Digistive system


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Digistive system

  1. 1. Digestive system<br />Matspjälkningsapparaten<br />Catherine Mortimer-Hawkins, Edsbergsskolan<br />
  2. 2. Whatdoweeat and why?<br />The main nutrients the body needs are:<br /><ul><li>carbohydrates (kolhydrater) for energy;
  3. 3. proteins (proteiner) for growth and repair;
  4. 4. fats (fetter) to store energy;
  5. 5. vitaminsand minerals to keep the body healthy.</li></li></ul><li>What is carbohydrates, proteins and fats?<br />one sugar molecule<br />Carbohydrate <br />molecule<br />protein <br />molecule<br />one <br />amino acid<br />fat <br />molecule<br />fatty acids<br />glycerol<br />
  6. 6. But how does a 9m tube fit into a space, which is less than a metre long?<br />The digestive system is really one long tube with an opening at each end. <br />Stretched out it is a 9m tube!<br />mouth<br />anus<br />
  7. 7. Okidoki!! Let’s go for a ridethrough your body!<br />
  8. 8. Digestion begins in the mouth where food is broken down by the teeth. This is called mechanical breakdown. The small parts of food are mixed with saliva and swallowed.<br />
  9. 9. food enters <br />from the gullet<br />muscle<br />tissue<br />food leaves<br />the stomach<br />After food is swallowed it enters the stomach, which is basically a muscular bag filled with hydrochloric acid.<br />Two things happen to food in the stomach:<br /><ul><li> the chemical breakdown of food begins;
  10. 10. microbes are destroyed.</li></li></ul><li>The stomach<br />Digestive enzymes are the chemicals that break large food molecules into smaller molecules. Otherwise the molecules are to big for our body to take up!<br />
  11. 11. Duodenum - tolvfingertarm<br />Here the digestedfood is mixed with bile from the gallbladder and juices from the pancreas. <br />The bile:<br />Breaks up larger fat drops<br /> to smallerdroplets<br />The juices from the pancreas:<br />Neutralize the acid from the stomach<br />Mix the digestedfood with enzymes<br />
  12. 12. Enzymes<br />sugar<br />molecules<br />Pepsin<br />long carbohydrate molecule<br />+<br />glycerol<br />long proteinmolecule<br />amino acid molecules<br />Lipas<br />fatty acids<br />Amylas<br />
  13. 13. The small intestine<br />It is in the small instestine the small molecules<br />gets through the thinwalls and reaches<br />the bloodvessels. <br />The walls are folded in so calledvilli (tarmludd).<br />
  14. 14. The largeintestine<br />Here in the largeintestine water is sucked<br />back into the body. <br />If this doesn’t work… then you get diarrhea.<br />Colibacterialives in the largeintestine and helpmaking K-vitamins.<br />Theyhelp with the last of the digestion and thenalso make methane gas….<br />…a fart in otherwords!<br />
  15. 15. The anus<br />The ex-foodleaves the body<br />through the anus.<br />When the pooreaches the anus<br />signals are sent to the brain to<br />relax the musclesand the poo<br />is pressed out. <br />
  16. 16. Glossary<br /><ul><li>carbohydrate –A nutrient in food that provides energy.
  17. 17. enzyme –A chemical that helps digestion by breaking large molecules into smaller ones.
  18. 18. fat – A nutrient in food that provides a store of energy.
  19. 19. large intestine –The organ where water is removed from undigested food.
  20. 20. minerals –Compounds infood that provide the elements needed in small amounts for a healthy diet.
  21. 21. protein –A nutrient in food needed for growth and repair.
  22. 22. small intestine –The organ where digestion is completed and digested food molecules are absorbed.
  23. 23. stomach –The organ where food is mixed with acid and enzymes.
  24. 24. vitamins –Substances found in food that are needed in</li>
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