Why Do Students Plagiarise?


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Plagiarism is always a problem in schools, and this explores why the current generation is especially likely to plagiarise

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Why Do Students Plagiarise?

  1. 1. Why do students Plagiarise? www.wcbvi.k12.wi.us/assets/clipart/student.gif Cathy Oxley 2007
  2. 2. Changes in Technology
  3. 3. User Expectations <ul><li>Any information </li></ul><ul><li>From anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>At any time </li></ul><ul><li>It should be free </li></ul><ul><li>They want to use it, </li></ul><ul><li>pass it on or modify it </li></ul>Information from Belinda Weaver, UQ
  4. 4. Millennials / NextGens <ul><li>Born between 1980 and 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Better at processing information visually </li></ul><ul><li>Better at multitasking </li></ul><ul><li>High usage of social software </li></ul><ul><li>“ Nomadic” technology usage and “format agnostic” (…anytime, anywhere, anyplace!) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Trends <ul><li>Eight key trends of the 90s and 00s have had a profound effect on their generational personality: </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on children and family </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled, structured lives </li></ul><ul><li>Multiculturalism </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Heroism </li></ul><ul><li>Patriotism </li></ul><ul><li>Parent advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Globalism </li></ul>http://www.generationsatwork.com/articles/millenials.htm
  6. 6. Characteristics <ul><li>Be smart—you are special </li></ul><ul><li>Leave no one behind </li></ul><ul><li>Connect 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve now! </li></ul><ul><li>Serve your community </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The next generation — those &quot;born with the chip&quot;— have grown up in the 1980s with computers and don't think of them as technology. They are part of their cultural DNA. </li></ul><ul><li>The Millennials, at 81 million, form the largest population group since the Boomers at 87 million. The expectations and behaviors of this group will have a significant impact on the nature of the services (we) need to plan and provide.’ </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.generationsatwork.com/articles/millenials.htm ‘Generations at Work’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Millennials great lifestyle great life great job rewrite the rules reject the rules conform to the rules optimistic / realistic pragmatic / cynical idealistic celebrate diversity accept diversity diversity as a cause Millennials Generation X Baby Boomers
  8. 8. Collaboration <ul><li>‘ This generation collaborates as a core ethos—e.g., in multiplayer web games, with IM, in co-laboratories, virtual classrooms, and chat rooms. It is exciting to have an environment where information can be introduced and processed and where life, play, entertainment, school, and work co-mingle’ (LibraryJournal.com Born with the Chip) </li></ul>“ There are currently 117620 people playing “
  9. 9. Online Sharing Share It Copy the results below and paste into any IM, e-mail or web page Popular Videos for Mobile Devices The wide variety of site content includes movie and TV clips and music videos , as well as amateur content such as videoblogging and short original videos. MySpace is a popular social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music and videos internationally
  10. 10. Online Sharing &quot;Perhaps my favorite thing about LibraryThing is that you can track down someone who shares your tastes and request a direct recommendation or ask them if a book you're thinking of buying is any good.&quot; Cade Metz, PC Magazine &quot; LibraryThing &quot; (July 21, 2006) &quot;I discovered LibraryThing last night, and it is seriously the best thing that has ever been on the internet.&quot; Beccafridge Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world.
  11. 11. Second Life “ Welcome to Second Life. We are a global community working together to build a new online space for creativity, collaboration, commerce, and entertainment. We strive to bridge cultures and welcome diversity. We believe in free expression, compassion and tolerance as the foundation for community in this new world. Second Life is a 3-D virtual world entirely built and owned by its residents. Since opening to the public in 2003, it has grown explosively and today is inhabited by a total of 6,713,389 people from around the globe. From the moment you enter the World you'll discover a vast digital continent, teeming with people, entertainment, experiences and opportunity. Once you've explored a bit, perhaps you'll find a perfect parcel of land to build your house or business. Welcome to Second Life. We look forward to seeing you in-world.” http://secondlife.com/whatis/
  12. 12. Image from http://amityjihimediacenter.homestead.com/files/Plagiarism_PPT.ppt
  13. 13. What is Plagiarism? <ul><li>Taking someone else’s work, and using it as your own without acknowledging the source </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is intellectual dishonesty </li></ul>www.mansfieldschools.com/.../images/plagia2.gif
  14. 14. Digital Plagiarism <ul><li>The New Plagiarism may be worse than the old because students now wield an Electronic Shovel that makes it possible to find and save huge chunks of information with little reading, effort or originality. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie McKenzie http://fno.org/may98/cov98may.html </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why do students plagiarize? <ul><li>Lack of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Laziness </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure / fear </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive demands </li></ul><ul><li>No consequences </li></ul><ul><li>(Nancy W. Goss) </li></ul>http://www.whatheck.com/uploaded_images/big_burglar-767598-767740.gif
  16. 16. Websites students may use <ul><li>www.cheathouse.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.schoolsucks.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.allpapers.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.essayfinder.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolpaper.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.a1-termpaper.com </li></ul>“ Welcome to the all new Essayworld.com , the ultimate resource site for students. With over 10,000 free essays, Essayworld is one of the biggest free essay sites on the Internet. Be sure to bookmark us and come back often “
  17. 17. Quotations <ul><li>A quotation uses exactly the same words as in the original, and puts them in quotation marks </li></ul><ul><li>Student work should not use too many direct quotations </li></ul>http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/bartWRHa.jpg
  18. 18. Paraphrasing <ul><li>Changing some words or punctuation, leaving out other words or phrases, but keeping much of the sentence structure and verbal content of the original. </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing without acknowledging is plagiarism </li></ul>www.pelhamweb.org/.../main/images/mousethief.gif
  19. 19. Referencing <ul><li>Detaiks should be recorded immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Using a social bookmarking site like Diigo, Furl, Del.icio.us, StumbleUpon or Digg is the best idea because the website details are always there to refer back to </li></ul>www.lib.lsu.edu/.../images/plagiarism.GIF
  20. 20. Effective Note Making <ul><li>Dot points </li></ul><ul><li>No sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Brief phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping list format </li></ul><ul><li>Add reference details </li></ul><ul><li>Close book / website </li></ul><ul><li>Re-write into sentences using own words </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations only word-for-word </li></ul>http://www.ouesd.k12.ca.us/Images/student-services.jpg
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