Social issues are matters which directly or indirectly affect a person or the members of a society and are considered to be problems, controversies related to moral values. There are many kinds of social issues like child marriage, human trafficking, inter-caste marriage, ragging, child abuse and many more. Among these child abuse is a major issue. SOCIAL ISSUES
CHILD ABUSE By: Sama, veronica & subuhe
Child Abuse is the physical, sexual, emotional mistreatment or neglect of a child that attacks a childs’ emotions.
It can occur in childs home, schools or communities the child interacts with.
There are four major categories of Child Abuse: Neglect, Physical, Emotional and Sexual Abuse.
DRUG AND ALCOHOL PROBLEMS OF PARENTS.
LOW PREVALENCE OF SOCIAL TIES.
LOW FAMILY INCOME LEVEL.
TYPES OF CHILD ABUSE
It is defined as the failure of a person responsible for a child’s care and upbringing to safeguard the child’s emotional and physical health and general well-being.
The persistent failures to meet a child’s basic needs results in serious impairment of health and development.
Physical Abuse is when a person causes a child physical injury or harm by hitting, kicking or burning.
It also include not providing enough nourishment and clothing when parents can afford to, is also a kind of abuse.
Emotional Abuse is the most difficult to define and recognize and also the one that is least reported. This type of abuse includes anything from belittling child especially in front of others and never praising him.
Such behaviour often causes the child to develop problems like stammering, reclusiveness and nervous disorders.
Sexual Abuse is defined as a sexual act committed by an adult on a child for entirely the adults pleasure.
This can be in the form of rape, sexual molestation, pornography etc.
EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE
Depending on the seriousness, the duration and the sort of abuse the effects can be psychological problems like fears, panic attacks, nightmares; social problems like loss of self confidence and physical problems like eating disorders, headaches and body aches .
Worldwide, approximately 40 million children are subjected to abuse each year.
According to The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights, 75 cases of child abuse are reported each year in India while 71% cases go unreported
The government of India focusing on child issues had created Ministry of Women and Child Development.
There are various N.G.O’s working towards preventing child abuse like Oak Foundation, Elaan foundation and CRY foundation.
UNICEF is one the major organization working towards child abuse.