NORTH CAROLINA  ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS REVIEW Instructions for use: A) click mouse and a question will ap...
Who is known as the “Father of the Constitution”? A) Thomas Jefferson B) George Washington C) James Madison D) Ben Franklin
Which of the following court cases established Judicial Review? A) Gideon v. Wainwright B) Miranda v. Arizona C) Marbury v...
Local governments get most of their revenues from which of the following: A) Fees and Fines B) Property Tax C) Sales Tax D...
What is largest expenditure for the National government? A) Military B) National Parks C) Welfare programs D) Foreign Policy
A political party’s beliefs are stated in the party___________  . A) Nomination B) Registration C) Convention D) Platform
Which of the following is an example of an Excise tax? A) Sales tax B) Gas tax C) Property tax D) Income tax
Which of the following provides the most State revenue? A) Sales Tax B) Gas Tax C) Property Tax D) Income Tax
Which of the following is a Progressive Tax? A) Sales Tax B) Property Tax C) Income Tax D) Luxury Tax
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? A) Revise the Constitution B) Revise the Articles of Confe...
The 13 original state governments had all of the following,  except: A) Monarchs B) Bill of Rights C) Legislative Branches...
Which of the following men first stated, “All men are created equal”: A) George Washington B) Jean Jacque Rousseau C) Thom...
What state did not send a delegate to the Constitutional Convention? A) North Carolina B) Delaware C) New York D) Rhode Is...
Which of the following creates the budget for the National Government: A) Legislative Branch B) Executive Branch C) Judici...
The court case  Tinker vs. Des Moines School District  dealt with which of the following A) separation of church and state...
Interest Groups often hire ________, to help them influence legislation. A. Citizens B) Commissioners C) Lobbyists D) Poli...
Which of the following elects the President: A) Citizens B) Electoral College C) State Legislators D) State Governors
Which of the following statements is best defined as, “people equals power”: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Natural Rights C) C...
Congressional power of 2/3 Override is an example of which of the following: A) Popular Sovereignty  B) Representative Dem...
Which of the following court cases dealt with freedom of expression through the burning of the US Flag. A) Gregg  v Georgi...
Which Article of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch? A) Article I B) Article II C) Article III D) Article...
Which of the following has the power to tax? A) Congress B) NC General Assembly C) Boone Town Council D) All of the Above
Which states opposed the Virginia Plan? A) Large States B) All States C) Small States D) No States
The United States has which of the following political systems: A) One-party system B) Two-party system C) Three-party sys...
Which of the following would be most concerned with the issue of global warming: A) National Government B) State Governmen...
Federalism is best described as________ of government. A) Representation B) Levels C) Sections D) Divisions
Which of the following gives Congress it’s Implied powers? A) Presidential Clause B) Federalism C) Supreme Court D) None o...
The landmark court decision of  McCulloch v Maryland  establish which of the following A) separate but equal was constitut...
The power to coin money is an example of an: A) Reserved power B) Concurrent Power C) Enumerated power D) None of the Above
Which of the following countries has a multi-party political system: A) Russia B) United Kingdom C) Japan D) Mexico
Which level of the Federal Judicial system has “original jurisdiction”? A) Federal District Court B) US Appellate Court C)...
Which of the following  is not  a requirement to be a member of Congress: A) 30 years old B) State Resident C) Native-born...
In which of the following court cases did the Supreme Court rule that the death penalty was not a violation of the 8th Ame...
The  National Organization of Women  is an example of an: A) Political party B) Interest Group C) Convention D) Plank
Which of the following best describes  the purpose of the Judicial Branch: A) Makes Laws B) Carry out Laws C) Interpret La...
What best describes  the governments power to tax? A) Reserved power B) Enumerated power C) Concurrent power D) Implied po...
Which of the following  is not  a Reserved Power? A) power to establish schools B) power to issue license C) power to regu...
The  Electoral College Compromise  dealt with which of the following: A) representation in Congress B) Slave trade C) Coun...
What was the cause of “Shay’s Rebellion”?  A) High taxes B) Unequal representation C) Freedom of Speech  D) Right to bear ...
Which of the following is the earliest known written legal code? A) Magna Carta B) Mayflower Compact C) Hammurabi’s Code D...
Which of the following  is a law that punishes a person without a fair trial? A) Affirmative action law  B) Due Process la...
People who are eligible to vote are called: A) Caucus B) Electorate C) Plurality D) Coalition
If you cast all of your votes for candidates from the same party, you are: A) voting a split-ticket B) voting a consensus ...
Which of the following did the Constitutional Convention  NOT  come up with? A) Bicameral legislature B) Bill of rights C)...
If you are tried for murder, which of the following courts would have “original jurisdiction” over the trial?  A) NC Distr...
Which of the following compromises dealt with representation in the national Congress? A) Electoral College B) Connecticut...
Which of the following court cases established governments practice of  separate but equal A) Plessy v Ferguson B) Rust v ...
The “Necessary and Proper Clause” gives Congress which of the following powers? A) Expressed powers B) Concurrent powers C...
Which of the following refers to putting a person on trial for the same crime twice? A) Due process of law B) Eminent Doma...
All of the following are duties  EXCEPT A) attending school B) paying taxes C) voting in elections D) serving on a jury
When a local party organization becomes very powerful, it is sometimes referred to as a_________________ . A) Political ma...
The first political parties in the United States formed during the: A) early colonial period  B) debate over the Constitut...
Which of the following is used to predict election outcomes: A) poll watchers B) delegates C) recall votes D) exit polls
In a “closed primary”, which of the following may vote: A) only party members B) all registered voters C) all citizens D) ...
Votes cast directly by the people are referred to as the: A) electoral vote B) popular vote C) referendum D) none of the a...
A political party’s Presidential candidate is selected by  A) primary election B) Electoral College C) National Convention...
Which of the following is a propaganda technique used in political campaigns and by lobbyists? A) Endorsements B) Bandwago...
Which of the following Interest Groups is working to benefit all or most of society? A) National Rifleman Association B) A...
Congressional “franking privileges” are related to which of the following : A) Postal services B) Gerrymandering  C) Filib...
What is the minimum age to be a member of Congress? A) 18 B) 21 C) 25 D) 30
What is needed to end a Senate “filibuster” ? A) a vote of impeachment B) a vote of censure C) a vote confidence  D) a vot...
Which of the following  is not  a requirement to be a member of the House of Representatives: A) college graduate B) 25 ye...
Which of the following can come up with an idea for a legislative bill? A) A member of Congress B) The President C) a citi...
The leader of the House of Representatives is called the: A) president  pro tempore B) majority leader C) speaker of the h...
When a congressional committee pigeonholes a bill, it A) sends it to the floor B)  amends it C) sets it aside D) creates it
The House of Representative has all of the following powers, except the power A) introduce legislative bills B) approval o...
Which of the following best describes the economic concept of  Scarcity: A) unlimited resources v. limited wants and needs...
The Basic source of all political power in the United States is the A) Constitution of the United States  B) local governm...
The U.S. government has the power to draft people into the armed forces. This is an example of A) delegated power B) expre...
When a state confiscates private property for public purposes, the state is exercising the right of A) popular sovereignty...
The principle that the power to govern belongs to the people and is delegated by them to their elected officials is  A) po...
The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are important because they A) provide for the abolishment of sl...
In the United States, a person being arrested must be informed of all but one of the following rights A) right to remain s...
“ Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment” is the A) First Ame...
The Gideon vs. Wainwright case established the A) supremacy of the United States Constitution B) right of a suspect to hav...
The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution includes all but on of the following rights.  Select the one not found A)righ...
As a result of the 19th Amendment A) more working women have high-paying jobs B) about half of our senators are women C) w...
“… No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person wit...
“ The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizur...
The system of checks and balances in the United States was designed to A) reduce the power of state government B) reduce t...
Which of the following best describes a true Market economy: A) means of production are privately owned B) government cont...
Which of the following courts would most likely hear a misdemeanor case for the first time? A) U.S. Supreme Court  B) NC S...
Which of the following business organizations is best described as limited life and unlimited liability? A) sole proprieto...
Which of the following would have the lowest investment in  Human Capital ? A) airline pilot B) teacher  C) nurse  D) secr...
Which of the following is not a example of a capital good? A) garden hose B) moving van C) backhoe D) hammer
A sole proprietor is best described as which of the following: A) natural resources B) capital C) labor D) entrepreneur
The term  point of equilibrium  is best described as: A) where price is greater that quantity demanded B) where price is l...
Which of the following shows ownership in a corporation? A) corporate stock B) corporate bond C) certificate of deposit  D...
The court case Brown v. Board of Education dealt with which of the following: A) 1st Amendment B) 2nd Amendment C) 5th Ame...
In a weak Mayor form of city government, which branch of government controls the city departments? A) executive B) legisla...
All of the following are true of the office of NC Governor , except: A) 30 years old B) 2 years of residency C) must be na...
As Judicial leader, the President had all of the following powers, except: A) grant amnesty B) appoint judges C) grant rep...
Which of the following is an example of a consumer good: A) a haircut B) toilet paper  C) legal advice D) car wash
Which of the following shows the movement of goods and services through an economy? A) supply and demand chart B) Gross Do...
The court case Miranda v. Arizona dealt with which of the following: A) freedom of speech B) right bear arms C) cruel and ...
In economics a decision to buy a certain product is called a  A) consumer choices B) tradeoff C)  opportunity cost  D) all...
What percentage of Congress does it take to override a Presidential veto? A) 1/2 B) 3/4 C) 2/3 D) 3/5
The United States economy is best described as: A) traditional  B) command  C) market D) mixed
Which of the following is the key incentive for starting your own business? A) ownership B) profits C) lower tax rates D) ...
Which of the following has the power to declare laws unconstitutional?  A) executive branch B) legislative branch C) judic...
Which of the following would reduce the surplus of a product? A) lower price and makes less  B) lower price and make more ...
Who follows the Vice president to line of Presidential succession? A) Secretary of State B) President of the Senate C) Spe...
What is the role of government in a  mixed economy? A) control prices B) protect business owners C) control supply and dem...
A  corporation  is best described by which of the following? A) unlimited liability and unlimited life B) limited liabilit...
In a market economy, price is controlled by which of the following? A) the government B) businesses C) consumers D) supply...
The issue of low income housing would be the responsibility of which executive department? A) Veteran Affairs B) Housing a...
If the government wanted consumers to spend more money, which of the following would they  NOT  do: A) raise interest rate...
A sharp rise in inflation would result in which of the following: A) increase in building permits B) increase in consumer ...
Which of the following refers to dividing a state into odd-shaped districts? A) constituents B) gerrymandering C) redistri...
Which of the following committees is temporary and formed to deal with a specific issue? A) select committee B) joint comm...
What is the responsibility of a congressional committee? A) propose bills B) research and revise bills C) pass bills into ...
The entire House of Representatives is elected every: A) two years B) four years C) five years D) six years
Who has the power to elect the president if no candidate wins a majority in the presidential election? A) the Senate B) th...
If the President wants to reject a bill while Congress is in session, he or she: A) does nothing B) uses a pocket veto C) ...
Congress can do all of the following, except: A) tax interstate commerce B) raise taxes C) borrow money D) regulate immigr...
The large network of government agencies and employees, is often referred to as a: A) cloture B) bureaucracy C) quagmire D...
What is the most important job of the President? A) deal with foreign countries B) control the military C) carry out laws ...
The State of the Union address is a speech made to Congress: A) annually B) when the President takes office C) when introd...
Which of the following prepares the budget for the President? A) National Security Council B) White house office staff C) ...
Which of the following grants a corporation the power to operate? A) a dividend B) a charter C) a stock certificate D) a s...
If market price is below market demand, the result would be: A) a equilibrium B) surplus C) price elastic D) shortage
The executive departments are known as the President’s: A) council B) advisory panel C) cabinet D) none of the above
Which of the following is a durable good? A) milk B) candy bar C) bread D) washing machine
During a recession the demand of non-durable goods will most likely: A) decrease B) increase slightly C) increase greatly ...
If a product is considered  price elastic , which of the following is true of an increase in price: A) demand will stay th...
The value of your second choice is called a: A) tradeoff B) opportunity cost C) dividend D) consumer decision
County governments get the most revenues from: A) property tax B) income tax C) sales tax D) fees and fines
If the government raises taxes which of the following would most likely happen: A) unemployment would decrease B) number o...
Technological advances cause which of the following: A) lower prices B) better quality C) higher profits D) all of the above
Which part of the business cycle would show a high level of unemployment and a sharp decrease in building permits ? A) exp...
A large increase in gasoline prices would cause all of the following,  except : A) decrease in automobile sales B) increas...
The Attorney general is the head of which department: A) Justice B) Interior C) Commerce D) Agriculture
The United States Postal Service is an example of a: A) executive agency B) regulatory commission C) government corporatio...
The practice of giving jobs as a reward for party loyalty is called a: A) merit system B) spoils system C) federal system ...
Decisions made by regulatory commissions: A) must be approved by Congress B) must be approved by the President C) have the...
The person accused of a crime is called a: A) plaintiff B) defendant C) criminal D) convict
At the county level of government who is responsible for carrying out the laws passed by the Commission? A) Mayor B) Town ...
If the Supreme Court finds a law in conflict with the Constitution, it: A) remands the case to a lower court B) changes th...
Lawsuits in which there is no existing law to decide the matter are called: A) suits of equity B) negligence suits C) smal...
International trade problems are peculiarly deceptive because they require us to A) develop an appreciation of foreign pro...
More education and training of the work force generally leads to A) less productivity of the work force B) less unemployme...
“  Human wants are greater than the resources that are available to satisfy them.” This implies the need for A) leaving de...
Which economic problem must  ALL  societies solve? A) guaranteeing everyone an annual wage B) securing right-to-work laws ...
What effect does scarce resources have? A) Everybody has all he wants B) People have to make choices C) Stores have to sel...
Which of the following is TRUE about individual consumption of world resources? A) It adds up over time B) It can be contr...
The principle of specialization means that A) employees are assigned to a specific task to increase efficiency B) producti...
Which was the most direct result of the use of interchangeable parts in industry? A) an increase in the amount of goods pr...
If wages rise rapidly, the most logical reaction by a business would be to A) lay off 1/2 of the workers B) try to buy low...
Laissez-faire A) limits the role of government B) is a dominant European economic theory C) is a policy of non-interferenc...
Suffrage is A) a condition of slavery B) a search order C) fair action by the government D) the right to vote
A person guilty of slander has gone beyond the legal limits of his/her A) right of assembly B) right of free press C) righ...
In the court case  United States v Nixon,  the Supreme Court ruled on which of the following A) the use of War Powers Act ...
This early American political party opposed a strong national government A) Jeffersonian Republicans B) Federalists C) Ant...
A series of taxes on newspapers, books, and documents that Americans were forced to pay to the British before the Revoluti...
In 1776 what did Americans accuse the British Government of doing? A) taxing them without their consent B) quartering troo...
Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress A) had all powers necessary to conduct the government B) did not have power ...
Flexibility is provided in the U.S. Constitution mainly by the A) Preamble and the Bill of Rights B) amending and the elas...
A change in the U.S. Constitution is called A) a tariff B) a veto C) an amendment D) a filibuster
The practice of providing jobs as a reward to members of the political party in power is called A) subsidy B) public assis...
Which of the following court cases banned government sponsored prayer in schools A)  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka...
Presidential Cabinet choices must be approved by the A) Senate B) House C) full Congress D) State Governors
The federal government may do all of these EXCEPT A) print and coin money B) regulate interstate trade C) combine state ed...
More than half of a group is a  A) majority B) minority C) maximum D) minimum
The most common reason for non-voting in American elections is A) illness on election day B) complicated voting procedures...
Membership in either of the major political parties is A) a voluntary matter B) required of all adults by law C) regulated...
Practically all members of our major parties A) agree on such basic principles as popular sovereignty, limited government,...
Initiative is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject an entire bill C) a state’s right to ...
Referendum is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject and entire bill C) a state’s right to...
The Federal Trade Commission was established to: A) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from foreign competition in business ...
Primaries are elections in which A) Voters who are registered in a given party are given a chance to express their choice ...
In order to vote wisely a citizen must  A) understand the problems of government B) know the policies of candidates C) stu...
Gun control legislation is strongly and actively opposed by the A) IRS B) AMA C) NRA D) FBI
An individual that is paid to try to influence legislators to vote for or against certain legislation is a A) member of a ...
A “pocket veto” refers to A) Congress’s power to override a Presidential veto B) the ability of the Supreme Court to decid...
In the U.S., which institution act as a court in presidential impeachment proceedings A) the Supreme Court B) the House of...
In which action is the President acting as Party Leader? A) He meets a delegation of union workers B) He sends a message t...
James Jones was born in Germany while his father was in the U.S. Army.  He is 18 and has lived in Watauga County for 2 mon...
The President of the United States must be at least______ years of age, according to the Constitution. A) 25 B) 30 C) 35 D...
KBTU radio and KRTH television stations must get licenses to operate from this group A) Federal Communications Commission ...
If our country were placed in a position of having to declare war on another nation, which of the following would be respo...
In the U.S., treaties must be ratified by the  A) President B) House of Representatives C) Senate D) Supreme Court
When the Vice-President of the U.S. is absent, the ________ presides over the Senate A) Majority Leader B) Speaker of the ...
A qualification of becoming a U.S. representative is A) being a U.S. citizen for twelve years B) being twenty-five years o...
A filibuster is a speech in the Senate for the purpose of A) officially reviewing the bill just prior to a vote B) explain...
The Speaker of the House of Representatives is chosen by A) both houses of Congress and the President B) the previous Spea...
Which of the following would be considered a criminal case? A) arson B) personal injury C) slander D) contract dispute
Which of the following situations would be MOST LIKELY be tried under civil law in the U.S. A) murder B) armed robbery C) ...
A congressional conference committee is needed when A) the President does not agree with the House or Senate on a Bill B) ...
If a person wished to buy a restaurant license or any other license to operate a business, it would be issued by this city...
If newspapers report that a person has been indicted in connection with missing company funds, this means A) has stolen th...
Under U.S. law , the rules of evidence are designed to A) apply only in cases of serious crimes B) ensure a decision based...
The unwritten law which evolved from customs, traditions, and decisions of judges is called A) warranty law B) people’s la...
Money or security posted to guarantee the appearance of an accused person for trial is called A) grand jury B) warrant C) ...
The lawyer employed by government to present the government’s case is called A) the government lawyer B) the defense attor...
Due process of law in a criminal procedure includes A) allowing a person who is testifying to say who he/she thinks commit...
Which of the following theories of punishment is designed to help the criminal become an independent, productive citizen A...
The lawyer for the defendant in a criminal case is called A) the defense attorney B) the defender C) the district attorney...
Which of the following situations describes extradition A) a governor can bring to an end a session of the state legislatu...
The concept of “innocent until proven guilty” means that A) the accused must prove innocence B) the trial must be held qui...
A writ of habeas corpus is A) safeguards the jailer from any penalty when he receives a prisoner B) orders a jailer to bri...
Capital goods refer to A)  corporate securities B) money in savings accounts C) goods used to produce other goods D) all m...
Wasteland is a country in which there is very little government ownership of farms and businesses. People may start their ...
Which of the following is a function of the marketplace? A) to make sure that buyers pay the lowest possible prices B) to ...
If two goods are substituted for each other, then consumers usually decide to purchase one or the other on the basis of A)...
Competition among businesses should result in which of the following A) higher cost of materials B) higher prices for prod...
If there is an decrease in the supply of coffee, consumers will most likely A) buy less tea because of a decrease in the p...
“ Double Taxation” refers to the fact that  A) the tax rate on corporate income is about twice as high as that on personal...
A single firm operates three plants which consist of a cattle ranch, a slaughter house, and beef distributor. This an exam...
The term “monopoly” describes a situation in which the market price of goods and services is established by which of the f...
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Civics & Econ. Review Questions

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Civics & Econ. Review Questions

  1. 1. NORTH CAROLINA ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS REVIEW Instructions for use: A) click mouse and a question will appear with possible answers. B) select your answer and click on it. C) you will be shown the correct answer. D) click again and the next question will appear There are approximately 200 prompts in the review, if you can not finish the review in one setting use the scroll bar to remember where you left off. Created by: J. Marshall Gasperson/ [email_address]
  2. 2. Who is known as the “Father of the Constitution”? A) Thomas Jefferson B) George Washington C) James Madison D) Ben Franklin
  3. 3. Which of the following court cases established Judicial Review? A) Gideon v. Wainwright B) Miranda v. Arizona C) Marbury v. Madison D) Korematsu v. United States
  4. 4. Local governments get most of their revenues from which of the following: A) Fees and Fines B) Property Tax C) Sales Tax D) Income Tax
  5. 5. What is largest expenditure for the National government? A) Military B) National Parks C) Welfare programs D) Foreign Policy
  6. 6. A political party’s beliefs are stated in the party___________ . A) Nomination B) Registration C) Convention D) Platform
  7. 7. Which of the following is an example of an Excise tax? A) Sales tax B) Gas tax C) Property tax D) Income tax
  8. 8. Which of the following provides the most State revenue? A) Sales Tax B) Gas Tax C) Property Tax D) Income Tax
  9. 9. Which of the following is a Progressive Tax? A) Sales Tax B) Property Tax C) Income Tax D) Luxury Tax
  10. 10. What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? A) Revise the Constitution B) Revise the Articles of Confederation C) Revise the Mayflower Compact D) Revise the Declaration of Independence
  11. 11. The 13 original state governments had all of the following, except: A) Monarchs B) Bill of Rights C) Legislative Branches D) Executive Branches
  12. 12. Which of the following men first stated, “All men are created equal”: A) George Washington B) Jean Jacque Rousseau C) Thomas Jefferson D) John Locke
  13. 13. What state did not send a delegate to the Constitutional Convention? A) North Carolina B) Delaware C) New York D) Rhode Island
  14. 14. Which of the following creates the budget for the National Government: A) Legislative Branch B) Executive Branch C) Judicial Branch D) State Legislatures
  15. 15. The court case Tinker vs. Des Moines School District dealt with which of the following A) separation of church and state B) freedom of the press C) freedom of speech D) right to bear arms
  16. 16. Interest Groups often hire ________, to help them influence legislation. A. Citizens B) Commissioners C) Lobbyists D) Politicians
  17. 17. Which of the following elects the President: A) Citizens B) Electoral College C) State Legislators D) State Governors
  18. 18. Which of the following statements is best defined as, “people equals power”: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Natural Rights C) Citizenship D) Expressed Powers
  19. 19. Congressional power of 2/3 Override is an example of which of the following: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Representative Democracy C) Federalism D) Checks and Balances
  20. 20. Which of the following court cases dealt with freedom of expression through the burning of the US Flag. A) Gregg v Georgia B) Texas v. Johnson C) Gibbons v. Ogden D) Wallace v. Jaffee
  21. 21. Which Article of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch? A) Article I B) Article II C) Article III D) Article VII
  22. 22. Which of the following has the power to tax? A) Congress B) NC General Assembly C) Boone Town Council D) All of the Above
  23. 23. Which states opposed the Virginia Plan? A) Large States B) All States C) Small States D) No States
  24. 24. The United States has which of the following political systems: A) One-party system B) Two-party system C) Three-party system D) Multi-party system
  25. 25. Which of the following would be most concerned with the issue of global warming: A) National Government B) State Government C) Local Government D) All of the Above
  26. 26. Federalism is best described as________ of government. A) Representation B) Levels C) Sections D) Divisions
  27. 27. Which of the following gives Congress it’s Implied powers? A) Presidential Clause B) Federalism C) Supreme Court D) None of the above
  28. 28. The landmark court decision of McCulloch v Maryland establish which of the following A) separate but equal was constitutional B) congresses power to regulate interstate commerce C) struck down school prayer D) supremacy of the federal government
  29. 29. The power to coin money is an example of an: A) Reserved power B) Concurrent Power C) Enumerated power D) None of the Above
  30. 30. Which of the following countries has a multi-party political system: A) Russia B) United Kingdom C) Japan D) Mexico
  31. 31. Which level of the Federal Judicial system has “original jurisdiction”? A) Federal District Court B) US Appellate Court C) US Supreme Court D) All of the above
  32. 32. Which of the following is not a requirement to be a member of Congress: A) 30 years old B) State Resident C) Native-born citizen D) District Resident
  33. 33. In which of the following court cases did the Supreme Court rule that the death penalty was not a violation of the 8th Amendment A) Miranda v Arizona B) Texas v Johnson C) Gregg v Georgia D) Cruzan v Missouri
  34. 34. The National Organization of Women is an example of an: A) Political party B) Interest Group C) Convention D) Plank
  35. 35. Which of the following best describes the purpose of the Judicial Branch: A) Makes Laws B) Carry out Laws C) Interpret Laws D) All of the above
  36. 36. What best describes the governments power to tax? A) Reserved power B) Enumerated power C) Concurrent power D) Implied power
  37. 37. Which of the following is not a Reserved Power? A) power to establish schools B) power to issue license C) power to regulate interstate commerce D) none of the above
  38. 38. The Electoral College Compromise dealt with which of the following: A) representation in Congress B) Slave trade C) Counting population D) Choosing the President
  39. 39. What was the cause of “Shay’s Rebellion”? A) High taxes B) Unequal representation C) Freedom of Speech D) Right to bear arms
  40. 40. Which of the following is the earliest known written legal code? A) Magna Carta B) Mayflower Compact C) Hammurabi’s Code D) US Constitution
  41. 41. Which of the following is a law that punishes a person without a fair trial? A) Affirmative action law B) Due Process law C) Ex post Facto law D) Bill of Attainder law
  42. 42. People who are eligible to vote are called: A) Caucus B) Electorate C) Plurality D) Coalition
  43. 43. If you cast all of your votes for candidates from the same party, you are: A) voting a split-ticket B) voting a consensus C) voting a straight-ticket D) none of the above
  44. 44. Which of the following did the Constitutional Convention NOT come up with? A) Bicameral legislature B) Bill of rights C) Judicial Branch D) Executive Branch
  45. 45. If you are tried for murder, which of the following courts would have “original jurisdiction” over the trial? A) NC District Court B) NC Superior Court C) NC Court of Appeals D) none of the above
  46. 46. Which of the following compromises dealt with representation in the national Congress? A) Electoral College B) Connecticut C) Slave trade D) 3/5
  47. 47. Which of the following court cases established governments practice of separate but equal A) Plessy v Ferguson B) Rust v Sullivan C) Korematsu v. U.S. D) Marbury v. Madison
  48. 48. The “Necessary and Proper Clause” gives Congress which of the following powers? A) Expressed powers B) Concurrent powers C) Implied powers D) Reserved powers
  49. 49. Which of the following refers to putting a person on trial for the same crime twice? A) Due process of law B) Eminent Domain C) Suffrage D) Double Jeopardy
  50. 50. All of the following are duties EXCEPT A) attending school B) paying taxes C) voting in elections D) serving on a jury
  51. 51. When a local party organization becomes very powerful, it is sometimes referred to as a_________________ . A) Political machine B) Convention C) Caucus D) none of the above
  52. 52. The first political parties in the United States formed during the: A) early colonial period B) debate over the Constitution C) Revolutionary War D) Civil War Era
  53. 53. Which of the following is used to predict election outcomes: A) poll watchers B) delegates C) recall votes D) exit polls
  54. 54. In a “closed primary”, which of the following may vote: A) only party members B) all registered voters C) all citizens D) only delegates
  55. 55. Votes cast directly by the people are referred to as the: A) electoral vote B) popular vote C) referendum D) none of the above
  56. 56. A political party’s Presidential candidate is selected by A) primary election B) Electoral College C) National Convention delegates D) Caucuses
  57. 57. Which of the following is a propaganda technique used in political campaigns and by lobbyists? A) Endorsements B) Bandwagon C) Glittering generality D) all of the above
  58. 58. Which of the following Interest Groups is working to benefit all or most of society? A) National Rifleman Association B) American Association of Retired People C) Consumer Rights Counsel D) National Organization of Women
  59. 59. Congressional “franking privileges” are related to which of the following : A) Postal services B) Gerrymandering C) Filibusters D) Seniority
  60. 60. What is the minimum age to be a member of Congress? A) 18 B) 21 C) 25 D) 30
  61. 61. What is needed to end a Senate “filibuster” ? A) a vote of impeachment B) a vote of censure C) a vote confidence D) a vote of cloture
  62. 62. Which of the following is not a requirement to be a member of the House of Representatives: A) college graduate B) 25 years old C) naturalized citizen D) resident of district
  63. 63. Which of the following can come up with an idea for a legislative bill? A) A member of Congress B) The President C) a citizen D) all of the above
  64. 64. The leader of the House of Representatives is called the: A) president pro tempore B) majority leader C) speaker of the house D) chairman of the chamber
  65. 65. When a congressional committee pigeonholes a bill, it A) sends it to the floor B) amends it C) sets it aside D) creates it
  66. 66. The House of Representative has all of the following powers, except the power A) introduce legislative bills B) approval of presidential appointments C) introduce appropriations bills D) vote to declare war
  67. 67. Which of the following best describes the economic concept of Scarcity: A) unlimited resources v. limited wants and needs B) limited resources v. unlimited wants and needs C) higher price v. lower quantity D) lower price v. higher quantity
  68. 68. The Basic source of all political power in the United States is the A) Constitution of the United States B) local government: town, city or county C) Congress of the United States D) people of the states
  69. 69. The U.S. government has the power to draft people into the armed forces. This is an example of A) delegated power B) expresses powers C) inherent powers D) implied powers
  70. 70. When a state confiscates private property for public purposes, the state is exercising the right of A) popular sovereignty B) eminent domain C) general welfare D) police power
  71. 71. The principle that the power to govern belongs to the people and is delegated by them to their elected officials is A) popular sovereignty B) separation of powers C) federalism D) national supremacy
  72. 72. The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are important because they A) provide for the abolishment of slavery B) list the powers of Congress C) guarantee basic individual rights D) give blacks the right to vote
  73. 73. In the United States, a person being arrested must be informed of all but one of the following rights A) right to remain silent B) right to a trial by jury C) right to an attorney D) right to have an attorney provided if on can’t be afforded
  74. 74. “ Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment” is the A) First Amendment B) Eight Amendment C) Fourteenth Amendment D) Nineteenth Amendment
  75. 75. The Gideon vs. Wainwright case established the A) supremacy of the United States Constitution B) right of a suspect to have a lawyer present before being questioned by police C) right to have a lawyer provided by the court if the accused cannot afford one. D) supremacy of judicial review
  76. 76. The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution includes all but on of the following rights. Select the one not found A)right to worship as one pleases B) right of peaceful assembly C) right to bear arms D) right to free speech
  77. 77. As a result of the 19th Amendment A) more working women have high-paying jobs B) about half of our senators are women C) women have the right to vote D) women were granted freedom of speech
  78. 78. “… No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” is a brief description of the A) First Amendment B) Eight Amendment C) Fourteenth Amendment D) Nineteenth Amendment
  79. 79. “ The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures….” is a brief description of the A) First Amendment B) Fourth Amendment C) Sixth Amendment D) Eight Amendment
  80. 80. The system of checks and balances in the United States was designed to A) reduce the power of state government B) reduce the importance of political parties C) prevent one branch of government from becoming too strong D) equalize the powers of the state and national government
  81. 81. Which of the following best describes a true Market economy: A) means of production are privately owned B) government controls the means of production C) individuals and government own the means of production D) means of production are controlled by customs
  82. 82. Which of the following courts would most likely hear a misdemeanor case for the first time? A) U.S. Supreme Court B) NC Superior Court C) NC District Court D) None of the above
  83. 83. Which of the following business organizations is best described as limited life and unlimited liability? A) sole proprietorship B) partnership C) corporation D) both A and B
  84. 84. Which of the following would have the lowest investment in Human Capital ? A) airline pilot B) teacher C) nurse D) secretary
  85. 85. Which of the following is not a example of a capital good? A) garden hose B) moving van C) backhoe D) hammer
  86. 86. A sole proprietor is best described as which of the following: A) natural resources B) capital C) labor D) entrepreneur
  87. 87. The term point of equilibrium is best described as: A) where price is greater that quantity demanded B) where price is less than quantity supplied C) where price and quantity are equal D) all of the above
  88. 88. Which of the following shows ownership in a corporation? A) corporate stock B) corporate bond C) certificate of deposit D) none of the above
  89. 89. The court case Brown v. Board of Education dealt with which of the following: A) 1st Amendment B) 2nd Amendment C) 5th Amendment D) 14th Amendment
  90. 90. In a weak Mayor form of city government, which branch of government controls the city departments? A) executive B) legislative C) judicial D) none of the above
  91. 91. All of the following are true of the office of NC Governor , except: A) 30 years old B) 2 years of residency C) must be native born citizen D) has veto power
  92. 92. As Judicial leader, the President had all of the following powers, except: A) grant amnesty B) appoint judges C) grant reprieves D) veto verdicts
  93. 93. Which of the following is an example of a consumer good: A) a haircut B) toilet paper C) legal advice D) car wash
  94. 94. Which of the following shows the movement of goods and services through an economy? A) supply and demand chart B) Gross Domestic Product C) Business Cycle D) Circular Flow Model
  95. 95. The court case Miranda v. Arizona dealt with which of the following: A) freedom of speech B) right bear arms C) cruel and unusual punishment D) rights of the accused
  96. 96. In economics a decision to buy a certain product is called a A) consumer choices B) tradeoff C) opportunity cost D) all of the above
  97. 97. What percentage of Congress does it take to override a Presidential veto? A) 1/2 B) 3/4 C) 2/3 D) 3/5
  98. 98. The United States economy is best described as: A) traditional B) command C) market D) mixed
  99. 99. Which of the following is the key incentive for starting your own business? A) ownership B) profits C) lower tax rates D) decision-making
  100. 100. Which of the following has the power to declare laws unconstitutional? A) executive branch B) legislative branch C) judicial branch D) all of the above
  101. 101. Which of the following would reduce the surplus of a product? A) lower price and makes less B) lower price and make more C) raise price and make less D) raise price and make more
  102. 102. Who follows the Vice president to line of Presidential succession? A) Secretary of State B) President of the Senate C) Speaker of the House D) Secretary of Defense
  103. 103. What is the role of government in a mixed economy? A) control prices B) protect business owners C) control supply and demand D) protect consumers and workers
  104. 104. A corporation is best described by which of the following? A) unlimited liability and unlimited life B) limited liability and unlimited life C)limited liability and limited life D) unlimited liability and limited life
  105. 105. In a market economy, price is controlled by which of the following? A) the government B) businesses C) consumers D) supply and demand
  106. 106. The issue of low income housing would be the responsibility of which executive department? A) Veteran Affairs B) Housing and Urban Development C) Commerce D) Energy
  107. 107. If the government wanted consumers to spend more money, which of the following would they NOT do: A) raise interest rates B) lower interest rates C) lower taxes D) buy back government securities
  108. 108. A sharp rise in inflation would result in which of the following: A) increase in building permits B) increase in consumer spending C) increase in unemployment D) all of the above
  109. 109. Which of the following refers to dividing a state into odd-shaped districts? A) constituents B) gerrymandering C) redistricting D) census
  110. 110. Which of the following committees is temporary and formed to deal with a specific issue? A) select committee B) joint committee C) conference committee D) standing committee
  111. 111. What is the responsibility of a congressional committee? A) propose bills B) research and revise bills C) pass bills into laws D) work on interest of the members party
  112. 112. The entire House of Representatives is elected every: A) two years B) four years C) five years D) six years
  113. 113. Who has the power to elect the president if no candidate wins a majority in the presidential election? A) the Senate B) the House of Representatives C) Both the House and the Senate D) the Supreme Court
  114. 114. If the President wants to reject a bill while Congress is in session, he or she: A) does nothing B) uses a pocket veto C) overrides the bill D) uses a veto
  115. 115. Congress can do all of the following, except: A) tax interstate commerce B) raise taxes C) borrow money D) regulate immigration
  116. 116. The large network of government agencies and employees, is often referred to as a: A) cloture B) bureaucracy C) quagmire D) democracy
  117. 117. What is the most important job of the President? A) deal with foreign countries B) control the military C) carry out laws passed by Congress D) appoint federal judges
  118. 118. The State of the Union address is a speech made to Congress: A) annually B) when the President takes office C) when introducing the budget D) during a national crisis
  119. 119. Which of the following prepares the budget for the President? A) National Security Council B) White house office staff C) Council of Economic Advisers D) Office of Management and Budget
  120. 120. Which of the following grants a corporation the power to operate? A) a dividend B) a charter C) a stock certificate D) a stock exchange
  121. 121. If market price is below market demand, the result would be: A) a equilibrium B) surplus C) price elastic D) shortage
  122. 122. The executive departments are known as the President’s: A) council B) advisory panel C) cabinet D) none of the above
  123. 123. Which of the following is a durable good? A) milk B) candy bar C) bread D) washing machine
  124. 124. During a recession the demand of non-durable goods will most likely: A) decrease B) increase slightly C) increase greatly D) show no significant change
  125. 125. If a product is considered price elastic , which of the following is true of an increase in price: A) demand will stay the same B) demand will increase C) demand will decrease D) all of the above
  126. 126. The value of your second choice is called a: A) tradeoff B) opportunity cost C) dividend D) consumer decision
  127. 127. County governments get the most revenues from: A) property tax B) income tax C) sales tax D) fees and fines
  128. 128. If the government raises taxes which of the following would most likely happen: A) unemployment would decrease B) number of building permits would increase C) milk production would go down D) automobile sales would decline
  129. 129. Technological advances cause which of the following: A) lower prices B) better quality C) higher profits D) all of the above
  130. 130. Which part of the business cycle would show a high level of unemployment and a sharp decrease in building permits ? A) expansion B) contraction C) peak D) trough
  131. 131. A large increase in gasoline prices would cause all of the following, except : A) decrease in automobile sales B) increase in public transit use C) decline in family vacations D) a decrease in government spending
  132. 132. The Attorney general is the head of which department: A) Justice B) Interior C) Commerce D) Agriculture
  133. 133. The United States Postal Service is an example of a: A) executive agency B) regulatory commission C) government corporation D) executive department
  134. 134. The practice of giving jobs as a reward for party loyalty is called a: A) merit system B) spoils system C) federal system D) economic system
  135. 135. Decisions made by regulatory commissions: A) must be approved by Congress B) must be approved by the President C) have the force of law D) are obeyed voluntarily
  136. 136. The person accused of a crime is called a: A) plaintiff B) defendant C) criminal D) convict
  137. 137. At the county level of government who is responsible for carrying out the laws passed by the Commission? A) Mayor B) Town Council C) Governor D) County Commission
  138. 138. If the Supreme Court finds a law in conflict with the Constitution, it: A) remands the case to a lower court B) changes the law C) asks Congress to change the law D) declares the law unconstitutional
  139. 139. Lawsuits in which there is no existing law to decide the matter are called: A) suits of equity B) negligence suits C) small-claims D) injunctions
  140. 140. International trade problems are peculiarly deceptive because they require us to A) develop an appreciation of foreign products B) understand how two currencies can function as a medium of exchange C) understand how other free market systems differ from our own D) carry out or trade negotiations in two languages
  141. 141. More education and training of the work force generally leads to A) less productivity of the work force B) less unemployment for skilled workers C) greater productivity of the work force D) more unemployment for skilled workers
  142. 142. “ Human wants are greater than the resources that are available to satisfy them.” This implies the need for A) leaving decisions to fate B) working harder C) making choices to allocate resources D) asking for less
  143. 143. Which economic problem must ALL societies solve? A) guaranteeing everyone an annual wage B) securing right-to-work laws C) satisfying unlimited wants with limited resources D) speeding up the rate of industrialization
  144. 144. What effect does scarce resources have? A) Everybody has all he wants B) People have to make choices C) Stores have to sell more things D) People have to make more natural resources
  145. 145. Which of the following is TRUE about individual consumption of world resources? A) It adds up over time B) It can be controlled by corporations with influences C) It is determined by government policy D) It does not matter significantly
  146. 146. The principle of specialization means that A) employees are assigned to a specific task to increase efficiency B) production per worker is low but costs of production are no greater C) incomes are related to the marginal product of the worker D) machines are substituted for human capital
  147. 147. Which was the most direct result of the use of interchangeable parts in industry? A) an increase in the amount of goods produced B) massive unemployment among unskilled workers C) a decrease in the number of profitable large businesses D) an increase in the number of hours needed to make a product
  148. 148. If wages rise rapidly, the most logical reaction by a business would be to A) lay off 1/2 of the workers B) try to buy lower quality raw materials C) investigate increased efficiency through the use of more capital equipment D) hire additional workers
  149. 149. Laissez-faire A) limits the role of government B) is a dominant European economic theory C) is a policy of non-interference D) is all of the above E) is only A and C above
  150. 150. Suffrage is A) a condition of slavery B) a search order C) fair action by the government D) the right to vote
  151. 151. A person guilty of slander has gone beyond the legal limits of his/her A) right of assembly B) right of free press C) right of free speech D) right of worship
  152. 152. In the court case United States v Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled on which of the following A) the use of War Powers Act B) the use of Presidential Impeachment C) the use of Executive Privilege D) the use of a Presidential pardon
  153. 153. This early American political party opposed a strong national government A) Jeffersonian Republicans B) Federalists C) Anti-Federalist D) American Independent
  154. 154. A series of taxes on newspapers, books, and documents that Americans were forced to pay to the British before the Revolutionary War was called A) excise B) tyranny C) empire taxes D) stamp taxes
  155. 155. In 1776 what did Americans accuse the British Government of doing? A) taxing them without their consent B) quartering troops in their houses C) failing to give prisoners a fair trial D) all of the above
  156. 156. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress A) had all powers necessary to conduct the government B) did not have power to enforce the laws it made C) restricted the powers of the states
  157. 157. Flexibility is provided in the U.S. Constitution mainly by the A) Preamble and the Bill of Rights B) amending and the elastic clause C) provisions for separation D) system of checks and balances
  158. 158. A change in the U.S. Constitution is called A) a tariff B) a veto C) an amendment D) a filibuster
  159. 159. The practice of providing jobs as a reward to members of the political party in power is called A) subsidy B) public assistance C) seniority D) patronage
  160. 160. Which of the following court cases banned government sponsored prayer in schools A) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas B) Rust v. Sullivan C) Gideon v. Wainwright D) Engel v. Vitale
  161. 161. Presidential Cabinet choices must be approved by the A) Senate B) House C) full Congress D) State Governors
  162. 162. The federal government may do all of these EXCEPT A) print and coin money B) regulate interstate trade C) combine state education districts D) conduct foreign relations
  163. 163. More than half of a group is a A) majority B) minority C) maximum D) minimum
  164. 164. The most common reason for non-voting in American elections is A) illness on election day B) complicated voting procedures C) indifference/apathy D) physical and mental disabilities
  165. 165. Membership in either of the major political parties is A) a voluntary matter B) required of all adults by law C) regulated by state law D) quite expensive because of the annual payment
  166. 166. Practically all members of our major parties A) agree on such basic principles as popular sovereignty, limited government, and federalism B) agree on most major issues such as taxation and the farm problem C) hold political office D) support the policies of the administration in power
  167. 167. Initiative is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject an entire bill C) a state’s right to approve part of a bill and reject the rest D) the right of a voter to approve or reject bills passed by legislation
  168. 168. Referendum is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject and entire bill C) a state’s right to approve art of a bill and reject the rest D) the right of a voter to approve or reject bills passed by legislation
  169. 169. The Federal Trade Commission was established to: A) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from foreign competition in business B) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from unfair advertising by businesses C) Protect American business from unfair competition from foreign countries D) Protect foreign companies doing business in the U.S.
  170. 170. Primaries are elections in which A) Voters who are registered in a given party are given a chance to express their choice for the party nomination B) beginning voters get a chance to practice operating the voting machine C) only party workers are permitted to express their preference among party hopefuls D) the party “bosses” meet in a caucus room to determine who will get the nomination
  171. 171. In order to vote wisely a citizen must A) understand the problems of government B) know the policies of candidates C) study the issues D) all of the above
  172. 172. Gun control legislation is strongly and actively opposed by the A) IRS B) AMA C) NRA D) FBI
  173. 173. An individual that is paid to try to influence legislators to vote for or against certain legislation is a A) member of a pressure group B) legislative secretary C) lobbyist D) politician
  174. 174. A “pocket veto” refers to A) Congress’s power to override a Presidential veto B) the ability of the Supreme Court to decide whether an act of legislation is unconstitutional C) the ability of the bureaucracy to daily implementing orders D) the President’s refusal to sign a bill when Congress adjourns within ten days after its passage
  175. 175. In the U.S., which institution act as a court in presidential impeachment proceedings A) the Supreme Court B) the House of Representatives C) the Senate D) both the House of Representatives and the Senate
  176. 176. In which action is the President acting as Party Leader? A) He meets a delegation of union workers B) He sends a message to Congress asking support for a bill C) He endorses congressional candidates running for election D) He appoints a Supreme Court Justice who shares his philosophy
  177. 177. James Jones was born in Germany while his father was in the U.S. Army. He is 18 and has lived in Watauga County for 2 months. On election day Mr. Jones goes to the polls to vote but is not allowed to do so. Which of the following has he not met? A) citizenship B) age C) registration D) residency
  178. 178. The President of the United States must be at least______ years of age, according to the Constitution. A) 25 B) 30 C) 35 D) 40
  179. 179. KBTU radio and KRTH television stations must get licenses to operate from this group A) Federal Communications Commission B) Federal Reserve Bank C) Federal Trade Commission D) Interstate Commerce Commission
  180. 180. If our country were placed in a position of having to declare war on another nation, which of the following would be responsible for declaring war? A) President B) Congress C) Supreme Court D) President but with approval from the Senate
  181. 181. In the U.S., treaties must be ratified by the A) President B) House of Representatives C) Senate D) Supreme Court
  182. 182. When the Vice-President of the U.S. is absent, the ________ presides over the Senate A) Majority Leader B) Speaker of the House C) President pro tempore
  183. 183. A qualification of becoming a U.S. representative is A) being a U.S. citizen for twelve years B) being twenty-five years of age or older C) being a natural-born citizen D) none of the above
  184. 184. A filibuster is a speech in the Senate for the purpose of A) officially reviewing the bill just prior to a vote B) explaining a bill’s details to all members C) criticizing a committee’s report on a bill D) delaying or preventing the vote on a bill
  185. 185. The Speaker of the House of Representatives is chosen by A) both houses of Congress and the President B) the previous Speaker C) the members of the House of Representatives D) national election
  186. 186. Which of the following would be considered a criminal case? A) arson B) personal injury C) slander D) contract dispute
  187. 187. Which of the following situations would be MOST LIKELY be tried under civil law in the U.S. A) murder B) armed robbery C) kidnapping D) fighting
  188. 188. A congressional conference committee is needed when A) the President does not agree with the House or Senate on a Bill B) the House and Senate pass bills that are similar but not identical C) too much time has been spent considering a bill D) outside help is needed to understand a bill
  189. 189. If a person wished to buy a restaurant license or any other license to operate a business, it would be issued by this city official A) City clerk B) Mayor C) District Attorney D) City Council Member
  190. 190. If newspapers report that a person has been indicted in connection with missing company funds, this means A) has stolen the company funds B) will be found guilty of stealing the company funds C) will be tried on a charge of stealing the company funds D) outside help is needed to understand a bill
  191. 191. Under U.S. law , the rules of evidence are designed to A) apply only in cases of serious crimes B) ensure a decision based upon facts C) allow hearsay only if it is relevant D) requires courts to accept al evidence
  192. 192. The unwritten law which evolved from customs, traditions, and decisions of judges is called A) warranty law B) people’s law C) common law D) civil law
  193. 193. Money or security posted to guarantee the appearance of an accused person for trial is called A) grand jury B) warrant C) common law D) bail
  194. 194. The lawyer employed by government to present the government’s case is called A) the government lawyer B) the defense attorney C) the district attorney D) the people’s representative
  195. 195. Due process of law in a criminal procedure includes A) allowing a person who is testifying to say who he/she thinks committed the crime B) giving an accused person a chance to prove himself/herself innocent C) reading to the accused his/her rights and giving him/her a hearing and a speedy trial with right to counsel D) doing away with the right to trial because the accused confessed
  196. 196. Which of the following theories of punishment is designed to help the criminal become an independent, productive citizen A) Individual Deterrence B) Revenge C) General Deterrence D) Rehabilitation
  197. 197. The lawyer for the defendant in a criminal case is called A) the defense attorney B) the defender C) the district attorney D) the people’s representatives
  198. 198. Which of the following situations describes extradition A) a governor can bring to an end a session of the state legislature B) a governor can ask that a prisoner held in another state be returned to the state a for prosecution and trial C) a governor can give a convicted felon his/her freedom and free him/her from guilt of a crime D) a governor can refuse to sign a bill into law
  199. 199. The concept of “innocent until proven guilty” means that A) the accused must prove innocence B) the trial must be held quickly C) the burden of proof is on the prosecutor D) all of the above
  200. 200. A writ of habeas corpus is A) safeguards the jailer from any penalty when he receives a prisoner B) orders a jailer to bring a person to proper trial C) does not guarantee that a prisoner will be charged with a crime D) is a procedure in which a prisoner does not need a trial
  201. 201. Capital goods refer to A) corporate securities B) money in savings accounts C) goods used to produce other goods D) all money in the economy
  202. 202. Wasteland is a country in which there is very little government ownership of farms and businesses. People may start their own businesses and the government doesn’t interfere with wages or prices. Wasteland is A) cooperative B) socialistic C) capitalistic D) communistic
  203. 203. Which of the following is a function of the marketplace? A) to make sure that buyers pay the lowest possible prices B) to make things look attractive C) to have honest advertising D) to bring buyers and sellers together
  204. 204. If two goods are substituted for each other, then consumers usually decide to purchase one or the other on the basis of A) the prices of the two goods B) where the two goods have been produced C) their desire to have variety in what they consume D) their desire to keep the producers of both good in business
  205. 205. Competition among businesses should result in which of the following A) higher cost of materials B) higher prices for products C) reduction in consumer demand D) more efficient production
  206. 206. If there is an decrease in the supply of coffee, consumers will most likely A) buy less tea because of a decrease in the price of coffee B) buy more tea because of a decrease in the price of coffee C) buy less tea because of an increase in the price of coffee D) buy more tea because of an increase in the price of butter
  207. 207. “ Double Taxation” refers to the fact that A) the tax rate on corporate income is about twice as high as that on personal income B) corporate earnings are taxed under the corporate income tax and, in addition, that part of corporate income paid out as dividends are taxed as personal income C) both distributed and undistributed corporate profits are taxed as personal income D) both employers and employees pay taxes to finance unemployment compensation payments
  208. 208. A single firm operates three plants which consist of a cattle ranch, a slaughter house, and beef distributor. This an example of a A) horizontal combination B) vertical combination C) partnership D) corporation
  209. 209. The term “monopoly” describes a situation in which the market price of goods and services is established by which of the following A) many sellers B) a single buyer C) many buyers and sellers D) a single seller or a small group of sellers

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