Introduction To Occupational Safety

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Draft module introduction for online course

Draft module introduction for online course

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  • 1. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY
  • 2. WHAT IS IT?
    • Part of larger discipline of Occupational Safety and Health
      • Which is part of Public Health
    • Aimed at preventing accidents and injuries in the workplace
  • 3. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH TEAM
    • Safety Specialist
      • Prevention of accidents and injury
      • Every facility should have someone dedicated to this position either full time in larger facilities or as one of their assigned duties
    • Industrial hygienist
      • Prevention of occupational disease
      • Anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of chemical, physical (noise, heat, radiation, etc) and biological hazards arising in or from the workplace
      • Not every facility needs a full-time IH
  • 4. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH TEAM
    • Occupational Health Nurse
      • Provides treatment for minor injuries
      • Helps run the health and safety program
    • Occupational Health Physician
      • Provides treatment as needed
      • Helps run the health and safety program
  • 5. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH TEAM
    • Other potential team member
      • Ergonomist
      • Occupational Health Psychologist
      • Human Resource Specialist
      • Toxicologist
      • Epidemiologist
  • 6. SOME BASIC TERMS
    • Accident – an unplanned event that disrupts the completion of an activity
      • Injuries may or may not be involved
    • Hazard – an existing or potential condition in the workplace that can result in injury, illness, death or property damage
  • 7. WORKER – EQUIPMENT –ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM
    • This is the system of job performance that leads to the completion of a task
    • Worker functions
      • Sensing
      • Information processing
      • Controlling
    • Equipment (and materials)
      • Should be properly designed maintained and used
  • 8. WORKER – EQUIPMENT –ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM
    • Environment
      • Layout
      • Housekeeping
      • Conditions: lighting, temperature, humidity, noise, vibrations
    • These three components of the system interact to produce job performance and tack completion
  • 9. WORKER – EQUIPMENT –ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM
    • While we will look at accident theory in a little more detail later…
    • Accidents can often be linked to an imbalance in this system or a failure in one of the components
  • 10. SOME PERSPECTIVE
    • In the US and other developed countries occupational safety and health has come a long way
    • However in much of the world, the working conditions are still horrible. To wrap up this introductory module you will view a video on the shipbreaking industry and discuss it on the discussion board.