Chicago , 2002 Rob Marshall 談玉儀
Table of Contents (1) <ul><li>The Director: Rob Marshall </li></ul><ul><li>The History of  Chicago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R...
Table of Contents (2) <ul><li>Discussion Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The characteristics of the musical film such as C...
The Director Rob Marshall <ul><li>Marshall worked from  dance captain  to  assistant choreographer </li></ul><ul><li>Filmo...
The   History of Chicago (1) <ul><li>A  1926 play   by Chicago Tribune reporter Maurine Watkins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ...
The   History of Chicago (2):  Rob Fosse (1927-87) <ul><li>A  musical theater   choreographer  and  director   </li></ul><...
The   History of Chicago (3):  Rob Fosse (1927-87) <ul><li>His musical  All That Jazz  ( 1979 ) won the  Palme d'Or .  </l...
Plot Chart 1924 Chicago  Billy  Flynn Lawyer Mama  Morton Matron Roxie  Hart Housewife Velma  Kelly Chorus Girl Charles Hu...
Character-analysis Mama Morton (Queen Latifa)   <ul><li>A matron in charge of the female prisoners on Murderers' Row </li>...
Character-analysis Billy Flynn (Richard Gere) <ul><li>A slick (skillful) lawyer who has never lost a case </li></ul><ul><l...
Character-analysis Roxie Hart  (Renee Zellweger)   <ul><li>A housewife who fantasizes becoming a vaudeville star </li></ul...
Character-analysis Velma Kelly  (Catherine Zeta-Jones)   <ul><li>A chorus girl who dreams of greater fame than she current...
Character-analysis  Amos Hart (John C. Reilly)  <ul><li>A true sad-sack as Roxie's cuckolded husband </li></ul>
All That Jazz <ul><li>Chicago the Musical (London) - Production Footage  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watc...
And All That Jazz: Rhyme <ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the repetition of similar sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End r...
And All That Jazz: Metaphor <ul><li>Jazz can be used to teach people to be more  flexible and innovative  in their life. <...
Jazz (Wikipedia) <ul><li>An original  American musical art   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>form which originated around the  begin...
Jazz (Wikipedia) <ul><li>During its early development, jazz also incorporated music from  New England 's religious  hymns ...
1920s (Wikipedia) <ul><li>The  1920s  is sometimes referred to as the &quot; Jazz Age &quot; or the &quot; Roaring Twentie...
1920s (Wikipedia) <ul><li>the liberalism  of the 1920s and 1990s, the 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>the  enormous debt  caused b...
Setting: Chicago in 1924   1920 Chicago Population: 2,701,705  (2nd only to NYC)
Discussion Questions (Demo) <ul><li>The characteristics of the musical film such as  Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion ...
Musical Film (Wikipedia) <ul><li>The  musical film  is a  film genre  in which  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>several  songs  sung...
Musical Film (Wikipedia) <ul><li>The musical film was a natural development of the  stage musical .  </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Chicago as a Musical Film <ul><li>Yet as a film,  Chicago  has more  lavish scenery  comparing to the theatre production <...
Satire (wikipedia) <ul><li>In satire,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>human or  individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings ...
Chicago as a Musical Film <ul><li>The film borrows some concepts from the  stage musical .  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Songs+ d...
Chicago as a Musical Film <ul><li>The film attributes its respect to the  black-and-white film  and  documentary genre </l...
2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power <ul><li>Media’s fascination  with the murders and its entanglement with...
2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power <ul><li>Women defendants in  the 20s  have taken great advantage of the...
2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power <ul><ul><li>The female body has relinquished power from the patriarchy ...
Discussion Questions 1  (Oral Report) <ul><li>1. Please explicate the meaning of the title name “Chicago”? </li></ul><ul><...
Discussion Questions 2  (Oral Report) <ul><li>6. Make a detailed explication of the dancing scene of Roxie’s press confere...
Websites Reference <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musical_film </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz  ...
Chicago , 2002 The End 談玉儀
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Chicago

  1. 1. Chicago , 2002 Rob Marshall 談玉儀
  2. 2. Table of Contents (1) <ul><li>The Director: Rob Marshall </li></ul><ul><li>The History of Chicago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rob Fosse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plot Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Character-analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Setting: 1924 Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jazz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical Film </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 Discussion Questions: Musical + theme </li></ul>
  3. 3. Table of Contents (2) <ul><li>Discussion Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The characteristics of the musical film such as Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion of the theme of gender, media, and power of manipulation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Director Rob Marshall <ul><li>Marshall worked from dance captain to assistant choreographer </li></ul><ul><li>Filmography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago (2002) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The History of Chicago (1) <ul><li>A 1926 play by Chicago Tribune reporter Maurine Watkins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The real-life 1924 murder trials of 2 women </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A 1942 film , Roxie Hart , by Ginger Rogers </li></ul><ul><li>A 1975 musical production by Rob Fosse </li></ul><ul><li>A 2002 film by Rob Marshall </li></ul>
  6. 6. The History of Chicago (2): Rob Fosse (1927-87) <ul><li>A musical theater choreographer and director </li></ul><ul><li>A jazz dance style with stylized and cynical sexuality </li></ul>
  7. 7. The History of Chicago (3): Rob Fosse (1927-87) <ul><li>His musical All That Jazz ( 1979 ) won the Palme d'Or . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A semi-autobiographical fantasy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About a chain-smoking choreographer being driven to the brink of a heart attack </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Plot Chart 1924 Chicago Billy Flynn Lawyer Mama Morton Matron Roxie Hart Housewife Velma Kelly Chorus Girl Charles Husband Veronica Sister Fred Cassely Boy Friend Amos Husband
  9. 9. Character-analysis Mama Morton (Queen Latifa) <ul><li>A matron in charge of the female prisoners on Murderers' Row </li></ul><ul><li>A woman who knows how to use her job to make money </li></ul>
  10. 10. Character-analysis Billy Flynn (Richard Gere) <ul><li>A slick (skillful) lawyer who has never lost a case </li></ul><ul><li>He helps Roxie to win her case even though she’s guilty. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Character-analysis Roxie Hart (Renee Zellweger) <ul><li>A housewife who fantasizes becoming a vaudeville star </li></ul><ul><li>Finally she realizes her dream of being a jazz singer and dancer. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Character-analysis Velma Kelly (Catherine Zeta-Jones) <ul><li>A chorus girl who dreams of greater fame than she currently has </li></ul><ul><li>A woman who murders her husband and sister </li></ul>
  13. 13. Character-analysis Amos Hart (John C. Reilly) <ul><li>A true sad-sack as Roxie's cuckolded husband </li></ul>
  14. 14. All That Jazz <ul><li>Chicago the Musical (London) - Production Footage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HZR150AnWvU&feature=related </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All That Jazz, interpreted in French (C'est ça, le jazz) by the Star Académie </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3weWnPqsybY&NR=1 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. And All That Jazz: Rhyme <ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the repetition of similar sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End rhyme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In poetry, the most common kind of rhyme is end rhyme , which occurs at the end of two or more lines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., town-down, jazz-jazz, hall-brawl, shoes-blues, hug-drug, apart-start, here-ear, girdle-curdle, life-wife </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. And All That Jazz: Metaphor <ul><li>Jazz can be used to teach people to be more flexible and innovative in their life. </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz as a metaphor for freedom to set oneself from the prison of life </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz as an artistic form to express one’s anxiety </li></ul>
  17. 17. Jazz (Wikipedia) <ul><li>An original American musical art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>form which originated around the beginning of the 20th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in African American communities in the Southern United States out of a confluence of African and European music traditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The use of blue notes , call-and-response , improvisation , polyrhythms , syncopation and the swung note of ragtime are characteristics traceable back to jazz's West African pedigree . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Jazz (Wikipedia) <ul><li>During its early development, jazz also incorporated music from New England 's religious hymns and from 19th and 20th century American popular music based on European music traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz includes a variety of subgenres </li></ul><ul><ul><li>such as New Orleans Dixieland dating from the early 1910s, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>big band-style swing from the 1930s and 1940s, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bebop-style jazz from the mid-1940s, a variety of latin-jazz fusions such as Afro-Cuban and Brazilian jazz from the 1950s and 1960s, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>jazz-rock fusion from the 1970s. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. 1920s (Wikipedia) <ul><li>The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the &quot; Jazz Age &quot; or the &quot; Roaring Twenties ,&quot; usually applied to America . In Europe the decade is sometimes referred to as the Golden Twenties (see 1920s Berlin ). </li></ul><ul><li>Since the closing of the 20th Century, the 1920s has drawn close associations with the 1950s and 1990s , especially in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The three decades are regarded as periods of economic prosperity, which lasted throughout almost the entire decade following a tremendous event that occurred in the previous decade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World War I and Spanish flu in the 1910s , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World War II in the 1940s , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s ). </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. 1920s (Wikipedia) <ul><li>the liberalism of the 1920s and 1990s, the 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>the enormous debt caused by the war as well as the one-sided Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Such a crisis would culminate with a devaluation of the Mark in 1923, eventually leading to severe economic problems and the rise of the Nazis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the decade was characterized by the rise of radical political movements , especially in regions that were once part of empires. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communism began attracting large numbers of followers following the success of the October Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The 1920s also experienced the rise of the far-right in Europe and elsewhere, starting with Fascism in the world as an antidote to Communism. </li></ul><ul><li>The Stock Market collapsed during October 1929 (see Black Tuesday ) and drew a line under the prosperous 1920s. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Setting: Chicago in 1924 1920 Chicago Population: 2,701,705 (2nd only to NYC)
  22. 22. Discussion Questions (Demo) <ul><li>The characteristics of the musical film such as Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of the theme of gender, media, and power of manipulation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Musical Film (Wikipedia) <ul><li>The musical film is a film genre in which </li></ul><ul><ul><li>several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The songs are used to advance the plot or develop the film's characters. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A subgenre of the musical film is the musical comedy , which includes a strong element of humour as well as the usual music , dancing and storyline. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Musical Film (Wikipedia) <ul><li>The musical film was a natural development of the stage musical . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically, the biggest difference between film and stage musicals is the use of lavish background scenery which would be impractical in a theater . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical films characteristically contain elements reminiscent of theater; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Performers often treat their song and dance numbers as if there is a live audience watching. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In a sense, the viewer becomes the deictic audience, as the performer looks directly into the camera and performs to it. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Chicago as a Musical Film <ul><li>Yet as a film, Chicago has more lavish scenery comparing to the theatre production </li></ul><ul><li>The use of satire to criticize the legal system and media manipulation of the public </li></ul>
  26. 26. Satire (wikipedia) <ul><li>In satire, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with an intent to bring about improvement . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is not primarily humour in itself so much as an often quite angry attack on something the author strongly disapproves </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Chicago as a Musical Film <ul><li>The film borrows some concepts from the stage musical . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Songs+ dancing+ design + narrative (a story line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The performers often treats the camera as a live audience and perform to it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A real world vs. an imaginary world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The musical world lives in Roxie’s imagianation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The concept of “Life is vaudeville ” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>v </li></ul>
  28. 28. Chicago as a Musical Film <ul><li>The film attributes its respect to the black-and-white film and documentary genre </li></ul>
  29. 29. 2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power <ul><li>Media’s fascination with the murders and its entanglement with the juridical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The metaphor of legal system indicates the hollowness of all American institutions </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. 2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power <ul><li>Women defendants in the 20s have taken great advantage of the media’s interest. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They understand (through the male lawyer’s eye) the game of being a true woman in front of the all-male jury </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. 2. Discussion Question Theme: media, gender, power <ul><ul><li>The female body has relinquished power from the patriarchy using patriarchy’s preconceptions about femininity </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Discussion Questions 1 (Oral Report) <ul><li>1. Please explicate the meaning of the title name “Chicago”? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Please explain the function of the black-and-white documentary presented in the film </li></ul><ul><li>3. Choose at least 3 thematic songs to explain the character’s personality. </li></ul><ul><li>4.Please explain the function of 3 different versions of the song “Nowadays.” </li></ul><ul><li>5. Why Roxie is a woman who refuses to come home with her husband Amos. What is her ambition? And how does she realize her dream? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Discussion Questions 2 (Oral Report) <ul><li>6. Make a detailed explication of the dancing scene of Roxie’s press conference and the “Hungarian Disappearing Act.” </li></ul><ul><li>7. How is the media entangled with the juridical system and how does it manipulate the audience’s mind? Link the motif with at least 3 scenes in the film. </li></ul><ul><li>8. How is the issue of gender relationship presented in the film? Please explain it at least with 3 examples. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Why is the Hungarian woman sacrificed yet the other guilty women such as Velma and Roxie are free? </li></ul><ul><li>10. What are your favorite scenes (at least describing 3 scenes) and the reasons for loving them? </li></ul><ul><li>11. What are the climatic scenes in the film and why are they crucial? </li></ul>
  34. 34. Websites Reference <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musical_film </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Official Site: http://www.miramax.com/chicago/ </li></ul><ul><li>Storyline from Amazon Website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00005JLSE/104-4244358-5115928?v=glance&n=130 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bob Fosse’s Biography, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Fosse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1920s#Culture.2C_religion </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty and Violence in Maurine Watkin’s Chicago http://elearning.hfu.edu.tw/moodle/mod/resource/view.php?id=6232 </li></ul>
  35. 35. Chicago , 2002 The End 談玉儀

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