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Muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy






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    Muscular dystrophy Muscular dystrophy Presentation Transcript

    • Muscular Dystrophy Courtney Barlow
    • Definition:
      • Muscular Dystrophy (MD) consists of a group of more than 30 generic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of skeletal muscles that control movement or even cardiac muscles.
      • The disorders differ in terms of the distribution and extent of muscle weakness depending on the age of onset, rate of progression, and pattern of inheritance.
      • Some forms of MD are seen in infancy or childhood while others might not appear until middle age or later.
    • Background
      • Muscular Dystrophy is not multiple sclerosis, which is an acquired disease and usually starts in early adult life. And unlike multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy is an inherited muscular disorder.
      • An estimated 200,000 Americans of all ages are affected by several types of MD.
      • The different types of MD are: Facioscapulohumeral MD, Limb-girdle MD, Myotonic Dystrophy, Ocular Dystrophy, Duchenne MD, and Beaker’s MD.
    • Background Cont.
      • Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy:
      • Usually appears between the ages of 10 and 40
      • Affects the muscles of upper arm, shoulder girdle, and face.
      • Progression is slow and rarely leads to complete disability.
    • Background Cont.
      • Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy:
      • Affects muscles of the hips and shoulders.
      • Usually starts in late childhood or early 20’s.
      • Progression is slow.
    • Background Cont.
      • Myotonic Dystrophy:
      • Rare form of dystrophy
      • Affects the hands and feet.
      • Muscles are unable to relax for several seconds after forceful contraction.
      • Infants show pronounced floppiness and are slow to develop.
    • Background Cont.
      • Ocular Dystrophy:
      • Rare form.
      • Affects the eyes and throat.
      • Can lead to double vision, drooping eyelids, and difficulty swallowing because of degeneration of throat muscles.
    • Background Cont.
      • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy:
      • Genetic, inherited through a recessive sex-linked gene.
      • Most common form appearing in males, but could be passed to a female who becomes a carrier.
      • Symptoms appear within the first 3 years of life.
      • First muscles to weaken are hip-girdle muscles followed by the shoulder muscles, respiratory muscles, and heart muscles.
      • Uncertain step, frequent falling, and difficulty getting off floor.
      • Progresses steadily and life beyond 20 is not likely.
    • Background Cont.
      • Becker’s Muscular Dystrophy:
      • Similar to Duchenne MD
      • May also be curvature of spine
      • Muscles may appear bulky due to muscles wasting away and replaced with fat.
      • Starts later in childhood and progression is slow.
      • No cure developed.
    • Characteristics
      • Physical Characteristics of individuals with types of MD were briefly stated under the various types of dystrophy.
      • Most individuals require assistance with personal hygiene, eating, and dressing.
      • This dependence on others affects the individual with MD, and, as with any other severe physical disability, there can be psychological and social problems.
    • Strategies For Teaching
      • Create a classroom environment to meet their specific educational and physical needs.
      • Allow extra time for students to move from place to place within the classroom.
      • Respect the students wish to achieve but also their wish to be as independent as possible if desired.
      • Cooperative learning is excellent for most students with MD. Teaming together with peers provides an opportunity to interact with others, make new friends, and be accepted easier.
    • Strategies For Teaching
      • Keep MD students active for as long as possible to keep their healthy muscles in good condition.
      • Encourage independence to avoid self-esteem problems associated with dependence on others, and encourage social opportunities.
      • Recommend counseling for both the student and family members to ease the burden of dealing with muscular dystrophy on their own.
    • Works Cited
      • Nielsen, Lee B. Brief Reference of Student Disabilities . second ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2009. 155-57. Print.