Good Morning! Take a few minutes and begin to list what you know about PSM, concerns you have, and questions you would like answered. Be prepared to share your biggest concern with our group. As you introduce your team, also be prepared to share which famous team your school most likely compares to as you think about implementing PSM.
Problem Solving Model
Problem Solving Model (PSM)Defined Problem-solving model (PSM) › An approach to developing interventions and ensuring positive student outcomes, rather than determining failure or deviance (Deno, 1995). Multiple step Cyclical process
Framework that focuses on: › Appropriate, targeted instruction matched to the student’s need › Researched-based teaching strategies › Early intervention/prevention › Accurate assessment with valid, reliable data › Frequent progress monitoring that drives instruction and level of intensity › Informed instructional decisions
Look at the data from one of our schools. Identify an area of need based on that data. Develop hypotheses to explain why the problem might be occurring. Discuss possible solutions to solve the problem. Be sure to give a reason WHY you chose this solution. Select a solution. Discuss how you would monitor the implementation of your plan. Discuss how you would know your plan worked.
So what does RtI and PBIS have to do withPSM?
RtI and PBIS Identify share a Problem systematic, data driven, leveled Evaluate Plan Develop Hypotheses approach to intervention based on student needs. Implement Discuss In other words, Plan Solutions both frameworks utilize problem
This model has been developed to assist parents and teachers who need help designing educational solutions for problems that arise in schools. “RtI focuses on › Measurement of intervention effectiveness › Early identification and early intervention › A graduated series of increasingly intense interventions guided by data based decision making” - Problem Solving Model in Detail: Preparation for Implementation, Dr. Tom Jenkins
PBIS Defined…PBIS is a broad range of systemic and individualized strategies for achieving important social and learning outcomes while preventing problem behavior. - OSEP Center on PBIS
Universal Screening Core Instruction Tiers of Increasing Support Family Involvement Researched Based Instruction Progress Monitoring/Data Driven Instruction Fidelity of Implementation/Instruction Increased Collaboration
Core – Tier 1 Core instruction is the programs, strategies, and/or materials that are used with ALL students. Our goal is for core instruction to meet the needs(Batsche, 2010) of at least 80% of our students. 17
Supplemental – Tier II < 20% of students Core + Supplemental …to achieve benchmarks Tier 2 Instruction is in addition to core instruction and is usually conducted in small groups.(Batsche, 2010) 18
Individualized – Tier III < 5% of Students Core + Supplemental + Intensive Individual Instruction …to achieve benchmarks Tier III instruction is the most intensive level of intervention outside of EC. In many of our schools, remediation teachers are used to implement interventions at this(Batsche, 2010) tier. 19
Progress monitoring, family involvement, and researched based instruction occur throughout the tiers of support. However, the intensity of those elements increase as instructional supports increase.(Batsche, 2010) 20
Essential OUTCOMESSupportsfor PSM SupportingStaff Behavior PRACTICES Supporting •Develop plan •Implement Plan Decision Making Supporting Student Behavior
Current Process vs PSM Waits for student to fail Promotes early intervention Evaluation Procedures Framework for implementation of effective practiceTargets “what is wrong” with the student Targets instructional change Driven by hope for EC Prevents “instructional casualties” placement Leads to identification of students Leads to over-identification not making adequate growthThe same for every school Uniquely designed for each site A special education An “EVERY” education process process
Discuss with your team the essential components of PSM. Choose 4 people from your team to represent your school and play “PSM Team Feud.”
Oversees PSM process Develops systems to provide structure for PSM (policies/procedures) Utilizes data to guide instructional decisions Identifies instructional resources (Practices) Monitors fidelity of implementation Communicates with other staff and committees
Academic & Behavior Coaches PSM Facilitator Multidisciplinary Representatives Data-base Manager Communication Coordinator Time Keeper Other
Will your team… › have grade level representatives? › have representatives for each tier of support? › have combinations of both? If you already implement PBIS, will your team… › have a subcommittee to build structure for RtI? › have designated meetings to discuss implementation of both PBIS and RtI?
Discuss team members and roles to be filled. Complete the document and assign members to roles.
Begin reading “Professional LearningCommittees, Data Driven DecisionMaking, and Response to Intervention” asyou return from lunch.
Take a minute and discuss the article with your team. › What are things you are being asked to do already in your building? › Are you able to see how PSM could facilitate the implementation of those initiatives?
Read “ Create Your Implementation Blueprint: Avoiding Implementation Pitfalls.” Let’s review with another round of PSM Family Feud…
Managing Complex Change ActionVision + Skills + Incentives + Resources + Plan = Change + Skills + Incentives + Resources + Action Plan = ConfusionVision + + Incentives + Resources + Action Plan = AnxietyVision + Skills + + Resources + Action Plan = ResistanceVision + Skills + Incentives + + Action Plan = FrustrationVision + Skills + Incentives + Resources + = False Starts Adapted from Knoster, T.
1. On a sticky note, jot down your own ideas of what the school of your dreams would look like.2. Share with your team. Note common terms, ideas, and themes on your large paper.3. Now create a draft statement for your team using information from steps 1 and 2 to create your team’s vision of the desired state of your school.4. After reviewing your draft, compose a PSM statement and write it on your large paper.
Creating an action plan
Use your action plan to help guide your team in the following: › Making your own overview presentation › Building consensus