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Stage lighting information

Stage lighting information

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  • 1. Lighting What you need to know
  • 2. What is lighting used for?
    • Lighting is used to create atmosphere
    • To focus our attention to a particular actor, event, or area on the stage.
    REMEMBER: too much light is better than too little, so when in doubt, add more light!
  • 3. Fading in and out
    • Fading is used as a transition.
    • You can fade out slowly at the end of a performance to leave the audience thinking about it.
  • 4. Lighting without lanterns Lighting with candles…
  • 5. Lighting with candles
    • Give atmosphere
    • There is always a fire hazard
    • Extra light is needed because candles are not strong enough
    • Shining a flashlight on the actors face always gives an interesting effect
  • 6. Finding your light
    • Certain parts of the stage will be more lit that others
    • It is important to go to these parts
    • They may be marked on the stage
  • 7. House lights
    • Houselights are the lights in the auditorium, both on and off the stage
    • Turn them off when you start your production
    • If they are not on a dimmer, turn of the lights that are farthest away from the stage first
  • 8. The Lanterns
    • There are three main types of lanterns:
    • The profile spotlight
    • The fresnel spotlight
    • And the floodlight
  • 9. The profile light
    • It creates a focused beam of light
    • It has a hard, clearly defined circumference
  • 10. The Fresnel spotlight
    • Lights an area with a soft edge
  • 11. The Floodlight
    • The floodlight is used to give general lighting, by flooding the stage with light
  • 12. Safety chain and ‘g’ clamp
    • Used to keep the lanterns from falling
    • Never hang a lantern without them
  • 13. Barn Doors
    • Four metal hinged flaps
    • Used to focus light by not letting the light spill out of a certain area
  • 14. Gels and Color
    • You can use gels to give the light a certain color and change the atmosphere of the play
    • It is inserted into a bracket at the front of the lantern
    • If there are a lot of trees, you could use a green gel.
  • 15. Gobos
    • Gobos are metal cutouts used to create effects.
    • If you add bars to a gobo, it will make it look like a jail.
  • 16. Special Effects
    • Strobe lighting
    • Cyclorama
    • Lasers
  • 17. Strobe lighting
    • Gives the effect of slowing down the action
    • Very effective in fight scenes, or action packed sequences
    • You should always warn the audience if you will use strobe lighting, as it can induce epileptic fits
  • 18. Cyclorama
    • A large screen placed upstage where you can shine a light on.
    • It is used to represent a feeling or a place
  • 19. laser
    • Used to distract the audience
    • Do not let it get into someone's eyes
  • 20. The control desk
    • Can be computerized or manual
    • The sliding switches are used to control the strength and actions of a certain light
    Upper deck Lower deck
  • 21.
    • When you have two decks – upper and lower deck, this allows you to set the lower deck and then CROSS FADE using the MASTER control
    • PRESET – You can preset lights to a master preset desk – this allows you to cross fade with ease.
    • FLASH LIGHTS – This gives you instant light as long as you keep your finger on the button
  • 22. let the
    • A patching board (Dimmer rack) connects the lighting board with the lanterns
    • There is a on/off switch which helps prevents fuses blowing because they are too hot.
    • There are two plugs for each channel
    • Each channel on the lighting board is linked to 2 plugs on the patching board.
    • These plugs are linked to sockets where the lanterns are plugged in.
    • This allows the lighting designer to change the combination of paired lighting.
  • 23. The Cue sheet
    • This tells you what lights need to be used and when
    Cue # Cue Channels/levels deck 1 Jack: I never thought it was possible. ( laughs ) 1,3,4,5,7 1,3,7 at half/ 4,5 full upper 2 Exit Jack All fade to black lower
  • 24. bibliography
    • McGuire, Brian. Technical Companion to Drama . Cambridge: Pearson Publishing, 2000.
    • search
  • 25.
    • By Sam Cohen
    • SRC productions limited