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Blaids powerpoint 09 10 Blaids powerpoint 09 10 Presentation Transcript

  • Directors:
    James Aboagye
    Eric Carpio
    Andrea Pinedo
    Victoria Schells
    Yolanda Tinajero
  • Icebreaker
  • What do people with HIV look Like???
  • What is HIV?
    H
    I
    V
    uman
    mmunodeficiency
    irus
  • What is AIDS?
    A
    I
    D
    S
    cquired
    mmune
    eficiency
    yndrome
  • StaGES OF HIV
  • 1. Primary HIV infection
    Flu-like symptoms that last a few weeks
    This is when the body begins to create CD4 antibodies to fight the HIV virus
  • 2. Clinical Asymptomatic Stage
    • Asymptomatic: does not currently show symptoms of the disease being discussed
    • Can last for an average of 10 years
    • HIV is present and active in blood.
  • 3. Symptomatic HIV infection
    • Immune system becomes weak
    • Opportunistic infections/diseases occur
    • These diseases and infections would not cause harm to a normal person, but can be fatal for someone with a weak immune system
  • 4. Progression from HIV to AIDS
    • This is the fatal stage of HIV
    • The immune system is almost destroyed
    • The illness becomes more severe and you are diagnosed with AIDS
    • People DO NOT die from AIDS but from an opportunistic disease/infection
  • Those with the virus may or may not show any symptoms!
  • Ways of transmission
  • Ways of Transmission
    Sex: Vaginal, Anal, Oral
    Sharing Needles
    Drugs
    Tattoos/ Piercings
    Mother To Child
  • 5 Bodily Fluids
    Blood
    Semen
    Pre-ejaculate
    Vaginal Secretions
    Breast Milk
  • Fluids That Will Not Give You HIV
    Tears
    Saliva
    Sweat
    Urine
    * In order to contract HIV by making out, you would have to swallow a whole gallon of someone’s spit!*
  • Myths of Transmission
    Hugging, Kissing or Shaking Hands
    Sharing Utensils
    Using Public Bathrooms
    Donating Blood
    Mosquito Bites
  • Protect Yourself!
    Don’t put yourself at risk
    Condoms are highly protective against HIV/AIDS and other STDs.
    Abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent STDs and pregnancy
  • The HIV Test
  • How the test works
    The HIV test looks for HIV antibodies in a person’s blood. NOT FOR AIDS.
    If you have enough of the antibodies, your test will be positive, which means you have been infected with HIV
    If you do not have the antibodies (or enough of them), your test will be negative, and this could mean one of two things:
    You do not have HIV
    OR
    You have been infected but your body has not made enough antibodies for the test to detect them.
  • The window period
    • It takes about 3 months after HIV infection for people to develop antibodies to HIV.
    • It is best to wait at least three months after the last time you could have been exposed to HIV before taking the test.
    • Even if your test is negative after 3 months, some test centers may recommend testing again at 6 months, just to be extra sure.
  • Types of Testing
  • Home Testing Kits
    1.Purchase kit from a local pharmacy.
    2. Take your own sample (usually blood sample)
    3. Send it off to a laboratory for testing.
    4. After a few days, the person will call in, with a personal identification code to receive results.
  • Home Testing Kits: DISADVANTAGES
    It’s not as efficient or reliable!
    There are many home test kits out that are not approved by the FDA which potentially can lead to unreliable results.
    The testing kit may be expensive (~ $80.00)
  • Rapid Testing
    The rapid HIV test consists of either a small blood sample, or saliva.
    Some testing centers require that a patient provide their name and a mailing address.
    ADVANTAGE
    short amount of time you wait to receive your results.
    DISADVANTAGE
    tests are expensive and there are a few places that offer it free of charge.
  • ConfidentiaL Testing
    This test takes place in a clinic.
    Personal information and results will be kept in your medical record.
    DISADVANTAGE
    Takes a little longer to get results HOWEVER….
    ADVANTAGE
    These results are given to you at the clinic
    Usually, FREE!
    It becomes part of your medical history
  • Anonymous Testing
    This test also takes place in a clinic.
    You’re given a code that you’ll use to call and get your results.
    DISADVANTAGES
    Also takes a little longer to get results
    ADVANTAGES
    Quality counseling
    Anonymous
    Usually FREE!!
  • Free HIV Testing
    To find free HIV Testing near you go to:
    http://www.hivtest.org/
  • Methods of birth control
  • THE PILL
    Effectiveness: 92-99.7%
    Still need to use a condom
    Disadvantages:
    Must take pill everyday
    No protection from HIV, STD’s
  • The Shot: DepoProvera
    Effectiveness: 97-99.7%
    Still need to use a condom
    Advantages:
    Not taken daily and prevents pregnancy for 12 weeks.
    Disadvantages
    May cause delay in getting pregnant after shots are stopped.
  • The condom
    Effectiveness: 85-98%
    Advantages:
    Latex Condoms offer protection against HIV & STDs. Inexpensive & readily available.
    Disadvantages:
    Uncooperative partners, allergies, and possibility of breakage
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • STDs
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    Also known as STIs: sexually transmitted infections
    STDs are infectious diseases usually transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse or other intimate contact
    If untreated, they can cause permanent damage such as infertility and can lead to life-threatening conditions
    STD transmission can be prevented by the use of condoms or the practice of abstinence.
  • There are 65 million people living in the US with an incurable STD. That is 1 in 4 people!
    In the US there are over 19 million new STD infections every year, and almost half of them are among young people ages 15-24 years old
  • How are STDs transmitted?
    Vaginal Sex
    Oral Sex
    Anal Sex
    Any exchange of bodily fluids
    (blood, semen, vaginal secretions, pre-ejaculate, breast milk)
    STDs can still be transmitted even when there are no symptoms!
  • Common STDs
    Chlamydia
    Gonorrhea
    Genital Herpes
    Syphilis
    HIV/AIDS
    Hepatitis
  • Chlamydia
    The most widespread STD in the United States
    It is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics
    More than 50% of those infected have no symptoms at all
    In 2007, the rate of infection for females was over 3 times greater than the rate for males
  • Chlamydia
    Symptoms
    Female:
    Abnormal discharge (may have an odor)
    Painful periods or bleeding between periods
    Pain while urinating or having sex
    Abdominal pain or fever
    Itching in or around vagina
  • Chlamydia
    Symptoms
    Male:
    Clear or cloudy discharge from the penis
    Painful urination
    Burning and itching around the opening of the penis
    Pain and swelling of the testicles
  • Gonorrhea
    Also known as “the clap”
    It is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics
    Symptoms usually appear within 2-5 days of exposure but many people have no symptoms
  • Gonorrhea
    Symptoms
    Women:
    Vaginal discharge
    Burning and pain while urinating and increased urination
    Sore throat
    Fever
    Pain in the lower abdomen
    Pain during intercourse
    Labial swelling caused by gonorrhea
  • Gonorrhea
    Symptoms
    Male:
    Pain and burning while urinating
    Discharge from the penis (green, yellow, or white in color)
    Increased urinary frequency
    Red or swollen opening of the penis
    Tender or swollen testicles
    Sore throat
  • Genital Herpes
    1 in 4 adults has herpes
    There are 30 million cases of herpes in the US with about 1 million NEW cases every year!
    The infection is caused by a virus that has no known cure.
    Most people infected with the virus do not know that they have it since they have no symptoms.
  • GenitalHerpes
    Symptoms
    Small, red bumps, blisters and open sores in the genital, anal and nearby areas.
    Pain or itching around genital area, buttocks or inner thighs
  • Hepatitis B
    A virus that primarily infects the liver causing inflammation
    Results from exposure to blood or bodily fluids containing blood, including unprotected sexual contact and contaminated needles.
    Can be prevented by a vaccine
    Can be treated with antiviral treatment
  • Hepatitis B
    Symptoms
    Abdominal Pain
    Dark Urine
    Joint Pain
    Loss of appetite
    Weakness and fatigue
    Nausea and vomiting
    Yellowing of the skin
  • HPV
    HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus
    There is no cure for HPV
    There are over 100 types of HPV, some which can cause complications such as cervical cancer.
    Can be prevented by a vaccine.
  • HPV
    Symptoms
    Warts in the genital area- may be raisedor flat, alone or in groups, small or large and are sometimes cauliflower shaped.
    Lesions may appear on the anus, scrotum, groin, thighs, penis, cervix or in the vagina.
  • Syphilis
    Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics
    It is a three stage infection with different symptoms in each stage
  • Syphilis: Stage 1
    Symptoms
    Painless sores
    Swollen lymph nodes
  • Syphilis: Stage 2
    Symptoms
    Fever
    Fatigue
    Aches and pains
    Loss of appetite
    Skin rash on the palms or soles
  • Syphilis: Stage 3
    Symptoms
    Brain, Heart and Nervous System problems
    Damage can occur in the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones and joints.
  • Protect Yourself!
    The only way to be 100% safe from contracting HIV or STDs is:and not sharing needles of any kind!!
    ABSTINENCE
  • CONDOM DEMO
    Check the expiration date
    Make sure there is an air bubble
    Slide the condom to the side and open the package
    Place condom on banana (ridges up) and slide all the way down
    Roll condom off of banana and place in napkin
  • Last Minute Tips!
    Do not exchange bodily fluids
    Do not use oil based lubricants
    Use a new latex condom every time you engage in sex.
    If you are allergic to latex condoms, Polyurethane condoms can be used as a replacement.