INTRODUCTION "Why do we have to pay the price of poverty. When we didnt create it.”
What Is "Child Labour"? "Child labour" is work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way (physically, mentally, morally, or by blocking access to education). Child labour refers to the employment of children at regular and sustained labour. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organisations and is illegal in many countries
WHY CHILD LABOUR?“Child labour exists because we allow it to exist”It is essentially a socio-economic problem inextricably linked to poverty and illiteracy, it requires concerted efforts from all sections of the society to make a dent in the problem.It exists because global demand for cheaply produced goods means that suppliers have to find the cheapest labour force possible and often times, this means children are forced to work. Child labour is cheap and in many cases, free.
CHILD LABOUR ACROSS THE WORLD:AFRICAThe latest ILO global estimates on child labour indicatethat in Africa, progress towards the elimination of childlabour is lagging behind other regions of the world.Millions of children are victims of the worst forms ofchild labour in the region.ARAB STATESAn estimated 13.4 million, or about 15 per cent, of allchildren in the region are child labourers.
Asia and the PacificThe latest ILO Global report on Child Labour found that thenumber of working children under the age of 15 years in Asiaand the Pacific declined by 5 million to 122.3 million from2000 to 2004.Latin America and CaribbeanWhile child labour has declined substantially in Latin Americaand the Caribbean in recent years, there are still 5.7 millionworking girls and boys who are under the minimum age foremployment or are engaged in work that must be abolishedaccording to ILO
CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA: India accounts for the second highest number where child labour in the world is concerned. The fact is that across the length and breadth of the nation, children are in a pathetic condition. While experts blame the system, poverty, illiteracy, adult unemployment; yet the fact is that the entire nation is responsible for every crime against a child. Instead of nipping the problem at the bud, child labour in India was allowed to increase with each passing year
LABOUR ACTIVITIES IN INDIA Child Labour in The Agricultural Sector : According to a recent ILO report about 80% child labourers in India are employed in the agriculture sector. The children are generally sold to the rich moneylenders to whom borrowed money cannot be returned.
OTHER SECTORS ENCOURAGINGCHILD LABOUR: Glass Factories Matchbox Factories Carpet Industry Construction Sites Hotels Making Of Crackers Garages As servants/maids
RIGHTS OF A CHILD The Right To Survival - to life, health, nutrition, name and nationality The Right To Development - to education, care, leisure, recrea tion The Right To Protection - from exploitation, abuse, neglect The Right To Participation - to expression, information, thou ght and religion
GOVERNMENT POLICIES . Article 24 of the Indian constitution clearly states that "No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or employed in any hazardous employment.” Article 39 (e) directs State policy such "that the health and strength of workers . . . and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength.” Although the lack of data does not mean enforcement is nonexistent, the number of child labourers and their work participation rates show that enforcement, if existent, is ineffective.
Govt. of India should take the followingsteps immediately to stop child labour: 1. It should launch an awareness campaign amongst poorest of the poor as well as other people that producing more children does not mean necessarily more working hands but it also means more mouths to feed. In fact, it should take stringent measures for population control. 2. It should inform the poor people that their children should be sent to school and that Mid-day meal programmes are there to feed them. It should tell them about the right to education law. 3. It should launch an awareness campaign that people should not engage small children as domestic help. 4. It must take action against the officials who do not enforce the laws regarding child labour. This is a must. Even when laws or codes of conduct exist, they are often violated.
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION (ILO) The new ILO global report, entitled Accelerating action against child labour, presents detailed estimates. Progress was greatest among children aged 5- 14, where the number of child laborers fell by 10 per cent. Child labour among girls decreased by 15 per cent. However, it increased among boys (by 8 million or 7 per cent). What’s more, child labour among young people aged 15 to 17 increased by 20 per cent, from 52 million to 62 million
RED CARD – “GO FOR THE GOAL” Red Card" takes place during international football competitions to inform the public on child labour issues with the aim of fostering the emergence of a world movement in favour of the elimination of this plague: 218 million children worldwide are at work, among them 126 million are intolerably exploited
What we should do? We can educate our servant’s children and stop them from working. We can spread awareness among the various backward areas through campaigns. We can explain the importance of education among the poor people. We can form a group to protect the children & stop child labour.
CONCLUSION“This is our right ,adults have to listen. This is childrens rights. And if they are not abiding with that right, we will work harder to make them hear.” “If not we ,then who? If not now ,then when?”