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Awaz Foundation Centre for Development Services, Pakistan - Post 2015 Scotland's Contribution, September 2013
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Awaz Foundation Centre for Development Services, Pakistan - Post 2015 Scotland's Contribution, September 2013

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  • 1. MDGs situation in Pakistan Mohammad Zia Ur Rehman – Chief Executive AWAZCDS-Pakistan MDGs situation in Pakistan Mohammad Zia Ur Rehman – Chief Executive AWAZCDS-Pakistan
  • 2. • Unlike others Pakistan started considering MDGs in 2005-first time despite signing it in 2000 (Ref – Preamble of PMDGR 2010) • Adopted all18 targets and 41 indicators against which progress is being measured till date, however, data is available against only 33 indicators Pakistan’s MDGs situation
  • 3. • ONLY -MDG -6 (Slightly ahead on HIV & AIDS prevalence control- because baseline of HIV & AIDs patients is not available in Pakistan • In another indicator of MDG6 -much behind in TB/ Malaria Controls as data is somehow available • MDG-2 (Education) & MDG 3 (Gender & women empowerment) very slow progress but on track • MDG 1 (poverty), MDG 4 (Child Mortality), MDG5 (Maternal Mortality & Health) MDG 7(Environmental sustainability) very badly managed and far behind • MDG-8 right on track Pakistan’s MDGs situation
  • 4. • No credible data is available to assess the progress because national Census has not done after 1998. • If we start believing government figures mentioned in the PMDGR-2010 even then achieving MDGs goals till 2015 will remain a dream rather many of the indicators will not be on track. • Only two –thirds of Pakistani children aged 5-9 are ever enrolled in school and only one- third will complete the fifth grade. • 7 out of 10 Girls are out of schools • Currently 25 million children are out of school Pakistan’s MDGs situation
  • 5. • With 225,450 total estimated annual newborn deaths, each day 618 Pakistani newborns die… • For the maternal mortality ratio, the MDG target for 2015 still requires almost a halving of the ratio as 40,000 mothers die every year in Pakistan • 54 people go for open defecation • 70% people do not have access to safe drinking water • According to UNDP Pakistan is 144th in HDI just ahead of Somalia – but Afghanistan is better Pakistan’s MDGs situation
  • 6. • Pakistan is the third largest country where women are being badly affected from violence • According to AWAZ VAW Data base Unit  90% women in Pakistan faced severe domestic violence every year  97% women don’t know about their inheritance rights  60% young girls in Pakistan are married at early ages Pakistan’s MDGs situation
  • 7. • Women's share in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector has increased but with slow progress in achieving the target. • With regard to number of women seats in the national parliament, Pakistan has shown substantial improvement over the years. The proportion of seats in the present National Assembly is substantial , and is amongst the highest in the world Pakistan’s MDGs situation
  • 8. • Militancy & Increased Expenditures related to War on Terrorism- since 2000 • Pakistan Earthquake -2005 • Meltdown in the Global Economy • Energy Crisis-2008 • Pakistan Floods 2010-12 • Continuous Dependency on Aid • Sharp rise in Oil & Food prices • Bad Governance • Spends only 1% of GDP on MDGs • National Finance Commission- NO separate funding for MDGs • After 18th amendment the Federal Government is not taking any responsibility of MDGs Pakistan’s MDGs –External & Internal Challenges
  • 9. MDGs Progress Score in Pakistan
  • 10. Pakistan Country Consultations on Post 2015 Development Framework
  • 11. The Pakistan country consultation process was jointly conducted by AWAZ/GCAP-Pakistan/ Beyond 2015 / UNDP with the support of more than 66 grassroots and national level CSOs and networks/ alliances related to peasant teacher/students/ tenants / transgender / young people/ women/ PWDs/ Indigenous people etc. Joint process lead by related Stakeholders
  • 12. • National & Provincial level – (197M +80W) • Thematic level (5 M + 6W) • Community level (956 M+590W) • Social Media (743M +301 W) • Online survey (67104M + 43245W) Consultation details : Direct Participants
  • 13. “A society of peace, equality and sustainability, a future where people are secured, free of poverty, threats and inequality and all citizens are empowered to exercise their rights where socioeconomic development takes place within the carrying capacity of our natural environment.” Pakistan EnvisionsPakistan Envisions
  • 14. • MDG framework useful – but needs focus on localization, availability, accessibility and reliability of data for reporting, political ownership and role for civil society, • MDGs framework weak specifically on rights issues, human security, governance with no roadmap for realization of targets. • Participatory but lacks effective mechanism of reviews and evaluation of progress towards goals. Pakistan’s Key Messages
  • 15. • Guiding principles for the structure / design of post 2015 framework. • Clear implementation plan with roles and responsibilities at the grassroots, national and global level monitoring and follow up mechanisms. • Capacity development – especially that of statistical machineries. • Consider current MDGs status as Baseline • States should take responsibility and give ownership to development goals Pakistan’s Key Messages
  • 16. Community Recommendations Punjab • Free Health care facilities for community • reduce child labor in the community • Create jobs facilities for local community • Proper irrigation management system • Access towards Sexual & reproductive health rights • Accessibility for special persons • Focus on vocational and skill development. • we want practical implementation of laws passed for women empowerment
  • 17. Community Recommendations AZAD Jammu & Kashmir  Eradication of poverty & loadshedding  Water irrigation issues should be resolved  Access towards basic necessities of life  Ensure political & economic sustainability for all citizens  Education system should be equal for every child
  • 18. Community Recommendations FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas)  We want Education for girls  Access towards mother& child health facilities  Better law & order situation  Access towards safe drinking water  Peace and social justice must be ensured from State.  End of terrorism from FATA  We want peace & human security for all citizens
  • 19. Community Consultations Baluchistan • Ensure Social justice for minorities • Good Governance • Access of women towards technical & vocational education • State must provide basic rights to all citizens • We want peaceful & terrorism free Pakistan
  • 20. Community Consultations KPK • Focus on poverty eradication • Peace building and increasing the capacities of local communities against disasters • Involvement of women in decision making at grass roots level • Health facilities and education facilities should be constructed in consultation with women • Women should be engaged in income generation activities • Women should be involved in disaster preparedness initiatives
  • 21. Community Consultations Sindh • Ensure and promote women empowerment and gender equality • We demand an honest and responsible state without corruption • Inflation and poverty should be ended • Government must involve youth representatives at local/national level • There should be more seats for minorities in Parliament
  • 22. • Incorporate targets on the reform and democratization of the institutions. • be harmonized with existing international agreements, such as the UDHR/ CEDAW, and furthermore be localized at the national level. • be an integral element of the framework that have a financing mechanism that goes beyond aid. •aim to combat extreme inequality by addressing terrorism, human security, unfair terms of trade, agricultural subsidies, and corporate accountability • acknowledge existing commitments on emissions reductions and climate financing Key Recommendations at National & Provincial level Consultations
  • 23. Development Priority Votes Ranking Peace & Human Security 16,624 1 Governance and Rule of Law 15,598 2 Inclusive Economic development 14,412 3 Inclusive Social development 14,032 4 Human rights and reducing inequalities 12,646 5 Gender Equality & Women Empowerment 11,452 6 Sustainable Energy 11,405 7 Food security and nutrition 10,981 8 Disaster preparedness and response 7,340 9 Online Survey across Pakistan: Key Development Priorities
  • 24. Pakistan is a difficult state for religious minorities; Unfortunately Government has failed to provide them basic citizen’s rights and ensure social justice and security according to the constitution of Pakistan. Jiya is 18 years old & studying in Intermediate class at Multan, She clearly said that “Curriculum in educational institutions promotes intolerance towards diversity” Blasphemy laws are being used for dealing with other purposes for property disputes, for business disputes, against poor Christians especially the poor ones in Pakistan. “We are simply hopeless, and not sure about any time frame for development” Minorities should be treated a citizen of Pakistan not as socially excluded groups… Pakistan is a difficult state for religious minorities; Unfortunately Government has failed to provide them basic citizen’s rights and ensure social justice and security according to the constitution of Pakistan. Jiya is 18 years old & studying in Intermediate class at Multan, She clearly said that “Curriculum in educational institutions promotes intolerance towards diversity” Blasphemy laws are being used for dealing with other purposes for property disputes, for business disputes, against poor Christians especially the poor ones in Pakistan. “We are simply hopeless, and not sure about any time frame for development” Minorities should be treated a citizen of Pakistan not as socially excluded groups…
  • 25. Accessibility is our right ….
  • 26. It is estimated that in Pakistan 66% of PWDs live in rural areas; only 28% of PWDs are literate; only 14% are employed; and 70% are reliant on family members for financial support It is estimated that in Pakistan 66% of PWDs live in rural areas; only 28% of PWDs are literate; only 14% are employed; and 70% are reliant on family members for financial support
  • 27.  A newly married PWD Couple discussed about Post 2015 Agenda that “Persons with disabilities (PWDs) have a right to complain that they are not given the status and respect of normal human beings since last ten years. They remain the deprived and uncounted population. Additionally, women with disabilities are the most neglected, isolated and stigmatized among PWDs”  We need ramps for easy access into buildings, railings for support to climb stairs, lower footpaths to climb onto without help and buses friendly for handicapped people. This is not charity we are asking for, this is our right.  A newly married PWD Couple discussed about Post 2015 Agenda that “Persons with disabilities (PWDs) have a right to complain that they are not given the status and respect of normal human beings since last ten years. They remain the deprived and uncounted population. Additionally, women with disabilities are the most neglected, isolated and stigmatized among PWDs”  We need ramps for easy access into buildings, railings for support to climb stairs, lower footpaths to climb onto without help and buses friendly for handicapped people. This is not charity we are asking for, this is our right.
  • 28. I also want to join School
  • 29. We have lack of health facilities & food
  • 30. “Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. And overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice. It is the protection of a fundamental human right, the right to dignity and a decent life. While poverty persists, there is no true freedom.” - Nelson Mandela, 2005

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