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  • 1. Hacking By: Chris Piccirilli, Carolyn Choi, John Malick, and Tom Croonquist 
  • 2. What comes to mind when you think of hacking? 
  • 3. What is hacking?
    • -While there are many definitions of hacking, a general definition is to modify something to make it work for you.  
    • -For computers, hacking includes fixing programs until they work . Also, hacking includes modifying the computer hardware  to make it work better or tuned to the person's wishes. 
    • -The type of hacking that the media discusses includes breaking into secure systems to determine their weaknesses and to explore them. However, the media only points out the malicious uses for breaking into systems.  
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzC6BONJgsQ  
    • So as you can see, hacking is not always bad.....We can now get into the types of hacking.....
  • 4. Types of Hacking
    • -"White hats" 
    •     - security experts who try to find the vulnerabilities in programs and systems, and report them to the manufacturers
    •      -"ethical hackers" because they either have authorization to break into the system or program, or they do so with the intent of assisting the manufacturer in securing them. 
    • - "Black Hats" 
    •     -ones who are trying to find those same vulnerabilities and exploit them.
    • - "Cracker" 
    •      -Black Hat hackers, usually referring to the creation of software cracks to bypass anti-piracy methods.
    • - "Phreaker"  
    •     -person who hacks into telecommunications services.  
  • 5. A Common Misconception
    • -MOST hackers work for security professions or hack to improve their personal experience.
    • -Most white hats only hack their own systems in order to tweak them to the fullest extent that they can. Most of the "white hat" hackers are working behind the scenes or in the shadows. The media hardly, if ever, discusses them or their work. 
    • -Through movies, and sound-bites, the media has jumped on the "hackers are bad" bandwagon-- totally overlooking the people who are trying to make their (and our) lives better through their hacking.  
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vAf9mUnafcQ  
  • 6. The First "Hacks"
    • 1903 -  Nevil Maskelyn
    •     -The stage  magician   wrecked a public demo of Marconi's wireless telegraph in 1903 by sending insults in Morse code down the wire. 
    • 1932 -  Polish cryptologists   Marian Rejewski, Henryk Zygalski and Jerzy Różycki
    •    - broke the  Enigma machine  code
    •     -gave the Allies a competitive advantage in reading Morse code
    •     -Eisenhower considered this hack to be a pivotal factor in their victory in World War II.
    • 1965 - William Matthews from MIT  
    •     -found a vulnerability in a  Multics CTSS running on a IBM7094   . 
    •     -This flaw discloses the contents of the password file.
  • 7. The First "Hacks"
    • 1971- John T. Draper (Captain Crunch)
    •     -Hacks long distance phone calling system
    •         -Used the toy whistle found in a cereal box to generate a signal to         make free long distance calls
    • 1983 -  The Warelords  forms in The United States
    •     -founded by  Black Bart  (cracker of Dung Beetles in 1982) in St. Louis, Missouri.
    •     -Composed of many teenage hackers, phreakers, coders, and largely black hat-style underground computer geeks.
    •     -Triggered many more hacker groups to form later
  • 8. Terminology
    • Open Source Software
      • Source codes are freely available for anyone to inspect and study
        •   No payment required/ No obstacles
      • Several thousand languages used
        •   C+, C++, Java
      • Without the source code it is difficult to modify
      • Can't redistribute copies with your changes
      • Has licenses that protect the author's integrity of the code
      • Does not guarentee its users the additional freedoms that free software guarantees
  • 9. Terminology
    • Free Software
      • everyone has the right to inspect and study the source code
        • also to use it for any desired purpose
          • making as many copies
          • installing on as many computers
          • modify and redistribute in its original or modified form.
        • without monetary or other restrictions
      • Free software is always also open source
  • 10. Terminology
    • Back Door
      • a.k.a. "trap door"
      • a hole in the system that the designers deliberately leave
      • hackers may create these in order to to make sure they can return later on
    • Banner Grabbing
      • Obtaining logon banners from a target system
    • Buffer Overflow
      • Occurs when you try to stuff more data into a buffer than it can handle
  • 11. Terminology
    • Chipping
      •   configuring processors or other computer chips so that they contain some unexpected functions
    • DoS Attack
      • Denial of Service
        • attempt to shut down access to a particular system or network
        • targets high-profile web sites
  • 12. Terminology
    • DDoS
      • Distributed Denial of Service
        • DoS attack with a number of hosts who direct their attacks to a single target at the same time
    • Trojan Horse
      • code fragment that hides inside a program and performs a disguised function
  • 13. Terminology
    • Virus
      • code fragment that copies itself into a larger program, replicates, and infects
    • Worm
      • independent program that reproduces by copying itself from one computer to another over a network
        • does not modify other programs
    • Logic Bomb
      • type of Trojan horse, used to release a virus, worm, or other system attack
  • 14. Terminology
    • Spoofing
      • impersonating another host on a network by using the hosts IP or MAC address
        • helps mask an attack
    • Session Hijacking
      • when an attacker takes over an existing connection between client and server
    • Post Redirection
      • Redirecting network traffic from one IP address/ports to another. 
        • circumvent firewalls or secure ports
  • 15. Terminology
    • Red Book
      • "Trusted Network Interpretation"
      • the security requirements and rating structure of TNI are extended to networks of computers
      • local area networks to wide area networks
    • Orange Book
      • "Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria"
        • presents security requirements that a host must meet in order to be considered by the DoD a trusted system
  • 16. Famous Individuals- BLACK HAT
    • Jonathan James- c0mrade-
    •                        - First juvenile sent to prison for hacking at 16
    •                        - Interested in challenges
    •                        - Targeted high profile organizations such as DTRA
    •                        -Defense Threat Reduction Agency
    •                        - Sniffer, captures 3000 data streams to control NASA
    •                        - suicide
    • Adrian Lamo- Dubbed as "homeless hacker"
    •                     -Used coffee shops, libraries, etc., to perform intrusions
    •                    - NY Times
    •                    - Penetration Testing
    •      - A method of evaluating the security of a
    •     computer system or network by simulating
    •     an attack from malicious outsiders.
    •                     - expert to view personal info and CC
  • 17. Famous Individuals- WHITE HAT
    • Stephen Wozniak - The "other Steve"
    •                            - National Medal of Technology
    •                             - National Inventors Hall of Fame
    • Tim Berners Lee- Who is he?  1989 22 Years Merge Personal/Global
    •                           - Caught hacking at Oxford University
    •                          -CERN: European nuclear research organization
  • 18. Famous Hacking Groups
    • Masters of Deception: Mastered Credit Card hacking
    •                                 : Hacked phone companies in order to get CC#'s
    •                                 : Julia Roberts
    •      Red Hacker Alliance: 80,000
    •                             : Began with strong oppostion Indonesian riots
    •                             : Mostly chinese against imperial US MilitarianismJapan
    •                             : Honker Union
  • 19. Recent Harmful Hacks
    • Zappos: January 16, 2012
    • http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20120116-706917.html
    •     - CEO Tony Hsieh
    •     - 12 years of developing a strong reputation
    •      - Credit Card and Payment Data fortunately unaffected
    • Insurgent Hacks: December 19, 2009
    • http://online.wsj.com/article/SB126102247889095011.html
    •    - $26 software purchased off the internet
    •    - Provide info needed to help invade/monitor US Operations
    •    - Allowed for possible strategic advantages
  • 20. Modern Use
    • - Computer Security Purposes
    •     - Discovering security faults, not doing any harm
    • - Programming
    •     -  Designing software, and building programs
    • - Home Use
    •      - Hobby
  • 21. Top Motivations for Hacking
    • - Money
    •     - Obtaining money, bank information, modifying data 
    • - Freedom
    •     -   Belief of accessibility
    • - Love
    •     -   Find cheaters
    • - Fun and Curiosity
    •     -   Having fun, learning the basics, gain recognition
  • 22. THE END