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Tanga Presentation (Chris) Tanga Presentation (Chris) Presentation Transcript

  • Researching Women Collective Action Tanga region – Tanzania WCA project meeting 6 – 9 April, 2011 Bamako - Mali
  • Tanga region map
    • Subsectors: -
    • Vegetables (Lushoto district – Dule and Lukozi)
    • Maize (Handeni District – Kwaluwala and Magamba)
    • Allanblackia ( Muheza District – IBC Msasa and Antakae-Kwezitu village)
  • Methodology
    • FGDs
    • FGD 1 = Participants 30 - 40
    • FGD II = Participants 10 – 15
  • Vegetable subsector - Lushoto
    • 30 villages with CAs (with average of 40 members)were initiated by and received support from PADEP
    • Also there is an umbrella organization Usambara Lishe Trust (ULT) which started in 1996 by the initiatives of SECAP Germany funded project
    • The aim of helping vegetables and fruits farmers to access markets.
    • This NGO is an umbrella for four producers groups which are Boga, Soni, Malindi and Lushoto.
    • The main actors for the vegetable sub sector include district council, NGOs e.g. WVT, ENVIROCARE, FAIDA Mali, SIDO, and traders
    • Two villages Dule and Lukozi
  • Gendered sub-sector maps
    • They market locally and outside (Dar, Arusha)
    • Map
  • Constraints faced by women
    • The following are the list of the obstacles
    • Restriction placed by husband due to customs and traditional that women can not go and sell crops to the market
    • Family responsibilities
    • Transportation problems
    • Lack of capital for producing in bulk
    • Lack of market information
    • Table 2
  • Benefits and costs
    • The major benefits mentioned for women being in group are:-
      • Access to technical advice
      • Increase farm incomes
      • Build their own assets
    • The major costs:-
      • Time to attend the meetings
      • Contribution (fees)
    • (Table 3)
  • Characteristics of CA
    • Groups are concentrated in 1C
    • Active and leadership (PADEP criterion)
    • Eternally supported (PADEP criterion)
  • AOB
    • By being in group, women feel that have been empowered.
    • Generally all the CAs are the results of the initiative of external agency (e.g. District council)
  • Maize subector - Handeni
    • Many collective action groups involved in agricultural related production and marketing were found to have been formed as a result of PADEP and World Vision Tanzania (WVT).
    • Most of the groups in the area were formed between 2006 and 2010,
    • Although marketing of their produces featured as one of the goals in the group formation but none of the groups has not yet actively participated in the market of the maize collectively.
    • Hence, collective action along maize sub sector is centred around production and mostly in accessing training for improved agronomic practises and accessing production inputs.
    • The main actors for the sub sector include district council, NGOs e.g. WVT, ENVIROCARE, and traders
    • Subsector Map
  • Constraints
    • Maize production and marketing in Handeni district is constrained by many factors, low production and lack of enough surpluses for marketing was a serious challenge.
    • But during the FGD, women mentioned some constraints Table 2
    • Results reveals that women face more problems when they seek to act in markets individually,
    • some of these constraints are envisaged to be low when they engage in groups,
    • mixed groups seem to offer them more benefits than women only groups.
    • women revealed that restricted mobility and family responsibility placed by men is a combination of cultural traditions and ignorance
    • In the FGD women who are involved in maize production and marketing and are not members of the groups have the opinion that there are no difference between them and those in groups with regard to access to markets
    • They reported that they all sell to same persons (visiting traders) and the price is same for both group and non group members
    • What they lack from not being in groups is training and access to inputs.
  • Benefits and costs
    • Benefits:
    • Get training
    • Access inputs
    • Costs:
    • Contribution (fees)
    • Time spent in meeting (especially the credit and savings – meet weekly)
    • Table 3
  • Characteristics of CAs
    • T he local district council through its department of agriculture was the leading organisation that was behind formation of all groups involved production and marketing of maize in Handeni district
    • The groups found in this survey were still in the stages of improving productivity and none of them have currently actively engaged in markets.
    • Although most of these groups are concerned primarily with increasing crops and animal productivity some groups formed on their own initiatives (offshoots) are involved in credits and saving activities
    • Table 2
    • Women involvement in most groups is high, they form the majority in most groups and they equally participate in all activities that are done in these groups.
    • Most of the groups are formal, have been registered at the district council, have constitutions and internal rules that set
    • Many CA in maize subsector are externally supported.
    • Are mixed multi-purpose
  • Allanblackia - Muheza
    • The groups in Allanblackia were initiated by FAIDA Mali starting in 2003
    • There are about 45 groups in Muheza and 7 groups in Korogwe.
  • Subsector map
    • The allanblackia market is dominated by one buyer (Novel Development Tanzania Ltd).
    • This company buys allanblackia through its collection centers in the villages.
    • The primary processing is done at done.
    • Subsector map
  • Constraints faced by women
    • It was mentioned during FGD that the major constraints are:
      • Restriction placed by husband
      • Transportation problem
      • Family responsibility
    • By being in groups, some women have been able to overcome transportation problem and family responsibility.
  • Benefits and costs
    • The major benefits mentioned by women being in groups are:
    • Increase farm income
    • Gained confidence to speak (have voice)
    • Accumulate assets e.g. goats, cattle
    • Access to technical support
    • Table
  • Characteristics of CA in AB subsector
    • All the groups in Allan blackia were formed by FAIDA and receive training and other support from FAIDA Mali.
    • Table3
    • End