInsecticide xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx Fungicide xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx Dupont xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxHerbicide xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx Table V-4.1 Regulations on re-registration of pesticide producers and threshold of new ones Type of enterprises Registered capital (yuan) Investment (yuan) Environmental protection investment (yuan) New technical producer xx xx xxxx New formulation producer xx xx xxxx Technical producers who need re-registration xx x x Formulation producers who need re-registration x x x

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