Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory

1,030
views

Published on

This is a presentation to the Illinois Master Naturalists about the Illinois Natural Areas Inventory and the natural communities of southern Illinois. This presentation was given on September 11, …

This is a presentation to the Illinois Master Naturalists about the Illinois Natural Areas Inventory and the natural communities of southern Illinois. This presentation was given on September 11, 2013 at the University of Illinois Extension Center in Waterloo, Illinois.

Published in: Education, Travel, Sports

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,030
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Land history and use, creation of the Shawnee NF Pine plantations planted on erodable soils and pines are encroaching sandstone glades
  • Land history and use, creation of the Shawnee NF Pine plantations planted on erodable soils and pines are encroaching sandstone glades
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Gr. heteros different or other and Gr. odotos tooth — prob. ref. enlarged posterior maxillary teeth  Gr. plati broad or flat and Gr. rhinos nose — ref. flat enlarged rostral scale on moderately upturned snout 
  • L. coluber snake or serpent L. constrictor one that constricts — misnomer, genus does not constrict 
  • Terrapene, native american word for turtle
  • Gr. plethore fullness or full of and Gr. odon teeth — ref. to the number of vomerine and paravomerine teeth  L. glutinosus full of glue, very gluey — ref. sticky skin 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Gr. lampros shiny and Gr. pelta shield — ref. smooth, shiny dorsal scales characteristic of this genus  L. tri three and L. angulum angle or corner — ref. 3 angled feature pattern on head 
  • Gr. honors  Hylas  companion of Hercules — ref. incessant cry  Gr. chrysos gold and Gr. kelis spot or stain — ref. coloration inside of hind legs 
  • Gr. honors  Hylas  companion of Hercules — ref. incessant cry  Gr. chrysos gold and Gr. kelis spot or stain — ref. coloration inside of hind legs 
  • Gr. honors  Nereis , a Greek sea nymph  Gr. sepedon rottenness, decay; a serpent whose bite causes mortification 
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Gr. lampros shiny and Gr. pelta shield — ref. smooth, shiny dorsal scales characteristic of this genus  L. tri three and L. angulum angle or corner — ref. 3 angled feature pattern on head 
  • L. coluber snake or serpent L. constrictor one that constricts — misnomer, genus does not constrict 
  • Gr. skelos leg and Gr. porus pore or opening — ref. femoral pores on hind legs  L. undulatus having a wave like pattern — -ref. dorsal pattern 
  • Gr. skelos leg and Gr. porus pore or opening — ref. femoral pores on hind legs  L. undulatus having a wave like pattern — -ref. dorsal pattern 
  • Gr. akris locust — ref. call of genus, like insect song  L. crepitans clattering — ref. repititious clicking call 
  • Gr. plethore fullness or full of and Gr. odon teeth — ref. to the number of vomerine and paravomerine teeth  L. dorsalis pertaining to the back — ref. differences in dorsal patterns of  P. dorsalis  and  P. cinereus  
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Transcript

    • 1. Illinois Master Naturalist September 11, 2013 Instructor: Christopher David Benda Burden Falls Wilderness
    • 2. Christopher D. Benda – Regional Ecologist Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update Degognia Canyon – Jackson County
    • 3. Photo credit – Randy Nyboer Statewide Project 5 Regional Ecologists
    • 4. Illinois Native Plant Society Southern Chapter www.facebook.com/southernillinoisplants Technical Expert Consultant
    • 5. The Flora of Southern Illinois PLB 451 – Plant Biology Dept. Southern Illinois University
    • 6. Chigger Poem Oh why oh why do there have to be chiggers for a reaction in me they sure do trigger The many little red bites feel like Braille And when they itch they make me want to wail! If you like evolution, then you must love the chigger For they would not be as bad if they happened to be bigger But an invisible invertebrate has all the advantage And leaves me with little else than to put on a bandage. I guess I could prevent them by staying on the trail Or if I took more time to scratch them with my nail I could spray myself with nasty chemicals and deet Or stay inside all together and beat the summer heat! But that is not my style, I was born to explore To see the nature and learn from it more Plus if there were less chiggers there’d be more tourists And it would be impossible to be a nature purist.
    • 7. Master Naturalist Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Natural Areas vs. Nature Preserves Rare Plants and Unique Communities Threatened and Endangered Species Program
    • 8. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory (INAI) Category I – High Quality Natural Communities Category II – Threatened and Endangered Species Category III – Natural Preserve Category IV – Geologic Features Category VI – Unusual Concentration of Flora or Fauna (High Quality Streams)
    • 9. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category I – High Quality Natural Communities
    • 10. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category II - Threatened and Endangered Species
    • 11. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category III – Nature Preserves
    • 12. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category IV – Outstanding Geological Features
    • 13. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category VI – Unusual Concentration of Flora or Fauna and High Quality Streams Unique Ecological Features Unique Floral Assemblages Outstanding Invertebrate Cave Faunas Large Bat Hibernacula Other Unique Faunal Assemblages High Quality Streams (mussels)
    • 14. Timber Rattlesnakes – rookery (vs. den)
    • 15. Timber Rattlesnakes number seen: 8
    • 16. Timber Rattlesnake – Crotalus horridus
    • 17. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Natural Area = meaningless to landowner Nature Preserve = highest protection by law landowner gives up a majority of their rights and land is protected in perpetuity Natural Areas vs. Nature Preserves 1st Illinois Nature Preserve Illinois Beach State Park Tell story of Bohm Woods site
    • 18. Original Inventory Photo credit – Randy Nyboer
    • 19. Why Update? •New science regarding natural community classification •Better remote sensing capabilities and GIS data •Focus on small and rare communities •Restoration, management, and recovery •Train a team of Natural Area Specialists for the state
    • 20. Site Selection - INAI •Historical and Current Aerial Photos •Soil and Topographic Maps •Literature Search •Database/File Sources •Interviews with knowledgeable professionals
    • 21. Digitize Boundaries
    • 22. Nomination Packets
    • 23. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory the numbers: 19 counties 687 total sites 305 IGS sites 204 visited 50 new sites nominated
    • 24. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory the numbers: 33,727 photos taken 56,828 miles driven 632/984 days in the field
    • 25. The Natural Communities of Southern Illinois September 11th , 2013 all photos & maps by presenter except where noted Camel Rock at Garden of the Gods Wilderness
    • 26. Binomial Nomenclature “The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their rightful names.” Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Cordata Reptilia Testudines Emydidae Emydoidea E. blandingii
    • 27. Latin Pronunciation O Pronounce every letter except diphthongs  Echinacea, Tradescantia, Opuntia humifusa, Ambrosia artemisiifolia O “ch” is a “k” sound: Polystichum, Heuchera O If a word has two syllables, the accent always goes with the next to the last (called the penult); e.g., Àcer. O If a word has three or more syllables, the accent always goes either with the next to the last (penult) or the third from the last (called the antepenult).  Synandra hispidula, Onoclea sensibilis, Liriodendron tulipifera  phyllum – rhizophyllum, Podophyllum, triphyllum  ae Pellaea atropurpurea, Arisaema  au Daucus carota  Eu Teucrium, Leucanthemum  Oe (phoebe), Platanthera peramoena, Ipomoea  Ui Equisetum O “oi” is not a diphthong!  Pleopeltis polypodioides O Pronounce when ending with “e”  Silene, canadense, sessile, hyemale O Latinized last names (one or two i’s)  Dodecatheon frenchii, Emydoidea blandingii O Most trees have been feminized!  Quercus rubra, Fagus grandifolia, Ulmus americana
    • 28. Plant Resources for Southern Illinois Field Guide Books & Websites
    • 29. Plant Humor Q. How can you ID a dogwood tree?
    • 30. Plant Humor A. By its bark!
    • 31. Gee whiz?! information If you can’t tell a joke about it, explain where the name comes from, or tell story about the plant then: WHO CARES!!!
    • 32. Natural Areas in Southern Illinois 109 sites
    • 33. Natural Areas in Southwestern Illinois
    • 34. Shawnee Hills & Shawnee Nat’l Forest
    • 35. 0.07% in a natural condition
    • 36. Southern Illinois Natural Communities FOREST Upland Forest • Xeric • Dry • Dry-mesic • Mesic Floodplain Forest • Mesic • Wet-mesic • Wet Flatwoods • Southern Flatwoods SAVANNA Barren • Dry Barren • Dry-mesic Barren • Mesic Barren PRAIRIE • Loess Hill Prairie • Glacial Drift Hill Prairie WETLAND Swamp • Swamp • Shrub Swamp Seeps and Springs • Seep • Acid Gravel Seep OPEN WATER • Pond STREAM • Small, Medium, Large • High, Medium, Low Gradient BEDROCK Glades • Sandstone Glade • Limestone Glade • Shale Glade Cliff • Dry Sandstone Cliff • Mesic Sandstone Cliff • Dry Limestone Cliff • Mesic Limestone Cliff • Sandstone Overhang CULTURAL
    • 37. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
    • 38. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
    • 39. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
    • 40. Japanese Stiltgrass – Microstegium vimineum
    • 41. Obligate Vs. Facultative
    • 42. Symbiosis Can Be One Of Two Conditions: • 1. Obligatory: one organism cannot live without the other. • 2. Facultative: can live symbiotically but can survive without one another.
    • 43. Upland Forest/Woodland •Xeric •Dry •Dry-mesic •Mesic
    • 44. Xeric/Dry Upland Forest/Woodland
    • 45. Blackjack Oak - Quercus marilandica (6)
    • 46. Post Oak - Quercus stellata (5)
    • 47. Farkleberry – Vaccinium arboreum (6)
    • 48. Lowbush Blueberry - Vaccinium pallidum (7)
    • 49. Red Cedar - Juniperus virginiana (1)
    • 50. Winged Elm - Ulmus alata (5)
    • 51. Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea (7)
    • 52. Poverty Oats Grass - Danthonia spicata (3)
    • 53. Goat’s Rue - Tephrosia virginiana (7)
    • 54. Pencil Flower - Stylosanthes biflora (5)
    • 55. Pussytoes – Antennaria parlinii (4)
    • 56. False Dandelion - Krigia biflora (5)
    • 57. Starry Campion – Silene stellata (6)
    • 58. Barren •Dry •Dry-mesic •Mesic (rare)
    • 59. Provo Cemetery Barrens – Alexander County
    • 60. Rock Chestnut Oak - Quercus prinus (9)
    • 61. Barrens - Gyp Williams Hollow
    • 62. Simpson Township Barrens
    • 63. Simpson Township Barrens
    • 64. Dry-mesic Upland Forest
    • 65. White Oak – Quercus alba (5)
    • 66. Flowering Dogwood – Cornus florida (5)
    • 67. Redbud - Cercis canadensis (3)
    • 68. Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum (10)
    • 69. Red Buckeye – Aesculus pavia (7)
    • 70. Carolina Rose - Rosa carolina (4)
    • 71. Prairie Rose - Rosa setigera (5)
    • 72. Indian Physic – Porteranthus stipulatus (6)
    • 73. Bee-balm - Monarda bradburiana & fistulosa (5, 4)
    • 74. Pagoda Plant – Blephilia hirsuta (5)
    • 75. Wild Oregano (Dittany) – Cunila origanoides (5)
    • 76. Skullcaps – Scutellaria elliptica (6)
    • 77. Gray’s Sedge - Carex grayi (6)
    • 78. Large-fruited Panic Grass - Dichanthelium boscii (5)
    • 79. Marginal Shield Fern – Dryopteris marginalis (6)
    • 80. Adam & Eve Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale (7) Cranefly Orchid -Tipularia discolor (7)
    • 81. Twayblade Orchid – Liparis lilifolia (4)
    • 82. Wood Betony – Pedicularis canadensis (7)
    • 83. Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos
    • 84. Racer – Coluber constrictor
    • 85. Eastern Box Turtle – Terrapene carolina
    • 86. Northern Slimy Salamander Plethodon glutinosus
    • 87. Five-lined Skink - Plestiodon fasciatus
    • 88. Broadhead Skink – Eumeces laticeps
    • 89. Spicebush Swallowtail – Papilio troilus
    • 90. Mesic Upland Forest – Cedar Creek
    • 91. Tulip Tree – Liriodendron tulipifera (5)
    • 92. Little Grand Canyon – Jackson County
    • 93. Harbinger-of-Spring – Erigenia bulbosa (7)
    • 94. Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginiana (1)
    • 95. Dutchman’s Breeches – Dicentra cucullaria (5)
    • 96. Squirrel Corn – Dicentra canadensis (7)
    • 97. Goldenseal – Hydrastis canadensis (7)
    • 98. Wild Ginseng – Panax quinquefolia (7)
    • 99. Bloodroot – Sanguinaria canadensis (5)
    • 100. Rue Anemone (5) vs. False Rue Anemone (5)
    • 101. Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum thalictroides (8)
    • 102. Jacob’s Ladder – Polemonium reptans (5)
    • 103. Bellwort – Uvularia grandiflora (7)
    • 104. White Trillium – Trillium flexipes (7)
    • 105. Other Trilliums – Trillium recurvatum (5) & viride (9)
    • 106. Wild Leek – Allium tricoccum (7)
    • 107. Yellow Trout Lily – Erythronium americanum (7)
    • 108. Miami Mist – Phacelia purshii (4)
    • 109. Wild Columbine – Aquilegia canadensis (5)
    • 110. Blue-eyed Mary – Collinsia verna (5)
    • 111. Wild Ginger – Asarum canadense (5)
    • 112. Wild Hyacinth – Camassia scilloides (7)
    • 113. Wild Columbo – Frasera caroliniensis (8)
    • 114. Doll’s Eyes – Actaea pachypoda (7)
    • 115. Soloman’s Seal – Polygonatum biflorum (7)
    • 116. Soloman’s Plume – Smilacina racemosa (4)
    • 117. Green Dragon – Arisaema dracontium (4)
    • 118. Yellow Lady Slipper Orchid – Cypripedium pubescens (8)
    • 119. Bladdernut – Staphylea trifoliata (5)
    • 120. Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum pedatum (6)
    • 121. Maidenhair Spleenwort Fern – Asplenium trichomanes (10)
    • 122. Broad Beech Fern – Phegopteris hexagonoptera (7)
    • 123. Herps
    • 124. Gray Treefrog – Hyla chrysoscelis
    • 125. Green Treefrog – Hyla cinerea
    • 126. BREAK
    • 127. Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
    • 128. Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
    • 129. Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
    • 130. 1972 1995
    • 131. Green Milkweed – Asclepias viridiflora (9)
    • 132. Blue Hearts– Buchnera americana (10)
    • 133. Crested Coralroot Orchid– Hexalectris spicata (10)
    • 134. Cylindric Blazing Star –Liatris cylindracea (8)
    • 135. Stickleaf –Mentzelia oligosperma (10)
    • 136. Slender Heliotrope – Heliotropium tenellum (10)
    • 137. Missouri Coneflower – Rudbeckia missouriensis (10) Photo credit – Marty KemperPhoto credit – Debbie Newman
    • 138. Flathead Snake Coachwhip Photo credit – Marty Kemper
    • 139. Photo credit – Marty Kemper Plains Scorpion – Centruoides vittatus
    • 140. Glacial Drift Hill Prairie – Lake Murphysboro
    • 141. Floodplain Forest – Hickory Bottoms, CCNWR
    • 142. Cardinal Flower – Lobelia cardinalis (6)
    • 143. Sensitive Fern – Onoclea sensibilis (5)
    • 144. Copper Iris – Iris fulva (9)
    • 145. Blue Flag Iris – Iris schrevei (5)
    • 146. Purple Fringless Orchid – Platanthera peramoena (7)
    • 147. White Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias perennis (10)
    • 148. Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias incarnata (4)
    • 149. Indian Pink - Spigelia marilandica (7)
    • 150. Spider Lily – Hymenocallis caroliniana (9)
    • 151. Dodder – Cuscuta gronovii (2)
    • 152. Pink Turtlehead – Chelone obliqua (8)
    • 153. Copperbelly Watersnake
    • 154. Northern Watersnake – Nerodia sipedon
    • 155. Marbled Salamander – Ambystoma opacum
    • 156. Southern Flatwoods
    • 157. Samson’s Snakeroot - Oxbexilum pendunculatum (6)
    • 158. Shrubby St. Johnswort – Hypericum prolificum (6)
    • 159. Swamp – Little Black Slough
    • 160. Cypress Swamp – Little Black Slough
    • 161. Cypress / Tupelo Swamp - Heron Pond
    • 162. Buttonland Swamp – Lower Cache River
    • 163. Swamp – LaRue Pine Hills Winter’s Pond
    • 164. Shrub Swamp
    • 165. Buttonbush – Cephalanthus occidentalis (4)
    • 166. Arrowhead - Sagittaria latifolia (4)
    • 167. Mosquito Fern – Azolla mexicana (8)
    • 168. Marsh Mallow – Hibiscus lasiocarpos (5)
    • 169. Pickerelweed – Pontederia cordata (8)
    • 170. Water Lotus – Nelumbo lutea (5)
    • 171. Cottonmouths
    • 172. Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus viridescens
    • 173. Illinois Chorus Frog – Pseudacris illinoensis
    • 174. Stinkpot – Sternothorus odoratus
    • 175. Stream – Bell Smith Springs
    • 176. Seep – Greater Shawnee Hills
    • 177. Cinnamon Fern – Osmunda cinnamomea (9)
    • 178. Royal Fern – Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis (8)
    • 179. Cretaceous Hills
    • 180. Whorled Pogonia Orchid – Isotria verticillata (10)
    • 181. Meadow Beauty – Rhexia virginica (10)
    • 182. Sandstone Glade – Greater Shawnee Hills
    • 183. Sandstone Glade - Garden of the Gods
    • 184. Milk Snake – Lampropeltis triangulum
    • 185. Todd Fink / Trigg Tower – Sandstone Glade
    • 186. Lichen Grasshopper – Trimerotropis saxatilis
    • 187. Small Bluets – Houstonia pusilla (3)
    • 188. False Garlic – Nothoscordum bivalve (5)
    • 189. Widow’s Cross – Sedum pulchellum (8)
    • 190. Rushfoil – Crotonopsis elliptica (5)
    • 191. Pineweed - Hypericum gentianoides (6)
    • 192. Prickly Pear – Opuntia humifusa (5)
    • 193. American Pennyroyal - Hedeoma pulgelioides (4)
    • 194. Rough Buttonweed - Diodia teres (2)
    • 195. American Agave - Manfreda virginiana (8)
    • 196. Small-flowered Fameflower - Talinum parviflorum (10)
    • 197. Blue Curls - Trichostema dichotomum (6)
    • 198. Wild Orpine - Sedum telephioides (10)
    • 199. Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
    • 200. Six-lined Racerunner – Cnedimorphus sexlineatus
    • 201. Degognia Canyon
    • 202. Bishop’s Cap - Mitella diphylla (9)
    • 203. Partridge-berry – Mitchella repens (8)
    • 204. Shining Clubmoss – Huperzia lucidula (10)
    • 205. Sphagnum Moss – Sphagnum compactum
    • 206. Walking Fern – Asplenium rhizophyllum (8)
    • 207. Resurrection Ferns – Polypodium virginianum (8) and Pleopletis polypodioides (10)
    • 208. Netted Chain Fern – Woodwardia areolata (8)
    • 209. Spinulose Woodfern – Dryopteris carthusiana (6)
    • 210. Bladder Fern – Cystopteris bulbifera (8)
    • 211. Shooting Star – Dodecatheon frenchii (10)
    • 212. Forbe’s Saxifrage – Saxifraga forbesii (10)
    • 213. Hairy Synandra – Synandra hispidula (10)
    • 214. Small-flowered Alumroot - Heuchera parviflora (8)
    • 215. Spleenwort Fern - Asplenium pinnatifidum (10)
    • 216. Cleft Phlox – Phlox bifida (7)
    • 217. Copperhead
    • 218. Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
    • 219. Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
    • 220. Swayne Hollow Ravine Nature Preserve
    • 221. Mill Creek Natural Area
    • 222. Shale Glade – Union County
    • 223. Shale Glade – Berryville and McClure
    • 224. LaRue Pine Hills
    • 225. Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
    • 226. Zigzag Salamander – Plethodon dorsalis
    • 227. Cave Salamander – Eurycea lucifuga
    • 228. Cave Creek Glade – Limestone Glade
    • 229. Hoary Puccoon – Lithospermum canescens (6)
    • 230. Blue-eyed Grass – Sisyrinchium albidum (4)
    • 231. Wild Petunia - Ruellia humilis (3)
    • 232. Gray-headed Coneflower - Ratibida pinnata (4)
    • 233. Obedient Plant - Physostegia virginiana (6)
    • 234. Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa (5)
    • 235. Marbleseed – Onosmodium molle var. hispidissimum (8)
    • 236. Blazing Stars – Liatris scabra (8) & aspera (7)
    • 237. Prairie Dock - Silphium terebinthinaceum (4)
    • 238. Silphium integrifolium – Rosinweed (5)
    • 239. Cave Creek Glade – June 2010
    • 240. Cave Creek Glade – June 2011 FGB = Full Glorious Bloom
    • 241. Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata (7)
    • 242. Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
    • 243. Blue Sage – Salvia azurea var. grandiflora (9)
    • 244. Climbing Milkweed – Matelea obliqua (10)
    • 245. Mead’s Milkweed – Asclepias meadii (10)
    • 246. Pounds Hollow / Rim Rock
    • 247. Bell Smith Springs
    • 248. Natural Bridge
    • 249. Jackson Hollow
    • 250. Lusk Creek – Indian Kitchen
    • 251. Other Unique Illinois Natural Communities •Calcareous Fen •Forest Fen •Seeps and Springs •Bog •Panne •Beach/Foredune •Northern Flatwoods •Savanna •Gravel Hill Prairie •Dolomite Prairie
    • 252. Calcareous Fen
    • 253. Valerian – Valeriana edulis
    • 254. Forested Fen
    • 255. Seeps and Springs
    • 256. Bog
    • 257. Panne
    • 258. Beach/Foredune
    • 259. Beach/Foredune
    • 260. Northern Flatwoods
    • 261. Savanna
    • 262. Dolomite Prairie
    • 263. Gravel Hill Prairie
    • 264. Erigenia link http://www.ill-inps.org/Erigenia T & E Species Link http://www.dnr.illinois.gov/ESPB/Documents/ETChecklist2011.pdf
    • 265. Wildflowers of Southern Illinois
    • 266. 100 Best Nature Photos http://www.flickr.com/photos/100801363@N03/
    • 267. Questions?