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Key PeopleKey TheoriesKey ConceptsApplication Through TechnologyOpinions•Brooke•Jessica•ChrisSources Click this icon to come back to this page at any time.
Jean Piaget: Came up with four cognitive stages: 1. Sensorimotor- learning through the senses. 2. Preoperational- children begin using symbols and images. 3. concrete operational- begin to think logically. 4. formal operational- being thinking more abstract. Jerome Bruner: believes that constructivist learners are participatory learners and that „cognition‟ suggests that people learn through different intellectual stages. Lev Vygotsky: developed social cognition, which means that he believes that learning is influenced by social development. He also said that children have a zone of proximal development. Lastly, he believes that teachers should discover the level of each children‟s cognitive/social development and build off of that, which is called scaffolding. John Dewey: He believed that student learning is student directed and the teacher is just there to guide. He was part of two movements: progressive education and pragmatism. He founded multiple schools.
• By reflecting on our own experiences, we build an interpretation of the world we live in• Individual learner constructs knowledge for his/her self by relating information to prior experiences/knowledge.• Purpose for learning is for individual to construct their own meaning (not just memorize the right answer)• Fosters critical thinking, promotes logical and conceptual growth, develops analytical skills• students should be exposed to data, primary sources, and the ability to interact with other students so that they can learn from the incorporation of their experiences• Learning is an active process as opposed to a passive one
•Assimilation-incorporate new experiences with previous ones; individualsdevelop new outlooks, clarify misconceptions and evaluate what isimportant to alter prior perceptions•Accommodation- process of altering existing knowledge and ideas toprocess, categorize, and store new information Individual perception varies greatly among people
• Teacher is more of a facilitator to the students, enabling them to construct their own knowledge • Pedagogy shifts from teacher-centered to student centered. • Rather than lecture and have students memorize and recite information, the teacher should ask thought-provoking questions for students to respond to (develops critical thinking) • Teacher provides to the students an environment plentiful in data, sources of information, and the opportunity to interactBloom‟s Taxonomy Model with other students which will encourage (image source: students to find solutions and make deeper www.odu.edu) connections with the material. • The teacher constructs lesson to address higher order thinking based on Bloom‟s Taxonomy (Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating)
• Internet is a very valuable tool for teachers to introduce constructivist learning theory application into the classroom.• Many possibilities exist such as: • Math programs that allow students to manipulate shapes from 2D and 3D forms for a better understanding of geometry • Demonstrations of mathematical or scientific experiments that may otherwise not be possible to facilitate in the classroom • Online open forums containing real-life problems that students can devise solutions for (independently or collaboratively) • Videos of scientific material such as life processes, components of the human body, chemical reactions, the metabolic process, and so on to further develop the comprehension
I think that students are better off if they learn many different wayswhen they are young. By doing so, they can find out which way is bestfor them and what works.
I think the philosophy behind constructivism is crucial to thelearning environment because it encourages students to think forthemselves. So much of the information I was taught in school isbased on memorization—which only works for a small segment ofstudents. In this day and age students are surrounded withinformation from all different sources and I think it is important forthem to evaluate, analyze, interpret, and form their own opinionsas opposed to just “going along with it”. The key benefit toassociating information with a student‟s own real life experiences isthat they are creating a deeper understanding of the material.
Today‟s Technology is Changing so fast, what we learntoday will be all but obsolete tomorrow. If we don‟t stay ontop of the changes you can be left behind. The sooner weteach children the trends and they learn how these changesimpact their learning, the sooner they will be teaching us.