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  • 1. English 12 HonorsVocabulary Lessons 1-4
    Ms. Barletta
    barlettac@dkja.org
    September 20, 2010
    TEST DATE: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29TH
  • 2. Vocabulary Lesson 4
    1. efficacious (adj.): effective; producing the desired outcome
    HINT: effect
    2. catharsis (n.): a release of emotional tension
    3. inundate (v.): to overwhelm; to fill beyond capacity
    HINT: You might be inundated with dates.
    4. revere (v.): to regard with respect, awe, or adoration
    5. internecine (adj.): mutually destructive
  • 3. Vocabulary Lesson 4
    6. risible (adj.): relating to laughter; laughable
    7. sybaritic (adj.): marked by luxury or pleasure
    8. crepuscular (adj.): pertaining to twilight
    9. kudos (n.): acclaim or praise
    10. estrange (v.): to alienate
    HINT: to make strange
  • 4. Vocabulary Lesson 4
    11. intrinsic (adj.): of or relating to a thing’s basic nature; inherent
    HINT:
    12. maxim (n.): an established principle; a truth or rule of conduct
    HINT: Axiom
    13. putrid (adj.): rotten and foul smelling
    HINT: PU
    14. servile (adj.): submissive; slavish
    HINT: servant
    15. apocryphal (adj.): of questionable authenticity, but widely believed
    HINT:
  • 5. Vocabulary Lesson 3
    1. scapegoat (n.) one who bears the blame for others
    HINT: The other goats need an escape!
    2. peremptory (adj.): not allowing refusal or delay; imperative
    3. atelier (n.): an artist’s or a designer’s workshop
    Hint: Art Lair
    4. axiom (n.): a universal truth; an established law
    5. dulcet (adj.): melodious; pleasing to the ear
  • 6. Vocabulary Lesson 3
    6. usurp(v.): to take over; seize power
    7. patronizing (adj.): treating with condescension; acting superior
    8. iniquity (n.): an evil or wicked act
    9. archaic (adj.): no longer current or applicable
    10. vacillate (v.): to waver; to sway indecisively
  • 7. Vocabulary Lesson 3
    11. perspicacious (adj.): keen; mentally sharp
    HINT: Perceptive
    12. abstemious (adj.): using or consuming sparingly
    HINT: Absent
    13. talisman (n.): a magic charm or superstitious object
    14. expurgate (v.): to remove vulgar or objectionable material
    HINT: Purge
    15. pellucid (adj.): transparent; clear
    HINT: Lucid
  • 8. Vocabulary Lesson 2
    1. metamorphosis (n.): a transformation or dramatic change
    HINT: morph-=to change
    2. donnybrook (n.): a fight; an uproar
    HINT: Donny and Brooke got into a fight.
    3. nonchalant (adj.): unconcerned; indifferent
    HINT:
    4. vestige (n): a trace or evidence of something that once existed
    HINT: A vest with fringes is a vestige of the 1970’s.
    5. interlocutor (n.): someone who participates in a conversation
    HINT: Inter=between; loc=speech; -or=one who
  • 9. Vocabulary Lesson 2
    6. procrustean (adj.): strictly disregarding individual differences or circumstances
    HINT:
    7. stygian (adj.): dark and forbidding
    HINT: Someone who is stingy with money, might live in a stygian house to keep the electricity bill low.
    8. sophistry (n.): a deliberately deceptive or misleading argument
    HINT:
    9. carte blanche (n.): boundless authority
    HINT: From the French phrase meaning blank paper; (think blank check-you can write in any amount that you choose)
    10. incantation (n.): a chant; a recited magical spell
    HINT: CHANT
  • 10. Vocabulary Lesson 2
    11. cosmopolitan (adj.): worldly; sophisticated
    HINT: Metropolitan (city)
    12. rife (adj.): abundant; prevalent
    The rifle was rife with bullets.
    13. nomenclature (n.): technical names or naming system in an art or science
    HINT:
    14. brigand (n.): a robber or bandit
    HINT:
    15. contemptuous (adj.): haughty; scornful
    HINT: Contempt
  • 11. Vocabulary Lesson 1
    1. camaraderie (n.): rapport and goodwill
    HINT: COMRADE
    2. frangible (adj.): fragile; easy to break
    3. litany (n.): any long, repetitive, or dull recital
    HINT: LITERATURE
    4. moratorium (n.): a suspension of activity; an authorized delay
    HINT: LOOKS LIKE MORTUARY
    5. zealous (adj.): fervent; fanatical
    6. desiccate (v.): to dry out; to remove moisture
    7. wrenching (adj.) causing mental or physical pain
    8. replete (adj.) full; abundant
  • 12. Vocabulary Lesson 1
    9. interminable (adj.): tiresome and long; seemingly endless
    10. arable (adj.): suitable for cultivation of land
    11. lugubrious (adj.): mournful; gloomy
    12. truncate (v.): to shorten
    13. ubiquitous (adj.) occurring or seeming to occur everywhere; omnipresent
    14. vernacular (n.): everyday language
    15. equanimity (n.): composure; calmness