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CompleteReadingPortfolio:                 Stories and Genres of        Classical to Modern Literature                     ...
Table of Contents3) Classical/Medieval Epic      53) 19th Century             101) Criticism and Literary7) Classical/Medi...
Classical/Medieval              Epic
The Iliad -HomerRead in Classical Mythology and Media (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:          ...
The Odyssey-HomerRead in World Lit I (Fall 2011)                                  Notes:                                  ...
Beowulf- UnknownRead in British Lit I (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:                           ...
Classical/Medieval          Chaucer
General Prologue –The Wife of Bath’sTale- The Knight’s Tale - ChaucerRead in British Lit I (Spring 2011) and in World Lit ...
Medieval Romance
Sir Gawain and the GreenKnightRead in British Lit I (Spring 2011) and in World Lit I (Fall 2011)                          ...
Morte d’Arthur - Sir ThomasMalloryRead in World Lit I (Fall 2011)                                  Notes:                 ...
Medieval Drama
EverymanRead in British Lit 1                        Notes:                                   The classic story of English...
Classical Drama
Oedipus Rex- SophoclesRead in Evolving Stage (Fall 2011)                                     Notes:                       ...
Religious Writing
Genesis – King James’VersionRead in World Lit I (Fall 2011)                                  Notes:                       ...
Renaissance/17 th         Century
Shakespeare’s Plays
Othello – ShakespeareRead in Evolving Stage (Fall 2011)                                     Notes:                        ...
Hamlet - ShakespearePersonal Reading                   Notes:                              The dramatic tale of Prince Ham...
16th/17th   Century             Poetry
Sonnets 54 and 64 from“Amoretti” Edmund SpenserRead in British Literature I (Spring 2011)                                 ...
William ShakespeareSonnets 3, 18, 29, 73, 97, 116, and 130Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                             ...
John Donne―A Valediction Forbidding Mourning‖, ―Song‖, ―Love‘s Alchemy‖, ―The Flea‖, ―Air andAngels‖, ―The Undertaking‖,Re...
John Donne―Good Friday 1613. Riding Westward‖, Holy Sonnets 5, 10, 14, ―The Funeral‖, ―The GoodMorrow‖,Read in British Lit...
Robert Herrick―Upon Julia‘s Clothes‖, ―Upon the Nipples of Julia‘s Breasts‖, ―Delight and Disorder‖,and ―To the Virgins, t...
Andrew Marvell―To His Coy Mistress‖, ―The Garden‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      ...
Spenser/Milton/Allegory
John Milton―Lycidas‖, ―L‘Allegro‖, ―Il Penseroso‖, and ―When I Consider How My Light is Spent‖Read in British Lit 1 (Sprin...
John Bunyan―Pilgrim‘s Progress‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:            ...
Edmund SpenserBook 1 of the Faerie QueeneRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:  ...
ContinentalContemporaries
Miguel de CervantesChapters from Don Quixote – excerpted from the Norton Anthology of WorldMasterpiecesRead in World Lit 1...
Giovanni BoccaccioFrom Decameron – Introduction to frame tale; First Day, Story 2 and Ninth Day, Story2Read in World Lit 1...
Tudors andElizabethans
Ben Johnson―To the Memory of my Beloved Master William Shakespeare‖, and ―Ode to Himself‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 201...
Christopher Marlowe―Hero and Leander‖ and Dr. FaustusRead in Brit Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                     ...
Francis Bacon―Of Superstition‖ and ―Of Studies‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      No...
Sir Thomas MoreUtopia SelectionRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:            ...
18th   Century
Alexander Pope
Alexander PopeThe Dunciad, ―An Essay on Criticism‖, ‗The Rape of the Lock‖, and ―An Essay on Man‖Read in British Lit 1 (Sp...
Jonathon Swift
Jonathon Swift―A Modest Proposal‖, Gulliver‘s Travels, and ―A Description of a City Shower‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2...
The Novel
Samuel RichardsonPamelaRead in Seminar (Spring 2012)                                Notes:                                ...
18th   Century Writers
Samuel Johnson―The Vanity of Human Wishes‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes: ...
William Cowper―The Castaway‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:               ...
Philip Freneau―The Wild Honeysuckle‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:       ...
Thomas PaineCommon SenseRead for enjoyment – unknown date                                    Notes:                       ...
19th   Century
Romantic Poetry
William Wordsworth―Tintern Abbey‖ and ―The Ruined Cottage‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                             ...
Victorian Poetry
Lewis Carroll―Jabberwocky‖ and Humpty Dumpty‘s explicationRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                             ...
American Literature
Walt Whitman―Crossing Brooklyn Ferry‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:    ...
Emily Dickinson#465 and #712Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:             ...
British Fiction
Jane AustenPride and PrejudiceRead for enjoyment – unknown date                                    Notes:                 ...
Continental Literature
Fyodor DostoevskyNotes from the UndergroundRead for enjoyment – unknown date                                    Notes:    ...
American Fiction
Stephen CraneThe Red Badge of CourageRead for enjoyment – unknown date                                    Notes:          ...
Charlotte P. GillmanThe Yellow Wall PaperRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:...
Kate ChopinThe AwakeningRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:                 ...
Mark TwainHuckleberry FinnRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:               ...
Sarah Orne Jewett―A White Heron‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:         ...
Drama
Oscar WildeThe Importance of Being EarnestRead in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011)                                         N...
20th   Century
20thCenturyAmerican Poetry
Robert Frost―After Apple Picking‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:        ...
Wallace StevensThirteen Ways of Looking at a BlackbirdRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                ...
Ezra PoundPoetry – ―In a Station in the Metro‖, and ―The River Merchant‘s Wife: A Letter‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 20...
Robert Lowell―Skunk Hour‖Read in Modern Post Modern Genre (Spring 2011)                                     Notes:        ...
Theodore Roethke―My Papa‘s Waltz‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:        ...
William StaffordTravelling through the DarkRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Note...
T.S. Elliot―The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock‖Read in Modern Postmodern Genre (Spring 2011)                             ...
American Fiction
Ralph EllisonInvisible ManRead for enjoyment – unknown date                                    Notes:                     ...
Alice WalkerEveryday UseRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:                 ...
Edith WhartonRoman FeverRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:                 ...
F. Scott FitzgeraldThe Great GatsbyRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:      ...
Flannery O’Connor―Good Country People‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:   ...
British Fiction
James Joyce―Araby‖ and ―The Dead‖Read in Modern Postmodern Genre (Spring 2011)                                     Notes: ...
Continental Literature
Franz KafkaMetamorphosisRead in Seminar (Spring 2012)                                Notes:                               ...
20th   Century Drama
Luigi PirandelloSix Characters in Search of an AuthorRead in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011)                               ...
International
Chinua AchebeThings Fall ApartRead in Literary Criticism (Fall 2010)                                         Notes:       ...
20th   Century British               Poetry
W.B. Yeats―Lake Isle of Innisfree‖Read in Literary Criticism (Fall 2010)                                         Notes:   ...
Dylan Thomas―Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night‖Read in Literary Criticism (Fall 2010)                                 ...
20thCentury   Criticism
Northrop FryeAnatomy of CriticismRead in Contemporary Rhetoric (Fall 2011)                                       Notes:   ...
Criticism andLiterary Theory
Samuel JohnsonPreface to ShakespeareRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:       ...
Edgar Allen Poe―The Philosophy of Composition‖Read in Edgar Allen Poe Author Study Class (Spring 2010)                    ...
Communication and            Media
AristotleRhetoricRead in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011)                                      Notes:                  ...
Neil PostmanAmusing Ourselves to DeathRead in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011)                                      Not...
Film
Singin’ in the RainWatched for enjoyment (unknown date)                                       Notes:                      ...
The Seven SamuraiWatched for Seminar (Spring 2012)                                    Notes:                              ...
Rhetoric andArgumentation
bell hooksStudied in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:                     ...
Michel FoucaultStudied in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011)                                       Notes:                ...
Theories/Process of           Dramas
AristotlePoeticsStudied in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011)                                            Notes:               ...
Bertolt Brecht―Theatre for Pleasure and Theatre for Instruction‖Studied in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011)                 ...
Theories/Process of            Poetry
Adrienne RichArts of the Possible: Essays and ConversationsStudied in American Lit I (Spring 2010)                        ...
Letters
John KeatsLettersRead for enjoyment (unknown time)                                    Notes:                              ...
Brewing More…I could always use another cup of literature, therefore, do not fret, this is                                ...
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Vogel Reading Portfolio

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A collection of some of of the texts that I have read throughout my English for New Media undergrad program at Dakota State University. This portfolio is also a key advocate as to how technology can benefit a literary study.

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Transcript of "Vogel Reading Portfolio"

  1. 1. CompleteReadingPortfolio: Stories and Genres of Classical to Modern Literature Spring 2012 Catheryn Vogel
  2. 2. Table of Contents3) Classical/Medieval Epic 53) 19th Century 101) Criticism and Literary7) Classical/Medieval Chaucer 54) Romantic Poetry Theory9) Medieval Romance 56) Victorian Poetry 104) Communication and12) Medieval Drama 58) American Literature Media14) Classical Drama 61) British Fiction 107) Film16) Religious Writing 63) Continental Literature 110) Rhetoric and18) Renaissance/17th Century 65) American Fiction Argumentation19) Shakespeare’s Plays 71) Drama 113) Theories/Process of22) 16th/17th Century Poetry 73) 20th Century Dramas29) Spenser/Milton/Allegory 74) 20th Century American 116) Theories /Process of33) Continental Poetry PoetryContemporaries 82) American Fiction 118) Letters36) Tudors and Elizabethans 88) British Fiction41) 18th Century 90) Continental Literature42) Alexander Pope 92) 20th Century Drama44) Jonathon Swift 94) International46) The Novel 96) 20th Century British48) 18th Century Writers Poetry 99) 20th Century Criticism
  3. 3. Classical/Medieval Epic
  4. 4. The Iliad -HomerRead in Classical Mythology and Media (Spring 2011) Notes: Classic story of the Trojan war. Depiction of Achilles‘s rage and fickleness. Also telling the story of Achilles‘s feet, as well as the love story between Paris and Helen—the woman whose ‗face launched a thousand ships‘.
  5. 5. The Odyssey-HomerRead in World Lit I (Fall 2011) Notes: Classic story of Odysseus‘s attempt to return home after the course of the Trojan war. The story tells of his struggles against a combination of monsters and other obstacles. Finally, after many long years away, he returns home to his wife, in disguise as a beggar, to scare away the other suitors who had come to try and win her love. Eventually, Odysseus uses the ‗wrath of Achilles‘ to defeat all of the men. He then reveals himself to his wife after he has seen that she has remained pure to him.
  6. 6. Beowulf- UnknownRead in British Lit I (Spring 2011) Notes: Beowulf is a great hero who goes to great lengths to kill a monster named Grendel. He also kills Grendel‘s mother who is even more destructive than Grendel. The men celebrate Beowulf‘s bravery, but then Beowulf meets his ultimate doom when he battles a fire-breathing dragon protecting a cave of gold and jewels. Beowulf is then buried with the jewels, and a curse is put in place to stop anyone from digging up the jewels.
  7. 7. Classical/Medieval Chaucer
  8. 8. General Prologue –The Wife of Bath’sTale- The Knight’s Tale - ChaucerRead in British Lit I (Spring 2011) and in World Lit I (Fall 2011) Notes: A classic frame story about several interesting characters who are on a religious pilgrimage. On their journey, they each tell a story in hopes that their story will be selected as the winning story. Most of the stories have either religious or humorous undertones (sometimes combined) to create a delightful reading experience.
  9. 9. Medieval Romance
  10. 10. Sir Gawain and the GreenKnightRead in British Lit I (Spring 2011) and in World Lit I (Fall 2011) Notes: A classic story depicting the life of a knight who remains loyal to his king by offering himself up to fight with the Green Knight who barges into the Christmas celebration. From there, the giant challenges him to a head-chopping game, and Sir Gawain follows the Knight who instructs him to chop right at his neck. The knight then picks up his head, and rides away reminding Gawain that in one year‘s time Gawain will have to be repaid. Gawain is fearful as he searches out the Knight. He finds himself at a castle along his journey where he refuses the advances of a very promiscuous queen. In the end, Gawain remains pure and is rewarded.
  11. 11. Morte d’Arthur - Sir ThomasMalloryRead in World Lit I (Fall 2011) Notes: The classic collection of snippets from the life of King Arthur. In this collection, readers will see bits about Sir Lancelot as well as Sir Gawaine. Readers will see some of Arthur‘s most famous battles such as his battle in Terrabil. There is also a section in which Arthur marries his queen Guinevere. Of course, the story would not be complete without the magical, and often brutal, visits of Morgan le Fey.
  12. 12. Medieval Drama
  13. 13. EverymanRead in British Lit 1 Notes: The classic story of English morality in which Everyman, the main character (and representative of all men) examines his own salvation by alluding to allegorical characters. He then tries to convince these characters to join him on his journey in hopes that he can make himself seem more worthy of redemption. Very similar to John Bunyan‘s ―Pilgrim‘s Progress‖ .
  14. 14. Classical Drama
  15. 15. Oedipus Rex- SophoclesRead in Evolving Stage (Fall 2011) Notes: The classic Greek tale of catharsis. Oedipus was a star, quickly rising to fame and glory, but by fate he was doomed to kill his father and marry his mother. Many tried to convince him to not search out the truth, but being the noble man that he was, he would not stop until the truth was revealed. Once it was revealed, he stabbed out his eyes, and was exiled from the kingdom. This story is also the birth of the Oedipal Complex, which is employed throughout many stories in all forms of literature.
  16. 16. Religious Writing
  17. 17. Genesis – King James’VersionRead in World Lit I (Fall 2011) Notes: The story of creation and the power of God. Full of references to nature and birth. After all of the creation, the fall of man occurs. Many of these stories are alluded to in thousands of other stories throughout all literary forms.
  18. 18. Renaissance/17 th Century
  19. 19. Shakespeare’s Plays
  20. 20. Othello – ShakespeareRead in Evolving Stage (Fall 2011) Notes: The story of Othello‘s rage against his own insecurity. Many ideas are explored in this play, such as passion, love, and psychological undertones. I feel the Iago is a representation of the ID—the all powerful, instinctual part of the conscious; Othello would be a representation of the Ego—the easily- influenced ‗center ground‘ of the conscious; Desdemona would then be a representation of the super ego—the devoutly angelic, pure and wholesome part of the conscious that tries to fight over the impulses of the ID. However, in the story, evil ends up winning over the good, but all end up dying.
  21. 21. Hamlet - ShakespearePersonal Reading Notes: The dramatic tale of Prince Hamlet‘s revenge on his uncle Claudius who took the life of his father, King Hamlet. The story also contains a sub plot with stories of Polonius and his daughter Ophelia, whom Hamlet courts. However, once Hamlet becomes so bent on trying to seek revenge, he looses his focus on Ophelia who eventually dies of grief.
  22. 22. 16th/17th Century Poetry
  23. 23. Sonnets 54 and 64 from“Amoretti” Edmund SpenserRead in British Literature I (Spring 2011) Notes: Romantic poems longing for the love of the woman that has stolen his heart. He speaks of her beauty and vigor. He talks of her sweet smell and claims that there is no smell sweeter than her. Although some of his comparisons are a bit odd, it is also oddly intriguing and beautiful in a sense unlike any other—it‘s mesmerizing.
  24. 24. William ShakespeareSonnets 3, 18, 29, 73, 97, 116, and 130Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems speak of beauty- either pertaining to art/nature, maidens, or inner beauty. There are many references to the changing of the seasons which would reflect time passing and shifts within the sonnets themselves. Although most of the poems are conventional in their ways of describing love and beauty, Sonnet 130 has a much more playful tone that speaks about the unattractiveness of a particular maiden; however, his response to her appearance is still noteworthy enough for him to write about it because he loves her despite her appearance.
  25. 25. John Donne―A Valediction Forbidding Mourning‖, ―Song‖, ―Love‘s Alchemy‖, ―The Flea‖, ―Air andAngels‖, ―The Undertaking‖,Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems are all very romantically influenced. Although they range from tones of sadness to happiness, and even playfulness, they all represent the stages of love how much it means to a person. They also show change, and lack of change— more specifically, how two can change so greatly throughout a lifetime together, and yet, their love for each other can remain as strong as ever.
  26. 26. John Donne―Good Friday 1613. Riding Westward‖, Holy Sonnets 5, 10, 14, ―The Funeral‖, ―The GoodMorrow‖,Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems rely very heavily on religious tones and references. Many of them point to God as having total control over our lives, and how Death, personified, is terrifying and yet even he too can be conquered. Many of these poems could be tied into the book of Genesis, or other biblical books. Although there are still some aspects of romance, the romance could also be a depiction of his love for God.
  27. 27. Robert Herrick―Upon Julia‘s Clothes‖, ―Upon the Nipples of Julia‘s Breasts‖, ―Delight and Disorder‖,and ―To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems are very sensually driven. They speak of the beauty of women, and depict a picture of women at their prime. There are also many references to sexual parts of the woman‘s body and fertility in general. Of course allusions to intercourse are also included and referenced to in many of the poems.
  28. 28. Andrew Marvell―To His Coy Mistress‖, ―The Garden‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems are very romantically influenced. The speaker refers to Nature and the cycles of Nature, as well as wildlife as a symbol of life and the cycles of fertility. The beauty of the woman is also being compared to different forces or objects of Nature as well. Sexuality is also factored in somewhat through symbolism (i.e. trees, ponds phallic and yanic symbols).
  29. 29. Spenser/Milton/Allegory
  30. 30. John Milton―Lycidas‖, ―L‘Allegro‖, ―Il Penseroso‖, and ―When I Consider How My Light is Spent‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems are very heavily influenced by Greek Mythology and mythological characters. These themes are most likely employed to show the fury and strength of the gods and goddesses in comparison to the weak and mortal human. ―When I consider How My Light is Spent‖ has a intense shift, however, because it shows that the speaker is taking control—even though he knows he cannot control his own fate—he still questions life and how his actions have or can affect others.
  31. 31. John Bunyan―Pilgrim‘s Progress‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This story is very similar to Everyman. It employs the use of allegorical characters such as Christian, Evangelist, Obstinate, Pliable, Help, Mr. Worldly Wiseman, and a few others. The characters actions are then based on their names, and Christian learns how to handle the encounters that he has with each one as he travels to find ‗The Celestial City‖.
  32. 32. Edmund SpenserBook 1 of the Faerie QueeneRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This epic poem is completely written in allegory, as it explores the journey of several knights in an examination of different virtues. Spenser employs several virtues that he had encountered during his studies of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas, and although Spenser only uses six virtues throughout the story, several of the characters are also tied into virtue—such as the Faerie Queene and Glory.
  33. 33. ContinentalContemporaries
  34. 34. Miguel de CervantesChapters from Don Quixote – excerpted from the Norton Anthology of WorldMasterpiecesRead in World Lit 1 (Fall 2011) Notes: This story is an all time favorite for many because Don Quixote has such determination to make his greatest dreams a reality. He pushes past the cultural acceptance, and goes out to do the things that he‘s always dreamed of doing—and that is being a knight. So throughout his journey, with his faithful sidekick, Sancho Panza, Quixote finds that the world is much more dangerous than he imagined! Or, sort of… Very humorous read, and yet it teaches an important lesson of never giving up on your dreams—even if society does not accept them.
  35. 35. Giovanni BoccaccioFrom Decameron – Introduction to frame tale; First Day, Story 2 and Ninth Day, Story2Read in World Lit 1 (Fall 2011) Notes: These stories are very humorous , which is very interesting considering the state of the world at this point in history. At the time this story was written, the Black Plague was striking and reeking havoc on the world‘s population. Although some do contain more serious tones, there are two that really focus only on sexual gratification, as well as the powerful desires of female sexuality. It definitely employs the ideas of virtues similar to Pilgrim’s Progress and The Faerie Queene, but it does so in a very different flavor, which will surprise and delight.
  36. 36. Tudors andElizabethans
  37. 37. Ben Johnson―To the Memory of my Beloved Master William Shakespeare‖, and ―Ode to Himself‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: These poems are, of course, celebrating the works and accomplishments of these two men. Ben Johnson extols Shakespeare‘s works, and it is very noticeable that Johnson regards him as a master in his other works as well. Although ―Ode to Himself‖ is a bit conceded, it is still interesting to read because it calls on every person to stop and to join in the praise to the ‗king‘.
  38. 38. Christopher Marlowe―Hero and Leander‖ and Dr. FaustusRead in Brit Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: Although these two works are very different, they are concentrated on morality and relying on the fates of the gods. ―Hero and Leander‖ is actually a mythological tale about two lovers who are brought together by Aphrodite, and then separated by nature. Dr. Faustus, is the story of a man who sells his soul to the devil for power and knowledge. Dr. Faustus is then stopped once he realizes that he can no longer be with the one he loves. This story as well focuses on virtues and choices that we make to shape our own fates. This motif of ‗selling your soul‘ is repeated countless times throughout literary history as well.
  39. 39. Francis Bacon―Of Superstition‖ and ―Of Studies‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: Francis Bacon is an excellent author because many of his readers enjoy the way he muses over topics and collects thoughts in a whimsical manner to create a lovely picture that describes what he is speaking about perfectly. These two topics in particular were very important in his era and he muses over how the two are both important, or how they can be perceived differently by different people. Very enjoyable and amusing.
  40. 40. Sir Thomas MoreUtopia SelectionRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This story is a frame narrative which primarily depicts and island society and how its religious, social and political customs deem it as ―Utopia‖—or land of perfection. Although the Island does participate in some questionable practices— such as ease of divorce and euthanasia—the book is largely seen as a criticism of European culture and customs.
  41. 41. 18th Century
  42. 42. Alexander Pope
  43. 43. Alexander PopeThe Dunciad, ―An Essay on Criticism‖, ‗The Rape of the Lock‖, and ―An Essay on Man‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: ―An Essay on Criticism‖ was one of Pope‘ first pieces he wrote. He employed the heroic couplet style to this piece, and the piece questioned if poetry should be natural or written to adhere to previously stated rules. ―The Rape of the Lock‖ is a mock-epic poem which alludes to a fictional card game ―ombre‖, which many have attempted to recreate. The Dunciad was considered one of Pope‘s moral essays. This work brought him much trouble as many readers did not agree with his stances. ―An Essay on Man‖ is a philosophical poem, again written using heroic couplets. The poem focuses heavily on religion and redemption.
  44. 44. Jonathon Swift
  45. 45. Jonathon Swift―A Modest Proposal‖, Gulliver‘s Travels, and ―A Description of a City Shower‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: ―A Modest Proposal‖ is satirical piece that offers the suggestion that Ireland should use the flesh of newborn children to solve the problems of their poverty—although it is supposed to convey the message that Ireland is being eaten by England. Gulliver‘s Travels is considered to be Swift‘s masterpiece writing. It focuses mainly on the nature of humankind and uses much symbolism and allegory to reflect the political situation of the time. ―A Description of a City Shower‖ describes what would happen after a rain shower in England. Many cities would dump all of the sewage into the streets, and so when it would rain, the contents would rush downward, since many cities were built on hills so as to create a ‗sewage system‘.
  46. 46. The Novel
  47. 47. Samuel RichardsonPamelaRead in Seminar (Spring 2012) Notes: This story is considered to be one of the basic handbooks for women at the time. Pamela is also one of the first stories that follows the plot line of a young, innocent maid being chased by her rich, overpowering master. In the end, her ‗virtue‘ is rewarded when her master marries her. All throughout the story she pities her situation—and resists his attempts (and even manages to dodge his attempt to rape her). In the end, she is overjoyed that he has ‗come around‘, and feels glad to have been ‗rewarded‘.
  48. 48. 18th Century Writers
  49. 49. Samuel Johnson―The Vanity of Human Wishes‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This poem was what made Johnson considered to be one who is perpetually a poet. Johnson emphasizes vulnerability in terms of social context, and self deception.
  50. 50. William Cowper―The Castaway‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This is a very bleak poem that describes the travels of a sea-bound man. Although it does not go into much detail, it tells of his struggles. Eventually the man is swept away by the waves and no one mourns his death. The speaker then reveals that he is in a place much deeper than that sunken man.
  51. 51. Philip Freneau―The Wild Honeysuckle‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This poem is very natural and describes the life of a honeysuckle. It describes the challenges that the flower may face—such as shade, frost, and dew. It describes the fragility of the flower and how even though it is so beautiful, it is, at times, unnoticed and unappreciated.
  52. 52. Thomas PaineCommon SenseRead for enjoyment – unknown date Notes: This all-time, best-selling American book advocated for colonial America‘s independence from Great Britain. Thomas wrote the book so that it was oriented in the future, so to compel the reader to make an immediate choice. He wanted to raise resentment towards Britain, and wanted to gain people‘s approval for democracy. Although, many would later argue that Paine‘s ideas were very radical, his writing did help to achieve America‘s independence.
  53. 53. 19th Century
  54. 54. Romantic Poetry
  55. 55. William Wordsworth―Tintern Abbey‖ and ―The Ruined Cottage‖Read in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: ―Tintern Abbey‖, is a reflection of Wordsworth‘s childhood. He muses about the simplicity and how he had admired the abbey. The poem also invokes the help of God. It is rooted in some religious views. ―The Ruined Cottage‖ highlights social and economic concerns. Margarets husband joins the army to gain an income, but leaves Margaret destitute and without the means to support herself. The poem also shows how this social and economic hardship affects those involved: both Robert and Margaret lose hope.
  56. 56. Victorian Poetry
  57. 57. Lewis Carroll―Jabberwocky‖ and Humpty Dumpty‘s explicationRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: ―Jabberwocky‖ is one of the greatest nonsense poems written in English. It‘s playful, whimsical language has given us nonsense words such as ―galumphing‖ and ―chortle‖. Humpty Dumpty‘s explication is mainly used as a way to describe the meaning of the words used in Jabberwocky. Alice (from Alice in Wonderland) is confused about all the words used, and Humpty Dumpty does the task of explaining them both for Alice and the reader.
  58. 58. American Literature
  59. 59. Walt Whitman―Crossing Brooklyn Ferry‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: ―Crossing Brooklyn Ferry‖ is part of Whitman‘s collection Leaves of Grass. It describes the ferry trip across the East River from Manhattan to Brooklyn at the exact location that was to become the Brooklyn Bridge. The poem specifically addresses future readers who will look back on it, and the ferry ride.
  60. 60. Emily Dickinson#465 and #712Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: #465 describes a very somber situation in which the speaker is on her death bed and hears a fly buzzing in the silence of the room. She describes how her keepsakes were taken and she was left alone to die. #712 describes the speaker‘s ride with the bringer of death, or the Grim Reaper. The poem is not dark but rather describes a leisurely ride through the country side that takes the speaker to eternity.
  61. 61. British Fiction
  62. 62. Jane AustenPride and PrejudiceRead for enjoyment – unknown date Notes: The story follows the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with issues of manners, upbringing, morality, education, and marriage in the society. As the story progresses, so does her relationship with Fitzwilliam Darcy, who belongs to a higher social class than Elizabeth. The course of Elizabeth and Darcys relationship is ultimately decided when Darcy overcomes his pride, and Elizabeth overcomes her prejudice, leading to them both surrendering to the love they have for each other.
  63. 63. Continental Literature
  64. 64. Fyodor DostoevskyNotes from the UndergroundRead for enjoyment – unknown date Notes: The story is considered by many to be the first existentialist novel. It presents itself as an excerpt from the rambling memoirs of a bitter, isolated, unnamed narrator who is a retired civil servant living in St. Petersburg.
  65. 65. American Fiction
  66. 66. Stephen CraneThe Red Badge of CourageRead for enjoyment – unknown date Notes: This story is a war novel that took place during the American Civil War, the story is about a young private of the Union Army, Henry Fleming, who flees from the field of battle. Overcome with shame, he longs for a wound—a "red badge of courage"—to counteract his cowardice. When his regiment once again faces the enemy, Henry acts as standard-bearer.
  67. 67. Charlotte P. GillmanThe Yellow Wall PaperRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This story is about a psychotic woman who sees women trapped in the pieces of yellow wall paper in her room. Although the poem never states that the narrator is crazy, the reader can gather from several clues that she is untrustworthy.
  68. 68. Kate ChopinThe AwakeningRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This story is about a wife who is informed that her husband has died in a train accident. She is overjoyed with the idea of freedom, and throws herself into almost a craze-like state, but eventually she finds out that he has survived and dies of a heart attack. The doctor tells her husband that she has died because of joy, but the reader will realize that she died because of shock and disappointment.
  69. 69. Mark TwainHuckleberry FinnRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This classic American story tells of the travels of Huckleberry Finn, a young boy hoping to escape from the iron-fisted rule of Miss Watson. Along the way he runs into the escaped slave Jim, and the two become friends. Together they try to outwit Huck‘s father as well as the meddling ―Duke‖ and ―Dauphin‖. Eventually, Huck returns and Tom tattles on Jim.
  70. 70. Sarah Orne Jewett―A White Heron‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: A beautifully written short story about a young girl who goes to live with her grandparents in the country. While she is there, a hunter stumbles onto their property. Her grandparents allow him to stay, and he tells them of his quest to find a white heron‘s nest. He offers to pay Sylvia money to find the nest, and she is determined to find it. The next day, she climbs to the top of a tree and spots the nest, but she encounters the beauty of the bird, and refuses to tell the hunter. The hunter leaves discouraged, but soon realizes the truth.
  71. 71. Drama
  72. 72. Oscar WildeThe Importance of Being EarnestRead in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011) Notes: A humorous play about a young man who claims that his name is Earnest in order to win the affection of a young maiden, Gwendolen. Ironically, Earnest is also his undercover name, so that he can live a double life. As he confesses this story to another man, Algernon, Algernon admits that he too has invented a double name, Bunbury, to escape some of the troubles/situations he has caused. Gwendolen‘s mother, Lady Bracknell, calls on Algernon, and so he distracts her while Earnest proposes to Gwendolen. Eventually, Lady Bracknell comes to approve of Earnest, and Algernon marries Cecily.
  73. 73. 20th Century
  74. 74. 20thCenturyAmerican Poetry
  75. 75. Robert Frost―After Apple Picking‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This poem is full of nostalgia as the reader encounters the process of the narrator picking apples. The reader will also see glimpses of a reflection of the cycle of nature. The speaker almost seems to be aging during the poem, and the reader will see references such as the fruit and harvest.
  76. 76. Wallace StevensThirteen Ways of Looking at a BlackbirdRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This poems consists of thirteen short, separate poems, all of which mention blackbirds in some way. The poem seems somewhat disjointed, so the reader has to be willing to let go of traditional linear poems and accept the interesting imagery that Stevens employs. This poem has also inspired many others, and is a style that is widely used.
  77. 77. Ezra PoundPoetry – ―In a Station in the Metro‖, and ―The River Merchant‘s Wife: A Letter‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: "In a Station of the Metro" is an Imagist poem by Ezra Pound published in 1913 in the literary magazine Poetry. In the poem, Pound describes a moment in the underground metro station in Paris in 1912; Pound suggested that the faces of the individuals in the metro were best put into a poem not with a description but with a question. ―The River Merchant‘s Wife: A Letter‖ is a poem in which a wife describes how she fell in love, and how her husband departed for war. She wants to meet him again, even though he is most likely gone.
  78. 78. Robert Lowell―Skunk Hour‖Read in Modern Post Modern Genre (Spring 2011) Notes: This poem tells of the skunks that would come to eat the garbage in the can. It describes how the skunk is menacing an yet an innocent creature who is just trying to feed her young.
  79. 79. Theodore Roethke―My Papa‘s Waltz‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This poem is about a boy‘s description of his father. Although there is some debate over whether the father is abusive or not, the poem still wonderfully depicts their relationship—one that almost every reader would be able to identify with in some way.
  80. 80. William StaffordTravelling through the DarkRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This poem tells of a driver who is driving along a canyon road and sees a dead deer lying in the road. He gets out of his car to push her over the edge of the canyon—since leaving her would possibly cause an accident. When he goes to push her, he sees that she is pregnant and that her fawn is still waiting to be born. He still decides to push her over because he knew no one would be able to take care of the fawn.
  81. 81. T.S. Elliot―The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock‖Read in Modern Postmodern Genre (Spring 2011) Notes: This poems is about an aging man who is rather pathetic. He so wishes to be with a woman, but he knows that he is not the man they are looking for. However, he makes no attempts to try to get their attention. Instead, he just leaves the party deflated and pitying himself.
  82. 82. American Fiction
  83. 83. Ralph EllisonInvisible ManRead for enjoyment – unknown date Notes: This novel addresses many of the social and intellectual issues facing African- Americans in the early twentieth century, including black nationalism, the relationship between black identity and Marxism, and the reformist racial policies of Booker T. Washington, as well as issues of individuality and personal identity.
  84. 84. Alice WalkerEveryday UseRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This story focuses on an African American woman and her two daughters, Maggie, who still live traditionally in the rural South, and her educated, successful daughter Dee, or "Wangero" as she prefers to be called, who scorns her immediate roots in favor of a pretentious "native African" identity.
  85. 85. Edith WhartonRoman FeverRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: Grace Ansley and Alida Slade, are visiting Rome with their daughters. A romantic rivalry led Mrs. Slade to feelings of jealousy and hatred against Mrs. Ansley. The two women compare their daughters and reflect on each others lives. Mrs. Slade reveals a secret about a letter written to Mrs. Ansley on a visit to Rome many years ago. The letter was purportedly from Mrs. Slades fiancé, Delphin, inviting Mrs. Ansley to a rendezvous at the Colosseum. In fact, Mrs. Slade herself had written the letter, in an attempt to get Mrs. Ansley out of the way of the engagement by disappointing her with Delphins absence Mrs. Ansley is upset at this revelation, but reveals that she was not left alone.
  86. 86. F. Scott FitzgeraldThe Great GatsbyRead in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: This story focuses on Nick Carraway who is anxious and decided to move to New York to start his career. Nick has rented a house next to the mysterious house of the Great Gatsby. He makes friends with Tom and Daisy, and is set up to date a girl named Jordan. Eventually they are invited to a party of Jay Gatsby‘s. Gatsby tells Nick to set up a date for him and Daisy, which eventually gets Gatsby killed. Nick moves back to where he was from.
  87. 87. Flannery O’Connor―Good Country People‖Read in American Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: Mrs. Hopewells daughter, Joy, lost her leg in a childhood accident. Joy is an atheist and has a Ph.D. in philosophy and changed her name to "Hulga‖. A Bible salesman visits the family. Manly invites Joy for a picnic date the next evening, and she ironically imagines seducing the innocent Bible salesman. During the datehe produces a hollowed-out Bible containing a bottle of whiskey, sex cards, and some condoms. He then persuades her to remove her prosthetic leg and her glasses. He tries to get her to drink some liquor, but she rebuffs his advances. At that point he disappears with her leg after telling her that he collects prostheses from disabled people and is an atheist.
  88. 88. British Fiction
  89. 89. James Joyce―Araby‖ and ―The Dead‖Read in Modern Postmodern Genre (Spring 2011) Notes: ‖Araby‖ has first-person narration, the reader is immersed at the start of the story in the drab life, which seems to be illuminated only by the imagination of the children who, insist on playing. The children‘s play is infused with a magical way of perceiving the world. ―The Dead‖ centers on Gabriel Conroy on the night of the annual dance and dinner. The narrative generally concentrates on Gabriels insecurities, his social awkwardness, and the defensive way he copes with his discomfort. The story culminates at the point when Gabriel discovers that, through years of marriage, there was much he never knew of his wifes past.
  90. 90. Continental Literature
  91. 91. Franz KafkaMetamorphosisRead in Seminar (Spring 2012) Notes: An inspiring story that allows for the reader to place paralysis and change side-by- side and see the freeing nature of absurd events, as well as seeing the tragedy as well. Very associated with James Joyce‘s writing as well as Ovid‘s Metamorphosis.
  92. 92. 20th Century Drama
  93. 93. Luigi PirandelloSix Characters in Search of an AuthorRead in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011) Notes: An acting company prepares to rehearse a play. As the rehearsal is about to begin the play is unexpectedly interrupted by the arrival of six strange people. The Director of the play, furious at the interruption, demands an explanation. The Father explains that they are unfinished characters in search of an author to finish their story. The Director initially believes them to be mad, but as they begin to argue amongst themselves and reveal details of their story he begins to listen. While he isnt an author, the Director agrees to stage their story despite the disbelief amongst the jeering actors. In the end, the Director is unsure if it was just an act or not.
  94. 94. International
  95. 95. Chinua AchebeThings Fall ApartRead in Literary Criticism (Fall 2010) Notes: The novel depicts the life of Okonkwo, a leader and local wrestling champion in Umuofia—one of a fictional group of nine villages in Nigeria, inhabited by the Igbo ethnic group. In addition it focuses on his three wives, his children, and the influences of British colonialism and Christian missionaries on his traditional Igbo(archaically "Ibo") community during the late nineteenth century.
  96. 96. 20th Century British Poetry
  97. 97. W.B. Yeats―Lake Isle of Innisfree‖Read in Literary Criticism (Fall 2010) Notes: This poem is very heavily influenced by nature. The speaker describes a haven where he used to travel when he was younger. It was a wild land, where he could hear the sounds of nature and take a break from his busy city life.
  98. 98. Dylan Thomas―Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night‖Read in Literary Criticism (Fall 2010) Notes: This poem alludes to the life of man. There is much symbolism employed such as light, night, and the death of light. It talks about the struggles of man, and to never give up or to let go of light gently.
  99. 99. 20thCentury Criticism
  100. 100. Northrop FryeAnatomy of CriticismRead in Contemporary Rhetoric (Fall 2011) Notes: This series of essays attempts to formulate an overall view of the scope, theory, principles, and techniques of literary criticism. Frye consciously omits all specific and practical criticism, instead offering classically- inspired theories of modes, symbols, myths and genres, in what he termed "an interconnected group of suggestions." The literary approach proposed by Frye in Anatomy was highly influential in the decades before deconstructivist criticism and other expressions of postmodernism
  101. 101. Criticism andLiterary Theory
  102. 102. Samuel JohnsonPreface to ShakespeareRead in British Lit 1 (Spring 2011) Notes: Johnson rejects the previous dogma of the classical unities and argues that drama should be faithful to life. However, Johnson did not only defend Shakespeare; he discussed Shakespeares faults, including his lack of morality, his vulgarity, his carelessness in crafting plots, and his occasional inattentiveness when choosing words or word order. As well as direct literary criticism, Johnson emphasized the need to establish a text that accurately reflects what an author wrote.
  103. 103. Edgar Allen Poe―The Philosophy of Composition‖Read in Edgar Allen Poe Author Study Class (Spring 2010) Notes: A theory about how good writers write when they write well. He concludes that length, unity and method are important players for good writing. He uses examples from his own texts to support his claims. Although, the reader might question whether or not Poe actually employs these methods, it is nevertheless a comprehensive read.
  104. 104. Communication and Media
  105. 105. AristotleRhetoricRead in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011) Notes: Aristotle presents some of the founding ideas of rhetoric in this historic piece that would shape the world of rhetoric as we know today. His ideas of ethos, pathos, and logos are actually still widely used in modern communication. Aristotle also provokes his reader to think about the arguments they make and how to avoid making fallacies.
  106. 106. Neil PostmanAmusing Ourselves to DeathRead in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011) Notes: Postman allows for his reader to take a deeper look at George Orwell‘s 1984, which is a futuristic, distopian story that coveys a society that has been overridden by technology. He compares the contemporary world to Orwell‘s definitions, and provokes his reader to question whether or not we are truly ―amusing ourselves to death‖.
  107. 107. Film
  108. 108. Singin’ in the RainWatched for enjoyment (unknown date) Notes: A fun-filled film about love and performing. One of the first movies to ever show the transition of silent films to ―talkies‖. It has also made it as a top competitor for ―best musical‖. Critics have also acclaimed it as one of the most aesthetically well-made movies of all time.
  109. 109. The Seven SamuraiWatched for Seminar (Spring 2012) Notes: An action-packed movie involving the trials and tribulations of war-weary samurais looking for new disciples. Just as they thought all was lost, they found some of the best men for the position. This movie as well has also progressed critically as it has been deemed one of the best movies of all time.
  110. 110. Rhetoric andArgumentation
  111. 111. bell hooksStudied in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011) Notes: hooks focuses heavily on women‘s rights as well as sexuality, education, health care, and several of the issues that are still very politically charged today. She is an advocate for small changes, and believes that each individual can contribute to the greater good.
  112. 112. Michel FoucaultStudied in Contemporary Rhetoric (Spring 2011) Notes: Foucault is best known for his critical studies of social institutions, most notably psychiatry, social anthropology of medicine, the human sciences and the prison system, as well as for his work on the history of human sexuality. His writings on power, knowledge, and discourse have been widely influential in academic circles.
  113. 113. Theories/Process of Dramas
  114. 114. AristotlePoeticsStudied in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011) Notes: Aristotle discusses at length how poetry and plays should have mimesis, catharsis, a reversal, an identification, a tragic flaw, a plot, characters, a theme, diction, melody, and be a spectacle. His principles are still widely used today in the production of theatre performances.
  115. 115. Bertolt Brecht―Theatre for Pleasure and Theatre for Instruction‖Studied in the Evolving Stage (Fall 2011) Notes: In this piece, Brecht opens the door for the amateur to see what the differences are between theatre for pleasure and theatre for instruction. He argues that both are of use, but they do not coincide.
  116. 116. Theories/Process of Poetry
  117. 117. Adrienne RichArts of the Possible: Essays and ConversationsStudied in American Lit I (Spring 2010) Notes: A strong feminist, essayist and poet, Rich made her mark by speaking for the oppressed women and lesbians in poetry. She employed the social power of poetry, and hoped to inspire others to move to action.
  118. 118. Letters
  119. 119. John KeatsLettersRead for enjoyment (unknown time) Notes: A strong poetic in the British romantic movement, Keats loved to express his sexual desires and love in his letters. Although his letters may seem predictable to the modern reader, they are still influential as some of the building blocks of love letters.
  120. 120. Brewing More…I could always use another cup of literature, therefore, do not fret, this is not the end of my studies!
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