Chapman Research Powerpoint

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Chapman Research Powerpoint

  1. 1. By: Crystal Chapman<br />Autism<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Autism is a developmental disability that affects a person’s communication and social skills.<br />Autism affects one in every 100 births, and is more likely to occur in males than females.<br />There is no known cause or cure for autism.<br />Through early diagnosis, intervention, and the support of loved ones, individuals with autism can lead meaningful lives.<br />
  3. 3. History<br />Autism, as we know it today, was first researched in the 1930’s by Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger.<br />Kanner and Asperger founded seven characteristics which became the basis for the modern study of autism. Some characteristics include:<br />Ritualistic and obsessive behavior<br />Language difficulties<br />Separation of self<br />Intolerance of sensory stimuli<br />
  4. 4. Signs of Autism<br />Resistance to change<br />Difficulty in expressing needs<br />Preference to being alone<br />Little or no eye contact<br />Obsessive attachment to objects<br />Non-responsive to verbal cues<br />Uneven gross/fine motor skills<br />Difficulty interacting with others<br />
  5. 5. Diagnosis<br />Children with autism are typically diagnosed at age 2 to 3, since this is when delays in communication/socialization become more obvious.<br />Early diagnosis is key to progress with the disorder-the sooner a diagnosis is given, the sooner intervention and therapy can begin.<br />Studies show that children with autism who receive treatment early in life, tend to progress and develop stronger life skills than individuals diagnosed later in childhood.<br />
  6. 6. Causes of Autism<br />There is no known cause for autism. Researchers are exploring many different options:<br />Heredity<br />Genetics<br />Vaccinations<br />Complications during pregnancy<br />Viral infections <br />Exposure to environmental toxins<br />
  7. 7. Treatment Options<br />Every case of autism is different, and varies with severity and symptoms. Many different treatment options and therapies are available.<br />Applied Behavior Analysis (A.B.A.)<br />Relationship Development Intervention (R.D.I)<br />DIR/Floortime<br />Physical/Occupational/Speech Therapy<br />Medication Therapy<br />Nutritional Therapy<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />Autism is a disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate and have meaningful social interaction. Though the prevalence of autism has increased, there is still no cause or cure.<br />Through early diagnosis and proper support and therapy, an autistic individual can live a happy, meaningful life.<br />

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