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  • 1. Chicago , 2002 Rob Marshall 談玉儀
  • 2. Table of Contents (1)
    • The Director: Rob Marshall
    • The History of Chicago
      • Rob Fosse
    • Plot Chart
    • Character-analysis
    • Setting: 1924 Chicago
    • Terms
      • Jazz
      • Musical Film
    • 2 Discussion Questions: Musical + theme
  • 3. Table of Contents (2)
    • Discussion Questions
      • The characteristics of the musical film such as Chicago
      • Discussion of the theme of gender, media, and power of manipulation
  • 4. The Director Rob Marshall
    • Marshall worked from dance captain to assistant choreographer
    • Filmography
      • Memoirs of a Geisha (2005)
      • Chicago (2002)
  • 5. The History of Chicago (1)
    • A 1926 play by Chicago Tribune reporter Maurine Watkins
      • The real-life 1924 murder trials of 2 women
    • A 1942 film , Roxie Hart , by Ginger Rogers
    • A 1975 musical production by Rob Fosse
    • A 2002 film by Rob Marshall
  • 6. The History of Chicago (2): Rob Fosse (1927-87)
    • A musical theater choreographer and director
    • A jazz dance style with stylized and cynical sexuality
  • 7. The History of Chicago (3): Rob Fosse (1927-87)
    • His musical All That Jazz ( 1979 ) won the Palme d'Or .
      • A semi-autobiographical fantasy
      • About a chain-smoking choreographer being driven to the brink of a heart attack
  • 8. Plot Chart 1924 Chicago Billy Flynn Lawyer Mama Morton Matron Roxie Hart Housewife Velma Kelly Chorus Girl Charles Husband Veronica Sister Fred Cassely Boy Friend Amos Husband
  • 9. Character-analysis Mama Morton (Queen Latifa)
    • A matron in charge of the female prisoners on Murderers' Row
    • A woman who knows how to use her job to make money
  • 10. Character-analysis Billy Flynn (Richard Gere)
    • A slick (skillful) lawyer who has never lost a case
    • He helps Roxie to win her case even though she’s guilty.
  • 11. Character-analysis Roxie Hart (Renee Zellweger)
    • A housewife who fantasizes becoming a vaudeville star
    • Finally she realizes her dream of being a jazz singer and dancer.
  • 12. Character-analysis Velma Kelly (Catherine Zeta-Jones)
    • A chorus girl who dreams of greater fame than she currently has
    • A woman who murders her husband and sister
  • 13. Character-analysis Amos Hart (John C. Reilly)
    • A true sad-sack as Roxie's cuckolded husband
  • 14. All That Jazz
    • Chicago the Musical (London) - Production Footage
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HZR150AnWvU&feature=related
    • All That Jazz, interpreted in French (C'est ça, le jazz) by the Star Académie
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3weWnPqsybY&NR=1
  • 15. And All That Jazz: Rhyme
    • Rhyme
      • the repetition of similar sounds
    • End rhyme
      • In poetry, the most common kind of rhyme is end rhyme , which occurs at the end of two or more lines.
      • e.g., town-down, jazz-jazz, hall-brawl, shoes-blues, hug-drug, apart-start, here-ear, girdle-curdle, life-wife
  • 16. And All That Jazz: Metaphor
    • Jazz can be used to teach people to be more flexible and innovative in their life.
    • Jazz as a metaphor for freedom to set oneself from the prison of life
    • Jazz as an artistic form to express one’s anxiety
  • 17. Jazz (Wikipedia)
    • An original American musical art
      • form which originated around the beginning of the 20th century
      • in African American communities in the Southern United States out of a confluence of African and European music traditions.
    • The use of blue notes , call-and-response , improvisation , polyrhythms , syncopation and the swung note of ragtime are characteristics traceable back to jazz's West African pedigree .
  • 18. Jazz (Wikipedia)
    • During its early development, jazz also incorporated music from New England 's religious hymns and from 19th and 20th century American popular music based on European music traditions.
    • Jazz includes a variety of subgenres
      • such as New Orleans Dixieland dating from the early 1910s,
      • big band-style swing from the 1930s and 1940s,
      • bebop-style jazz from the mid-1940s, a variety of latin-jazz fusions such as Afro-Cuban and Brazilian jazz from the 1950s and 1960s,
      • jazz-rock fusion from the 1970s.
  • 19. 1920s (Wikipedia)
    • The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties ," usually applied to America . In Europe the decade is sometimes referred to as the Golden Twenties (see 1920s Berlin ).
    • Since the closing of the 20th Century, the 1920s has drawn close associations with the 1950s and 1990s , especially in the United States.
    • The three decades are regarded as periods of economic prosperity, which lasted throughout almost the entire decade following a tremendous event that occurred in the previous decade
      • World War I and Spanish flu in the 1910s ,
      • World War II in the 1940s ,
      • and the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s ).
  • 20. 1920s (Wikipedia)
    • the liberalism of the 1920s and 1990s, the 1950s
    • the enormous debt caused by the war as well as the one-sided Treaty of Versailles.
      • Such a crisis would culminate with a devaluation of the Mark in 1923, eventually leading to severe economic problems and the rise of the Nazis.
    • the decade was characterized by the rise of radical political movements , especially in regions that were once part of empires.
      • Communism began attracting large numbers of followers following the success of the October Revolution
    • The 1920s also experienced the rise of the far-right in Europe and elsewhere, starting with Fascism in the world as an antidote to Communism.
    • The Stock Market collapsed during October 1929 (see Black Tuesday ) and drew a line under the prosperous 1920s.
  • 21. Setting: Chicago in 1924 1920 Chicago Population: 2,701,705 (2nd only to NYC)
  • 22. Discussion Questions (Demo)
    • The characteristics of the musical film such as Chicago
    • Discussion of the theme of gender, media, and power of manipulation
  • 23. Musical Film (Wikipedia)
    • The musical film is a film genre in which
      • several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative.
        • The songs are used to advance the plot or develop the film's characters.
      • A subgenre of the musical film is the musical comedy , which includes a strong element of humour as well as the usual music , dancing and storyline.
  • 24. Musical Film (Wikipedia)
    • The musical film was a natural development of the stage musical .
      • Typically, the biggest difference between film and stage musicals is the use of lavish background scenery which would be impractical in a theater .
      • Musical films characteristically contain elements reminiscent of theater;
        • Performers often treat their song and dance numbers as if there is a live audience watching.
        • In a sense, the viewer becomes the deictic audience, as the performer looks directly into the camera and performs to it.
  • 25. Chicago as a Musical Film
    • Yet as a film, Chicago has more lavish scenery comparing to the theatre production
    • The use of satire to criticize the legal system and media manipulation of the public
  • 26. Satire (wikipedia)
    • In satire,
      • human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure
      • by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony
      • with an intent to bring about improvement .
    • Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire
      • is not primarily humour in itself so much as an often quite angry attack on something the author strongly disapproves
  • 27. Chicago as a Musical Film
    • The film borrows some concepts from the stage musical .
      • Songs+ dancing+ design + narrative (a story line)
      • The performers often treats the camera as a live audience and perform to it.
      • A real world vs. an imaginary world
        • The musical world lives in Roxie’s imagianation
        • The concept of “Life is vaudeville ”
    • v
  • 28. Chicago as a Musical Film
    • The film attributes its respect to the black-and-white film and documentary genre
  • 29. 2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power
    • Media’s fascination with the murders and its entanglement with the juridical
      • The metaphor of legal system indicates the hollowness of all American institutions
  • 30. 2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power
    • Women defendants in the 20s have taken great advantage of the media’s interest.
      • They understand (through the male lawyer’s eye) the game of being a true woman in front of the all-male jury
  • 31. 2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power
      • The female body has relinquished power from the patriarchy using patriarchy’s preconceptions about femininity
  • 32. Discussion Questions 1 (Oral Report)
    • 1. Please explicate the meaning of the title name “Chicago”?
    • 2. Please explain the function of the black-and-white documentary presented in the film
    • 3. Choose at least 3 thematic songs to explain the character’s personality.
    • 4.Please explain the function of 3 different versions of the song “Nowadays.”
    • 5. Why Roxie is a woman who refuses to come home with her husband Amos. What is her ambition? And how does she realize her dream?
  • 33. Discussion Questions 2 (Oral Report)
    • 6. Make a detailed explication of the dancing scene of Roxie’s press conference and the “Hungarian Disappearing Act.”
    • 7. How is the media entangled with the juridical system and how does it manipulate the audience’s mind? Link the motif with at least 3 scenes in the film.
    • 8. How is the issue of gender relationship presented in the film? Please explain it at least with 3 examples.
    • 9. Why is the Hungarian woman sacrificed yet the other guilty women such as Velma and Roxie are free?
    • 10. What are your favorite scenes (at least describing 3 scenes) and the reasons for loving them?
    • 11. What are the climatic scenes in the film and why are they crucial?
  • 34. Websites Reference
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musical_film
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz
    • Official Site: http://www.miramax.com/chicago/
    • Storyline from Amazon Website
      • http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00005JLSE/104-4244358-5115928?v=glance&n=130
    • Bob Fosse’s Biography, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Fosse
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1920s#Culture.2C_religion
    • Beauty and Violence in Maurine Watkin’s Chicago http://elearning.hfu.edu.tw/moodle/mod/resource/view.php?id=6232
  • 35. Chicago , 2002 The End 談玉儀