Admin ii ppt 3


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  • Admin ii ppt 3

    2. 2. Legislation Whole Group Discussion  Legislation Information  The Legislative Process  Tips on how to call/write your representative  Sample Letter
    3. 3. Legislative Process Introducing the Bill and Referral to a Committee Committee Action: Hearings and Mark Up Committee Report Floor Debate and Votes Referral to the Other Chamber Conference on a bill Action by the President Overriding a Veto
    4. 4. Legislative Process Introducing the Bill and Referral to a Committee  Any member (sponsor) of Congress can introduce legislation  Any member of the same body (House or Senate) can add his or her name after the day of introduction as a cosponsor.  The bill is given a number: H.R. -House bill S -Senate bill.  The bill is then referred to a committee with jurisdiction over issue of the legislation.  Sometimes, a bill will be referred to multiple committee or to a subcommittee first.
    5. 5. Legislative Process Committee Action: Hearings and Mark Up  The chairman of the Committee determines whether there will be a hearing and “mark up” on the bill  Subcommittee holds hearing. Sometimes a bill is marked up both in subcommittee and then in full committee, but it can have action taken only at the full committee level.  A mark up is when members of the Committee offer amendments to make changes to the bill  After amendments are adopted or rejected, the chairman moves to vote the bill favorably out of Committee  The bill will go to the entire body if the Committee favorably reports out the bill
    6. 6. Legislative Process Committee Report  Committee Chairmans staff writes a report of the bill describing the intent of legislation  the legislative history such as hearings in the Committee  the impact on existing laws and programs  and the position of the majority of members of the committee  The members of the minority may file dissenting views as a group or individually  Usually, a copy of the bill as marked up is printed in the Report
    7. 7. Legislative Process Floor Debate and Votes  The Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader of the Senate determine if/when a bill comes before the full body for debate and amendment, and final passage.  There are very different rules of procedure governing debate in the House and Senate.  The House, a Representative may offer an amendment to the bill only if he has obtained "permission" from the Rules Committee  The Senate, a Senator can offer an amendment without warning so long as the amendment is germane to the underlying bill  A majority vote is required for an amendment and for final passage
    8. 8. Legislative Process Referral to the Other Chamber  When the House or the Senate passes a bill it is referred to the other chamber where it usually follows the same route through committee and floor action  This chamber may approve the bill as received, reject it, ignore it, or amend it before passing it
    9. 9. Legislative Process Conference on a bill  If only minor changes are made to a bill by the other chamber, usually the legislation goes back to the originating chamber for a concurring vote  If the House and Senate versions of the bill contain significant and/or numerous differences, a conference committee is officially appointed to reconcile the differences between the two different versions into a single bill  If the conferees are unable to reach agreement, the legislation dies  If agreement is reached, a conference report is prepared describing the committee members recommendations for changes  Both the House and the Senate must approve report or the bill dies
    10. 10. Legislative Process Action by the President  After the report has been approved by both the House and Senate, the final bill is sent to the President  If the President approves of the legislation, he signs it and it becomes law  If the President does not take action for ten days while Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law  If the President opposes the bill he can veto it; or, if he takes no action after the Congress has adjourned its second session, it is a "pocket veto" and the legislation dies
    11. 11. Legislative Process Overriding a Veto  If the President vetoes a bill, Congress may decide to attempt to "override the veto"  This requires a two-thirds roll call vote of the members who are present in sufficient numbers for a quorum
    12. 12. Legislation Contacting your representatives by phone  You can call (202) 224-3121 to obtain your representative’s name  Telephone calls taken by staff not actual representative so ask for his/her aide who handles the issue you wish to comment on  Identify yourself and tell him/her you would like to leave a brief message  “Please tell Senator/Representative (Name) that I support/oppose (S. _____ /H.R. ____)  You will want to state reasons why you support/oppose  You can ask for written response to your call
    13. 13. Legislation Contacting your representatives by mail  Your purpose for writing should be stated in first paragraph  Include S. ____ or H.R. ____  Be courteous, to the point, and include key information, using examples to support you position  Address only one issue per letter  Keep letter to one page
    14. 14. Legislation Addressing Correspondence  To a Senator The Honorable (full name) __ (Rm. #) __(name of) Senate Office Building United States Senate Washington, DC 20510
    15. 15. Legislation Addressing Correspondence  To a Representative The Honorable (full name) __ (Rm. #) __(name of) House Office Building United States Senate Washington, DC 20515
    16. 16. Legislation Small Group Discussion  Portfolio Assignment, Leadership, Level II, Letter B  Identify legislation being proposed in your town, county, or state that will impact young children and families. Write a letter to the editor of you local newspaper explaining your support for or opposition to the legislation.  Change letter to representative instead of editor Whole Group Discussion  Discuss findings
    17. 17. Importance of Quality Childcare Whole Group Discussion  What is the importance of high quality early childhood?
    18. 18. Importance of Quality Care What is the importance of high quality early childhood?  Millions of children spend a part of the day in child care while their parents work  These are places where children can learn and grow  Children’s language and cognitive skills thrive in quality child care programs  child care is often an extension of the home. Child care provides many opportunities to help parents succeed as "first teachers."
    19. 19. Importance of Quality Care Small Group Discussion  Portfolio Assignment, Leadership, Level III, Letter A  Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper describing the importance of high quality early childhood programs for young children. Whole Group Discussion  Discuss findings
    20. 20. Concerns or Questions
    21. 21. Homework Read Chapters 9 and 13 Bring book to class next week Week 3 Discussion Question