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  • 1. Sports Coaching Pedagogy Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes. A literature review Catriona Windsor U3083780
  • 2. Introduction ● Team Sports- 27 million youth ● Organised Athletics- 60 million youth ● Participate in more then 1 sport- 44 million ● Sports are not limited to a given season. ● Increase in Competitive Participation rates ● Increase in injuries ● Youth- Immature Musculoskeletal system.
  • 3. Overuse Injury ● Repetitive Sub-maximal loading ● Inadequate rest ● Overuse injuries commonly involve; – bone, – bursa, – tendons, – neurovascular structures, – and the physis.
  • 4. Risk Factors ● Intrinsic – Growing – Prior Injury – Gender ● Extrinsic – Exercise – Equipment – Environment – Societal Pressure
  • 5. Controversy?
  • 6. Sport Specialisation ● Sport specialisation- Intensive all year round in a single sport. ● Early sport specialisation- Overuse injuries and Burnout? ● Delayed sport specialisation- Benefical? ‘‘Young athletes who specialize in just one sport may be denied the benefits of varied activity while facing additional physical, physiologic, and psychologic demands from intense training and competition’’. The American Academy of Pediatrics ● In theory- Sport specialisation increases risk for repetitive microtrauma ● Evidence-based research- little?
  • 7. Overuse ● Overuse injuries versus acute injuries ● Specific Sports? ● Females versus Males ● Competition level? ● Overuse injuries – Time loss? – Self treating?
  • 8. Importance ● Unique overuse injuries applied to Youth (Apophyseal and Physeal) “some overuse injuries have the potential to negatively affect future participation, and may result in long-term health consequences.” American Medical Society ● Personal Interest – Multiple overuse injuries – Previous injuries → higher risk (current injury may be a re-injury)
  • 9. Conclusion Catriona Windsor U3083780
  • 10. References ● American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. (2014). Overuse Injuries and Burnout in Youth Sports: A Position Statement from the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 24 (1), p3-20. ● Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. (2000). . Intensive raining and sports specialization in young athletes. American Academy of Pediatrics. 106 (Pediatrics), p154-157 ● Johnson, J. (2008). Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes: Cause and Prevention. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 30 (2), p27-31 ● McLeod, T., Decoster, L., Loud, K., Micheli, L., Parker, T., Sandrey, M., & White, C. (2011). National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Prevention of Pediatric Overuse Injuries. Journal of Athletic Training. 46 (2), p206-221. ● Merkel, D., & Molony, J. (2012). RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT OF TRAUMATIC SPORTS INJURIES IN THE SKELETALLY IMMATURE ATHLETE.. International Journal of Sports Physical Therap. 7 (6), p691-705. ● Murgia, C. (2013). Overuse, Tissue Fatigue, and Injuries. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science. 17 (3), p92-101 ● Stracciolini, A., Casciano, R., Friedman, H., Stein, C., Meehan, W., & Micheli, L. (2014). Pediatric Sports Injuries A Comparison of Males Versus Females. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 42 (4), p965-972. ● Yang, J., Tibbetts, A., Covassin, T., Cheng, G., Nayar, S., & Heiden, E. (2012). Epidemiology of Overuse and Acute Injuries Among Competitive Collegiate Athletes.. Journal of Athletic Training . 47 (2), p198-205.