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May 2011, Climate and DRR Check Presentation in Cuzco Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA Swiss Agency for Developm...
Contents: SDC Climate and DRR Check <ul><li>The Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Climate and DRR Check? – SDC Feat...
A. The challenges Effects that are avoidable (Mitigation) and those, that are not avoidable anymore (Adaptation and DRR) S...
A. The Challenges Donor Coordination <ul><li>OECD Guidance on Integrating CC Adaptation into DC </li></ul><ul><li>May 2009...
SDC Guidelines  on Disaster Risk Reduction  (approved in 2007) A. The Challenges SDC coordination
A. The Challenges Convergence between  Climate Change Adaptation ( CCA) and  Disaster Risk Reduction ( DRR) Disaster Risk ...
A. The challenges  Climate and DRR check & SDC activities  Schwerpunkte der DEZA-Einsätze 2011 Global Programm Peru Global...
Different contexts
Bolivia Nicaragua Mali Tanzania Mongolia Bangladesh Tajikistan Georgia In all regions: many climate-related risks prevail,...
<ul><li>Vulnerability:   </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>characteristics of a community or a system or asset that render it susc...
A. The challenges  SDC tailored orientation in a multitude of tools
<ul><li>Milestones </li></ul><ul><li>October 2008:  Creation of Global Program Climate Change in SDC </li></ul><ul><li>200...
B. What is the Climate and DRR Check? The Handbook  <ul><li>Integrating Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduct...
B. What is the Handbook - SDC features of the handbook Most important in a nutshell <ul><li>Developed to match  needs of S...
C. Conduct  Climate and  DRR Check
C. Conduct of the different modules Climate and DRR Screening - Detailed Assessment (Strategic and Project Level) Module 1...
<ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>What to do </li></ul><ul><li>Results and tables to complete </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration an...
C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 1 – Screening : Tables
C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 2 – Lens : Tables
D. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 2 – Project level : Tables (1a)  Adaptation and DRR
C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 2 – Project level : Tables (1b)  Adaptation and DRR
C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 2 – Project level : Tables (2b)  Adaptation and DRR
H. Illustration of test workshops in Bolivia and Bangladesh
C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 2 – Project level : Tables (3)  Climate Change  Mitigation
C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check  Module 2 – Project level : Tables (4)  Climate Change  Mitigation
D. Results for assessed country strategy  in Burkina Faso <ul><li>Burkina Faso strategic level </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: ...
D. Results for assessed programs and projects  in Burkina Faso <ul><li>Burkina Faso project level </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard...
D. Results for assessed programs and projects  in Burkina Faso <ul><li>Proposed outcome indicators for project level </li>...
<ul><li>appreciated for high relevance </li></ul><ul><li>strengthens staff and management within SDC  </li></ul><ul><li>co...
<ul><li>Offer and use  simple information & communication material  (such as power points, flyers and narratives)  </li></...
<ul><li>For the 2st edition 2012: Improve the handbook as regards  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>didactic introduction  and add  e...
F.  Download and Support www.sdc-climateandenvironment.net   (info and CCE Community of practice)
F.  Download & supportwww.riskandsafetynet.ch   (info and DRR-CoP)
Climate and DRR Check
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  1. 1. May 2011, Climate and DRR Check Presentation in Cuzco Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC Climate and DRR Check
  2. 2. Contents: SDC Climate and DRR Check <ul><li>The Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Climate and DRR Check? – SDC Features of the Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct of the Climate and DRR Check </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Module 1 – Climate and DRR Screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Module 2 – Climate and DRR Detailed Assessment Strategic & Programmatic Level or Project Level Adaptation & DRR or Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feedback from test in Burkina Faso programs and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Results of Online Dialogue – Conclusions and next steps </li></ul><ul><li>Download and Support </li></ul>
  3. 3. A. The challenges Effects that are avoidable (Mitigation) and those, that are not avoidable anymore (Adaptation and DRR) Some Effects of Climate Change have become unavoidable – the more and the sooner we invest in the mitigation of Climate Change, the cheaper adaptation measures will be in the future
  4. 4. A. The Challenges Donor Coordination <ul><li>OECD Guidance on Integrating CC Adaptation into DC </li></ul><ul><li>May 2009: Approval of Guidance on Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Cooperation elaborated by EPOC/DAC joint Task team, co-chaired by Switzerland and Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Intended for policy makers and practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>4 levels of decision making: national, sector, project, local </li></ul><ul><li>4 step approach : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1: Identify vulnerabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2: Identify adaptation options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3: Select feasible adaptation options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4: Evaluate success of adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><li> SDC’s referential framework for Integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation approaches into development cooperation </li></ul>OECD Policy Guidance on the Integration of Climate Change Adaptation into Development Co-operation (approved in 2009) based on principles of Paris Declaration
  5. 5. SDC Guidelines on Disaster Risk Reduction (approved in 2007) A. The Challenges SDC coordination
  6. 6. A. The Challenges Convergence between Climate Change Adaptation ( CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction ( DRR) Disaster Risk Reduction DRR Reducing risks from rapid- and slow-onset disasters e.g. floods, droughts, landslides, avalanches, earthquakes, etc. No link to CCA: Developing earthquake-proof infrastructure Coping with climate-induced disaster risks e.g. Developing early warning systems for flood or drought events Weak link to DRR: developing climate resistant crop varieties Climate Change Adaptation CCA Adapting to long-term effects of climate change e.g. more humid/drier cond., frequency of extreme events, vanishing permafrost, etc.
  7. 7. A. The challenges Climate and DRR check & SDC activities Schwerpunkte der DEZA-Einsätze 2011 Global Programm Peru Global Program South Africa Global Program India Global Programm China Priority Countries of SDC Regional Cooperation Global and special programmes of SDC Priority Countries of Cooperaton with East Special programm Eastern and Europe and GIS Swiss Contribution to the New Member States of the EU Foci Humanitarian Aid
  8. 8. Different contexts
  9. 9. Bolivia Nicaragua Mali Tanzania Mongolia Bangladesh Tajikistan Georgia In all regions: many climate-related risks prevail, e.g. flood / flash-flood, drought, storm, landslide/mudflow, snow avalanche, cold wave A. The challenges Climate and DRR check & SDC DRR activities DRR Pilot Countries/ Mainstreaming HA DRR Comprehensive programmes HA DRR Individual projects
  10. 10. <ul><li>Vulnerability: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>characteristics of a community or a system or asset that render it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>determined by physical , social , institutional , economic and environmental factors or processes , which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk: probability of harmful consequences of interactions between hazards and vulnerable conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Maladaptation: Business-as-usual development increases exposure to risks and hazards and/or vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive capacity & Coping capacity : The ability of people, organisations and systems to use available skills and resources to face and manage adverse conditions, emergencies or disasters Whereas adaptation implies adjustments to changing conditions and is often long-term with the aim of maintaining the standard of living the term coping capacity is often short-term and linked to the ability to cope with the immediate impacts of a hazardous or extreme event. </li></ul>A. The challenges Harmony-sation regarding CCA and DRR terminology
  11. 11. A. The challenges SDC tailored orientation in a multitude of tools
  12. 12. <ul><li>Milestones </li></ul><ul><li>October 2008: Creation of Global Program Climate Change in SDC </li></ul><ul><li>2009: Discussions in GPCC and in SDC , OECD, exchange with other donors and partners, Internal work on an overview of existing tools </li></ul><ul><li>December 2009 to April 2010: Tool test workshop in december 2009 at SDC leads to the Development & Consultation of Climate Check proposal among CCE & DRR Networks </li></ul><ul><li>May to August 2010: Development of the Screening List & Handbook; Consultations by email of CCE and DRR Networks, participants of december 2009 workshop & selected partners; Test of the Screening List in Network meetings </li></ul><ul><li>September 2010: Revision by Infras </li></ul><ul><li>October 2010: Tool-tests in Bolivia and Bangladesh with feedback of participants </li></ul><ul><li>December 2010/January 2011 : Revision by Infras – final revision by CCE & DRR working group </li></ul><ul><li>February 2011 : Downloadable for readers of the CCE Newsletter and Shareweb-visitors </li></ul><ul><li>March, April 2011: Training Applications in Nicaragua and Burkina Faso + Online Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>February-June 2011 : Translation into Spanish and French </li></ul><ul><li>Official launch in 3 languages with flyers </li></ul><ul><li>Community of Practice – Improvements of both process (handbook-application) and handbook & comparison with other tools </li></ul>A. The Challenges Milestones in the creation and promotion of the Climate and DRR Check
  13. 13. B. What is the Climate and DRR Check? The Handbook <ul><li>Integrating Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction into SDC procedures (OECD Guidelines) Integration /Mainstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating Climate Change and Disaster Risk related issues into Development Cooperation (handbook for targeted activities) </li></ul><ul><li>Support of SDC staff and project partners in analysis of planned cooperation strategies, programmes and projects </li></ul><ul><li>The Handbook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self explanatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands-on guidance </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. B. What is the Handbook - SDC features of the handbook Most important in a nutshell <ul><li>Developed to match needs of SDC by INFRAS, GPCC, CCE & DRR networks </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and modular </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rough Climate and DRR Screening (Module 1) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate and DRR detailed assessment (Module 2) strategic and project level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Adaptation , Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Mitigation adressed jointly </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated in SDC procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation to use the “Screening“ module for all activities (as early as possible ) to decide whether a “Detailed Assessment“ at the stage of the elaboration of a Project Document and Credit proposal is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Possible integration in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>compulsory Risk Assessment and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logframe </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check
  16. 16. C. Conduct of the different modules Climate and DRR Screening - Detailed Assessment (Strategic and Project Level) Module 1 Screening Module 2 – DA Strategic & Programme Level Module 2 – DA Project Level What for First screening In depth assessment at strategic level In depth assessment at project level Length Max 1-2 hours Team process: 2 to 3 days Before: Consultants‘ & backstoppers‘ time necessary for moderation and thematic CC/DRR Input relevant for strategy/programm: Team process: 2 to 3 days Before: Consultants‘ & backstoppers‘ time necessary for moderation and thematic CC/DRR Input relevant for project How <ul><li>Adaptation & DRR part </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation part </li></ul>Step 1 to 4 (plus inputs moderation and preparation team) Step 1 to 4 (plus inputs moderation and preparation team) When Beginning of the planning process or new phase As early as possible when strategy or programme planned Elaboration of project document and credit proposal Who Best: NPO & country desk Strategy team Prepared by a thematic input team & a facilitator Programme officer and project team Prepared by a thematic input team & a facilitator Integration Conclusions into entry proposal or in TOR for review, input in risk assessment In the strategy or programme (and its respective risk assessment part) In the planning document = PRODOC, Logframe and Credit Proposal (incl. its respective Risk assessment part)
  17. 17. <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>What to do </li></ul><ul><li>Results and tables to complete </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration and how to make use of the results </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended links and supporting material </li></ul>C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Chapters structure and features
  18. 18. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 1 – Screening : Tables
  19. 19. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 2 – Lens : Tables
  20. 20. D. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 2 – Project level : Tables (1a) Adaptation and DRR
  21. 21. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 2 – Project level : Tables (1b) Adaptation and DRR
  22. 22. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 2 – Project level : Tables (2b) Adaptation and DRR
  23. 23.
  24. 24. H. Illustration of test workshops in Bolivia and Bangladesh
  25. 25. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 2 – Project level : Tables (3) Climate Change Mitigation
  26. 26. C. Conduct Climate and DRR Check Module 2 – Project level : Tables (4) Climate Change Mitigation
  27. 27. D. Results for assessed country strategy in Burkina Faso <ul><li>Burkina Faso strategic level </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards: </li></ul><ul><li>Floods, Droughts, Strong winds, Storms, Extreme temperatures, Bushfires, Extreme rainfall variations, Rodents, cricket and other insects plagues </li></ul><ul><li>Key sectors affected : </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Water sector </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Measures/adjustments </li></ul><ul><li>Increase economic growth to invest in infrastructure and empower small producers </li></ul><ul><li>Access to basic services for small producers </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation of food production systems </li></ul>
  28. 28. D. Results for assessed programs and projects in Burkina Faso <ul><li>Burkina Faso project level </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards : Floods, Droughts, High winds, Storms, Extreme temperatures, Bushfires, Extreme rainfall variations, Rodent, cricket and other insects plague </li></ul><ul><li>Key sectors affected in the Rural Development programme : Agriculture, water sector, infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Measures/adjustments in order of validation (feasability, effectiveness, cost, sustainability): </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-erosion measures (reinforcement of dykes, windbreakers, hedges, reforestation) </li></ul><ul><li>Hay harvesting and storage (construction of storage facilities) </li></ul><ul><li>Agro-hydrological advice (integrated water management, rainwater collection, irrigation system, emergency alert system, market information system) </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification and intensification of food production (new resistent crop varieties, new agricultural techniques, fire-wall building) </li></ul><ul><li>Community organisation (local water community, capacity building, spatial planning, knowledge sharing, communication improvement measures, remote sensing monitoring, research development, synergies between producers and researchers, dialogue between local governments and producers‘ organisations support to vulnerable producers, crop insurances, community seed bank) </li></ul>
  29. 29. D. Results for assessed programs and projects in Burkina Faso <ul><li>Proposed outcome indicators for project level </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in food production </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in production fluctuation </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in food security </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in rural income </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in rural flight </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification of meals composition </li></ul><ul><li>Number of beneficiaires aware of CC impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-erosion measures </li></ul><ul><li>Land surface protected </li></ul><ul><li>Number of plants produced and planted </li></ul><ul><li>Number of plant nurseries developed </li></ul><ul><li>Number of horticulturists trained </li></ul><ul><li>Length of consolidated dykes </li></ul><ul><li>Hay harvesting and storage </li></ul><ul><li>Number of beneficiaries trained in hay harvesting and storage techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity of hay stored </li></ul><ul><li>Number of barns built </li></ul><ul><li>Number of hay producers </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in milk and meat production and productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in food security </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>appreciated for high relevance </li></ul><ul><li>strengthens staff and management within SDC </li></ul><ul><li>continuing process in which people acquire experience and get more at ease with concepts, vocabulary and practice </li></ul><ul><li>Already spontaneously adapted for communities. </li></ul><ul><li>parts and modules considered useful </li></ul><ul><li>useful suggestions for the improvement of both handbook and its application and promotion. </li></ul>E. Results of the Online Dialogue Conclusions
  31. 31. <ul><li>Offer and use simple information & communication material (such as power points, flyers and narratives) </li></ul><ul><li>Offer targeted training for different kinds of users </li></ul><ul><li>Use concrete SDC partner countries stories, illustrations and maps on challenges and ongoing activities in </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the process workshops in the different divisions by doing SDC internal lobbying and convincing SDC managers and opinion leaders to do Climate and DRR Checks in the countries related to country strategies and specific programs </li></ul>E. Results of the Online Dialogue Next steps
  32. 32. <ul><li>For the 2st edition 2012: Improve the handbook as regards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>didactic introduction and add examples and exemplaric solutions for geographic regions SDC works in, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the description of targeted users & results , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve certain parts of the screening list , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visual user guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the addition of modifiable standard terms of references in an annex, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for people demanding a Climate and DRR Check at COOF level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for people preparing thematic inputs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for moderators/facilitators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>add a sample of exemplary standard indicators for adaptation, DRR & Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allow for an update mechanisms of the handbook by processes like this online dialogue </li></ul>E. Results of the Online Dialogue Handbook improvements
  33. 33. F. Download and Support www.sdc-climateandenvironment.net (info and CCE Community of practice)
  34. 34. F. Download & supportwww.riskandsafetynet.ch (info and DRR-CoP)
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