Postsecondary Education• What is it? – An optional level of education that is considered “higher” education – Designed for individuals who wish to obtain degrees, learn a specific trade, or simply gain scholarly knowledge of a particular field
The Last Year of High School• IDEA requires transition planning for youth preparing to graduate• To effectively plan for transition, the goals of the student need to be clear• Use of backward planning for course work• Identification of potential colleges• Summary of Performance
Essential Factors for College Preparation• Use person-centered planning• Teach and provide opportunities for students to practice self-advocacy skills• Develop IEPs that are transition focused and standards-based to guide transition to college• Summary of Performance (S.O.P.)• Authentic partnerships with parents and families• Provide opportunities to explore secondary options
Preparing to Attend CollegeEntrance Exams – SATs – ACTs•Testing accommodations •Extended time •Alternative format •Alternative location •Adaptive equipmentS.O.P.!!!!
Vocational Technical and Career CollegesA vocational technical orcareer college offersspecialized training tostudents who areinterested in a particularindustry or career.
Colleges and Universities• Community Colleges – The most common type of two-year college. They prepare you to continue your education or to enter the workforce immediately.• Liberal Arts Colleges – Offer a broad base of courses in “liberal arts” to include literature, philosophy, history, languages, mathematics, humanities, and social and natural sciences. Most are private and focus on undergraduate students.
Colleges and Universities• Universities are generally larger and offer more majors and degree options than the other types of colleges. In addition to liberal arts majors, they may offer engineering, architecture, health and other programs. Most universities contain several smaller colleges; for example, colleges of agriculture, teaching, and liberal arts.
Specialty Colleges• Arts colleges• Single-sex• Religiously affiliated• Historically Black Colleges and Universities• Predominantly Hispanic Institutions• Disability
IDEA…High School Vs. ADA/Section 504Plan…College/University/Vocational College
Postsecondary Education Accommodations and Supports
Reasonable Accommodations• An alteration, adjustment, or adaptation that provides persons with disabilities equal access to programs• Only necessary when a person’s disability impedes their performance of a specific academic task• Generally, reasonable accommodations are those that will not pose a financial or administrative burden on the institution• Any requirement essential to a course of study or program (e.g. licensing requirements) is not to be compromised through modifications or lowering of curricular standards
Support Services for Students with Disabilities• Reader Services • Alternative Testing• Note taker Services (Readers, scribes, low• Interpreter Services distraction testing, extended time testing, and• C-Print Services special equipment can be• Orientation and Mobility utilized if the need for such Assistance accommodation is• Counseling Services supported by• Career Development documentation) Center • Books on Tape/CD• Tutorial Services • Available Equipment for• Accessible Computer Labs students with visual or physical disabilities
National Longitudinal Transition Study- 2 (NLTS2) Postsecondary Education Outcomes
Postsecondary Education Experiences Perspectives of students and parents
Going to College!!!Student, parent, and college staff perspectives
Video Clips Robin Foley Interview (Think College)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =blJGGAlsJC8
Video Clips Transitioning to collegehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v =STCAlKAQfc4&feature=related
Video Clips From High School to College (Asperger’s)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =PKRUeGJR-aM&feature=related
PSE Activity• Voices of Students – Break into groups of 3 (some will have 4) – There will be 6 groups: (a) Deciding, (b) Planning, (c) Preparing, (d) Exploring, (e) Selecting, and (f) Enrolling – Each group will receive commentary for one of the above topics and complete the reflection. – Groups will share information to entire class.
Summary• There are many things individuals with disabilities have to consider when thinking about PSE• Making the transition from HS to College• Variety of schools to choose from• What the data tells us• Impact on employment rates