Guided Notes Lesson 1: Articles of Confederation

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  • Power divided between an executive and a legislature
    EXECUTIVE = state governor (excluding Pennsylvania)
    LEGISLATURE = elected representatives by the voters to pass laws
    ENTER VISUAL OF GOVERNOR AND ELECTED OFFICIALS
  • Loose alliance between 13 states
    People feared the tyranny of British rule
    More Americans identified with their state than with the whole nation
    ENTER VISUAL OF ART OF CONFED
  • Could pass laws (only if 9 states approved)
    Could not regulate trade between states or between states and foreign countries
    Could not tax
    Could ask states to loan them money in order to raise funds for the national govt (state could refuse to give money)
    ENTER VISUAL OF DELEGATE OR VOTE
  • Disagreements arose and there was no unbiased party to decide on a solution
    - Without power to tax, Congress had no way of repaying national debts
    - Continental dollar had little value because it was not backed by gold or silver
    States started printing their own currency which made trade difficult between territories
    ENTER VISUAL OF GOLD AND SILVER (on this slide) and a slide with different state currencies
  • Enter visual of Northwest Territory (MAP)
  • Farmers borrowed money during the war for land, seed, animals, and tools
    After the war, prices fell and farmers could not pay back loans
    State governments reclaimed land and farms because debts could not be paid
    FIND PICTURE OF SHAYS’ REBELLION
  • Guided Notes Lesson 1: Articles of Confederation

    1. 1. Lesson 1: Articles of Confederation  OBJECTIVE: Students will learn how the Articles of Confederation created a weak central government and a loose alliance of independent states.  KEY WORDS:  constitution: a document that sets out laws, principles, organization, and processes for government  alliance: agreement between nations to aid and protect each other  bill of rights: list of freedoms that the government promises to protect  Articles of Confederation: first American constitution in 1777
    2. 2. The States Write Constitutions  States wrote constitutions for 2 reasons  Virginia’s constitution included a bill of rights
    3. 3.  Several other states followed Virginia’s lead  STATE GOVERNMENTS
    4. 4. The Articles of Confederation  Delegates at Continental Congress believed colonies needed to be united by a national govt  States feared a large and powerful central government PROCESSING: Why would states be fearful of a controlling, central government that had the power to tell them what to do and how to do it?
    5. 5.  Continental Congress approved first American constitution (Articles of Confederation) in 1777 after MUCH DEBATE
    6. 6. Power of Congress  Each state sent 1 delegate to Congress = 1 vote per state
    7. 7.  NO PRESIDENT to execute laws  NO POLICE/MILITARY to enforce the laws  NO SYSTEM OF COURTS to settle conflicts between states PROCESSING: In looking at these 3 limitations, what is a potential problem with this system?
    8. 8. Weaknesses of the Confederation  Conflicts between states  Money problems
    9. 9. Virginia State Currency
    10. 10. Maryland State Currency
    11. 11. Northwest Ordinance  1787: set up government for Northwest Territory (Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, & Wisconsin)  Provided an example of a good way to admit new states to the nation  One of the only successes that stemmed from the Articles
    12. 12. Map of Northwest Territory, 1787 QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    13. 13. Shays’ Rebellion  Daniel Shays and 1,000 other farmers stormed courthouses in Massachusetts in a revolt against the mistreatment of the farmers
    14. 14. Constitutional Convention is Called  Congress realized the Articles were not successful  Constitutional Convention was called in Philadelphia in May 1787 to create a stronger, more structured constitution  HOMEWORK: Report out on this question: “If you were attending the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, what two goals would you have? Why are they important to you (as an American)? “

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