Aom11 10 09
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  • 1. Beethoven Lived 57 miserable years Abusive Father Constant illness Deaf most of life Never had a patron Wrote to make the aristocracy respect him
  • 2. Symphony = a piece for orchestra in 4 movements I. Allegro II. Andante III. Scherzo and Trio IV. Allegro
  • 3. 1-2 Like Mozart and Haydn 3-5 Deaf Expands to romantic style Getting long 6-9 Chromatic harmonies Considered Romantic Era th st (9 1 to use chorus)
  • 4. Symphony #5 in c minor First performance took place in Vienna on December 22, 1808 Jean Lesuer, a famous French composer and theorist, found it such exciting music that he felt it shouldn't even exist. Louis Spohr, in his Autobiography, finds the theme of the first movement wanting in dignity, the Trio of the Scherzo too grotesque, and the last movement replete with unmeaning babel. Albert E. Wier, The Nine Symphonies of Beethoven in Score, Bonanza Books
  • 5. Motif or Motive vs. Theme First Movement. 2/4 meter c minor Sonata-allegro From
  • 6. Sonata-allegro Form Exposition Theme 1 - c minor Theme 2 - Eb Major :|| Development Expansion on both themes, create tension Not repeated Recapitulation Same themes as exposition w/ different instrumentation (Oboe cadenza! - never happened before or since!) Coda Emphasizes finality
  • 7. Beethoven #5 2nd MVT Ab Major 3/8 meter Form - Double Theme and Variations Theme 1 Theme 2 Variation 1 (of theme 1) Variation 1 (of theme 2) Variation 2 (of theme 1) Variation 2 (of theme 2) etc. Coda
  • 8. Beethoven #5 3rd MVT Scherzo & Trio c minor 3/4 time A1 :||: A2 :||: B1 :||: B2 :|| A1 | A2 || Coda "Rocket Theme" = melody low to high quickly then back down.. Coda - tympani represents death knocking "Out of despair comes joy" th directly into 4 MVT (joy)
  • 9. Beethoven #5 th 4 MVT Sonata-allegro C Major 4/4 time Exposition Theme 1 - C Major Theme 2 - G Major :|| (Exposition repeats) Development Expansion on both themes, modulation to create tension Recapitulation Same themes as exposition w/ different instrumentation Coda Emphasizes finality, very long
  • 10. List of firsts: Cadenza in symphony Start in one key and end in another ( c minor to C Major) New instruments used in a symphony (piccolo, trombone, contra bassoon) No break between 3 rd and 4 th movements