FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLEOF VIETNAM - HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES                        ...
A BENEFIT FOR YOUR COMMUNITY    Since 2003 the Research Centre for Gender, Family and      Our objective has been to impro...
more about themselves is a huge help for the young peopleas individuals, as well as their parents and the communityas a wh...
OUR APPROACH    During the past years we have been implementing the            We have been addressing parents, grandparen...
Project sites – Map showing:                                            LUC NGAN DISTRICT, BAC GIANG                      ...
OUR ACTIVITIES    In total we have established eight different clubs where       Another service that CGFED has been under...
QUOTE FROM LOCAL LEADERDecision makers are not detached fromtheir communities. It is also their childrenwho benefit from t...
YOUTH PARTICIPATION – A CORE VALUE    We have invited youth to participate in all the activities          In the start-up ...
“When core young people participate in developing plans for meet-ings and facilitating the club meetings, it attracts many...
ACTIVITIES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE     It is our experience that the best results are obtained when we     “Normally, we perform ...
“Changes in meeting methods such as letting the young people takepart in role-plays and dramas, using colorful pictures an...
LOCAL LEADERS HAVE THE KEY     TO IMPROVEMENT     Another integral part of the project has been the close        teachers,...
management boards have been established at each site, in-cluding representatives from the district people’s committee,heal...
PARENTS ARE ALSO GETTING INVOLVED     It has been a great benefit to actively involve the youth in the   issues. Parents s...
“This method of getting people involved is very efficient asthe club managers are prestigious persons in the local com-mun...
MY PARENTS ENCOURAGED ME TO PARTICIPATE     Nguyen Thuy Trang, 15 years old                               After attending ...
After attending the trainings,                                                                  I feel more self-confident...
TAKING THE PROJECT TO OTHER     PARTS OF VIETNAM     We have found a recipe for assisting the development of          CGFE...
We believe that it is important for a local leader to   have a strategy for youth participation, because it   will help lo...
“After taking part in the training and reading through the        “Previously during extra-curricular activities, female  ...
“The replication of project models has been supported and     and parents support and apply this model of comprehenisveimp...
22   VÌ LỢI ÍCH CỦA THANH THIẾU NIÊN VIỆT NAM
ABOUT CGFEDResearch Centre for Gender, Family and Environment           For several years, CGFED together with many nation...
THIS CAN BE PART OF YOUR COMMUNITYIn this booklet you can read about the CGFED project that has been running in four diffe...
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FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM - HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES

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"Youths and adolescents ảe the future of all countries. With efforts towards the younger generation, CGFED has proven their participatory approach, bringing the expect changes not only in awareness but also in attitudes, and behaviors for a healthy and safe life for young people and adolescents in the four project sites. Testimonies about significant changes, best practices of stakeholders in the project, especially those coming direct from youths and adolescents are worthy fore reference and will encourage initiatives to protect sexual and reproductive health and rights"_Dr. Nguyen Quoc Anh, Director of the Center for Population Information and Documentation; Editor in Chef of the Population and Development Magazine, General Office for Population and Family Planning, Ministry of Health.

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FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM - HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES

  1. 1. FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLEOF VIETNAM - HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES RESEARCH CENTRE FOR GENDER, FAMILY AND ENVIRONMENT IN DEVELOPMENT (CGFED)
  2. 2. A BENEFIT FOR YOUR COMMUNITY Since 2003 the Research Centre for Gender, Family and Our objective has been to improve the quality of life for Environment in Development (CGFED) has worked to young men and women through the promotion of sexual improve sexual and reproductive health and gender issues and reproductive health. Our project has been running in in Vietnam. four different project sites where we have been promoting comprehensive sexuality education and gender equality among young people and their parents. Through our work we have perfected a model for the best way to address gender, sexual and reproductive issues in Vietnam. Along the way we have worked to promote active participation from both youth, their parents and the whole community. We have collaborated closely with authorities, decision and policy makers, local schools, health service providers and mass media to get the best possible results. This booklet will present you with our main results – and the conclusion is clear: Giving youth the opportunity to know2 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  3. 3. more about themselves is a huge help for the young peopleas individuals, as well as their parents and the communityas a whole. We therefore want to encourage other commu-nities to take up this very beneficial work in those areas ofVietnam where it is not in place. Youths and adolescents are the future of all countries.In this booklet you can read more about our work and about With efforts towards the younger generation, CGFEDhow to bring these ideas to your community. has proven their participatory approach, bringing the expected chan­ es not only in awareness but also in g attitudes, and behaviors for a healthy and safe life for young people and adolescents in the four project sites. Testimonies about significant changes, best practices of stakeholders in the project, especially those com- ming direct from youths and adolescents are worthy for reference and will encourage intitiatives to protect sexual and reproductive health and rights” Dr. Nguyen Quoc Anh, Director of the Center for Population Information and Documentation; Editor in Chef of the ”Population and Development Magazine”, General Office for Population and Family Planning, Ministry of Health. HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 3
  4. 4. OUR APPROACH During the past years we have been implementing the We have been addressing parents, grandparents, school project in four areas across Vietnam. We have targeted teachers, key local people, local authorities, mass organiza- adolescents aged 12-19 years and young people aged 19- tions and leaders of villages about these issues. Because 22 years. of this, we are able to create a supportive environment to implement sexuality education for young people and adoles- We found that in order to successfully carry out sexuality­­ cents. education in schools for young people and adolescents, it is not enough only to guide and teach our young people and The four different settings we have been working in are adolescents about sexual reproductive health. quite different from each other but are collectively represen- One also needs to implement activities tive of the different parts of Vietnam. Therefore, we believe to raise awareness in the local community. that our experiences from the project can be easily imple- mented in all areas of the country.4 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  5. 5. Project sites – Map showing: LUC NGAN DISTRICT, BAC GIANG PROVINCE: the mountainous area of Vietnam Y YEN DISTRICT, NAM DINH PROVINCE: the northern Red River deltaName of the project:“Ensuring Young People’s Rights toSexual and Reproductive Health andprotection against HIV/AIDS in ruralareas of Vietnam.A project building on the knowledge, SONG CAU TOWN, PHU YENskills and competences of young PROVINCE: the coastal area ofpeople, their parents and the local central Vietnamcommunity”. BINH CHANH DISTRICT, HO CHI MINH CITY: the Mekong River delta of southern Vietnam HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 5
  6. 6. OUR ACTIVITIES In total we have established eight different clubs where Another service that CGFED has been undertaking is youths can come for bimonthly meetings and parents can capacity building of our local partners. There have been come once a month for a meeting. CGFED provides experts trainings on subjects such as ‘Youth participation’ and who give presentations on subjects on reproductive and ‘Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights’ and trainings sexual health as well as counselling in the clubs. on facilitating club meetings using participatory methods among other things. In each community we have established two community bookshelves with books and other reading materials on the CGFED is also providing support in terms of communication subjects that are discussed during the meeting. The reading and advocacy both at national and local levels. materials target different age groups in the clubs. CGFED has also been providing training for local trainers so they gain the skills and knowledge to train parents, adoles- cents and youths.6 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  7. 7. QUOTE FROM LOCAL LEADERDecision makers are not detached fromtheir communities. It is also their childrenwho benefit from the improvements we haveseen with the project in our community ”Pham Kim Thuc, President of the District Women’s Union, Vice-standing Managerof the local project management board, Y Yen district
  8. 8. YOUTH PARTICIPATION – A CORE VALUE We have invited youth to participate in all the activities In the start-up phase of the youth clubs the club management in the project. Youth participation has been one of the team and the local project management boards guide a core cornerstones of the project for many years. Giving the of young people about the contents of the meetings, the young people themselves a voice as to how the activities main themes and methods for implementation. are held, what issues are discussed and what to buy for snacks for the meetings has shown to be a very important When the young people are involved in the whole process of strategy for the success of the project. planning the activities, it is clearly reflected in the number of activities, number of participants and the performance. The clubs play a central role in the projects in order to attract and involve young people.8 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  9. 9. “When core young people participate in developing plans for meet-ings and facilitating the club meetings, it attracts many other youngpeople. The core young people have a better understanding of thetopics that young people find attractive and interesting”.Young person, Binh Chanh District“We always maintain a group of 8-10 core young people and gradu-ally empower them to facilitate, develop plans and schedules forthe club meetings with their group. In addition, we allocate a smallamount of money for them to manage and enable them to buy small Up to December 2011:gifts and sweets for the meetings”. • 1,335 adolescents and young people participatedKey person, Luc Ngan District in the training courses (167% of the project goal) • 949 adolescents and young people participated in the clubs (119% of the project goal) • 52,655 adolescents and young people participa- ted in outreach activities in the community and in schools (compared to the project goal of 800 participants) HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 9
  10. 10. ACTIVITIES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE It is our experience that the best results are obtained when we “Normally, we perform songs, hip-hop dancing and games have been providing attractive, lively and interesting methods in all activities with the purpose that our youths and adoles- for teaching youth – and the activities should be done in a way cent club members find it interesting to participate in those so they at all times are suitable for the age group of the audi- activities. By doing this, we do not have to invite our friends ence. to join the activities. Some of my friends would like to par- ticipate in club meetings as they know that games are held Our aim is that the activities for young people and during those activities”. adolescents, such as meetings, trainings and other Group discussion for young people and adolescents, Luc Ngan district extra-curricular activities in schools and outreach activities in communities are attractive, lively, interesting and familiar to “In developing and performing role-plays and dramas, young the target group. For example, role-play, crosswords, puz- people and adolescents themselves directly write the scenarios zles, etc. as well as act in such dramas. This method is highly effective, as the young people and adolescents can adjust the content Those activities help disseminate new knowledge of sexual of the drama to better suit their family according to their and reproductive health and rights. Moreover, by using and age, and their peers’ needs. Additionally, via this method of applying those methods, it is much easier to encourage and performing role-plays and dramas enables young people and involve young people and adolescents to participate. adolescents to gain a deeper understanding of the issues”. Group discussion for young people and adolescents, Y Yen district.10 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  11. 11. “Changes in meeting methods such as letting the young people takepart in role-plays and dramas, using colorful pictures and images,developing leaflets, crosswords, etc. do not lead to a large increasein the number of young people and adolescents in the clubs but doesmake changes to the level of participation of this primary targetgroup of the project. Many adolescents ­ ecome bold, interesting and beager in participating and more self-confidently express and sharetheir ideas and opinions than before”.Group discussion with key persons, Binh Chanh district. HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 11
  12. 12. LOCAL LEADERS HAVE THE KEY TO IMPROVEMENT Another integral part of the project has been the close teachers, schools, the education sector and health service connection with the local community, with local leaders providers have all been involved in the project activities in showing the responsibility of improving the health and order to gain knowledge and understanding - which also knowledge of youth and their parents. enables them to encourage young people to participate in the project. Since the beginning of the project, key local people such as local policy and decision makers, mass organizations such To sustain the activities on sexual and reproductive health as the Women’s Union, Farmers Union and Youth Union, and rights we encourage the involvement of the official structures in Vietnam. It has been shown that the coopora- tion between the project and the school system is vital to the sustainability of the project. Most of the project sites have representatives of the Women’s Union and the Youth Union in the project man- agement board and all of the project sites have representa- tives of the Women’s Union and the Youth Union in the club management teams. Based on the experience from the first project phase and results of consultations with local partners, the local project12 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  13. 13. management boards have been established at each site, in-cluding representatives from the district people’s committee,health-care department, education and training department,Centre for Population and Family Planning, Women’s Union,Youth Union, Mass Media agency.Additionally, key persons from other mass organizations alsoparticipate in specific activities, as well as meetings with thelocal project management board if necessary.At each local site, one organization has been appointed aslocal project coordinator to support the local project man-agement board:• Luc Ngan district, Bac Giang province: Women’s Union “Introducing the education sectors into the local ma­ agement n• Y Yen district, Nam Dinh province: Women’s Union board helped improve the participation of leaders from the• Song Cau town, Phu Yen province: Centre for Population district education and training department as well as school and Family Planning leaders. Guidance from the leaders of district education and• Binh Chanh district, Ho Chi Minh city: District Bureau of training departments to school leaders ensures favorable Public Health conditions and supports young people and adolescents to participate in trainings in schools. This is the factor that helps promote effective youth participation”. Local key person, Y Yen district HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 13
  14. 14. PARENTS ARE ALSO GETTING INVOLVED It has been a great benefit to actively involve the youth in the issues. Parents support and encourage their children to planning and the execution of the project. But it has been of participate in the project activities based on the knowledge equally great value to involve the parents so that they gain they have gained. In addition the parents also have a better knowledge and awareness of sexual reproductive health and understanding of the issues when they are talking to their rights. children about them. This participation gives parents the skills to support and “Concerning awareness among parents and adolescents we communicate with their children on issues of sexual and can see a lot of changes. Not only in family members of the reproductive health and rights, HIV and AIDS and other club but also other people in the village. For families life becomes more harmoneous and there is a more equal relati- onship between youth and their parents, which is good. We can discuss more freely together about these issues”. Father, Y Yen district.14 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  15. 15. “This method of getting people involved is very efficient asthe club managers are prestigious persons in the local com-munity. Moreover, once they are fully informed, parentscan understand the benefits brought by the project. Thus,many parents have encouraged and supported their chil-dren to participate in the activities of the project. We, theadolescents, also have the chance to express our opinionsto our parents”.Young person, Binh Chanh District “Young people can access the internet and get different“When the club for parents was first set up, I participated kinds of information and images. It is important that we asand learned many interesting things. Especially, thanks parents can give them good information about reproductiveto the club, I realized the importance of taking care of our health. At first it was a very sensitive issue to talk about forchildren’s sexual and reproductive health and encour- example condoms and boys and girls. It was strange in ouraged my children to participate in the club because of the society at that time and we were very hesitant to join theinteresting issues and usefull knowledge brought by the club. But then the members of staff from the clubs came toproject”. our houses and persuaded us to come and then we startedGroup discussion for parents, Song Cau town coming. And we are so happy they did, because now we want to come every time”. Group discussion for parents, Y Yen district. HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 15
  16. 16. MY PARENTS ENCOURAGED ME TO PARTICIPATE Nguyen Thuy Trang, 15 years old After attending the trainings I feel more self-confident. And I have learned about gender and sexual and repro- I started attending club meetings when I was in 7th grade. ductive health. We are going through puberty. So now I I wanted to learn more about gender and sexuality edu- know about the development of boys and girls into men cation and about how our bodies work. At first I did not and women at our age. understand this. I also had a bad impression of people living with HIV. My friends and I did not dare to touch and My parents encouraged me to participate. They want me interact with people who are HIV positive. But now we to learn more - and my parents also take part in the club do, after we have learned a lot from the trainings and feel meetings. After the meetings I mainly talk to my mom comfortable about interacting. about these issues. I talk about sexuality education with my girl friends. We talk about what could happen if we had sex with boys. There could be very serious consequences: unwanted pregnancy, syphilis or other sexually transmitted infections and maybe even HIV.16 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  17. 17. After attending the trainings, I feel more self-confident. And I have learned about gender and reproductive health Nguyen Thuy Trang, 15 years old. ”I truly believe that I will have sex later rather than earlier. young people will not make as many mistakes as theyNow I much better understand the risks and consequences. would, if they are not trained.If this project could be replicated in other parts of Vietnam,a lot of young people would learn about these issues,which would be very good for them, their parents and thewhole community. Certainly behavior will change and HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 17
  18. 18. TAKING THE PROJECT TO OTHER PARTS OF VIETNAM We have found a recipe for assisting the development of CGFED has worked in collaboration with the provincial young people and the community as a whole. education and training departments in Nam Dinh and Phu Yen province, as well as the district education and training Originally there were 8 clubs at the beginning of the project, departments in the Luc Ngan and Binh Chanh districts to but by December 2011 we have replicated 72 new clubs carry out extra curricular activities on sex education with across the 4 districts: • Yen district: 36 newly replicated clubs across the dis- Y trict. Those clubs are managed by the District Women’s Union. • Song Cau town: 21 newly replicated clubs across the province of Phu Yen managed by the Provincial Department of Population and Family Planning. • Luc Ngan district: 11 newly replicated clubs across the district managed by the District Women’s Union • Binh Chanh: 4 newly replicated clubs across Hung Long commune managed by Hung Long commune people’s committee. The method of involving youths has also been applied in our new clubs.18 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  19. 19. We believe that it is important for a local leader to have a strategy for youth participation, because it will help local leaders to develop strategies for young people in general. If local leaders care about youth participation in their community, their activities can be made famous and effective” Pham Kim Ngoc, Director of CGFEDmethods and contents provided by the project. The main have established 28 youth friendly counselling corners inthemes have been related to sexuality education and local communities and schools.youth participatory methods have been widely and regu-larly applied to extra curricular activities by 152 secondary To successfully implement those activities, we have carriedand high schools at the four local sites. out training for the newly replicated clubs, and for school teachers on sexual and reproductive health and rights asAdditionally, in order to strengthen the youth’s approach to well as active teaching methods, i.e. participatory methodssexual and reproductive health, information on rights and that involve the target group’s participation.counselling, has been promoted by our local partners, who HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 19
  20. 20. “After taking part in the training and reading through the “Previously during extra-curricular activities, female guidance for trainers on gender, sexual and reproductive teachers often talked from beginning to the end, then asked health and rights and HIV/AIDS prevention for young peo- whether pupils had any questions or not, leading to the ple and adolescents, I myself found this material essential point that pupils were not interested in the activities. After for me to teach my children and my pupils. We often hold I participated in the training for trainers provided by the talks, counselling sessions relating to sexual and reproduc- project, I shared those teaching methods with my col- tive health and rights during the extra-curricular activities leagues (such as role plays, discussions). Thus, our pupils at the beginning of the week. In those sessions, teachers are now more interested in those extra-curicular activities. will act as the guide or facilitator to encourage our pupils From now on, I will directly be in charge of those extra- to participate as well we tell them not to hesistate to ask curricular activities relating to sexual and reproductive or talk with their teachers and parents if they have any health in school, because I was trained by the project”. questions or problems. Even pupils from other classes have Female teacher in secondary school, Binh Chanh district. come to ask me for counselling about their concerns, ques- tions or problems they have. This reflects that our pupils are very interested in those issues”. Teacher in charge of sex education in school, Nam Dinh province.20 FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF VIETNAM
  21. 21. “The replication of project models has been supported and and parents support and apply this model of comprehenisveimplemented by local partners, setting a good precedent for sexuality education!”programs with similar goals and objectives as CGFED’s. Dr. Nguyen Quoc Anh, Director of the Center for Population Information andEducation on sexual and reproductive health for young Documentation; Editor in Chief of the ”Population and Development Magazine”,people and adolescents using a participatory method helps General Office for Population and Family Planning, Ministry of Health.to create a supportive environment for schools to providetheir students with knowledge and skills. Students will bemore interested and active in assessing information andpractising their behavior to improving themselves. Therewould be vigorous and active changes in addressing emar-ging issues relating to youths’ and adolescents’ sexual andreproductive health if schools, mass organizations, sectors HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 21
  22. 22. 22 VÌ LỢI ÍCH CỦA THANH THIẾU NIÊN VIỆT NAM
  23. 23. ABOUT CGFEDResearch Centre for Gender, Family and Environment For several years, CGFED together with many national andin Development (CGFED) is an NGO working on applied international organisations have carried out successful pro-research and advocacy with the expectation of empowering grams on reproductive health, sexual health and rights sucheach individual and community to build up their happiness as “Ensuring Young People’s Rights to Sexual and Repro-on the foundation of gender equity. ductive Health and Rights including protection against HIV AIDS in rural areas of Vietnam”. This project builds on theWith the experience of 18 years following gender equity knowledge, skills and competencies of young people, theirand equality from a human rights perspective, CGFED parents and the local community.aims to deal with gender issues in society, the family andbetween individuals: gender and health, gender and envi- The project has been supported by Danida through theronment, gender in population and development, etc. Danish Family Planning Association, which is a Danish NGO working for a world where everybody has access to information and health services in relation to sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth – as well fighting for sexual and reproductive rights for all. HELPING YOUNG PEOPLE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEMSELVES 23
  24. 24. THIS CAN BE PART OF YOUR COMMUNITYIn this booklet you can read about the CGFED project that has been running in four different parts of Vietnam,where we have been promoting sexual and reproductive health and rights as well as gender equality towardsyoung people and their parents.Since 2003 many young people and their parents have benefitted from the work done and it is our goal to spreadthese good ideas to other parts of Vietnam.We hope you will read more about our work and ideas and help them become part of your community. If you takeaction it can help improve your community.Please do not hesitate to contact us in any of the ways below.Contact address:  Research Centre for Gender, Family and Environment in Development (CGFED)  Office: 19-A26, Nghia Tan, Cau Giay, Hanoi, VietnamTel: (84-4) 37 565 929Fax: (84-4) 37 565 874  E-mail: info@cgfed.org.vn; cgfed1993@gmail.com RESEARCH CENTRE FOR GENDER, FAMILYWebsite : www.cgfed.org.vn AND ENVIRONMENT IN DEVELOPMENT (CGFED)

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