History of Teaching Writing Pre-1900

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Student timeline of history of teaching writing pre-1900

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  • 1. The History of Composition Instruction
    Pre – 1900 : Context for a New Century
    ECI 520 – Spring 2010Scott, Kevin, Amanda
  • 2. 19th Century: A Time of Change
    Focus on “classical” literature
    Curriculum consisted of public speech and rhetoric
    Few professional schools
  • 3. 1862
    Merrill Federal Land Grant
    Helped states set up vocation schools
    Agricultural and technical
    Economy was “laissez faire,” but headed towards Capitalism
  • 4. 1890 – 1900
    Proliferation of public schools
    Jump from ~2,500 to ~ 6,000
  • 5. 1900
    Turn to study of English texts instead of “classics”
  • 6. 1873
    Harvard is first college to use admissions essay
    Use literature to teach composition
  • 7. Yale Opposes Harvard Ideas
    Literature should be studied for its own intrinsic value
  • 8. End of 19th Century
    High school level focuses on writing instruction through literature (Harvard method)