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N. ren

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  • 1. Chapter 23 The Age of Reformation Northern Europe and Spain 1500 to 1600
  • 2. Europe in the 16 th Century
  • 3. Figure 23-1 LUCAS CRANACH THE ELDER, Allegory of Law and Grace, ca. 1530. Woodcut, 10 5/8” x 1’ 3/4”. British Museum,
  • 4. Art in the Holy Roman Empire during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Identify representative German artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand German culture and artistic styles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 5. Figure 23-2 MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), Crucifixion (center panel), from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany, ca. 1510–1515. Oil on panel, center panel 9' 9 1/2” x 10’ 9”, each wing 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2”, predella 2’ 5 1/2” x 11’ 2”. Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.
  • 6. http:// www.meredith.edu/art/research/isenheim_altarpiece.htm
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  • 12. Figure 23-2 MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (open), center shrine carved by NIKOLAUS HAGENAUER in 1490, from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany,ca. 1510–1515. Shrine, painted and gilt limewood, 9’ 9 1/2” x 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2” (center), 2’ 5 1/2” x 11’ 2” (predella). Each wing, oil on panel, 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2”. Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.
  • 13. Self-portrait at 22 1493 Oil on linen, transferred from vellum, 57 x 45 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris Self-Portrait at 27 1498 Oil on panel, 52 x 41 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid
  • 14. Self-Portrait in a Fur-Collared Robe 1500 (29 years old) Oil on lime panel, 67,1 x 48,7 cm Alte Pinakothek, Munich
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  • 17. Figure 23-6 ALBRECHT DÜRER, Four Apostles, 1526. Oil on panel, each panel 7’ 1” x 2’ 6”. Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
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  • 19. Figure 23-4 ALBRECHT DÜRER, The Great Piece of Turf, 1503. Watercolor, approx. 1’ 4” x 1’ 1/2”. Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna.
  • 20. Lobster 1495 Watercolour and gouache, 263 x 355 mm Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam
  • 21. Pond in the Woods c. 1496 Watercolour and gouache on paper, 262 x 374 mm British Museum, London
  • 22. Wing of a Roller 1512 Watercolour and gouache on vellum, 20 x 20 cm Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna
  • 23. ALBRECHT DÜRER, Last Supper, 1523. Woodcut, 8 3/8” x 11 13/16”. British Museum, London.
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  • 25. Figure 23-1 ALBRECHT DÜRER, The Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), 1504. Engraving, approx. 9 7/8” x 7 5/8”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (centennial gift of Landon T. Clay).
  • 26. Figure 23-5 ALBRECHT DÜRER, Knight, Death, and the Devil, 1513. Engraving, 9 5/8” x 7 3/8”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • 27. Melencolia I 1514 Engraving, 239 x 189 mm Kupferstichkabinett, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe
  • 28. Figure 23-8 ALBRECHT ALTDORFER, The Battle of Issus, 1529. Oil on panel, 4’ 4 1/4” x 3’ 11 1/4”. Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
  • 29. Figure 23-9 HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER, The French Ambassadors, 1533. Oil and tempera on panel, approx. 6’ 8” x 6’ 9 1/2”. National Gallery, London.
  • 30. Portrait of Henry VIII 1540 Oil on panel, 88,5 x 74,5 cm Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome
  • 31. Art in France during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Understand the French culture and artistic styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify representative French artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 32. Europe in the 16 th Century
  • 33. Fig. 23—11 Chateau de Chambord, France, begun 1519
  • 34. Figure 23-12 PIERRE LESCOT and JEAN GOUJON, west facade of the Square Court of the Louvre, Paris, France, begun 1546.
  • 35. Figure 20-16 LIMBOURG BROTHERS (POL, HENNEQUIN, HERMAN), October, from Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, 1413–1416. Ink on vellum, approx. 8 1/2” x 5 1/2”. Musée Condé, Chantilly.
  • 36. Art in the Netherlands during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Understand Dutch culture and artistic styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify representative Dutch artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 37. Europe in the 16 th Century
  • 38. Figure 23-15 QUINTEN MASSYS, Money-Changer and His Wife, 1514. Oil on panel, 2’ 3 3/4” x 2’ 2 3/8”. Louvre, Paris.
  • 39. Figure 23-17 Detail Still life on the table: Prayer book, convex mirror, scale © 2005 Saskia Cultural Documentation, Ltd.
  • 40. Figure 23-16 PIETER AERTSEN, Meat Still-Life, 1551. Oil on panel, 4’ 3/8” x 6’ 5 3/4”. Uppsala University Art Collection, Uppsala.
  • 41. Figure 23-17 CATERINA VAN HEMESSEN, Self-Portrait, 1548. Panel, 1’ 3/4” x 9 7/8”. Kunstmuseum, Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel.
  • 42. Figure 23-21 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Hunters in the Snow, 1565. Oil on panel, approx. 3’ 10” x 5’ 4”. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
  • 43. Figure 23-20 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559. Oil on panel, 3’ 10” x 5’ 4 1/8”. Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin.
  • 44. Fig. 23-13 Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7’ 3”X 6’5”, each wing 7’ 3” X 3’ 2”. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
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  • 49. Autun
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  • 54. Art in Spain during the 16 th Century <ul><ul><li>Understand Spanish culture and artistic styles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify representative Spanish artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 55. Europe in the 16 th Century
  • 56. Figure 23-25 EL GRECO, The Burial of Count Orgaz, Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain, 1586. Oil on canvas, approx. 16’ x 12’.
  • 57. <ul><li>The Reformation - diminishing power of Church and rising power of European monarchs </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of patronage to the arts </li></ul><ul><li>The assimilation of limited Italian Renaissance innovations -- essentially remaining a Northern art </li></ul><ul><li>Grunewald’s Isenheim -- stylistic characteristics, meaning, and purpose (compare to 15th C. North, Early and High Renaissance) </li></ul><ul><li>Durer and his attempt to meld both southern and northern styles, use of the woodcut and engraving ( compare Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael) </li></ul><ul><li>Holbein -the importance of portraiture –northern realism (compare to 15th C. North, Early and High Renaissance) </li></ul><ul><li>Brueghel’s use of proverbs, peasants, everyday life as subject matter (Bosch, 15th C. Northern) </li></ul>

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