English III Honors Vocab 4 (1 4)
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English III Honors Vocab 4 (1 4)

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80 Vocabulary Words and Definitions for 11th grade English

80 Vocabulary Words and Definitions for 11th grade English

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  • 1. English III HonorsVocabulary Lesson 4 Plus Vocabulary Cumulative Review (Lessons 1-4)
    September 21, 2009
    Ms. Barletta cbarleta@dphds.org
  • 2. Vocabulary Lesson 4
    1. celibate (adj.): abstaining from intercourse
    2. fortuitous (adj.): happening by chance or accident
    HINT: Fortune
    3. recapitulate (v.): to summarize; repeat briefly
    HINT: Recap
    4. perfunctory (adj.): done without care; in a routine fashion
    HINT: Function
    5. baroque (adj.): overly decorated
    You might go broke if you decorate your home in a baroque style.
  • 3. 6. hedonism (n.): pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses
    HINT: Heathen
    7. obloquy (n.): strong disapproval; a bad reputation resulting from public criticism
    8. debacle (n.): a complete failure; a total collapse
    HINT: Buckle
    9. quasi- (adj.): resembling; seeming; half
    10. besmirch (v.): to make dirty; to stain
    HINT: Smudge
  • 4. 11. imperative (adj.): extremely necessary; vitally important
    12. sacrosanct (adj.): extremely holy
    HINT: Sacrament
    13. sadistic (adj.): deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on others
    HINT: It is sad to think that there are sadistic people in the world.
    14. demeanor (n.): behavior; manner of conducting oneself
    HINT: manner; mean or…
    15. facetious (adj.): comical; jocular; flippant
    HINT: Funny face
  • 5. Vocabulary Lesson 4 Extra Words
    16. exuberance (n.): joyful; enthusiasm; overflowing abundance
    17. anomaly (n.): an irregularity
    HINT: a=not; normal
    18. trifling (adj.): trivial; unimportant
    19. avarice (n.): greediness for wealth
    HINT: vice
    20. hedonist (n.): one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life
  • 6. Vocabulary Review: Lessons 1-3
    Lesson 1
    1. Factious (adj.): causing disagreement
    HINT: Facts
    2. Ignoble (adj.): dishonorable; shameful
    3. Boor (n.): a rude or impolite person
    HINT: Boar (like the animal); bore (if you tell someone that they are boring, you’re being boorish)
    4. Aegis (n.): a shield; protection
  • 7. 5. Perspicacity (n.): keenness of judgment
    HINT: Perspective
    6. Fervent (adj.): eager; earnest
    HINT: Fever
    7.Rectify (v.): to correct; to make right
    HINT: Correct
    8. Enervate (v.): to weaken
    9.Besiege (v.): to overwhelm; to surround and attack
    HINT: Seize; under siege
  • 8. 10. Ephemeral (adj.): lasting only a brief time; short-lived
    11. Altruism (n.): a concern for others; generosity
    Hint: All true
    12. Carrion (n.): decaying flesh
    13. Erotic (adj.): pertaining to sexual love
    14. Amorphous (adj.): shapeless; formless; vague
    HINT: A= not; morph=shape
    15.Opulent (adj.): rich; luxurious; wealthy
    HINT: Opals, opera
  • 9. Vocabulary Lesson 1 Extra Words
    16. coalesce (v.) to combine; fuse
    17. colloquial (adj.) pertaining to conversational or common speech
    HINT: Call
    18. aversion (n.) firm dislike
    HINT: You might not like a different version of something
    19. impudence (n.): impertinence; insolence the act of being rude and disrespectful
    20. polemical (adj.): aggressive in verbal attack
    HINT: mimic
  • 10. Vocabulary Lesson 2 Review
    1. Impotent (adj.): powerless; lacking strength
    HINT: im=not; potent=powerful
    2. Antithesis (noun): an exact opposite
    HINT: Anti=against; thesis=statement
    3. Maelstrom (noun): whirlpool; turbulence
    HINT: Mal=bad; storm
    4. Emendation (noun): correction
    HINT: Mend=fix; repair
    5. Chagrin (noun): embarrassment
    HINT: grin and bare it
  • 11. 6. Bauble (noun): showy but useless thing
    HINT: Bubble
    7. Diaphanous (adj.): very sheer and light
    8. Labyrinth (noun): complicated network of winding passages
    9. Gloat (verb): to look at or think about with great satisfaction
    10. Impediment (noun): a barrier
  • 12. 11. Bestial (adj.) savage; brutal
    HINT: Beast
    12. Effete (adj.) worn out; barren
    HINT: The effect on standing on your feet all day might leave you feeling effete.
    13. Shard (noun): a fragment
    14. Bland (adj.) mild; tasteless; dull
    15. Nihilism (noun): a total rejection of established laws
  • 13. 16. Conflagration (noun): great fire
    HINT: flagrant
    17. Querulous (adj.) complaining ; fretful
    HINT: query
    18. Obscure (adj.) indistinct; not easily understood
    19. Jocular (noun): said or done in jest
    HINT: joke
    20. Dissent (verb): to disagree
    HINT: diss
  • 14. Vocabulary Lesson 3 Review
    1. pedestrian (adj.): ordinary or dull
    HINT: To be a pedestrian is pedestrian since most people can walk.
    2. bonafide(adj.): in good faith
    HINT: Bueno=good; fidelity=faithfulness
    3. adventitious (adj.): accidental ; nonessential
    HINT: Some adventures are not planned, but adventitious.
    4. fecund (adj.) fertile, productive
    5. deviate (v.) to turn aside from a course; to stray
  • 15. 6. obfuscate(v.): to confuse; to bewilder
    HINT: confuse
    7. impale (v.): to pierce with a sharp stake through the body
    HINT: If you impalesomeone, they will become paleand cease to exist.
    8. extenuate (v.): to lessen seriousness by providing partial excuses
    HINT: extend; extension
    9. parochial (adj.): local ; narrow; limited
    HINT: Parochial parishes contain limited religious views
    10. glower (v.): to stare angrily
    HINT: Ouch! That woman glowered at me when she saw that I was the owner of the car that hit her brand new Mercedes.
  • 16. 11. edify (v.): to improve someone morally
    HINT: educate; rectify
    12. ambiguous (adj.): open to more than one interpretation
    13. cataclysm (n.): a violent change
    14. optimum (adj.) best; most favorable; ideal
    HINT: optima; optimal
    15. importune (v.) to beg
    HINT: important; tune
  • 17. Vocabulary Lesson 3 Extra Words
    16. quiescence (n.): state of being at rest
    17. truncate (v.): to shorten; cut the top off
    18. disinclination (n.): reluctance; unwillingness to do something
    19. prodigal (adj.): wasteful; reckless with money
    HINT: prodigal son
    20. incite (v.) to prompt into action
    HINT: if someone is insightful about saving the environment, they might incite others to recycle and purchase “green products.”