History of theatre
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History of theatre

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History of theatre History of theatre Presentation Transcript

  • The History of Theatre
  • Earliest reference to a competition for tragedies in Ancient Greece 524 BC
  • Greek playwright Euripides born. Wrote more than 90plays; 18 still exist about 484BC
  • Greek playwright Aristophanes writes “The Frogs” about 405BC
  • Greek Drama reaches Rome about 338 BC
  • re-built in stone in Athens, Greece Theatre of Dionysus about 300 BC
  • First stone theatre built in Rome 55BC
  •   First Chinese Drama school founded 740 AD First Chinese Drama school founded
  • Mystery Play cycles emerge in Europe 1300s Mystery Play cycles emerge in Europe
  •   about 1370 N ō style of theatre starts in Japan
  • Earliest record of Commedia dell’Arte in Italy 1545
  •   Spanish playwright Lope de Vega born. Probably wrote more plays than anyone else – more than 300 1562
  • 1564   William Shakespeare born in Stratford upon Avon
  • 1567   First public theatre opens in England
  • late 1500s First indoor theatres in Western Europe
  • late 1500s   First Opera composed in Italy
  •   William Shakespeare writes “Romeo and Juliet” about 1595
  • 1598 The Globe theatre built in London. Shakespeare acted and his plays were performed here
  •   Japanese theatre style Kabuki starts 1603
  • Ben Jonson (English) writes “Volpone” 1606
  •   William Shakespeare dies in London 1616
  • 1637   First opera house opens in Venice, Italy
  •   Theatres in England were closed by the Puritans 1642-1660
  • Samuel Pepys records in his diary that he saw a Pulchinella (Punch and Judy) show in London 1662
  • 1660s Women act for the first time on the English stage
  •   French playwright Molière writes “ Le Misanthrope” 1666
  • 1671   Paris Opéra opens – and burns down two years later
  • Aphra Benn, first known English female playwright, writes “The Rover” 1677
  • English playwright William Congreve writes “The Way of the World” 1700
  •   German playwright Goethe begins the play “Faust” about 1773
  • 1788   La Scala opera house opens in Milan, Italy
  • Gas lighting first used in London’s theatres 1817
  • 1871   Giuseppe Verdi writes the opera “Aida”
  •   Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen writes “ A Doll’s House” 1879
  • 1881 First electric lights used in theatre (Savoy, London)  
  •   Swedish playwright August Strindberg writes 1888 “ Miss Julie”
  •   Russian playwright Anton Checkhov writes “The Three Sisters” 1901
  •   Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco born. Wrote many surreal plays, such as “Rhinoceros” (1960) 1912
  • German playwright Bertolt Brecht writes “Mother Courage and Her Children” 1941
  •   English playwright John Osborne writes “Look Back in Anger” 1953
  •   Irish playwright Samuel Beckett writes “Waiting for Godot” 1953
  • American playwright Arthur Miller writes “The Crucible” 1953
  •   English playwright Harold Pinter writes “ The Caretaker” 1960
  • English playwright Tom Stoppard writes “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead” 1967
  • 1968 Stage censorship abolished in Great Britain
  • 1969 Andrew Lloyd-Webber and Tim Rice (British) write the musical “Jesus Christ – Superstar!”
  • 1973   Sydney opera house opens in Australia
  • “ Bombay Dreams” opens - the first London musical with an all-Asian cast 2002
  •