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# Dd205 Spring2010 Class08

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Lecture on Chapter 6: Mass & Void from "Principles of Three-Dimensional Design: Objects, Space, and Meaning" by Stephen Luecking

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### Dd205 Spring2010 Class08

1. 1. 3D Design<br />
2. 2. Void vs. Mass<br />What is a void? <br />A void is an empty space<br />What is a mass?<br />A mass is a filled volume.<br />Michael Heizer, DIA Beacon<br />Henry Moore, Knife Edge Mirror, Two Piece<br />
3. 3. Other names for this relationship.<br />Negative Space/Positive Space<br />Negative Form/Positive Form<br />Volume / Solid<br />Space / Form<br />Henry Moore, Forma Squadrata Con Taglio<br />
4. 4. Empty spaces have equal value in 3D Space<br />Each one defines the other.<br />Guggenheim Museum, Frank Lloyd Wright<br />
5. 5. What is Density?<br />Measures how tightly matter packs a volume.<br />Also called Visual Density<br />
6. 6. Voids can be…<br />Passive<br />Created through Subtraction<br />Active<br />Concavity<br />Perforation<br />
7. 7. Voids can be created through subtraction.<br />
8. 8. Voids can be created through subtraction.<br />
9. 9. Voids can be created through additive processes.<br />Louise Bourgeois, Fairy Dressmaker (Fee Couteriere)<br />
10. 10. What is an integrate volume?<br />A volume enclosed by a continuously curving surface<br />
11. 11. Integrate volume<br />All organic volumes are integrate<br />What is the opposite of an integrate volume?<br />Polyhedron<br />Objects can have characteristics of both<br />Henry Moore, Large Two Forms, 1966<br />
12. 12. Polyhedrons<br />Faceted surfaces<br />Facet = from the Greek meaning “many faces”<br />
13. 13. Spherical Polyhedron<br />
14. 14. Geometric Volumes <br />Can be otherwise called Polyhedrons (faceted <br />
15. 15. Pattern Construction<br />Icosahedron:Number of faces: 20Number of edges: 30Number of vertices: 12<br />
16. 16. Art21 :: Martin Puryear<br /><ul><li>Watch this video on Martin Puryear’s sculpture
17. 17. Take notes
18. 18. Ways to describe his work
19. 19. Language that he uses
20. 20. Objects that you like
21. 21. Questions that you have
22. 22. We will discuss afterwards</li></li></ul><li>Kit Assemblage<br />Develop a three-dimensional design for a structure or device made up of ten or more individual parts. These should be simple geometric elements making up a more complex design form. The Assemblage should be developed in four stages:<br />Stage 1 – Design Proposal – single paragraph proposal with concept sketches of design and individual elements <br />Stage 2 – Digital parts list – digital renderings of the kit parts of your design labeled and organized.<br />Stage 3 – Orthographic views of kit parts and final construct<br />Stage 4 – Digital information board of the kit<br />
23. 23. Extra Credit Assignment<br />Build your 3D object<br />Requirements:<br />Choose a material suitable to your 3D object (foam core, cardboard, plastic, wood, etc)<br />Schedule a meeting with me to discuss<br />Construct your 10 pieces to form your 3D object<br />Document your full process with photo/video/text<br />Present with your final Kit on April 7 (after Spring Break)<br />
24. 24. Your Design Process<br />Make sure to document the ENTIRE design process<br />Identify the Problem<br />Generate Ideas<br />Sketches & Notes<br />Refine & Analyze<br />Create the Prototype<br />Decide on Prototype<br />Implement (Sell/Exhibit/Produce)<br />All Stages of design process should be presented at Step 4<br />
25. 25. Homework – DUE APRIL 7<br />Stage 4 – Digital information board of the kit<br />Use Illustrator to lay out the items<br />Use consistent labels for each section<br />Professional<br />Name your object<br />Be creative<br />SIZE: TABLOID<br />Export as PDF so that we can view in detail or zoomed out<br />Include all stages of kit assemblage<br />