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  • 1. China in Disorder220-589 C.E.
  • 2. Geography of the Region
    China has very diverse landscapes that isolate it from the rest of the world.
    The landscapes also help to protect China from neighboring tribes or enemies.
  • 3. Deserts
    Taklimakan Desert:
    “Once you go in, you never come out”
    World’s largest shifting-sand desert
    Gobi Desert:
    Fifth largest desert in the world
    Location of several cities along the Silk Road
  • 4. Mountains
    Tian Shan
    “the Heavens’ mountains”
    Neighbors the Taklimakan Desert
    “abode of snow” in Sanscrit
    Mount Everest is included (highest peak in the world at 29, 029 ft)
    Plateau of Tibet (highest and biggest plateau in the world)
  • 5. Waterways
    Chiang Jiang River
    Longest river in China at 3,915 mi
    Huang He River (“Yellow River”)
    Carries a lot of silt which makes it appear yellow
    Yellow Sea
    Sand from the Gobi desert on the surface make it appear yellow at sunset
    East China Sea
    South China Sea
  • 6. Nearby Enemies: The Mongols
    North of China
    Outstanding leadership & Military Skill
    • Children learned to ride before they could walk because horsemanship was that important to the Mongols
    Mongols traveled in family groups called CLANS.
    Formal leader was usually the eldest male
  • 7. Temujin was born in 1167 and became a strong military leader of his clan at the age of 12 after his father was killed.
    He received recognition from several clans after he showcased his skill and careful thinking with his own people.
    At the age of 39, he was named Genghis Khan – “ruler of all within the sea.”
    He shaped the Mongolian Warriors and helped to create order in battle by setting up a structured military.
  • 8. Division of Ideologies
  • 9. Confucianism
    Based on the teachings of Confucius
    Chinese thinker and social
    Respect for elders
    Completing duties to the family
    Attaining virtue by studying the classics or serving the government
    Visions of personal and social perfection will bring peace and prosperity to the people
  • 10. Buddhism
    Based on the teachings of Siddhartha, the Buddha of “Enlightened One”
    Originated in India and arrived in China via the Silk Road
    Taught that life is a cycle of pleasure or sorrow, of death and rebirth
    Suffering is seen as a part of life – caused by paying too much attention to material things
    A person could escape from suffering through meditation – then reach enlightenment
  • 11. Taoism/Daoism
    Based on the teachings of Laozi/Lao-tze
    • A Chinese philosopher
    Emphasis on living in harmony with nature
    Being content with life
    Yin Yang: opposing forces are actually in interconnected and give rise to each other
  • 12. Reunification: 589 C.E.
    China was reunified under Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty
    Practiced traditional politics
    Organized public works projects (i.e. Rebuilding of the Great Wall, digging of the Grand Canal)
    Renewed the focus of education through the building of colleges
    Organized administration system
    Encouraged followers of each of the 3 systems of thought