Intro to Film -- Course review


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  • SETTINGSense of place and timeState of mind (i.e with camera angles etc)Can appear natural, fantastic or other-wordly (i.e star wars)Can create mood, type of story, genre of filmCOSTUME AND MAKE-UPIndicates period & social milieuSocial class, cultural background, character traitsSense of place, time, characterizationType of story and genrePassing of time (as someone ages)FIGURE, EXPRESSION & MOVEMENTThe way figures/actors stand or move (key to story telling)Foreground placement of actor = more importanceMoving body against stationary background draws our attentionBalanced feel=if actors and object positioned evenlyPosition of character indicates relationship between themFacial expressionLIGHTINGUse of light=who or what is key in the sceneMystery, tension, suspense… based on:Intensity (hard or soft)Source (natural or artificial)Direction (path of light; where light is coming from)(Colour)
  • MOVEMENTSHORIZONTAL & VERTICAL Movement SWISH PAN / quick blurred image = passage of time, suspicion  TILT = ex someone as authority or inferior  MOVEMENT IN THREE DIMENSIONS TRACKING Shots = on dollies ( or wheelchair, shopping kart): to trace movement *EX: I’ve used it to create suspense  CRANE Shot = classic concluding/ ending shot AERIAL shot = for great distance: for sense of freedom, set the stage for where you’re going where story takes place, establishing a sense of location where story takes place HANDHELD CAM & STEADY CAM. = 50’s & 60’s created. Allowed for immediacy of capturing. to capture intimacy, subtle movement
  • Distance = how emotionally involved the audience becomes with the characterEXL = extreme long shotLS = full figure of character in frameMLS = character from the knees upMS = character from the waste upMCU = character from the chest upCU = close section of the body (ie face)XCU = body part (ie eye)
  • 3). Graphic Similarities between Shots Graphic Match ex Lola: Bag + Phone- show5). Shot transition the cutthe fade in/outdissolvewipe (shot b pushes shot a out of the way…until it disappears)iris
  • MotifsDetails that repeat in a film Can provide info about the character or reinforce a significant ideaRed, Music, Characters Addressing the Camera
  • Ideology = worldview, system of beliefsHow has the film influenced you to think (about various issues… present in the film)?
  • A pioneering Scottish documentary maker, often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film. In 1926, Grierson coined the term "documentary"
  • FILM WE WATCHED Man on a Wire (2008), Dir. James Marsh5. Self-Reflexive DocumentaryShowing the filmmaking team & process http://www.nickbroomfield.com4. Direct Cinema/Cinema Verite/Cinema of Truth“Observational Documentary”Minimal intrusion from the filmmaker
  • In a bourgeois suburb, Zac is the second-youngest son in a family of five boys overseen by an overbearing father, Gervais, and a religious mother, Laurianne. The mother believes her cherished son has magical healing powers and is destined for greatness. Zac, however, is merely trying to survive his rough-and-tumble brothers as he struggles to come to terms with his homosexuality and his disapproving father, whom he loves dearly. Zac travels as far away as Jerusalem to "find" his father's love and respect, and finds solace in the music of David Bowie, Pink Floyd and the Rolling Stones.
  • Intro to Film -- Course review

    1. 1. 1. MiseenScene 2. Cinematography 3. Editing 4. Sound 5. Narrative and Characterization 6. Representation 7. Documentary 8. Animation 9. Quebec Cinema Intro to Film
    2. 2. Mise-en-Scene Film excerpt: Citizen Kane (1941), dir. Orson Welles Article: “Mise enscene” Introducing Film by Graham Roberts & Heather Wallis (2001) Elements include: 1. Setting 2. Costume & Make-Up 3. Figure, Expression & Movement 4. Lighting
    3. 3. Cinematography Film: Run Lola Run, dir. Tom Tykwer Article: “Cinematography” Film: A Critical Introduction, by Maria Pramaggiore& Tom Wallis (2006) 1. Camera Height 2. Camera Angle 3. Camera Distance 4. Camera Movement Each can convey: information, motifs, introduce ideas, create mood
    4. 4. Canted or Dutch angle vs. vs.
    5. 5. Editing Film: Run Lola Run, dir. Tom Tykwer Article: “Editing” Film: A Critical Introduction, by Maria Pramaggiore& Tom Wallis (2006) 1. The Kuleshov Effect 2. Interaction between characters 3. Graphic similarities between shots 4. Adjusting the tempo 5. Shot transitions
    6. 6. Sound Film excerpts: Raging Bull vs Fight Club Rear Window Psycho Requiem for a Dream Article: “Sound” Film: A Critical Introduction, by Maria Pramaggiore& Tom Wallis (2006)
    7. 7. Terms: 1. Foley artist: creates sound effects 2. Soundtrack: ALLthe sound within the film (dialogue, effects, music) 3. Direct sound: sound recorded on location / while the film is being shot 4. Sound Effects: any noise other than dialogue and music 5. On-screen vs. Off-screen sound 6. Objective image vs. Subjective sound 7. Diegetic: what the characters CAN hear 8. Non-Diegetic sound: what the characters can NOT hear 9. Image Time vs. Sound Time 10. Image Mood vs. Sound Mood Sound cont’d…
    8. 8. Sound cont’d… On-screen vs. Off-screen space Objective image vs. Subjective sound Psycho
    9. 9. Sound cont’d… Diegetic vs. Non-Diegetic sound Image Time vs. Sound Time Requiem For a Dream Like a sound “dissolve” where sound from one scene “bleeds into the next scene.
    10. 10. Sound cont’d… Image Mood vs. Sound Mood Pulp Fiction
    11. 11. Narrative & Details Film: Do the Right Thing (1989), dir. Spike Lee Articles: “Detail” & “Narrative Form” Film: A Critical Introduction, by Maria Pramaggiore& Tom Wallis (2006) What is a narrative? How do details in a film shape the narrative? 1. Motifs 2. Parallels 3. Turning Points 4. Repetition
    12. 12. Narrative & Detail cont’d… Motifs •Details that repeat in a film •Can provide info about the character or reinforce a significant idea Do the Right Thing
    13. 13. Parallels •When two characters, events, or location can be compared in a film Narrative & Detail cont’d… Turning Point • Typically a pivotal moment in the film/narrative that changes the course of things to come
    14. 14. WHAT IS THE NARRATIVE OF “DO THE RIGHT THING”? RED How often, when, where did you see the colourRED in the film? What did the colour symbolize to you? MUSIC Where and when did you notice music being played and/or not being played within the film? Did you notice/catch what was playing on Radio Raheem’s boom-box repeatedly? LOOKING INTO CAMERA What were the characters saying when they were speaking into the camera? How did you feel as the viewer? TURNING POINT Was there a turning point in the film? If so, when did it appear?
    15. 15. Representation Film: Do the Right Thing (1989), dir. Spike Lee Articles: “Film and Ideology” Film: A Critical Introduction, by Maria Pramaggiore& Tom Wallis (2006) How is the director representing the issues in their narrative? What is the ideology being transmitted to the audience?
    16. 16. 1. What is an ideology? 2. How would you describe the ideology/ideologies in the film Do The Right Thing? 3. How do you feel this film depicted class & cultural differences? 4. Describe the gender differences in the film. How were the men and women depicted? 5. What were the characteristics that the various cultural groups depicted have in common with each other?
    17. 17. Documentary Prior to 1907: films were non-fiction/documentary 2. L'arrivéed'un Train enGarede La Ciotat /The Arrival of a Train at La CiotatStation(1896, RT 30sec) Directed & produced by August and Louis Lumière/ “The Lumière Brothers”: 1. La Sortie desUsinesLumièreàLyon/ Workers Leaving the Factory (1896, RT 46sec)
    18. 18. “Documentary” Who coined the term? The first Commissioner of the National Film Board of Canada!
    19. 19. Documentary Form/Structure 1. Voice-over narration Point-of-View Balanced or Propaganda? 2. Talking Head doc’s Interview heavy 3. Director-Participant Filmmaker in the film 4. Direct Cinema/Cinema Verite/Cinema of Truth “Observational Documentary” Minimal intrusion from the filmmaker 5. Self-Reflexive Documentary Showing the filmmaking team & process
    20. 20. Animation 3 Forms 1. Hand-drawn or Celluloid 2. Stop motion 3. Computer (2D & 3D)  Rapid display of images in a sequence To create the illusion of movement
    21. 21. Frankenweenie(2009) dir. Tim Burton •Definition of ‘THEME’: the central idea of the story • How is the mood of Frankenweenieconveyed? What production elements allow the mood to be conveyed? Discuss: Mise-en-scene, sound & cinematography. • Identify the theme(s) of Frankenweenie Discuss how these themes are established in the opening sequences.
    22. 22. Quebec Cinema •In late the 1930’s QC cinema consisted mostly of work by amateur filmmakers who were mostly priests. •The QC mandate for cinema at that time was to produce mostly propaganda and educational films. •Many films made for a QC audience were produced in English and dubbed in French. •Eventually, a French filmmaking team emerged at the NFB in the mid 1940’s, post WWII, and a surge of films were being made about QC identity through the mid 1950’s. •Highlights of QC cinema emerged in the 1970’s-80s when cinema verite/direct cinema was being largely used.
    23. 23. Form  Mise-en-scene (acting, lighting, costumes & make-up, setting)  Cinematography (camera height, angle, distance, movement)  Editing  Sound Content:  The narrative, the plot… what the film is about Form + Content = Film
    24. 24. C.R.A.Z.Y (2005) dir. Jean-Marc Vallée 1. What is the narrative of this film? 2. What motifs did you identify? 3. How was religion used in the film? Or, describe how the narrative incorporated religion. 4. Describe the relationship between Zac and his: •Father •Mother •Brothers •Religion
    25. 25. •Form •Narrative •Plot •Theme •Ideology