Dialogue and access to decision making are critical at all levels - from the regional to the local. Creating spaces for a range of stakeholders to access information and participate in decision making – from resource allocation to vulnerability mapping and policy/programme design - is critical if positive development outcomes are to be achieved despite a changing climate. This requires partnership and confidence between stakeholders (government departments, business, advocacy networks, faith groups and regional initiatives). Climate change can be a driver for greater integration across sectors, intuitions, policies and programmes.
Three “pillars” as foundation of approach Promote environmental & climate-smart development Plan for uncertainty and unexpected events Increase knowledge & support on risk & climate impacts Empower communities & local authorities to influence the powerful Ensure flexible & integrated policy & practice across sectors and scales Integrate knowledge of changing risks into vulnerability reduction Forge partnerships for rights to access basic services, assets Promote learning to improve policies and practice Assess effects of CC on disaster risks Promote socially just & equitable economic systems Increase ability of actors to innovate & experiment Integration of actors working on disasters, climate & development 3 Address poverty & vulnerability 2 Enhance adaptive capacity 1 Tackle changing disaster risks
so as to support progress on the HFA and to promote disaster - resilient communities
Next two slides show the Pressure and Release Model (“Crunch model”) to illustrate links of Pillar 3 to Pillars 1 & 2
National & International Political Economy Power relations Demographics Conflicts & War Environmental Trends Debt Crises Etc Social Structures & Power Systems Class Gender Ethnicity Caste Other power relationships Hazard Flood Cyclone Earthquake Tsunami Volcanic eruption Drought Landslide Biological D I S A S T E R Vulnerability component Livelihood & its resilience Base-line status Well-being Self-protection Social Protection Governance S O C I A L F R A M E “ Crunch” Pressure and Release (PAR) model (Cannon, adapted from At Risk ) R O O T C A U S E S
National & International Political Economy Power relations Environmental Trends Debt Crises Etc Social Structures & Power Systems Class Gender Ethnicity Caste Other power relationships Hazard Flood Cyclone Drought Landslide Biological D I S A S T E R Vulnerability component Livelihood & its resilience Base-line status Well-being Self-protection Social Protection Governance S O C I A L F R A M E R O O T C A U S E S Climate change makes hazards worse Poverty hits environment CC undermines livelihoods
The Approach seeks to guide planning and evaluation of existing DRM policies, projects or programmes, as well as inform advocacy.
Approach is not a ‘checklist’ - but offers guidance on how to evaluate current interventions and identify how to change practice and policy for better development outcomes.
This should be applied in a ‘ dynamic and hands-on manner’ to enable local governments and authorities to integrate multiple dimensions / considerations (pillars) to make their initiatives adaptive to the changing climate