Franz Kafka

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Slides on Franz Kafka, the Kafkaesque, and Kafka's parables "Before the Law" and "An Imperial Message"

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Franz Kafka

  1. 1. Photo by Ross_Angus - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/84041989@N00 Created with Haiku Deck @ccareylit craigcarey.net
  2. 2. Photo by cali.org - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/63316539@N03 Created with Haiku Deck
  3. 3. Photo by t_a_i_s - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/46983348@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  4. 4. Photo by teachandlearn - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/53346833@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  5. 5. Photo by Will Folsom - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/54740306@N08 Created with Haiku Deck
  6. 6. Photo by bibendum84 - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/14246531@N04 Created with Haiku Deck
  7. 7. The Enigma of Franz Kafka The Enigma of Parables
  8. 8. Photo by Librariator - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License https://www.flickr.com/photos/20505261@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  9. 9. Photo by Christiaan Tonnis - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/27056788@N06 Created with Haiku Deck
  10. 10. Photo by romeroleo - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/75198369@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  11. 11. The Unfinished Novels
  12. 12. Photo by Myrmi - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/68905839@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  13. 13. Photo by _603_ - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License https://www.flickr.com/photos/26566855@N04 Created with Haiku Deck
  14. 14. Various Sites of Conflict and Struggle • Personal & psychological • Baring his soul in writing • The Father - both real and symbolic • God and his Jewishness • Law and Bureaucracy • His body and private life
  15. 15. Photo by screenpunk - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License https://www.flickr.com/photos/23286095@N05 Created with Haiku Deck
  16. 16. The Law of the Father
  17. 17. Kafka’s Father “Letter to his Father” “Dearest Father, You asked me recently why I maintain that I am afraid of you. As usual, I was unable to think of any answer to your question, partly for the very reason that I am afraid of you, and partly because an explanation of the grounds for this fear would mean going into far more details than I could even approximately keep in mind while talking. And if I now try to give you an answer in writing, it will still be very incomplete…”
  18. 18. Photo by simononly - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License https://www.flickr.com/photos/10287726@N02 Created with Haiku Deck
  19. 19. Photo by pavelm - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/63837180@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  20. 20. Photo by Gwenaël Piaser - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/22841923@N02 Created with Haiku Deck
  21. 21. • Never married, but had several girlfriends • Anxiety about his body and sex life • Plagued by guilt, shame, and anxiety • Medical problems related to tuberculosis • Died of starvation due to tuberculosis Private Life
  22. 22. – W.H. Auden on Kafka “…the Dante of the twentieth century.” Expressionism Surrealism Existentialism
  23. 23. Photo by Myrmi - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/68905839@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  24. 24. Photo by striatic - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/34427466731@N01 Created with Haiku Deck
  25. 25. Photo by Ennev - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/64085688@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  26. 26. Why write or speak in parables?
  27. 27. Photo by minds-eye - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/36703550@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  28. 28. “Before the Law”
  29. 29. • Man from the country • The Law • The Doorkeeper • The Door/Gate “Before the Law” Franz Kafka
  30. 30. 1. What is the law? 2. Why can’t the man access it? Two basic questions
  31. 31. Is the man denied access to the Law? “But the doorkeeper says that he cannot grant admittance at the moment. The man thinks it over and then asks if he will be allowed in later. "It is possible," says the doorkeeper, "but not at the moment." Since the gate stands open, as usual…”
  32. 32. The Doorkeeper’s Power “But take note: I am powerful. And I am only the least of the doorkeepers. From hall to hall there is one doorkeeper after another, each more powerful than the last. The third doorkeeper is already so terrible that even I cannot bear to look at him."
  33. 33. “There he sits for days and years. He makes many attempts to be admitted, and wearies the doorkeeper by his importunity…During these many years the man fixes his attention almost continuously on the doorkeeper. He forgets the other doorkeepers, and this first one seems to him the sole obstacle preventing access to the Law…He becomes childish, and since in his yearlong contemplation of the doorkeeper he has come to know even the fleas in his fur collar, he begs the fleas as well to help him and to change the doorkeeper's mind. At length his eyesight begins to fail, and he does not know whether the world is really darker or whether his eyes are only deceiving him.” The Man’s Persistence
  34. 34. What is shut at the end of the parable? "Everyone strives to reach the Law," says the man, "so how does it happen that for all these many years no one but myself has ever begged for admittance?" The doorkeeper recognizes that the man has reached his end, and to let his failing senses catch the words, roars in his ear: "No one else could ever be admitted here, since this gate was made only for you. I am now going to shut it."
  35. 35. What is the Law? The elusive enigma of meaning.
  36. 36. Photo by Beechwood Photography - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/26359504@N08 Created with Haiku Deck
  37. 37. Photo by Super Furry Librarian - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/30976576@N07 Created with Haiku Deck
  38. 38. Photo by NYC Wanderer - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/10183029@N00 Created with Haiku Deck
  39. 39. Photo by Ross_Angus - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/84041989@N00 Created with Haiku Deck Reading the Law, Reading the Text
  40. 40. Photo by mitopencourseware - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/29280967@N02 Created with Haiku Deck
  41. 41. The Emperor - The Message - The Messenger “An Imperial Message” Franz Kafka The Emperor’s Subject (The Reader - “You”)
  42. 42. Where do we look for meaning? The Message’s Content The Message’s Delivery
  43. 43. What is a message? How many messages do you send and receive per day? A Culture of Messages
  44. 44. U.S. smartphone owners aged 18 to 24 Send 2,022 texts per month 67 texts per day Receive another 1,831 per month
  45. 45. A Message about Messages “The Emperor, so a parable runs, has sent a message to you, the humble subject, the insignificant shadow cowering in the remotest distance before the imperial sun; the Emperor from his deathbed has sent a message to you alone.”
  46. 46. When and why do messages fail to deliver? “But instead how vainly does he wear out his strength; still he is only making his way through the chambers of the innermost palace; never will he get to the end of them; and if he succeeded in that nothing would be gained; he must next fight his way down the stair; and if he succeeded in that nothing would be gained; the courts would still have to be crossed; and after the courts the second outer palace; and once more stairs and courts; and once more another palace; and so on for thousands of years; and if at last he should burst through the outermost gate—but never, never can that happen.”
  47. 47. The Final Lines “Nobody could fight his way through here even with a message from a dead man. But you sit at your window when evening falls and dream it to yourself.” What’s the Dream?
  48. 48. Connect. Communicate. Share.
  49. 49. The Failures of Communication
  50. 50. Kafka’s “Letter to his Father” His mother never delivered the message
  51. 51. The Enigma of Meaning
  52. 52. After reading the three parables by Kafka, I realized there was a theme in all of them. They all describe something that is either unattainable, or essentially will never be reached…Was Kafka trying to bring to light the simple truth that some things in life will never be attained, and even if they are, they might not be as glorious as one had originally hoped? Here are three different instances where one guys waits patiently hoping to get what he desires, another is constantly moving and working really hard to get where he wants to be, and the last makes it and is hit will hard emotion. Each parable alone, sorta touches on this truth. Did Kafka intend for these three parables to be used together? Since they flow and build off of each other? Discussion Question Theresa Raymond asks:
  53. 53. Photo by Ross_Angus - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/84041989@N00 Created with Haiku Deck The Enigma of Texts
  54. 54. This slideshow by Craig Carey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License

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