Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

1,106

Published on

Presentation to the National Conference of State Legislatures, By Leo Lex, Unit Chief, State and Local Government Cost Estimates

Presentation to the National Conference of State Legislatures, By Leo Lex, Unit Chief, State and Local Government Cost Estimates

3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,106
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Congressional Budget Office December 4, 2013 CBO’s Work Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Presentation to the National Conference of State Legislatures Leo Lex Unit Chief, State and Local Government Cost Estimates
  • 2. CBO’s Role and Responsibilities ■ Provides nonpartisan analytical support to the Congress regarding budget and economic policy ■ Helps the Congress develop and implement its budget rules and procedures ■ Estimates the federal budgetary impact of legislation being considered by the Congress ■ Helps the Congress assess the impact of federal mandates CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 1
  • 3. What CBO Does Not Do ■ Make policy recommendations ■ Write legislation ■ Implement programs and regulations and enforce budget rules ■ Audit spending or receipts CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 2
  • 4. Federal Mandates ■ The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) requires CBO to prepare analyses of federal mandates ■ CBO’s Budget Analysis Division identifies mandates in proposed legislation and estimates the costs that those mandates would impose on state, local, and tribal governments ■ CBO’s other divisions perform the same function for private-sector mandates CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 3
  • 5. Identifying and Estimating Mandates ■ UMRA does not prohibit mandates ■ UMRA establishes procedures for providing information about mandates when bills are considered – Cost estimates – Committee reports ■ CBO’s cost estimates are guided by the definition of mandates in UMRA ■ Points of order may be raised by Members of Congress CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 4
  • 6. Definitions ■ For something to be a mandate, it must be an enforceable duty that is not: – A condition of assistance – A condition for participating in a voluntary federal program ■ Preemptions of other governments’ authority are mandates CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 5
  • 7. The Entitlement exception ■ Changes to large entitlement programs can be mandates if: – The change places new requirements on the program or – The change caps or decreases federal funding for the program – States lack programmatic flexibility to alter their responsibilities and continue providing required services CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 6
  • 8. Special Cases ■ Reductions in authorized funding are mandates if the funding is for: – Complying with an existing mandate – Controlling borders ■ Otherwise, reductions in authorizations are not mandates ■ Actual reductions in appropriations are never mandates CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 7
  • 9. Exclusions ■ Constitutional rights ■ Statutory rights ■ Accounting (auditing) ■ Emergency assistance ■ National security (treaties) ■ Presidentially designated emergencies ■ Social Security, Title II (OASDI) CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 8
  • 10. Bills Containing Intergovernmental Mandates (Number) CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 9
  • 11. Intergovernmental Mandates With Costs Over the Threshold ■ From 1996 through 2012, 18 intergovernmental mandates with costs over the threshold were enacted – – – – – – – – – – Health care (5) Child nutrition (2) Internet taxation (2) Rail and transit (2) Minimum wage (2) Child support (1) Drivers’ licenses and identification documents (1) Food stamps (1) Premium taxes for prescription plans (1) Tax withholding (1) CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 10

×