Flora and Fauna of
Southern Illinois
September 16th
, 2013
all photos & maps by presenter
except where noted
Camel Rock at...
Christopher D. Benda – Regional Ecologist
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update
Degognia Canyon – Jackson County
Photo credit – Randy Nyboer
Statewide Project
5 Regional Ecologists
Illinois Native Plant Society
Southern Chapter
www.facebook.com/southernillinoisplants
Technical
Expert
Consultant
The Flora of Southern Illinois
PLB 451 – Plant Biology Dept.
Southern Illinois University
Chigger Poem
Oh why oh why do there have to be chiggers
for a reaction in me they sure do trigger
The many little red bite...
Chigger Myths
1. If you can see the chigger, it is not a chigger!
(they are invisible to the naked eye)
2.Fingernail polis...
Binomial Nomenclature
“The beginning of wisdom is to call
things by their rightful names.”
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Fami...
Shawnee Hills & Shawnee Nat’l Forest
Japanese Stiltgrass – Microstegium vimineum
Camp Ondessonk – Packentuck Falls
Camp Ondessonk – Packentuck Falls
Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
Blue Curls - Trichostema dichotomum
Prickly Pear – Opuntia humifusa
Farkleberry – Vaccinium arboreum
Cardinal Flower – Lobelia cardinalis
Netted Chain Fern – Woodwardia areolata
Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
Spring Peeper – Pseudacris crucifer
Lichen Grasshopper – Trimerotropis saxatilis
Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
Phantoms Canyon
Phantoms Canyon
Phantoms Canyon
Phantoms Canyon
Bobcats Den
Shooting Star – Dodecatheon frenchii
Adam & Eve Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale
Cranefly Orchid -Tipularia discolor
Goldenseal – Hydrastis canadensis
Blue-eyed Mary – Collinsia verna
Miami Mist – Phacelia purshii
Gray Treefrog – Hyla chrysoscelis
Gray Treefrog – Hyla versicolor
Green Treefrog – Hyla cinerea
Little Grand Canyon – Jackson County
Bishop’s Cap - Mitella diphylla
Partraige-berry – Mitchella repens
Shining Clubmoss – Huperzia lucidula
Sphagnum Moss – Sphagnum compactum
Forbe’s Saxifrage – Saxifraga forbesii
Marbled Salamander – Ambystoma opacum
LaRue Pine Hills
Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum
Cleft Phlox – Phlox bifida
Dwarf Larkspur– Delphinium tricorne
Broadhead Skink – Eumeces laticeps
Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
Zigzag Salamander – Plethodon dorsalis
Cave Salamander – Eurycea lucifuga
Southern two-lined Salamander – Eurycea cirrigera
American Toad – Bufo americanus
Fowler’s Toad – Bufo fowleri
Cottonmouth – Agkistrodon piscivorus
Timber Rattlesnake – Crotalus horridus
Timber Rattlesnakes
number seen: 8
More Timber Rattlesnakes
Copperhead – Agkistrodon contortrix
Northern Watersnake – Nerodia sipedon
Boss Island – Little Black Slough
Boss Island – Little Black Slough
Buttonland Swamp – Lower Cache
Copper Iris – Iris fulva
Purple Fringeless Orchid – Platanthera peramoena
White Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias perennis
Azolla Fern – Azolla mexicana
Sensitive Fern – Onoclea sensibilis
Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus viridescens
Eastern Spadefoot Toad– Scaphiopus holbrookii
Crayfish Frog– Rana areolata
Stinkpot – Sternothorus odoratus
Copperbelly Watersnake - Nerodia
eurythrogaster ssp. flavigaster X neglecta
Cave Creek Glade – Limestone Glade
Hoary Puccoon – Lithospermum canescens
Wild Hyacinth – Camassia scilloides
Blue-eyed Grass - Sisrhynchium albidum
False Garlic – Nothoscordum bivalve
Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa
Blue Sage – Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Cave Creek Glade – June 2010
Cave Creek Glade – June 2011
Full Glorious Bloom
Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
Greater Spangled Fritillary - Speyeria cybele
13-year Periodical Cicada – Magicicada sp.
Bell Smith Springs
Natural Bridge
Wild Ginger – Asarum canadense
Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
Eastern Box Turtle – Terrapene carolina
Northern Slimy Salamander
Plethodon glutinosus
Burden Falls
Burden Falls
Sandstone Glade - Garden of the Gods
Liesegang Banding
Spider Lily – Hymenocallis caroliniana
Indian Pink - Spigelia marilandica
Bellwort – Uvularia grandiflora
Starry Campion – Silene stellata
Walking Fern – Asplenium rhizophyllum
Milk Snake – Lampropeltis triangulum
Eastern Hognose Snake – Heterodon platirhinos
Racer – Coluber constrictor
Spicebush Swallowtail – Papilio troilus
Flying Squirrel – Glaucomys volans
Female Widow Skimmer – Libellula lactuosa
Male Widow Skimmer – Libellula lactuosa
Lusk Creek – Indian Kitchen
Cretaceous Hills
Whorled Pagonia Orchid – Isotria verticillata
Questions?
Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois
Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois
Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois
Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois
Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois

1,620 views

Published on

This is a presentation on the flora and fauna of southern Illinois.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,620
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Land history and use, creation of the Shawnee NF Pine plantations planted on erodable soils and pines are encroaching sandstone glades
  • Gr. skelos leg and Gr. porus pore or opening — ref. femoral pores on hind legs  L. undulatus having a wave like pattern — -ref. dorsal pattern 
  • Gr. pseudes false, deceptive and Gr. akris locust — means "false Acris" with ref. to genus  Acris   L. crucis cross and L. -ifer bearer — ref. to crossed dorsal markings 
  • L. coluber snake or serpent L. constrictor one that constricts — misnomer, genus does not constrict 
  • Gr. honors  Hylas  companion of Hercules — ref. incessant cry  Gr. chrysos gold and Gr. kelis spot or stain — ref. coloration inside of hind legs 
  • Gr. honors  Hylas  companion of Hercules — ref. incessant cry  Gr. chrysos gold and Gr. kelis spot or stain — ref. coloration inside of hind legs 
  • Gr. honors  Hylas  companion of Hercules — ref. incessant cry  Gr. chrysos gold and Gr. kelis spot or stain — ref. coloration inside of hind legs 
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • Gr. akris locust — ref. call of genus, like insect song  L. crepitans clattering — ref. repititious clicking call 
  • Gr. akris locust — ref. call of genus, like insect song  L. crepitans clattering — ref. repititious clicking call 
  • Gr. plethore fullness or full of and Gr. odon teeth — ref. to the number of vomerine and paravomerine teeth  L. dorsalis pertaining to the back — ref. differences in dorsal patterns of  P. dorsalis  and  P. cinereus  
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • NL.. probably honors  Eurydice  — although Rafinesque only wrote "Mythological"  L. lucis light and L. fuga flee — "relates to its habit of avoiding light" 
  • Gr. krotalon a rattle — ref. rattle on tail, typical of all but one member of genus  L. horridus dreadful — ref. venomous nature of this snake 
  • Gr. ankistron fishhook and Gr. odontos tooth — ref. curved fangs  L. contortrix female contortionist — poss. ref. condition of specimen or dorsal pattern 
  • Gr. honors  Nereis , a Greek sea nymph  Gr. sepedon rottenness, decay; a serpent whose bite causes mortification 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • Gr. noto mark Gr. ophtalmus eye — ref. eye spots on sides and back  L. viridescens slightly green — ref. common greenish color 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Gr. skelos leg and Gr. porus pore or opening — ref. femoral pores on hind legs  L. undulatus having a wave like pattern — -ref. dorsal pattern 
  • Terrapene, native american word for turtle
  • Gr. plethore fullness or full of and Gr. odon teeth — ref. to the number of vomerine and paravomerine teeth  L. glutinosus full of glue, very gluey — ref. sticky skin 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Gr. lampros shiny and Gr. pelta shield — ref. smooth, shiny dorsal scales characteristic of this genus  L. tri three and L. angulum angle or corner — ref. 3 angled feature pattern on head 
  • Gr. heteros different or other and Gr. odotos tooth — prob. ref. enlarged posterior maxillary teeth  Gr. plati broad or flat and Gr. rhinos nose — ref. flat enlarged rostral scale on moderately upturned snout 
  • L. coluber snake or serpent L. constrictor one that constricts — misnomer, genus does not constrict 
  • Gr. lampros shiny and Gr. pelta shield — ref. smooth, shiny dorsal scales characteristic of this genus  L. tri three and L. angulum angle or corner — ref. 3 angled feature pattern on head 
  • Gr. skelos leg and Gr. porus pore or opening — ref. femoral pores on hind legs  L. undulatus having a wave like pattern — -ref. dorsal pattern 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • L. fasciatus banded, bearing stripes — ref. dorsal stripes, females and young males "resemble bundled staves" 
  • Flora & Fauna of Southern Illinois

    1. 1. Flora and Fauna of Southern Illinois September 16th , 2013 all photos & maps by presenter except where noted Camel Rock at Garden of the Gods Wilderness
    2. 2. Christopher D. Benda – Regional Ecologist Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update Degognia Canyon – Jackson County
    3. 3. Photo credit – Randy Nyboer Statewide Project 5 Regional Ecologists
    4. 4. Illinois Native Plant Society Southern Chapter www.facebook.com/southernillinoisplants Technical Expert Consultant
    5. 5. The Flora of Southern Illinois PLB 451 – Plant Biology Dept. Southern Illinois University
    6. 6. Chigger Poem Oh why oh why do there have to be chiggers for a reaction in me they sure do trigger The many little red bites feel like Braille And when they itch they make me want to wail! If you like evolution, then you must love the chigger For they would not be as bad if they happened to be bigger But an invisible invertebrate has all the advantage And leaves me with little else than to put on a bandage. I guess I could prevent them by staying on the trail Or if I took more time to scratch them with my nail I could spray myself with nasty chemicals and deet Or stay inside all together and beat the summer heat! But that is not my style, I was born to explore To see the nature and learn from it more Plus if there were less chiggers there’d be more tourists And it would be impossible to be a nature purist.
    7. 7. Chigger Myths 1. If you can see the chigger, it is not a chigger! (they are invisible to the naked eye) 2.Fingernail polish may help the itching, but the chigger is long gone!
    8. 8. Binomial Nomenclature “The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their rightful names.” Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Cordata Reptilia Testudines Emydidae Emydoidea E. blandingii
    9. 9. Shawnee Hills & Shawnee Nat’l Forest
    10. 10. Japanese Stiltgrass – Microstegium vimineum
    11. 11. Camp Ondessonk – Packentuck Falls
    12. 12. Camp Ondessonk – Packentuck Falls
    13. 13. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
    14. 14. Blue Curls - Trichostema dichotomum
    15. 15. Prickly Pear – Opuntia humifusa
    16. 16. Farkleberry – Vaccinium arboreum
    17. 17. Cardinal Flower – Lobelia cardinalis
    18. 18. Netted Chain Fern – Woodwardia areolata
    19. 19. Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
    20. 20. Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
    21. 21. Spring Peeper – Pseudacris crucifer
    22. 22. Lichen Grasshopper – Trimerotropis saxatilis
    23. 23. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
    24. 24. Phantoms Canyon
    25. 25. Phantoms Canyon
    26. 26. Phantoms Canyon
    27. 27. Phantoms Canyon
    28. 28. Bobcats Den
    29. 29. Shooting Star – Dodecatheon frenchii
    30. 30. Adam & Eve Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale Cranefly Orchid -Tipularia discolor
    31. 31. Goldenseal – Hydrastis canadensis
    32. 32. Blue-eyed Mary – Collinsia verna
    33. 33. Miami Mist – Phacelia purshii
    34. 34. Gray Treefrog – Hyla chrysoscelis
    35. 35. Gray Treefrog – Hyla versicolor
    36. 36. Green Treefrog – Hyla cinerea
    37. 37. Little Grand Canyon – Jackson County
    38. 38. Bishop’s Cap - Mitella diphylla
    39. 39. Partraige-berry – Mitchella repens
    40. 40. Shining Clubmoss – Huperzia lucidula
    41. 41. Sphagnum Moss – Sphagnum compactum
    42. 42. Forbe’s Saxifrage – Saxifraga forbesii
    43. 43. Marbled Salamander – Ambystoma opacum
    44. 44. LaRue Pine Hills
    45. 45. Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum
    46. 46. Cleft Phlox – Phlox bifida
    47. 47. Dwarf Larkspur– Delphinium tricorne
    48. 48. Broadhead Skink – Eumeces laticeps
    49. 49. Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
    50. 50. Zigzag Salamander – Plethodon dorsalis
    51. 51. Cave Salamander – Eurycea lucifuga
    52. 52. Southern two-lined Salamander – Eurycea cirrigera
    53. 53. American Toad – Bufo americanus
    54. 54. Fowler’s Toad – Bufo fowleri
    55. 55. Cottonmouth – Agkistrodon piscivorus
    56. 56. Timber Rattlesnake – Crotalus horridus
    57. 57. Timber Rattlesnakes number seen: 8
    58. 58. More Timber Rattlesnakes
    59. 59. Copperhead – Agkistrodon contortrix
    60. 60. Northern Watersnake – Nerodia sipedon
    61. 61. Boss Island – Little Black Slough
    62. 62. Boss Island – Little Black Slough
    63. 63. Buttonland Swamp – Lower Cache
    64. 64. Copper Iris – Iris fulva
    65. 65. Purple Fringeless Orchid – Platanthera peramoena
    66. 66. White Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias perennis
    67. 67. Azolla Fern – Azolla mexicana
    68. 68. Sensitive Fern – Onoclea sensibilis
    69. 69. Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus viridescens
    70. 70. Eastern Spadefoot Toad– Scaphiopus holbrookii
    71. 71. Crayfish Frog– Rana areolata
    72. 72. Stinkpot – Sternothorus odoratus
    73. 73. Copperbelly Watersnake - Nerodia eurythrogaster ssp. flavigaster X neglecta
    74. 74. Cave Creek Glade – Limestone Glade
    75. 75. Hoary Puccoon – Lithospermum canescens
    76. 76. Wild Hyacinth – Camassia scilloides
    77. 77. Blue-eyed Grass - Sisrhynchium albidum
    78. 78. False Garlic – Nothoscordum bivalve
    79. 79. Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa
    80. 80. Blue Sage – Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
    81. 81. Cave Creek Glade – June 2010
    82. 82. Cave Creek Glade – June 2011 Full Glorious Bloom
    83. 83. Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
    84. 84. Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
    85. 85. Greater Spangled Fritillary - Speyeria cybele
    86. 86. 13-year Periodical Cicada – Magicicada sp.
    87. 87. Bell Smith Springs
    88. 88. Natural Bridge
    89. 89. Wild Ginger – Asarum canadense
    90. 90. Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
    91. 91. Eastern Box Turtle – Terrapene carolina
    92. 92. Northern Slimy Salamander Plethodon glutinosus
    93. 93. Burden Falls
    94. 94. Burden Falls
    95. 95. Sandstone Glade - Garden of the Gods
    96. 96. Liesegang Banding
    97. 97. Spider Lily – Hymenocallis caroliniana
    98. 98. Indian Pink - Spigelia marilandica
    99. 99. Bellwort – Uvularia grandiflora
    100. 100. Starry Campion – Silene stellata
    101. 101. Walking Fern – Asplenium rhizophyllum
    102. 102. Milk Snake – Lampropeltis triangulum
    103. 103. Eastern Hognose Snake – Heterodon platirhinos
    104. 104. Racer – Coluber constrictor
    105. 105. Spicebush Swallowtail – Papilio troilus
    106. 106. Flying Squirrel – Glaucomys volans
    107. 107. Female Widow Skimmer – Libellula lactuosa
    108. 108. Male Widow Skimmer – Libellula lactuosa
    109. 109. Lusk Creek – Indian Kitchen
    110. 110. Cretaceous Hills
    111. 111. Whorled Pagonia Orchid – Isotria verticillata
    112. 112. Questions?

    ×