What is OER?“In its simplest form, the concept of Open EducationalResources (OER) describes any educational resources(including curriculum maps, course materials,textbooks, streaming videos, multimedia applications,podcasts, and any other materials that have beendesigned for use in teaching and learning) that areopenly available for use by educators and students,without an accompanying need to pay royalties orlicence fees” (Butcher, 2011, p. 5).
What is OERu?“The OER university aims to provide free learningto all students worldwide using OER learningmaterials with pathways to gain crediblequalifications from recognised educationinstitutions” (OER university, 2011).
The Need for OERu“According to UNESCO (2009), there were almost 153million post-secondary students worldwide in 2007,....The demand for higher education is predicted toexpand ... to over 262 million students by 2025.... This level of demand exceeds the capacity of theexisting system to deliver and it is not economicallyviable to continue to build new universities. Themagnitude of unsatisfied demand for post-secondaryprovision provides a solid economic imperative for anOER for assessment and credit for students project”(Macintosh, McGreal, & Taylor, 2011, p. 7).
Our Students Traditional Model EducationOur Content Our Support (Adapted from McGreal, 2011)
Our Students Traditional Model EducationOur Content Our Support ANY Students OERu Model Education ANY Content ANY Support (Adapted from McGreal, 2011)
A “Parallel Universe” of Learning (Macintosh, McGreal, & Taylor, 2011, p. 11)
A Pathway forOER Learners (Macintosh, McGreal, & Taylor, 2011, p. 5)
An Example of OER in Action Learning from the InternetAllan… had a Math exam coming up in two weeks. But…feared he would not be able to work through the stack ofproblems he had in time for the exam. The best solution wasto get someone more prepared take him through them but allthe people he approached declined. Frustrated, he turned toGoogle and that’s when he came across khanacademy.org (Mpubani, 2011).
Poster child for OER Learning? Scott H YoungThe MIT Challenge:— 4 Years of Learning in 12 Months “Over the next 12 months, I’m going to learn the entire 4-year MIT curriculum for computer science, without taking any classes.” http://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/mit-challenge/
Criticism of OER & OERuQuality of materialsOver-emphasis on assessment: “Teaching to the test”?Push back from faculty/institutionsPush back from publishers
Opposition of faculty/institutionsThe University of California last week tentativelyagreed to a deal with UC-AFT that included anew provision barring the system and itscampuses from creating online courses orprograms that would result in “a change to aterm or condition of employment” of anylecturer without first dealing with the union(Kolowich, 2011).
US Legislative Threat to OER?The Promise:“The concept is simple: Community colleges thatcompete for federal money to serve students onlinewill be obliged to make those materials—videos, text,assessments, curricula, diagnostic tools, and more—available to everyone in the world, free, under aCreative Commons license. The materials will become,to use the common term, open educational resources,or OERs” (Carey, 2011).
US Legislative Threat to OER?The Threat:“Sec 124: None of the funds made available by this Act forthe Department of Labor may be used to develop newcourses, modules, learning materials, or projects in carryingout education or career job training grant programs unlessthe Secretary of Labor certifies, after a comprehensivemarket-based analysis, that suchcourses, modules, learning materials, or projects are nototherwise available for purchase or licensing in themarketplace or under development for students whorequire them to participate in such education or career jobtraining grant programs” (H.R. 3070: Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012, 2011).
ReferencesButcher, N. (2011). A Basic Guide to Open Educational Resources (OER). (A. Kanwar & S. Uvalid-Trumbid, Eds.). Vancouver, BC: Commonwealth of Learning. Retrieved from http://www.col.org/PublicationDocuments/ Basic-Guide-To-OER.pdfCarey, K. (2011, May 15). The Quiet Revolution in Open Learning. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/ article/The-Quiet-Revolution-in-Open/127545/H.R. 3070: Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012. (2011). In GovTrack.us (database of federal legislation). Retrieved from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h112-3070Kolowich, S. (2011, October 11). The Lecturers’ Filibuster. Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved November 2, 2011, from http://www.insidehighered.com/ news/2011/10/11/university_of_california_lecturers_union_says_it_can_ block_online_programsMacintosh, W., McGreal, R., & Taylor, J. (2011). Open Education Resources (OER) for assessment and credit for students project: Towards a logic model and plan for action. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/ 2149/3039
McGreal, R. (2011, October 25). Assessment and Accredidation of OER Learners: An Update. Collaborate recording presented at the Change.MOOC.ca. Retrieved from https://sas.elluminate.com/p.jnlp?psid= 2011-10-25.1131.M.3A0EAE843895F0175E240FB3B50AA6.vcr&sid= 2008104Mpubani, R. (2011, October 31). Learning from the internet. Daily Monitor/Monitor Online. Retrieved October 31, 2011, from http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/Education/-/688336/1264484/- /f3d3ng/-/OER university. (2011, September 11).WikiEducator. Retrieved November 2, 2011, from http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/HomeYoung, S. H. (2011, September 27). MIT Challenge. Scott H Young. Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/mit- challenge