Background Presentation Outline <ul><li>Introduction to Acts 27:1 – 28:31 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 2 kingdoms </li></ul><...
Introduction <ul><li>The 2 kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britannia to Mesopotamia  ...
Rome: Overview and City <ul><li>Paul </li></ul><ul><li>-  Led and forewarned by Spirit to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>-  Outwor...
The City <ul><li>The Legend </li></ul><ul><li>- The remnant of Troy </li></ul><ul><li>- The twins: Romulus  and Remus </li...
The City <ul><li>Time of Paul- a city of a million people </li></ul><ul><li>Unparalleled wealth with hundreds of private m...
The City <ul><li>The mansions served by slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Tenement housing </li></ul><ul><li>- objects of speculati...
Apartment <ul><li>Did Paul stay in private housing? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider rents </li></ul><ul><li>Did he stay in an i...
Rome: Historical and Political <ul><li>The Early Republic (6 th  to 2nd C, BCE) </li></ul><ul><li>Expelled last Etruscan k...
The Early Republic (cont’d) <ul><li>Beginnings of colonial power in uniting peninsula. Full unity 270 BC </li></ul><ul><li...
The Late Republic <ul><li>1st C BCE, strife between classes, political rivalries and civil wars </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions...
Late Republic (Cont’d) <ul><li>Caesar dismantles republic and rules as autocrat, wants to be king </li></ul><ul><li>Rule m...
Late Republic (cont’d) <ul><li>Lepidiman ousted, Antony refuses to distribute Caesar’s estate to Octavian (grandnephew and...
The Empire <ul><li>Octavian returns to Rome in 29 BC. He recognizes weakness of rule by kings as well as senatorial weakne...
Empire (Cont’d) <ul><li>Augustus retains loyalty of army and finances dole for poor of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue from...
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Calvary SS - The Life of Paul - Background: Paul in Rome

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Background of the Kingdom of Rome for the Life of Paul: Introduction Sunday School Class.

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Calvary SS - The Life of Paul - Background: Paul in Rome

  1. 2. Background Presentation Outline <ul><li>Introduction to Acts 27:1 – 28:31 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 2 kingdoms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rome: Overview and City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P – Paul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A – Apartment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C – City </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rome: Historical and Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E – Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Republic: the Early Republic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Republic: the Late Republic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  2. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The 2 kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britannia to Mesopotamia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace and prosperity achieved by force </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inauspicious </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Rome: Overview and City <ul><li>Paul </li></ul><ul><li>- Led and forewarned by Spirit to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>- Outworking of conviction amidst Roman system of politics and law </li></ul><ul><li>- Remains in Rome for 2 years under guard </li></ul>
  4. 5. The City <ul><li>The Legend </li></ul><ul><li>- The remnant of Troy </li></ul><ul><li>- The twins: Romulus and Remus </li></ul><ul><li>- Romulus founds settlement on the 7 hills </li></ul>
  5. 6. The City <ul><li>Time of Paul- a city of a million people </li></ul><ul><li>Unparalleled wealth with hundreds of private mansions, beautiful buildings with marble facades and numerous temples </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh water supply and sewers </li></ul>
  6. 7. The City <ul><li>The mansions served by slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Tenement housing </li></ul><ul><li>- objects of speculation </li></ul><ul><li>- poor quality </li></ul><ul><li>- fire hazards </li></ul><ul><li>- water? </li></ul>
  7. 8. Apartment <ul><li>Did Paul stay in private housing? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider rents </li></ul><ul><li>Did he stay in an inn or boarding house? </li></ul><ul><li>presence of guard, lack of privacy and immorality </li></ul><ul><li>Quite likely he rented apartment </li></ul><ul><li>Q: Money? Hint: Acts 21:24 </li></ul>
  8. 9. Rome: Historical and Political <ul><li>The Early Republic (6 th to 2nd C, BCE) </li></ul><ul><li>Expelled last Etruscan king </li></ul><ul><li>Power vested in senate, became republic </li></ul><ul><li>2 magistrates, later called consuls preside </li></ul><ul><li>Senate drawn from Patricians and Plebeians </li></ul><ul><li>Single language - Latin </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Early Republic (cont’d) <ul><li>Beginnings of colonial power in uniting peninsula. Full unity 270 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Expands by alliances or conquest – compulsory supply of men for army </li></ul><ul><li>Network of roads </li></ul><ul><li>Expands beyond peninsula and defeats Carthage (2 nd and 3 rd Cent BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Defeats Antiochus III of Syria, conquers Macedon and Greece by 146 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Dominates En Med, NW Africa, Spain and Gaul </li></ul><ul><li>Governs by proconsuls </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Late Republic <ul><li>1st C BCE, strife between classes, political rivalries and civil wars </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions at border </li></ul><ul><li>Governance via senate not working well </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions between senate and Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar, Pompey and Crassius form triumvirate. Caesar leads expeditions in provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Pompey conspires against Caesar in senate </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar marches on Rome becomes dictator in 48 BC </li></ul>
  11. 12. Late Republic (Cont’d) <ul><li>Caesar dismantles republic and rules as autocrat, wants to be king </li></ul><ul><li>Rule marked by clemency to conspirators </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated in 44 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Army becomes all-volunteer. Allegiance to commander. </li></ul><ul><li>Few years of uncertainty until new triumvirate emerges: Octavian, Antony and Lepidiman. Bloody reprisals destroy ruling elite. Given power by Plebeian Assembly </li></ul>
  12. 13. Late Republic (cont’d) <ul><li>Lepidiman ousted, Antony refuses to distribute Caesar’s estate to Octavian (grandnephew and heir) </li></ul><ul><li>Antony loses support of senate, which Octavian has cultivated. Antony forms partnership with Cleopatra and proclaims Caesarion (her son by Caesar) Caesar’s heir in Egypt and divorces Octavia in 41 BC. He declares Caesarion Caesar’s heir, effectively challenging Octavian who is supported by Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Actium in 31 BC </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Empire <ul><li>Octavian returns to Rome in 29 BC. He recognizes weakness of rule by kings as well as senatorial weakness </li></ul><ul><li>He and Agrippa share power though real power lies with him. First, purges senate, 800 senators </li></ul><ul><li>29 BC – Imperator ; 27 BC – title of Augustus as well as Pontifex Maximus , 23 BC – resigns as consul but retains tribune power </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidates power, controls army, foreign policy, supervision of government, appoints proconsuls and governors, commanders. Senate: legislative, judicial, admin and consultative. Avoids war – seeing it as negative and bad for commerce. Made peace with enemies </li></ul>
  14. 15. Empire (Cont’d) <ul><li>Augustus retains loyalty of army and finances dole for poor of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue from taxes based on census </li></ul><ul><li>Thus begins the Peace of Rome ( Pax Romana). Long-term peace and stability. </li></ul><ul><li>Popn: 50-60 million </li></ul>

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