Hon394 Historicalstudy


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A presentation created for Dr. Bill Silcock's HON 394 Terrorism and the Press class at Arizona State University by Misael Bautista, Christina Chouieri, Matt Salem, Justin Beatty, and Cameron Bean

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Hon394 Historicalstudy

  1. 1. Christina Choueiri, Misael Bautista<br />Matthew Salem, Justin Beatty,<br />Cameron Bean <br />The Palestine Liberation Organization and the Jewish Defence League<br />
  2. 2. Historical Background<br />Early History<br />King David<br />Roman Occupation/ Jewish Diaspora<br />Arrival of Islam<br />
  3. 3. Recent History<br />Zionism<br />World War I<br />British Rule<br />
  4. 4. Israeli Independence<br />Six Day War (1967)<br />
  5. 5. Palestine Liberation Organization<br />
  6. 6. Key Players<br />Yasser Arafat (1929 – 2004) <br />Founded Fatah circa 1959<br />Battle of Karameh and rise of Fatah<br />1967 Fatah Joins PLO <br />1969 Arafat Chairman of PLO <br />Oslo Accords<br />Won Nobel Peace Prize<br />http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4164589 6:00<br />
  7. 7. MahmoudAbbas<br />Arafat’s successor<br />PLO Chairman since Nov. 2004<br />Inherited failing organization<br />
  8. 8. Black September<br />Munich Olympics Massacre<br />Oslo Accords<br />Major Events and Media Coverage<br />
  9. 9. Black September (1970)<br />Hijacking of 3 commercial airliners<br />King Hussein of Jordan involves military and forces Palestinians from Jordan<br /> Ends July 1971, PLO expelled from Jordan, relocated to Lebanon<br />BBC – UK involvement<br />Guadian – Mistrust & Civil war<br />
  10. 10. Munich Olympics Massacre<br />4-5 September 1972<br />Black September Organization<br />Twelve people killed (11 Israeli and 1 West German)<br />5 BSO killed, 3 captured <br /> and later released<br />BBC – event by event story; Mossad<br />NY Times – Gun Battle; word context<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Oslo Accords<br />20 August 1993: Secretly negotiated with Israel<br />Arafat appointed head of Palestinian Authority<br />Washington Post – Hope<br />Other Sources - Failure<br />
  13. 13. Jewish Defense League<br />
  14. 14. Key Players<br />Rabbi Meir Kahane<br />Founded JDL in 1968<br />Through JDL, opposed Soviet policies, Neo-Nazis, Christian missionaries<br />Against a democratic Israel<br />Believed peace between Arabs and Jews was impossible<br />Assassinated in 1990<br />
  15. 15. Key Players<br />Irv Rubin<br />Took over for Kahane in 1985<br />Supported acts of violence against non-Jews<br />Radical and extremist <br />Committed suicide 2002 <br />Shelly Rubin <br />Wife of Irv Rubin, took over as chairman and CEO of JDL<br />
  16. 16. Murder of Alex Odeh<br />Cave of Patriarchs Massacre<br />Planned US Congressman Assassination<br />Major Events and Media Coverage<br />
  17. 17. Murder of Alex Odeh<br />11 October 1985: office bombed<br />Regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee<br />LA Times – TV Appearances; Irv Rubin<br />Guardian – JDL as suspects; Author from Washington<br />
  18. 18. Cave of Patriarchs Massacre<br />25 February 1994: Baruch Goldstein opens fire inside a West Bank mosque<br />39 to 52 killed; 100+ injured<br />Israeli PM condemns attack<br />Jerusalem Post – President EzerWeizman<br />Goldstein – Treated Arabs & Jews alike<br />
  19. 19. Planned US Congressman Assassination<br />Plan formulated to bomb the office of Darrell Issa<br />Both conspirators arrested by FBI <br />One faced trial, sentenced to 20 years in jail<br />LA Times – 9/11<br />Financial Times (London) – JDL history<br />
  20. 20. Irv Rubin & Earl Krugel<br />
  21. 21. Latest Developments<br />JDL<br />Main leadership now dead<br />No longer actively participating in terrorist actions<br />PLO<br />Loss of faith in PLO from Palestinians<br />Hamas currently in the forefront<br />Infighting <br />Abbas having difficulty maintaining previous Arafat control<br />Elections scheduled for January postponed<br />