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Re-Examining the “E” in TESOL through Poetry Dr. Carol Bearse, Presenter Touro College, NY,NY 10010 [email_address] 04/04/...
Agenda <ul><li>Research supporting poetry with ELLs </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Academic English </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Why Poetry for ELLS? <ul><li>Promotes academic English and vocabulary growth </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes connections betwee...
Brain Research and Metaphor <ul><li>Sousa (2001) notes that metaphor enables readers to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make much m...
Using Metaphors to Enhance Transfer <ul><li>Six-step process for using metaphors in lesson design (West, Farmer, & Wolff, ...
Metaphors in Poetry <ul><li>Metaphor Hunt/ Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor Carousel </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry/Lyri...
Using the 5 Senses  <ul><li>I see </li></ul><ul><li>I hear </li></ul><ul><li>I touch </li></ul><ul><li>I smell </li></ul><...
Oral Fluency and Intonation <ul><li>Jazz chants (Graham, C., 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Poems in Two Voices </li></ul><ul><li...
ELA Connections <ul><li>Use as a lead-in to the reading of a novel or as an assessment after reading </li></ul><ul><li>Use...
Social Studies Connections <ul><li>Dear Anne Frank (during study of Holocaust) </li></ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance </li><...
Science Connections <ul><li>Earth Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native  American poetry  (“In Beauty I Walk”) </li></ul></ul><...
ESL Connections <ul><li>Poetry of Identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture plays a key role in identity formation for biling...
Who Am I? <ul><li>I am a Spanish girl from Puerto Rico. </li></ul><ul><li>I am cuddly as a bear when it’s cold outside. </...
Who Am I Rubric <ul><li>Has at least 8 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Includes something you like to do </li></ul><ul><li>Include...
Special Person <ul><li>When I remember my grandmother, I see her silver hair tied in braids on the top of her head.  I see...
Special Person <ul><li>When I remember my grandmother, I see her silver hair tied in braids on the top of her head.  I see...
My Special Place <ul><li>Possible Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>My special place is………………. </li></ul><ul><li>My secret place ...
Special Place <ul><li>Come with me to my Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>Where you can find some of the most beautiful beach...
A Special Place Rubric <ul><li>Has at least 15 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Names a specific special place </li></ul><ul><li>De...
Self-Portraits <ul><li>Character Web: 5 spokes---Background, physical, personality, hobbies, hopes and dreams for the futu...
Possible Frame for Writing <ul><li>Write the following paragraphs in your autobiography </li></ul><ul><li>Background/Famil...
Frame (cont) <ul><li>Paragraph 2: Special person </li></ul><ul><li>Describe your special person.  What does this person lo...
(Frame cont.) <ul><li>Paragraph 3: Special place </li></ul><ul><li>Possible topic sentence: I love to go to my special pla...
References <ul><li>Bearse, C.I. (2005).  The sky in my hands:  Accelerating academic English through the  writing process ...
References (cont.) <ul><li>Sousa, D. (2001).  How the brain learns.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. </li></ul><ul><li>So...
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Re examining the e in tesol

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Learn how to use poetry with ELLs at the middle school and secondary level

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Transcript of "Re examining the e in tesol"

  1. 1. Re-Examining the “E” in TESOL through Poetry Dr. Carol Bearse, Presenter Touro College, NY,NY 10010 [email_address] 04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Research supporting poetry with ELLs </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Academic English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Bowl Poems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oral fluency and intonation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poems in Two Voices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choral Reading / Jazz Chants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind Mirror </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connections to Content Areas: ELA, ESL, Social Studies, Science, Math </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  3. 3. Why Poetry for ELLS? <ul><li>Promotes academic English and vocabulary growth </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes connections between the left and the right brain hemispheres </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes oral fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to the Affective Filter and fosters comprehension and cultural awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Short concise way of expressing oneself </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  4. 4. Brain Research and Metaphor <ul><li>Sousa (2001) notes that metaphor enables readers to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make much more complex connections when they read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand abstract materials as well and as rapidly as literal language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance thinking processes by encouraging students to seek out associations and connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain insight into relationships among ideas </li></ul></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  5. 5. Using Metaphors to Enhance Transfer <ul><li>Six-step process for using metaphors in lesson design (West, Farmer, & Wolff, 1991): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the Metaphor: centers on goodness of fit, degree or richness of imagery, familiarity that students have with it, and its novelty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasize the metaphor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide instructions for imagery (“Create a mental picture) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasize similarities and differences </li></ul></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  6. 6. Metaphors in Poetry <ul><li>Metaphor Hunt/ Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor Carousel </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry/Lyrics that supports reading and creation of metaphors: The Wind Song </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  7. 7. Using the 5 Senses <ul><li>I see </li></ul><ul><li>I hear </li></ul><ul><li>I touch </li></ul><ul><li>I smell </li></ul><ul><li>I taste </li></ul><ul><li>Use as prompts when describing paintings, photos, tactile objects, writing simple riddles </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  8. 8. Oral Fluency and Intonation <ul><li>Jazz chants (Graham, C., 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Poems in Two Voices </li></ul><ul><li>Poems in Multiple voices (“The Road Not Taken,” by Robert Frost) </li></ul><ul><li>Mind-Mirror Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Tie-In to Music & Lyrics (“Wind Song,” John Denver) </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  9. 9. ELA Connections <ul><li>Use as a lead-in to the reading of a novel or as an assessment after reading </li></ul><ul><li>Use examples of figurative language in the writing of poetry :alliteration, personification </li></ul><ul><li>Extending poetry into other forms of writing as memoir writing (pre-writing strategy) </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  10. 10. Social Studies Connections <ul><li>Dear Anne Frank (during study of Holocaust) </li></ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Georgia Douglas Johnson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Langston Hughes </li></ul></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  11. 11. Science Connections <ul><li>Earth Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native American poetry (“In Beauty I Walk”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Themes in Native American culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Persona poetry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Desert Tortoise” by Byrd Baylor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Odes (Poems of Praise) using Pablo Neruda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Ode to the Lemon </li></ul></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  12. 12. ESL Connections <ul><li>Poetry of Identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture plays a key role in identity formation for bilingual adolescents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May play a key role in adolescent writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valdes (1999) refers to the need to pay attention to what students bring with them into the classroom in terms of home cultures and understandings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bearse (2003): impact of culture and identity on writing process </li></ul></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  13. 13. Who Am I? <ul><li>I am a Spanish girl from Puerto Rico. </li></ul><ul><li>I am cuddly as a bear when it’s cold outside. </li></ul><ul><li>I am the butterfly in the garden that brings the fragrance. </li></ul><ul><li>I am like the sunshine when I am smiling. </li></ul><ul><li>I am smart as a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>I yawn and stretch like a lion. </li></ul><ul><li>I am lovely as a rose. (Grade 6) </li></ul>TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA 04/04/11
  14. 14. Who Am I Rubric <ul><li>Has at least 8 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Includes something you like to do </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a description of your personality </li></ul><ul><li>Includes something about where you are from </li></ul><ul><li>Uses many specific descriptive words </li></ul><ul><li>Has no more than 2 spelling/grammar mistakes </li></ul>TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA 04/04/11
  15. 15. Special Person <ul><li>When I remember my grandmother, I see her silver hair tied in braids on the top of her head. I see her smile that always greeted me with Love. I see her black garden shoes that she wore when she dug in the roses. </li></ul><ul><li>I hear her voice calling me “Sugar.” I hear her warning, “Prosexi kala!” which means “Be careful in Greek. I hear her stories about Greece and about working for $2 a week in a factory in Boston…………(Bearse, 2008) </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  16. 16. Special Person <ul><li>When I remember my grandmother, I see her silver hair tied in braids on the top of her head. I see her smile that always greeted me with Love. I see her black garden shoes that she wore when she dug in the roses. </li></ul><ul><li>I hear her voice calling me “Sugar.” I hear her warning, “Prosexi kala!” which means “Be careful in Greek. I hear her stories about Greece and about working for $2 a week in a factory in Boston…………(Bearse, 2008) </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  17. 17. My Special Place <ul><li>Possible Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>My special place is………………. </li></ul><ul><li>My secret place is ………………… </li></ul><ul><li>When I remember my special place, I think of………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Come with me to………………..where…… </li></ul><ul><li>Past the mountain where you can see….. </li></ul><ul><li>Past the lake where………..Past the old tree that was there when I was born. Climb up and there is my special place. </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  18. 18. Special Place <ul><li>Come with me to my Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>Where you can find some of the most beautiful beaches in the world like Luquillo Beach </li></ul><ul><li>Where you can feel happiness and peace </li></ul><ul><li>Where you can hear coconuts falling in the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Where you can hear the wind whispering in your ear. </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  19. 19. A Special Place Rubric <ul><li>Has at least 15 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Names a specific special place </li></ul><ul><li>Describes why that place is special to you </li></ul><ul><li>Describes how you feel in this place </li></ul><ul><li>Describes what you do in this place. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses the 5 senses and many specific descriptive words to create an image in the reader’s mind </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  20. 20. Self-Portraits <ul><li>Character Web: 5 spokes---Background, physical, personality, hobbies, hopes and dreams for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson on leads </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson on rearranging paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson on writing conclusions </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  21. 21. Possible Frame for Writing <ul><li>Write the following paragraphs in your autobiography </li></ul><ul><li>Background/Family </li></ul><ul><li>Topic sentence for this paragraph could begin this way: Did you know that I am from……..(tell name of country and describe it a little)? Continue to tell about your background using ideas from web on Background. </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  22. 22. Frame (cont) <ul><li>Paragraph 2: Special person </li></ul><ul><li>Describe your special person. What does this person look like? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this person special to you? </li></ul><ul><li>Topic sentence for this paragraph could begin this way: My special person is very important to me. She/he is my ………… </li></ul><ul><li>Now continue to describe your special person from the web and from your poem. </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  23. 23. (Frame cont.) <ul><li>Paragraph 3: Special place </li></ul><ul><li>Possible topic sentence: I love to go to my special place in the…..or at the………… </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to describe this special place from the web and from your poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph 4: Hobbies: Topic sentence: I enjoy doing things in my free time. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph 5: Conclusion </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  24. 24. References <ul><li>Bearse, C.I. (2005). The sky in my hands: Accelerating academic English through the writing process . Cambridge, MA: language Learning Innovations, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Carnegie Report, Writing Next ( 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Graham, C. (2002). Children’s jazz chants old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and new. (Oxford University Press: ISBN-10: 0194337219). </li></ul></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
  25. 25. References (cont.) <ul><li>Sousa, D. (2001). How the brain learns. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Sousa, D. (2011). How the ELL brain learns. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Walqui, A. & van Lier,, L. (2010). Scaffolding the academic success of adolescent English language learners . San Francisco, CA: WestEd. </li></ul>04/04/11 TESOL 2011 Convention, New Orleans, LA
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