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# Conditionals

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this is the PP used in a CELTA session on presenting conditionals using the inductive approach.
The slides show some student errors and possible reasons for these errors

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### Conditionals

1. 1. Aims • To analyse three structures relating to hypothetical meaning • To experience and review the structure of a language presentation • Identify possible learner difficulties
2. 2. Learner Problems: in each case what is the learner getting wrong? • ‘If he wears a hat, he goes to town’ • ‘You heat ice, it melts.’ • If I could choose a city to live in, I’ll choose Paris. • If I will be rich I would buy a plane • If I would seen him I had told him • If I hadn’t been killed, I wouldn’t be here.
3. 3. First conditional express a possible condition and a probable result. It’s a real possibility • ‘If he wears a hat, he goes to town’ • ‘You heat ice, it melts.’ • Using present simple when should use present continuous • Omitting the ‘if’ or ‘when’ for universal truth.
4. 4. Second conditional express speculation and a probable result. Probable, unlikely or even impossible in reality • If I could choose a city to live in, I’ll choose Paris. • If I will be rich I would buy a plane • Mixing past forms (conditional for unreal) with future form (will for real condition), ie mixing 1st and 2nd conditional • Struggling with using a past tense for a future meaning
5. 5. Third conditional express imaginary situations about the past. Impossible as unchangeable • If I would seen him • Confusing ‘I’d’ for I I had told him would and I had. • If I hadn’t been • Confusing positive killed, I wouldn’t be and negative here. sentences. They want to say ‘I was not killed’
6. 6. Third conditional express imaginary situations about the past. Impossible as unchangeable • If I would seen him • Confusing ‘I’d’ for I I had told him would and I had. • If I hadn’t been • Confusing positive killed, I wouldn’t be and negative here. sentences. They want to say ‘I was not killed’