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Philippines During Japanese Occupation
During World War II <ul><li>1941  (Dec. 8) – Japan invaded the  Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>- Pampanga </li></ul><ul><li...
During World War II <ul><li>1941  (Dec. 25) Gen. Douglas MacArthur declared Manila an open city. ( on the advice of common...
During World War II <ul><li>1942  (Jan. 2) –Japanese occupied </li></ul><ul><li>  Manila. </li></ul><ul><li>1942  (April 9...
During World War II <ul><li>MacArthur escaped to Corregidor </li></ul><ul><li>76,000 captured soldiers were forced to emba...
The “Huks” <ul><li>farmers of Pampanga banded together and created local brigades for their protection  </li></ul><ul><li>...
The “Huks” <ul><li>They agreed to call their organization  Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon  or HUKBALAHAP. </li></ul><ul...
The Philippine Executive Commission Established on January 23, 1942
The Philippine Executive Comission <ul><li>Chairperson:  Jorge Vargas </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. heads: </li></ul><ul><li>Int...
The Philippine Executive Comission <ul><li>new constitution </li></ul><ul><li>-noticeably lacked a bill of rights  </li></...
The Second Republic
The Second Republic <ul><li>September 20 1943  - the KALIBAPI held a party convention  </li></ul><ul><li>- to elect 54 mem...
The Second Republic <ul><li>Inauguration </li></ul><ul><li>-October 14 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>-on the front steps of the l...
The Second Republic <ul><li>Meanwhile… </li></ul><ul><li>-Japanese started using propaganda to gain the trust  and confide...
Gen. MacArthur Returns
Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>October 20, 1944  </li></ul><ul><li>Leyte </li></ul><ul><li>General Douglas MacArthur said:...
Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>Oct. 23 - 26, 1944  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Americans engaged Japanese forces in the Battle ...
Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>mid-December </li></ul><ul><li>-American soldiers had reached Mindoro </li></ul><ul><li>-Ja...
Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>December 8, 1944 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President Laurel and his cabinet moved to Baguio...
Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>it took 3 weeks of intense fighting before Japanese finally surrendered on  February 23,194...
sources <ul><li>http://www.philippine-history.org/japanese-occupation.htm   </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ae...
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Philippines during japanese occupation (revised)

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REVISED (nabago kasi yung font dun sa unang slide na na-upload ko kaya ndi mabasa.)

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Transcript of "Philippines during japanese occupation (revised)"

  1. 1. Philippines During Japanese Occupation
  2. 2. During World War II <ul><li>1941 (Dec. 8) – Japan invaded the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>- Pampanga </li></ul><ul><li>-Nichols Field </li></ul><ul><li>-Lingayen Gulf </li></ul><ul><li>-Manila </li></ul>
  3. 3. During World War II <ul><li>1941 (Dec. 25) Gen. Douglas MacArthur declared Manila an open city. ( on the advice of commonwealth President Manuel L. </li></ul><ul><li>Quezon to avoid its destruction) </li></ul>
  4. 4. During World War II <ul><li>1942 (Jan. 2) –Japanese occupied </li></ul><ul><li> Manila. </li></ul><ul><li>1942 (April 9) – US and Filipino defendants in Bataan surrendered </li></ul><ul><li>to the Japanese </li></ul>
  5. 5. During World War II <ul><li>MacArthur escaped to Corregidor </li></ul><ul><li>76,000 captured soldiers were forced to embark on the &quot;Death March&quot; to a prison camp more than 100 kilometers north. </li></ul><ul><li>~10,000 prisoners died due to thirst, hunger and exhaustion. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The “Huks” <ul><li>farmers of Pampanga banded together and created local brigades for their protection </li></ul><ul><li>-Luis Taruc </li></ul><ul><li>-Juan Feleo </li></ul><ul><li>-Castro Alejandrino </li></ul><ul><li>agreed to fight the Japanese as a </li></ul><ul><li>unified guerilla army </li></ul>
  7. 7. The “Huks” <ul><li>They agreed to call their organization Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon or HUKBALAHAP. </li></ul><ul><li>- Taruc was the leader </li></ul><ul><li>- Alejandrino was his right hand </li></ul><ul><li>- Members were simply called </li></ul><ul><li>Huks. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Philippine Executive Commission Established on January 23, 1942
  9. 9. The Philippine Executive Comission <ul><li>Chairperson: Jorge Vargas </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. heads: </li></ul><ul><li>Interior: Benigno Aquino Sr. </li></ul><ul><li>Finance: Antonio delas Alas </li></ul><ul><li>Justice: Jose P. Laurel </li></ul><ul><li>Education, Health & Public Welfare: Claro M. Recto </li></ul><ul><li>Public Works & Communication: Quintin Paredes </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Justice of the Supreme Court: Jose Yulo </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Philippine Executive Comission <ul><li>new constitution </li></ul><ul><li>-noticeably lacked a bill of rights </li></ul><ul><li>-contained 12 articles lifted from the 1935 constitution that fitted the wishes of the Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>-was meant to be in effect only temporarily, while the Philippines still in chaos </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Second Republic
  12. 12. The Second Republic <ul><li>September 20 1943 - the KALIBAPI held a party convention </li></ul><ul><li>- to elect 54 members of the National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>(assembly was actually made of 108 members but half of this number was composed of incumbent governors and city mayors) </li></ul><ul><li> - President: Jose P. Laurel </li></ul><ul><li>- Vice President: Benigno Aquino Sr. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramon Anancena </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Second Republic <ul><li>Inauguration </li></ul><ul><li>-October 14 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>-on the front steps of the legislative building in Manila </li></ul><ul><li>-Philippine flag was hoisted as the national anthem was played </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Second Republic <ul><li>Meanwhile… </li></ul><ul><li>-Japanese started using propaganda to gain the trust and confidence of Filipinos who refused to cooperate with them </li></ul><ul><li>-hung giant posters and distribute their materials that contains such slogans as &quot;the Philippines belong to the Filipinos.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-also used newspapers, movies, and others to publicize the same idea </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Japanese propaganda was one of the main objectives of the  KALIBAPI , but still Japanese failed to gain the trust of the Filipinos. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Gen. MacArthur Returns
  16. 16. Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>October 20, 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Leyte </li></ul><ul><li>General Douglas MacArthur said: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I have Returned.&quot; </li></ul>
  17. 17. Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>Oct. 23 - 26, 1944 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Americans engaged Japanese forces in the Battle of Leyte Gulf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-almost destroyed the entire Japanese fleet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-said to have signaled the beginning of Philippine liberation from the Japanese </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>mid-December </li></ul><ul><li>-American soldiers had reached Mindoro </li></ul><ul><li>-Japanese secured other area </li></ul><ul><li>January 9, 1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US liberation forces successfully docked at Lingayen Gulf </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. Gen.Tomoyuki Yamashita, supreme commander of the Japanese troops in Manila, mobilize his kamikazes but they failed to stop Americans </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>December 8, 1944 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President Laurel and his cabinet moved to Baguio upon orders of Yamashita </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese forces retreated to Yamashita line a jungle battlefront stretching along the Sierra Madre Mountains from Antipolo, Rizal to Appari Cagayan. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Gen. MacArthur Returns <ul><li>it took 3 weeks of intense fighting before Japanese finally surrendered on February 23,1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. MacArthur continued to liberate other parts of the country </li></ul><ul><li>proclaim general freedom from the Japanese on July 4, 1945.  </li></ul>
  21. 21. sources <ul><li>http://www.philippine-history.org/japanese-occupation.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~aefrazie/world%20politics116/history_occupation/japanese/japanese_occupation.htm </li></ul>
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