Canoe the  Open Content Rapids                          Photo: Diego Torres Silvestre, “Waterfall,”            http://www....
Photo: Justin See, “To-do list book,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/                                         3336/1487072348...
I am not a lawyer.This is not legal advice.If you need a lawyer,    get one, okay?
A word about ©• (speaking only about the US)• A limited monopoly granted by federal law • over “original works of authorsh...
Common © myths• “If I give credit, it’s okay.”  • Nope. You can still be sued for copyright infringement.  • Copyright inf...
Fair use• Possibly the least-understood concept  in copyright!• An “affirmative defense” in a copyright  lawsuit.• Principl...
Four-factor fair use test• Character of the use• Nature of the work• Amount of the work copied• Effect on the market for t...
How to know for sure  whether a use is fair,   in four simple steps 1. Copy a copyrighted work. 2. Get yourself sued by th...
Have I scared you yet?The next bit is less scary.
Government documents
Three cheers for the feds! • Original work produced by federal   employees in the course of their jobs is   in the public ...
http://nasaimages.org/             Photo: NASA (via http://nasaimages.org/), “Multiwavelength M81”
The motherlode: http://www.usa.gov/ Topics/Graphics.shtml(but be careful; not everything you’ll find here is by federal emp...
Creative Commons
Creative Commons• What if you want people to reuse your  stuff? • You could grant it to the public domain... • ... but the...
Terms and conditions• BY: Must attribute to creator. • On all CC licenses except CC0/PDD (public domain dedication)• ND: N...
Where to find      CC-licensed works• Images: Flickr • Has its own CC search, or use Google Images advanced search, or • Fl...
Paddle on!  http://www.slideshare.net/cavlec/   This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0            Attr...
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Open Content

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Open Content

  1. 1. Canoe the Open Content Rapids Photo: Diego Torres Silvestre, “Waterfall,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/3336/142845984/, CC-BY
  2. 2. Photo: Justin See, “To-do list book,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/ 3336/1487072348/, CC-BY
  3. 3. I am not a lawyer.This is not legal advice.If you need a lawyer, get one, okay?
  4. 4. A word about ©• (speaking only about the US)• A limited monopoly granted by federal law • over “original works of authorship” that are “fixed in a tangible medium of expression”*• ‘To promote the progress of science and the useful arts’• Life of author + 70 years; 95 years corporate *yes, the Internet counts as “tangible” for copyright purposes Photo: Diego Torres Silvestre, “American Falls at Night,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/3336/1487072348/, CC-BY
  5. 5. Common © myths• “If I give credit, it’s okay.” • Nope. You can still be sued for copyright infringement. • Copyright infringement is not the same as plagiarism!• “If it’s on the Internet, there’s no copyright.” • Wrong-o. • This is why you MUST be VERY CAREFUL about your use of Google Images.• “My use is educational, therefore it’s automatically fair use.” • Sorry, no. Photo: Diego Torres Silvestre, “American Falls at Night,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/3336/1487072348/, CC-BY
  6. 6. Fair use• Possibly the least-understood concept in copyright!• An “affirmative defense” in a copyright lawsuit.• Principles and guidelines, not hard-and- fast rules. Photo: Kathleen Conklin, “The fishermen,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/ktylerconk/3719425068/, CC-BY
  7. 7. Four-factor fair use test• Character of the use• Nature of the work• Amount of the work copied• Effect on the market for that work, if everybody did what you’re doing• ALL FOUR considered in a lawsuit.• Fair Use Evaluator: http:// librarycopyright.net/fairuse/ Photo: liz west, “canoes afloat,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/calliope/909753159/, CC-BY
  8. 8. How to know for sure whether a use is fair, in four simple steps 1. Copy a copyrighted work. 2. Get yourself sued by the work’s legitimate copyright owner. 3. Plead fair use as a defense. 4. Win the case.AFAIK, this is the only way.
  9. 9. Have I scared you yet?The next bit is less scary.
  10. 10. Government documents
  11. 11. Three cheers for the feds! • Original work produced by federal employees in the course of their jobs is in the public domain. • Unless it’s confidential or something, of course. Photo: O Palsson, “Inside the dome of the U.S. Capitol Building,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/opalsson/3089698096/, CC-BY
  12. 12. http://nasaimages.org/ Photo: NASA (via http://nasaimages.org/), “Multiwavelength M81”
  13. 13. The motherlode: http://www.usa.gov/ Topics/Graphics.shtml(but be careful; not everything you’ll find here is by federal employees)
  14. 14. Creative Commons
  15. 15. Creative Commons• What if you want people to reuse your stuff? • You could grant it to the public domain... • ... but then anybody can do anything with it.• Creative Commons is a middle ground. • Creators licensing copyrighted works to all comers for reuse! • Under certain terms and conditions. • If you don’t obey the terms of the license, you can be sued for copyright infringement. So do what the license says!• http://creativecommons.org/
  16. 16. Terms and conditions• BY: Must attribute to creator. • On all CC licenses except CC0/PDD (public domain dedication)• ND: No derivative works.• NC: Non-commercial use only.• SA: Share-alike • Release your new work under the same license.• These can be combined!
  17. 17. Where to find CC-licensed works• Images: Flickr • Has its own CC search, or use Google Images advanced search, or • Flickr Storm: http://www.zoo-m.com/flickr-storm/ • Compfight: http://www.compfight.com/ • GREAT source of legally-usable images for your projects!• Music: ccMixter • http://ccmixter.org/ • Also see http://incompetech.com/ (yes, really) • Jamendo: http://www.jamendo.com/en/• PLEASE GIVE BACK!
  18. 18. Paddle on! http://www.slideshare.net/cavlec/ This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution license. Photo: Pete Birkinshaw, “Canoes and Borrowdale,” http://www.flickr.com/photos/binaryape/3314036576/, CC-BY

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