Research skillsLibrary Workshop for HIST 3860September 2011Chris Chan
Learning Outcomes
Learning Outcomes Select and develop a workable topic for your assignment
Learning Outcomes Select and develop a workable topic for your assignment Incorporate information into your own work appro...
Learning Outcomes Select and develop a workable topic for your assignment Incorporate information into your own work appro...
Thinking Through/Around a Topic
Thinking Through/Around a Topic  Identify different aspects of your topic - searches  are more effective if you focus on t...
Thinking Through/Around a Topic  Identify different aspects of your topic - searches  are more effective if you focus on t...
Thinking Through/Around a Topic  Identify different aspects of your topic - searches  are more effective if you focus on t...
Western Imperialism
The Roman Empire            Western Imperialism
The Roman Empire           The Scramble for Africa            Western Imperialism
The Roman Empire              The Scramble for Africa               Western ImperialismCultural and Racial     Aspects
The Roman Empire              The Scramble for Africa               Western ImperialismCultural and Racial            Rela...
Exercise 1Try it yourself! Using your own knowledge or the Library’s reference tools, comeup with some ideas for focusing ...
How to read your sources
How to read your sources  It is unnecessary (and  impossible!) to read all of the  useful books that you will find  cover-t...
How to read your sources  It is unnecessary (and  impossible!) to read all of the  useful books that you will find  cover-t...
How to read your sources  It is unnecessary (and  impossible!) to read all of the  useful books that you will find  cover-t...
Paraphrasing - What is it?
Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of an...
Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of an...
Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of an...
Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of an...
Why Paraphrase?
Why Paraphrase? Helps prevent you from overusing quotation
Why Paraphrase? Helps prevent you from overusing quotation Much better than quoting from an undistinguished passage
Why Paraphrase? Helps prevent you from overusing quotation Much better than quoting from an undistinguished passage Allows...
Paraphrasing Example - Original“By the middle of the eighteenth century, enthusiasm for overseas settlement, andthe politi...
Paraphrasing Example - Legitimate ParaphraseAs early as 1750, the appetite for overseas expansion was decreasing. Thesubse...
Paraphrasing Example - Plagiarized VersionBy the middle of the 1800s, enthusiasm for colonization, and the political, judi...
Exercise 2Try it yourself!Paraphrase the short passageabout the Sepoy Rebellion onyour handout
Why We Cite
Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely
Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely Enables your reader to locate the source themselves
Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely Enables your reader to locate the source themselves Ens...
Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely Enables your reader to locate the source themselves Ens...
Refresher: Chicago Style Bibliography
Refresher: Chicago Style BibliographyFor books:Russell-Wood, Anthony. The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808: A World on   the M...
Refresher: Chicago Style BibliographyFor books:Russell-Wood, Anthony. The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808: A World on   the M...
Refresher: Chicago Style In-Text
Refresher: Chicago Style In-Text The Portuguese voyages of exploration and discovery began in 1419, and continued for abou...
Refresher: Chicago Style In-Text The Portuguese voyages of exploration and discovery began in 1419, and continued for abou...
Summary
SummaryWhen selecting a topic, choose a manageablefocus and consult reference materials as necessary
SummaryWhen selecting a topic, choose a manageablefocus and consult reference materials as necessaryDo not rely on quotati...
SummaryWhen selecting a topic, choose a manageablefocus and consult reference materials as necessaryDo not rely on quotati...
Hist 3860 2011
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Hist 3860 2011

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  • Prepare e-books example: Epidemics and history\n\nPrepare their course site\n
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  • Note that we may have covered this in the HP briefing, but worth going over - especially with a concrete example\n\nShow reference sources on their course site\n
  • Note that we may have covered this in the HP briefing, but worth going over - especially with a concrete example\n\nShow reference sources on their course site\n
  • Note that we may have covered this in the HP briefing, but worth going over - especially with a concrete example\n\nShow reference sources on their course site\n
  • For each individual aspect identified, emphasise the different angles that each example represents:\n\nThe Roman Empire - specific case study, other obvious examples would be the Spanish and the British Empire.\nThe Scramble for Africa - Event involving several imperial powers\nCultural and Racial aspects - Could be applied to many different empires, focusing on this particular aspect of imperialism\nRelationship with colonialism - Again, a more overarching, theoretical topic.\n\nIllustrate the use of reference sources in coming up with these aspects. Important when own background knowledge of the topic is scanty:\n\nEB article for imperialism, this leads to the see also for colonialism.\n
  • For each individual aspect identified, emphasise the different angles that each example represents:\n\nThe Roman Empire - specific case study, other obvious examples would be the Spanish and the British Empire.\nThe Scramble for Africa - Event involving several imperial powers\nCultural and Racial aspects - Could be applied to many different empires, focusing on this particular aspect of imperialism\nRelationship with colonialism - Again, a more overarching, theoretical topic.\n\nIllustrate the use of reference sources in coming up with these aspects. Important when own background knowledge of the topic is scanty:\n\nEB article for imperialism, this leads to the see also for colonialism.\n
  • For each individual aspect identified, emphasise the different angles that each example represents:\n\nThe Roman Empire - specific case study, other obvious examples would be the Spanish and the British Empire.\nThe Scramble for Africa - Event involving several imperial powers\nCultural and Racial aspects - Could be applied to many different empires, focusing on this particular aspect of imperialism\nRelationship with colonialism - Again, a more overarching, theoretical topic.\n\nIllustrate the use of reference sources in coming up with these aspects. Important when own background knowledge of the topic is scanty:\n\nEB article for imperialism, this leads to the see also for colonialism.\n
  • For each individual aspect identified, emphasise the different angles that each example represents:\n\nThe Roman Empire - specific case study, other obvious examples would be the Spanish and the British Empire.\nThe Scramble for Africa - Event involving several imperial powers\nCultural and Racial aspects - Could be applied to many different empires, focusing on this particular aspect of imperialism\nRelationship with colonialism - Again, a more overarching, theoretical topic.\n\nIllustrate the use of reference sources in coming up with these aspects. Important when own background knowledge of the topic is scanty:\n\nEB article for imperialism, this leads to the see also for colonialism.\n
  • For each individual aspect identified, emphasise the different angles that each example represents:\n\nThe Roman Empire - specific case study, other obvious examples would be the Spanish and the British Empire.\nThe Scramble for Africa - Event involving several imperial powers\nCultural and Racial aspects - Could be applied to many different empires, focusing on this particular aspect of imperialism\nRelationship with colonialism - Again, a more overarching, theoretical topic.\n\nIllustrate the use of reference sources in coming up with these aspects. Important when own background knowledge of the topic is scanty:\n\nEB article for imperialism, this leads to the see also for colonialism.\n
  • Advise that they use the Atlas of World history as the preferred reference tool for this exercise.\n
  • Aside about e-books here\n\nSegue… How will you incorporate all of the useful material that you find into your own work?\n
  • Aside about e-books here\n\nSegue… How will you incorporate all of the useful material that you find into your own work?\n
  • Aside about e-books here\n\nSegue… How will you incorporate all of the useful material that you find into your own work?\n
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  • Segue: As always, it is easier to make sense of this with an example...\n
  • Segue: As always, it is easier to make sense of this with an example...\n
  • Segue: As always, it is easier to make sense of this with an example...\n
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  • Note complete rephrasing of the points made in the original.\nStill absolutely necessary to provide full in-text citation when you paraphrase from a source\n
  • Just a few words changed here and there: not a paraphrase\nEven if the citation is provided as it is here, it is still considered plagiarism\n
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  • Note that more complete guides are available on the Library website - For difficult cases refer to the full style guide (or better yet ask at the Reference Desk!)\n
  • Note that more complete guides are available on the Library website - For difficult cases refer to the full style guide (or better yet ask at the Reference Desk!)\n
  • Note that more complete guides are available on the Library website - For difficult cases refer to the full style guide (or better yet ask at the Reference Desk!)\n
  • And of course ask at the library for assistance with any of these areas\n
  • And of course ask at the library for assistance with any of these areas\n
  • And of course ask at the library for assistance with any of these areas\n
  • Hist 3860 2011

    1. 1. Research skillsLibrary Workshop for HIST 3860September 2011Chris Chan
    2. 2. Learning Outcomes
    3. 3. Learning Outcomes Select and develop a workable topic for your assignment
    4. 4. Learning Outcomes Select and develop a workable topic for your assignment Incorporate information into your own work appropriately
    5. 5. Learning Outcomes Select and develop a workable topic for your assignment Incorporate information into your own work appropriately Construct accurate citations in Chicago Style
    6. 6. Thinking Through/Around a Topic
    7. 7. Thinking Through/Around a Topic Identify different aspects of your topic - searches are more effective if you focus on these rather than the entire broad topic
    8. 8. Thinking Through/Around a Topic Identify different aspects of your topic - searches are more effective if you focus on these rather than the entire broad topic Use your subject knowledge and/or reference sources to help you think through and around a topic
    9. 9. Thinking Through/Around a Topic Identify different aspects of your topic - searches are more effective if you focus on these rather than the entire broad topic Use your subject knowledge and/or reference sources to help you think through and around a topic Let’s illustrate this idea with an example...
    10. 10. Western Imperialism
    11. 11. The Roman Empire Western Imperialism
    12. 12. The Roman Empire The Scramble for Africa Western Imperialism
    13. 13. The Roman Empire The Scramble for Africa Western ImperialismCultural and Racial Aspects
    14. 14. The Roman Empire The Scramble for Africa Western ImperialismCultural and Racial Relationship with Aspects Colonialism
    15. 15. Exercise 1Try it yourself! Using your own knowledge or the Library’s reference tools, comeup with some ideas for focusing the following topic: The Spanish American Empire
    16. 16. How to read your sources
    17. 17. How to read your sources It is unnecessary (and impossible!) to read all of the useful books that you will find cover-to-cover
    18. 18. How to read your sources It is unnecessary (and impossible!) to read all of the useful books that you will find cover-to-cover Instead, scan each book for passages relevant to your topic
    19. 19. How to read your sources It is unnecessary (and impossible!) to read all of the useful books that you will find cover-to-cover Instead, scan each book for passages relevant to your topic Use chapter headings and the index to help locate these passages. In e-books, you can use the search function.
    20. 20. Paraphrasing - What is it?
    21. 21. Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of another person in your own words
    22. 22. Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of another person in your own words Using paraphrasing, you can legitimately incorporate a source into your own work - but a citation to the original work is still absolutely necessary
    23. 23. Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of another person in your own words Using paraphrasing, you can legitimately incorporate a source into your own work - but a citation to the original work is still absolutely necessary It is more than simply changing a few words in the original!
    24. 24. Paraphrasing - What is it? A paraphrase is essentially writing information obtained from another source or the ideas of another person in your own words Using paraphrasing, you can legitimately incorporate a source into your own work - but a citation to the original work is still absolutely necessary It is more than simply changing a few words in the original! A paraphrase is also distinct from a summary
    25. 25. Why Paraphrase?
    26. 26. Why Paraphrase? Helps prevent you from overusing quotation
    27. 27. Why Paraphrase? Helps prevent you from overusing quotation Much better than quoting from an undistinguished passage
    28. 28. Why Paraphrase? Helps prevent you from overusing quotation Much better than quoting from an undistinguished passage Allows you to really come to grips with the material and understand the full meaning
    29. 29. Paraphrasing Example - Original“By the middle of the eighteenth century, enthusiasm for overseas settlement, andthe political, judicial, and moral debates that it had aroused, were already on thewane. With the outbreak of the American War of Independence in 1776, it hadbecome clear to a great many that colonization was potentially as much a threat tothe colonizers as it had always so evidently been for the colonized.”1 1. Jack P. Greene, Anthony Pagden "Colonialism"  Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. Ed. Alan Charles Kors. Oxford University Press 2003.  Hong Kong Baptist University.  30 August 2011  <http://0- www.oxfordreference.com.hkbulib.hkbu.edu.hk/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t173.e139- s002>
    30. 30. Paraphrasing Example - Legitimate ParaphraseAs early as 1750, the appetite for overseas expansion was decreasing. Thesubsequent revolt of Britain’s American colonies in 1776 underlined the potentialrisks of such ventures to the countries undertaking them, as well as the peoplewho were subjugated. Contemporary discussion of the political, moral, and legalconsequences of colonization also declined.1 1. Jack P. Greene, Anthony Pagden "Colonialism"  Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. Ed. Alan Charles Kors. Oxford University Press 2003.  Hong Kong Baptist University.  30 August 2011  <http://0- www.oxfordreference.com.hkbulib.hkbu.edu.hk/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t173.e139- s002>
    31. 31. Paraphrasing Example - Plagiarized VersionBy the middle of the 1800s, enthusiasm for colonization, and the political, judicial,and moral arguments that it had aroused, were already waning. With the start ofthe American Revolution in 1776, it had become obvious to a lot of people thatcolonization was potentially as dangerous to the colonizers as it was to thecolonized.1 1. Jack P. Greene, Anthony Pagden "Colonialism"  Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. Ed. Alan Charles Kors. Oxford University Press 2003.  Hong Kong Baptist University.  30 August 2011  <http://0- www.oxfordreference.com.hkbulib.hkbu.edu.hk/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t173.e139- s002>
    32. 32. Exercise 2Try it yourself!Paraphrase the short passageabout the Sepoy Rebellion onyour handout
    33. 33. Why We Cite
    34. 34. Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely
    35. 35. Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely Enables your reader to locate the source themselves
    36. 36. Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely Enables your reader to locate the source themselves Ensures you avoid “accidental” plagiarism
    37. 37. Why We Cite Shows that you have done your research and read widely Enables your reader to locate the source themselves Ensures you avoid “accidental” plagiarism An accurate and correctly formatted citation list makes a good impression on the reader
    38. 38. Refresher: Chicago Style Bibliography
    39. 39. Refresher: Chicago Style BibliographyFor books:Russell-Wood, Anthony. The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808: A World on the Move. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
    40. 40. Refresher: Chicago Style BibliographyFor books:Russell-Wood, Anthony. The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808: A World on the Move. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.For articles:Datta, Karubaki. "The Empire and its Merchants: Relations Between the Portuguese Government and the Goan Business Community in the 18th Century." Indica 37, no. 2 (September 2000): 81-100. Historical Abstracts, EBSCOhost (accessed September 8, 2010).
    41. 41. Refresher: Chicago Style In-Text
    42. 42. Refresher: Chicago Style In-Text The Portuguese voyages of exploration and discovery began in 1419, and continued for about 150 years after that date.1
    43. 43. Refresher: Chicago Style In-Text The Portuguese voyages of exploration and discovery began in 1419, and continued for about 150 years after that date.1 1. Anthony Russell-Wood, The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808: A World on the Move (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998), 8-9
    44. 44. Summary
    45. 45. SummaryWhen selecting a topic, choose a manageablefocus and consult reference materials as necessary
    46. 46. SummaryWhen selecting a topic, choose a manageablefocus and consult reference materials as necessaryDo not rely on quotations! Appropriate paraphrasingis the preferred way to incorporate the ideas ofothers into your own writing
    47. 47. SummaryWhen selecting a topic, choose a manageablefocus and consult reference materials as necessaryDo not rely on quotations! Appropriate paraphrasingis the preferred way to incorporate the ideas ofothers into your own writingRemember to always include accurate citations forevery source that you use
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