Grammar Book 2

204 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
204
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Grammar Book 2

  1. 1. Carlota Shoup
  2. 2.  El Imperfecto El Pretérito  -Car, -Gar, -Zar  Spock  Cucaracha  Snake/Snakey Modal Verbs Los Adverbios Progressives  Present  Past Future  Irregular  Conditional Superlatives Formal Commands Prepositions Demonstratives
  3. 3.  Time/date/age/feelings/descriptions Past tense No definite beginning or end Interrupted activity  (Cuándo) Ongoing action  (Was/were) Repeated -ar -er/-ir (Used to) -aba -ía  -abas -ías -aba -ía -ábamos -íamos -aban -ían
  4. 4. -ar -er/-ir é Íaste iste ó ióamos imosaron ieron
  5. 5.  -Car, -Gar, -Zar toCAR juGAR comenZAR Toqué Jugué Comencé Tocaste Jugaste Comenzaste Tocó Jugó Comenzó Tocamos Jugamos Comenzamos Tocaron Jugaron Comenzaron Regular verbs with these endings have a spelling change in the “yo” form to keep the soung of the verb.
  6. 6.  Spock Irregular Verbs Ser & Ir: Ver & Dar: Hacer: I Fui D/V i Hice Fuiste D/V iste Hiciste S r Fue D/V io Hizo e Fuimos D/V imos Hicimos r Fueron D/V ieron Hicieron
  7. 7.  La Cucaracha Verbs Andar Anduv- -e Estar Estuv- Poder Pud- -iste Poner Pus- Querer Quis- -o Saber Sup- Tener Tuv- Venir Vin- -imos Decir Dij- -isteis Traer Traj- Conducir Conduj- -eron Producir Produj- -i Traducir Traduj- -ieron
  8. 8.  Snake/Snakey •Leer •Leí •Leiste •Leyó •Leimos •Leyeron To write the 3rd• Dormir person preterite • Dormí form of –er and –ir • Dormiste verbs with stems that end in a • Durmió vowel, change the • Dormimos “i” to a “y” • Dumieron
  9. 9.  Ir + a + infinitive (going to do something) Poder + infinitive (are able to do something) Querer + infinitive (want to do something) Deber + infinitive (should do something) Tener que + infinitive (to have to do something) Soler + infinitive (to be accustomed to…)
  10. 10.  -ly in English….-mente in Spanish When 2 adverbs modify the same verb, only the 2nd uses the “–mente” ending.  Example: El autor escribió rápida y fácilmente. The author wrote quickly and easily. Irregular: (do not follow the pattern of most adverbs)  Mucho- a lot  Muy- very  Mal- bad  Bastante- quite/enough  Bien- good/well  Ya- already  Tan- so  Demasiado- too
  11. 11.  Present Describes what is happening now Estar/Ser + -ando/-iendo/-yendo “yendo” because 2 vowels (spacer) Example:  Estoy hablando a tí. I am talking to you Past (Imperfect): Combine “estar” with a present participle Drop –ar, -er, -ir ending and attach appropriate ending  Estaba hablando a tí. I was talking to you
  12. 12.  “Will” Infinitive + é ás á emos án Example:  Cantaré- I will sing Irregular:  Decir dir-  Hacer har-  Poner ponar- é  Salir saldr- ás  Tener tendr- á emos  Valer vendr- éis  Poder podr- án  Querer querr-  Saber sabr-
  13. 13.  Used when you want to say that something has the most or the least of a certain quality  El más………………………El menos  Los más……………………Los menos  La más…………………….La menos  Las más…………………..Las menos Touse a noun with the superlative form, put it after the article. When you refer to an idea or concept, use the neuter article “lo”.
  14. 14.  Inusted/ustedes form, put in the “yo” form and make feminine.  Example: trabajar – trabajo – trabaja
  15. 15.  Abajo Arriba A la derecha (de) A la izquierda (de) Al lado (de) Cerca (de) Debajo (de) Delante (de) Dentro (de) Detrás (de) Encima (de) Entre Fuera (de) Lejos (de)
  16. 16. This That That Over ThereEste Ese AquelEsta Esa AquellaThese Those Those Over ThereEstos Esos AquellosEstas Esas Aquellas

×